Dr Lauren Martin, MA, PhD
2020-present Associate Professor in Political Geography, Durham University
2016-2020 Assistant Professor/Lecturer in Political Geography, Durham University
2016-2019 Associate Editor, Environment & Planning D: Society and Space.
2013-2015 Academy of Finland Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Geography, University of Oulu, Finland.
2011-2013 Postdoctoral Researcher, Mobilities, Borders & Identities Research Group, Department of Geography, University of Oulu, Finland.
- BA, Philosophy, Grinnell College, USA
- MA, Geography, University of Kentucky, USA
- Certificate in Gender and Women's Studies, University of Kentucky, USA
- PhD, Geography, University of Kentucky, USA
- Docent, Political Geography, University of Oulu, Finland
Economies of Exclusion: Money, Labour and Value in Immigration and Asylum Politics (Political Economy Fellowship 2020, Independent Social Research Foundation)
The proposed research theorises how migrants are made valuable to others through new economies of migration control. I draw from broader geographical debates about value, lively commodities, and bioeconomies to think through the economics of securitised migration control. Research on the privatization, outsourcing, and commodification of migration control practices identifies a number of new political economic orders: immigration industrial complexes, migration industries, detention rights industries, and intimate economies of detention. Public-private governance is increasingly common in refugee and migration governance, as state borders and citizenship administration are outsourced in many countries. To date, however, these analyses have focused on political and legal problems arising from the delegation of sovereign power, lack of transparency, and the global attenuation of refuge, understanding the problem to be the passage from public to private. The proposed project instead argues that privatisation, outsourcing and marketization of migration and asylum control is a reorganisation of authority that incorporates economic governance alongside illiberal immigration practices. To understand contemporary migration control regimes, in short, we must examine the novel economic relationships sustain them. Analysing privatised immigration detention in the US and asylum-seeker debit cards in the UK, this research proposes a novel theorisation of the circuits of value that allows carceral practices of migration control to expand and endure.
GLiTCH: ESRC Standard Grant 2020-2022
This project examines how financial and digital technologies are transforming refugee governance. Debit cards have radically changed humanitarian aid and post-disaster relief, allowing both providers and recipients greater flexibility in providing for basic needs. Tech start-ups and volunteer cartographers have produced a range of apps, maps and digital information hubs for refugees seeking local information. Financial and digital technologies allow people to move, live and work in new ways and yet there is little research asking how digital technologies and debit cards change relationships between humanitarian organisations, aid workers, refugees and recipients, new private sector actors and government agencies.
Conceptually, GLiTCH bridges bridging research on economies of migration control, finance-security assemblages, and techno-humanitarianism. Recent research has investigated the role of migrants' social media use in their journeys and diasporic identity (Diminescu & Loveluck 2014; Leurs & Ponzanesi 2018; Sun Lim et al. 2016) and a recent special issue has investigated the role of smartphones in refugee journeys as their "digital passages" (Gillespie et al., 2018; Latonero & Kift 2018; Smets 2018; Trimikliniotis et al., 2015; Zijlstra & Liempt 2017). Our project asks how these technologies are changing humanitarianism, governance and refugees' everyday lives. By including diverse actors in the refugee sector and participatory co-produced research, our project aims to reveal emerging transformations in humanitarian outreach and the new barriers produced by them.
Department of Geography
- Border and Migration Policing
- Carceral Geographies
- Feminist Geography
- Political Geography
- Burridge, Andrew, Kocher, Austin, Gill, Nick & Martin, Lauren (2017). Special Issue: Polymorphic Borders. Territory, Politics, Governance, 5 (3).
- Belcher, Oliver, Martin, Lauren & Tazzioli, Martina (2015). Special Issue: Border Struggles: Ontologies, Epistemologies, Politics. darkmatter: in the ruins of imperial culture, 12
Chapter in book
- Martin, Lauren (2019). Carceral mobility and flexible territoriality in immigration enforcement. In Handbook on Critical Geographies of Migration. Mitchell, Katharyne, Jones, Reece & Fluri, Jennifer Edward Elgar Press. 244-254.
- Belcher, O & Martin, L (2019). The Problem of Access: Site Visits, Selective Disclosure, and Freedom of Information in Qualitative Security Research. In Secrecy and Methods in Security Research: A Guide to Qualitative Fieldwork. de Goede, M, Bosma, E & Pallister-Wilkins, P Abingdon, Oxon.: Routledge. 33-47.
- Martin, Lauren (2017). Discretion, contracting, and commodification: privatisation of US immigration detention as a technology of government. In Intimate Economies of Immigration Detention: Critical Perspectives. Conlon, Deirdre & Hiemstra, Nancy Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. 32-50.
- Martin, Lauren (2015). Security. In The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Political Geography. Agnew, John, Mamadouh, Virginie Secor, Anna & Sharp, Joanne Wiley-Blackwell. 100-113.
- Martin, Lauren (2013). Getting out and getting in: Legal geographies of US immigration detention. In Carceral Spaces: Mobility and Agency in Imprisonment and Migrant Detention. Moran, Dominique, Gill, Nick & Conlon, Deirdre Farnham: Ashgate. 149-166.
- Martin, Lauren L. (2020). Carceral Economies of Migration Control. Progress in Human Geography
- Coddington, Kate, Conlon, Deirdre & Martin, Lauren (2020). Destitution Economies: Circuits of Value in Asylum, Refugee, And Migration Control. Annals of the American Association of Geographers 110(5): 1425-1444
- Martin, Lauren & Prokkola, Eeva-Kaisa (2017). Making labour mobile: Borders, precarity, and the competitive state in Finnish migration politics. Political Geography 60: 143-153.
- Burridge, Andrew, Gill, Nick, Kocher, Austin & Martin, Lauren (2017). Polymorphic Borders. Territory, Politics, Governance 5(3): 239-251.
- Martin, Lauren & Paasi, Anssi (2016). Afterword: spatialities of transnational lived citizenship. Global Networks 16(3): 344-349.
- Martin, Lauren & with Evelin Kask (2015). Deportation and the Dispossession of Time. darkmatter: in the ruins of imperial culture 12: 3.
- Martin, Lauren (2015). Noncitizen Detention Spatial Strategies of Migrant Precarity in US Immigration and Border Control. Annales de Geographie 702-703(2/3): 231-247.
- Martin, Lauren & Secor, Anna J. (2014). Towards a post-mathematical topology. Progress in Human Geography 38(3): 420-438.
- Belcher, O & Martin, L (2013). "Ethnographies of Closed Doors: Conceptualizing Openness and Closure in US Immigration and Military Institutions". Area 45(4): 403-410.
- Martin, Lauren L. (2012). ‘Catch and Remove’ Detention, Deterrence, and Discipline in US Noncitizen Family Detention Practice. Geopolitics 17(2): 312.
- Mutersbaugh, Tad & Martin, Lauren (2012). Dialectics of Disassembly: Heifer-Care Protocols and the Alienation of Value in a Village Dairy Cooperative. Environment and Planning A 44(3): 723.
- Martin, Lauren L (2012). Governing through the Family: Struggles over US Noncitizen Family Detention Policy. Environment and Planning A 44(4): 866.
- Harker, C. & Martin, L. (2012). Guest Editorial. Familial relations: spaces, subjects, and politics. Environment and Planning A 44(4): 768 – 775.
- Martin, Lauren (2011). The geopolitics of vulnerability: children's legal subjectivity, immigrant family detention and US immigration law and enforcement policy. Gender, Place & Culture 18(4): 477.
- Martin, Lauren L. (2010). Bombs, bodies, and biopolitics: securitizing the subject at the airport security checkpoint. Social & Cultural Geography 11(1): 17.
- Martin, Lauren L. & Mitchelson, Matthew L. (2009). Geographies of Detention and Imprisonment: Interrogating Spatial Practices of Confinement, Discipline, Law, and State Power. Geography Compass 3(1): 459.
- Belcher, O, Martin, L, Secor, A, Simon, S & Wilson, T (2008). "Everywhere and Nowhere: The Exception and the Topological Challenge to Geography". Antipode 40(4): 499-503.
- Martin, Lauren & Simon, Stephanie (2008). A Formula for Disaster: The Department of Homeland Security's Virtual Ontology. Space and Polity 12(3): 281.
- Gómez Tovar, Laura, Martin, Lauren, Gómez Cruz, Manuel Angel & Mutersbaugh, Tad (2005). Certified organic agriculture in Mexico: Market connections and certification practices in large and small producers. Journal of Rural Studies 21(4): 461.
- Rose, Mitch, Minca, Claudio, Joronen, Mikko, Martin, Lauren, Philo, Chris & Hannah, Matthew (Accepted). Reading Matt Hannah's Direction and socio-spatial theory: A political economy of oriented practice, Routledge, London (2019), 218 pp.; £ 105.00 (hardcover), ISBN: 9781138061040. Political Geography 218.
- Martin, Lauren (2012). Review Essay Detaining Noncitizens: Law, Security, Crime, and Politics. Environment and Planning D: Society & Space 30(4): 748-755.
Other (Digital/Visual Media)
- Coddington, Kate, Conlon, Deirdre & Martin, Lauren (2018). Destitution Economies: Mapping Relations Of Enforced Precarity.
- Martin, Lauren & Harker, Chris (2020). Finance, technology & displacement: towards a research agenda. 03-2020/07.
- 2020: Economies Of Exclusion: Money, Labour And Value In Immigration And Asylum Politics (£59203.91 from Independent Social Research Foundation)
- 2020: Financial Inclusion and Digital Connectivity in Refugee Governance, ESRC Standard Grant £975,074. (Principal Investigator) Co-Investigators Glenda Garelli (Leeds), Martina Tazzioli (Goldsmiths)