General Regulation VIII - Examinations
1 The Major Offences listed in Section IV, 5 a) of the General Regulations include:
(ii) Serious offence or offences in connection with degree, diploma or certificate examinations; (eg cheating which includes, but is not restricted to cheating in University examinations, plagiarism, multiple submission as defined in General Regulations VIII, falsification of results or evidence, use of unethical research methods, collusion, impersonation, cheating in an examination).
A major offence may be punished by expulsion from the University.
2 References to the Examinations Officer are to the Examinations Officers of the University or their representative.
A. Examination Concessions
1. If a student has been kept away from a University examination, by illness or other urgent causes, they may apply for a concession to allow them to take retake the examination without penalty. Application should be made to the Department/College in the first instance.
B. Conduct of Examinations
Note: The following regulations apply to all University examinations irrespective of their location. Deviation from them is permitted only when a specific concession has been granted.
1. Any invigilator or other official entrusted with the duty of superintendence in a University examination may immediately suspend or dismiss from an examination a candidate suspected of misconduct, but such action shall be reported immediately to the Examinations Officer.
(Repeated behaviour such as may in the view of the invigilator prejudice the performance of other candidates will be treated as misconduct.)
2. Candidates shall observe the following rules:
(b) Candidates suffering from injury or illness prior to the examination period must ensure that they inform their College at the earliest possible opportunity.
(c) Candidates taken ill before an examination or absent from an examination through ill health must ensure that a relevant medical certificate and serious adverse circumstances form is submitted without delay to their Board of Examiners.
(d) Candidates who miss an examination for serious causes must ensure that their Board of Examiners receives a written statement of the circumstances together with supporting evidence. (Candidates should note that their misreading of the examination timetable will not normally be deemed a serious cause.)
(e) Candidates must bring with them to the examination room their Campus Card and produce it for the invigilator on request.
(f) No candidates may leave the examination room until 30 minutes after the start of the examination unless feeling unwell, at which time they should remain under the supervision of an invigilator.
(g) If at any time a candidate feels ill during an examination, the invigilator must be notified at once.
(h) Candidates may not leave an examination without the consent or acknowledgement of an invigilator.
(i) Personal effects are not allowed next to any candidate's desk. Invigilators are instructed to remove any bags etc which candidates have at their desks.
(j) Candidates are strictly forbidden to introduce to the examination room, or otherwise arrange access during the course of an examination to, any book, manuscript, loose papers or data of any kind (except those that have been approved).
(k) The use of English dictionaries is not permitted for candidates registered for Durham awards unless they are specifically allowed in the regulations for a particular examination.
(l) If departments are prepared to allow Erasmus or visiting students the opportunity to use a dictionary during their examination this will be specified in the rubric of the paper, including information on the type of dictionary permitted (normally a dictionary to translate into English).
(m) The use of electronic calculators is not permitted in University examinations, except where specified in the rubric of the examination paper. A list of approved calculators is held by each department.
(n) Taking information stored in the memory of a calculator into an examination unless specifically permitted in the rubric for a particular examination paper, will be treated as cheating thereby constituting a major offence under Section IV, 5 (a) (x) of the General Regulations of the University and an offence under which an invigilator may immediately suspend a candidate or dismiss him or her from an examination - see B 2 (j) above.
(o) Candidates are strictly forbidden to communicate with anyone except the invigilator during the examination, or to copy from one another.
(Aiding or attempting to aid another candidate or obtaining or attempting to obtain aid from another candidate will be treated as serious misconduct.)
(p) Answers to questions should be written legibly in ink. Any handwriting which the examiner is unable to decipher may not be marked.
(q) Candidates must not take any examination materials, used or unused, including scrap paper, out of the examination room other than the materials brought to the examination. In particular no answer book may be taken from the examination room under any circumstances. Any script, or portion of a script, which is removed from the examination room, whether inadvertently or otherwise, will not be marked. A candidate in possession of an answer book will be liable to severe disciplinary action.
(r) A candidate who does not wish to hand in an answer book at the end of the examination MUST report the fact to the invigilator.
(s) Candidates who are ill during an examination or arrive after the examination has started will not be allowed any extra time. The details of their last arrival, or the duration of any break owing to illness, will be recorded by the invigilator on their answer book.
In formal examinations and all assessed work prescribed in degree, diploma and certificate regulations, candidates should take care to acknowledge the work and opinions of others and avoid any appearance of representing them as their own. Unacknowledged quotation or close paraphrasing of other people's writing, amounting to the presentation of other persons' thoughts or writings as one's own, is plagiarism and will be penalised. In extreme cases, plagiarism may be classed as a dishonest practice under Section IV, 5 (a) (x) of the General Regulations and may lead to expulsion. The facilitation of plagiarism through publication may also be classed as a dishonest practice under Section IV, 5 (a) (x) of the General Regulations and may lead to expulsion. (See also General Regulation X, Intellectual Property Rights).
Any student work may be uploaded to a plagiarism detection system, such as that operated by JISC, at the discretion of the Department concerned if plagiarism is suspected. The system may also be used routinely to screen work for plagiarised text: for this purpose students are required to sign a declaration at registration authorising the uploading of their work onto the system.
D. Multiple Submission
(a) The University defines multiple submission as the inappropriate submission of the same or substantially the same work of one's own for summative assessment, in connection with an academic award.
(b) Multiple submission will be penalised. In extreme cases, multiple submission may be classed as a dishonest practice under Section IV, 5 (a) (x) of the General Regulations and may lead to expulsion.
(c) Any student work may be uploaded to a plagiarism detection system, such as that operated by JISC, at the discretion of the Department concerned if multiple submission is suspected. The system may also be used routinely to screen work for multiple submission: for this purpose students are required to sign a declaration at registration authorising the uploading of their work onto the system.