Department of Anthropology: Parent-Infant Sleep Lab

Talks & Presentations

Talk summary and references: Is cosleeping wrong? MAMA Conference 2012

Sleep Lab Talks, Lectures, Presentations 2011

21 June 2011

Cafe Scientifique, The Arc, Stockton on Tees (programme)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Rethinking how we do sleep: the view from evolutionary medicine.

In the recent historical past something interesting has happened to how we think about and do sleep. In the quest for 'a good night' we sleep in private sanctuaries, alone or in pairs, on special surfaces, in total darkness and silence. But this is not how sleep evolved, nor how most humans sleep. Evolutionary medicine suggests that many 21st century 'sleep problems' result from a mismatch between our cultural expectations and our evolved biology. Do we need to redefine what we expect from 'a good night's sleep'?


18 June 2011

Born in Bradford Conference, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford. (programme)
  • Prof Helen Ball: The Bradford Infant Care Study: Infant care and SIDS prevention in a biethnic population

17 June 2011

Developmental Physiology Conference, Kilworth House, Leicester (programme)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Night-time Infant Care in Bradford
  • Dr Lane Volpe: Infant sleep research and knowledge transfer
  • Dr Martin Ward-Platt (with Anna Cronin-de-Chavez): Infant thermal care and ethnicity

8-10 June 2011

Nutrition and Nurture in Infancy and Childhood: Bio-Cultural Perspectives, Grange over Sands, Cumbria. (website)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Keynote speaker, Breastfeeding and infant sleep: a research update

Negotiating the relationship between infant feeding and sleeping has become a minefield for new parents with claims and counter-claims about how, where, when and with whom infants should or should not sleep.  New research articles appear weekly supporting apparently contradictory positions, while many studies regarding infant sleep fail to take the particular needs of breastfeeding mothers and infants into account.  This talk summarises the latest findings regarding sleep training, scheduling, sleep-sharing and SIDS-investigations, including the latest results of Professor Ball's most recent projects (the NECOT trial and the Bradford Infant Care Study (BradICS)) regarding breastfeeding, bed-sharing and other infant sleep environments.


12 April 2011

Notre Dame University, Indiana, USA (poster)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker, Mother-infant sleep and feeding: inter-ethnic differences and hospital interventions.

7-10 April 2011

VI Congreso Espanol de Lactancia Materna y 3a Reunion de Bancos de Leche Humana, Avila, Spain (website)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Keynote speaker, El sueño en el lactante amamantado, (Sleep issues in the breastfed baby)

25-26 March 2011

LLL France: 8eme Journee Internationale de L'allaitement (JIA), Paris, France (website)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker, Breastfeeding on the post-natal ward: does it matter what happens at night?

7-9 March 2011 

Pomen spanja za otrokov razvoj (Meaning of sleep for infant development) Celje Nursing College, Celje, Slovenia (programme)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker, Parent-Infant Sleep Culture
Human infants are the most neurologically immature of all primates at birth, yet infant care practices in many Western industrialised societies fail to acknowledge the implications of this immaturity, especially at night. Babies sleep very differently from their parents: they don't sleep exclusively at night; they don't sleep all night; they fall asleep differently, have shorter sleep cycles and experience much more REM.  However, most paediatric and popular knowledge about babies' sleep maturation and regulation is based upon studies of formula-fed infants sleeping alone. In this session the Euro-American preoccupation with infant sleep independence is traced historically and compared with infant care practices across cultures. We will examine the prevalence and nature of parent-infant sleep contact, parental reasons for choosing to sleep with their infant, and the intricate association between breastfeeding and bed-sharing.  We will critically evaluate the complex relationship between infant sleep location and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and argue that there is no single simple message about bed-sharing that is appropriate for all families and all situations.

Sleep Lab Talks, Lectures, Presentations 2010

8-9 December 2010

UNICEF Baby Friendly Conference, Harrogate (programme)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker, Nurturing as nature intended: an evolutionary perspective on lactation and breastfeeding

3-5 December 2010

Congress of the International Pediatric Sleep Association and Pediatric Sleep Medicine Conference, Rome, Italy (programme)
Dr Caroline Jones organised a symposium on: Anthropological Perspectives on Children's Sleep
  • Prof Carol Worthman: Mores and Morals in the Night Nursery: Cultural Variation in the Organization and Evaluation of Infant and Child Sleep

  • Prof Helen BallBradford Infant Care Study: sleeping environments and SIDS‐risk among white British and South Asian families

  • Dr Kristen Knutson: Sleep and Cardiometabolic Disease: Who is at Risk?

  • Dr Caroline Jones: Parental Regulation of Child Sleep: Variation, Consequences, and an Evolutionary Perspective

17-20 November 2010 

Invited symposium, 'How we think and do sleep', American Anthropological Association Conference, New Orleans, USA.
  • Prof Helen Ball: Exploring parental behaviour, infant sleep and SIDS risk in Bradford UK. (abstract)

November 2010 

138th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association, Denver, CO, USA, .
  • Waggoner, MR and Volpe, LE Predictors of exclusive breastfeeding among adolescent and adult first-time mothers. 

26 October 2010

Womb to World - Sleep Behaviours Conference, The Nurturing Project. London.
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker, The nocturnal behaviour of the breastfed infant (abstract)

10-12 October 2010

Human Nature and Early Experiences Symposium, Notre Dame University, Indiana, USA (website)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited participant, Night-time nurturing: an evolutionary perspective on breastfeeding and sleep

17-18 June 2010

Developmental Physiology Annual Conference, Kilworth House, North Kilworth, Leicester (programme)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker, Randomised trial of mother-infant proximity on the postnatal ward: impact on breast feeding duration
  • Dr Lane Volpe: Invited speaker, What is hazardous about infant sleep environments? A case study approach
  • Dr Caroline Jones: Invited speaker, A role for parental investment in shaping the childhood sleep obesity association

27 May 2010

'Where does the baby sleep?' Project launch: Blackpool Victoria Infirmary, Blackpool NHS
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker, Infant sleep, breastfeeding & bed-sharing: the good, the bad, and the practical (abstract)

14-15 May 2010

Breastfeeding and Sleep: from confusion to clarity. College of Lactation Consultants of Western Australia Conference 2010, Perth Australia (website)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited International Speaker,
  • Infant Sleep on the Postnatal Ward
  • Breastfeeding, Bed-sharing and Infant Sleep

6-31 May 2010

GOLD-10 (Global Online Lactation Discussion), http://www.goldconf.com .
  •  Prof Helen Ball: Invited Plenary Speaker, Infant sleep, breastfeeding & bed-sharing: the good, the bad, and the practical 

7 May 2010

NHS Ayrshire & Arran’s First Breastfeeding Conference, Alexander Fleming Suite, Crosshouse Hospital, Kilmarnock.
  •  Dr Charlotte Russell, Invited speaker, Evolution, evidence and education: bed-sharing in context

12 March 2010

Pediatric Grand Rounds, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island USA. (website)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker, The nocturnal habitat of newborn infants: alternatives to rooming-in on the postnatal ward

13 Feb 2010

Parenting our Children, Art and Science Conference, School of Nursing at the Institute of Technology, Tralee, Ireland. 
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited Keynote Speaker
  • Parent-Infant Feeding and Sleeping Behaviour: what we do and why? Talk pdf
  • Parent-Infant Feeding and Sleeping Behaviour: issues for health professionals  Talk pdf

7th January 2010

Biology, Infancy & Mothering Conference, Calman Learning Centre, Durham University, Durham, UK.

A one day conference for Researchers and Health Professionals interested in mother-infant behaviour and biology was held in Durham at the Calman Learning Centre, Durham University, on Jan 7th 2010. Organised by Professor Helen Ball and her research team the conference featured keynote talks from Dr Nils Bergmann, Professor Wenda Trevathan, Professor Helen Ball and Dr Suzanne Colson and presentations from Sleep Lab doctoral students Kristin Klingaman and Lane Volpe. Presentations focussed on new research and its implications for practice. Handouts from each of the talks can be downloaded from the 'Presentations' page of this website. Sadly, due to weather, Dr Kerstin Uvnas-Moberg experienced travel difficulties and was unable to attend. We are grateful to Kerstin for her efforts to try and get here and are sorry to have missed her presentation. Slides from the presentations delivered at this conference can be downloaded by clicking on the links below.

[Conference Flyer] [Conference Programme] [Summary of conference evaluations]

Sleep Lab Talks, Lectures & Presentations 2009

20-31 October 2009

Winds of Change, New South Wales Lactation College Annual Conference, Sydney, Australia. (programme)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited Keynote Speaker
  • Breastfeeding on the postnatal ward: does it matter what happens at night?
  • Parent-infant sleeping and feeding behaviour -- what we do and why
  • Communicating the risks and benefits of bed-sharing -- what do parents need to know?
Publication list and references for all 3 talks can be downloaded here.

16 September 2009

Northumberland NHS Breastfeeding Partnership Study Day, County Hall, Morpeth, Northumberland.
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited keynote speaker, Breastfeeding as Nature Intended

15 September 2009

Best Practice in Infant Care: Examining the Evidence Base. Breastfeeding Network Conference with Ayrshire & Arran NHS Trust. Irvine, Scotland. (programme)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker, Why does infant sleep matter in breastfeeding promotion?

9-10 September 2009

Working with inequality and families at risk: 29th Annual Conference: Society for Reproductive and Infant Psychology. Copthorne Hotel, Newcastle upon Tyne. Invited symposium organised by Parent-Infant Sleep Lab Team (programme)
The Sleep Lab Team were invited to organise a symposium for this year's SRIP conference. The theme of the conference was "Working with Inequality and Families at Risk" and our symposium session was titled "Risk-related infant care practices -- perspectives from anthropology". Professor Ball and 3 Sleep Lab PhD students gave presentations in the session which was Chaired by Dr Mike Wailoo of the University of Leicester. 
  • Prof Helen Ball & Dr Eduardo Moya: Infant sleep related practices and SIDS risk among S Asian and Euro Origin families in Bradford
  • Ms Anna Cronin-de-Chavez:Contrasting views of risk related to infant thermal care among South Asian and European Origin families in the Bradford District
  • Ms Lane Volpe (delivered by Ms Caroline Jones): Bed-sharing risks and maternal trade-offs among teen and adult mothers in South Bend Indiana
  • Ms Kristin Klingaman:Breastfeeding following caesarean section delivery: An anthropological perspective to understanding the early postpartum consequences

23-26 July 2009

Relating evidence to practice: An international perspective. International Lactation Consultants' Annual Conference. Mariott Grande Lakes Resort, Orlando, Florida, USA. (programme)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited Plenary Speaker
  • Breastfeeding on the postnatal ward: does it matter what happens at night? Talk pdf.
  • Parenting at Night: How Babies Sleep, Where Babies Sleep and What's 'Best' for Families (with Dr Lauren Porter) Talk pdf.
References can be downloaded here.

19 June 2009

Northern Network of Breastfeeding Coordinators Annual Conference, Hilton Hotel, Bradford. (programme)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited lecture, Breastfeeding as Nature Intended

18-19 June 2009

Annual Developmental Physiology Conference, Kilworth House Hotel, North Kilworth, Leicestershire. (programme)
  • Ms Lane Volpe & Professor Helen Ball: Using life history theory to understand the night-time parenting of teen vs adult mothers

24th April 2009

La Leche League of Great Britain, Northeast Peer Counsellor Enrichment Day. Houghton Le Spring, Tyne and Wear.
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker, Sleeping arrangements affect biology, behaviour and breastfeeding

31 March 2009

Otago Polytechnic Open Lecture Series, Otago Polytechnic, Dunedin, New Zealand.
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited lecture, Infant sleep on the postnatal ward: implication for the onset and duration of lactation

31 March 2009

Promoting Breastfeeding for Maori and Pacific Populations, NZ Health Eating Healthy Action (HEHA) Network Online Conference.
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker Breastfeeding and bed-sharing safety

23-27 March 2009

Breastfeeding: Walking together on the path to good health. New Zealand Lactation Consultants Walking Tour. (programme)
International Keynote Speakers: Prof Helen Ball & Ms Cathy Watson-Genna
  • Auckland,  23rd March 2009: Understanding bed-sharing: the benefits for breastfeeding mothers and babies
  • Auckland,  23rd March 2009. Breastfeeding on the postnatal ward: does it matter what happens at night?
  • Wellington, 25th March 2009. Understanding bed-sharing: the benefits for breastfeeding mothers and babies
  • Wellington, 25th March 2009. Breastfeeding on the postnatal ward: does it matter what happens at night?
  • Christchurch, 27th March 2009. Understanding bed-sharing: the benefits for breastfeeding mothers and babies
  • Christchurch, 27th March 2009. Breastfeeding on the postnatal ward: does it matter what happens at night?
Talk handouts [Understanding bed-sharing]  [Breastfeeding at night on the postnatal ward]

27th January 2009

Invited research seminar, Division of Population & Evolutionary Biology Seminar Series, University of Liverpool,
  • Prof Helen Ball: Evolutionary perspectives on the onset and duration of human lactation

13 January 2009.

Reduce the Risk of Cot Death Working Group, Scottish Government: HealthCare Policy and Strategy Directorate. Ramada City Hotel Glasgow.
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited speaker, Bed-sharing and breastfeeding


Talks and presentations in 2008

5 November 2008

Association of Radical Midwives Student Conf, University of Leicester,

21 October 2008

Breastfeeding: Making a difference. 3rd Annual All Ireland Breastfeeding Conference, Kings Hall Belfast, (programme)

1-3 October 2008

VELB and ILCA Conference, Vienna, Austria
  • Ms. Martina J van den Berg & Prof Helen Ball:  Prolonged Breastfeeding and Bed-sharing: A case study from Sri Lanka (poster)

22 June 2008

Transitions: National Childbirth Trust Annual Conference, Stoneleigh Exhibition and Conference Centre, Coventry (Conference details)
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited keynote speaker, Sleeping, feeding and night-time parenting (YouTube excerpt)

21st June 2008 

Association of Breastfeeding Mothers Annual Conference, Lancaster Hall Hotel, London
  •  Professor Helen Ball: Invited keynote speaker, Bedsharing and breastfeeding: what does the evidence show?

19-20 June 2008

Developmental Physiology Conference, Kilworth House Hotel, North Kilworth, Leicestershire,
  • Ms Anna Cronin-de-Chavez and Prof Helen Ball: Infant thermal care.

10 May 2008

NCT Breastfeeding Counsellors' Conference, Aston University, Birmingham,
  •  Prof Helen Ball: Invited keynote speaker, What can breastfeeding counsellors say about bed-sharing?
  • Click here for article by Ms Eithne Murray, breastfeeding counsellor with the Irish Childbirth Trust, based on this talk.

9-12 April 2008

American Association of Physical Anthropology Annual Conference, Hyatt Regency Hotel, Columbus, Ohio, USA. (programme)
Invited Symposium on the Biological Anthropology of Human Sleep organised by Prof James McKenna, Notre Dame University.
  • Prof Helen Ball & Dr Martin Ward-Platt: Altering the nocturnal habitat of newborn infants: the effects of postnatal sleep location on breastfeeding duration
  • Ms Kristin Klingaman & Prof Helen Ball: Maternal sleep and tiredness after scheduled non-labour caesarean section delivery
  • Ms Caroline Jones, Ms Emily Henderson, Dr Tessa Pollard & Prof Helen Ball: Exploring sleep and obesity in English primary school children

27 March 2008 

Obstetrics and Neonatal Paediatrics 'Hot Topics' Conf, Crowne Plaza Hotel, Glasgow, Scotland
  • Invited speaker Professor Helen Ball: Bedsharing and breastfeeding

4 March 2008

Breastfeeding Network and Blackpool and Fylde NHS Breastfeeding Conference, Lancaster,
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited keynote speaker. Discussing bed-sharing and the importance of informed choice

16 -18 Jan 2008

Healthy Children Conference 2008, Orlando, Florida, USA

Talks and presentations 2007

August 2007

Hot Milk! Australian Breastfeeding Association National Conference, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
  • Prof Helen Ball: Invited keynote speaker: 
  • Bedding-in on the post-natal ward: breastfeeding initiation and infant sleep safety
  • Breastfeeding and bed-sharing
  • Infant Social Sleep

22-23 June 2007

Ball HL (2007) French Academy of Ambulatory Paediatrics, St Malo, France,

May 23rd 2007

Ball HL (2007) Slough Breastfeeding Study Day, Slough Hospital, May 22nd 2007

May 2007

Ball HL (2007) Monitoring Parents Conference, University of Kent,

March 26th 2007

Ball HL (2007) Middlesbrough Breastfeeding Partnership, World Breastfeeding Week Conference,
Ball HL (2007) Yorkshire Breastfeeding Peer Supporter's Conf, Bradford,

March 24th 2007

Ball HL (2007) Medsin Conference: Global Health & Human Rights . Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK

March 9th 2007

Ball HL (2007) Bradford Royal Infirmary (Paediatric Registrar's Seminar),

2006

Ball, HL "Bedding-in, Rooming-in and Breastfeeding on the Postnatal Ward" UNICEF BabyFriendly Annual Conference, 28-29th November 2006. Cardiff International Arena. Presentation under 'resources' below. 

Ball, HL "The nocturnal life of babies" Keynote Lecture, Baby Cafe Annual Conference, BioCity, Nottingham, September 28th 2006. Presentation summary under 'Resources'.

Ball, HL "Who bed-shares, why and how?" and "Infant sleep location on the post-natal ward" Invited Lectures, Northwest Breastfeeding Liaison Group Annual Conference, 19th September 2006, Bolton Arena.

Ball, HL "Parent-Infant Bed-sharing: The view from UK homes and post-natal wards" Keynote Lecture, Northumberland Breastfeeding Group Study Day, 13th September 2006, Wansbeck Hospital, Ashington. 

Ball, HL "Bed-sharing at home and in the hospital" Invited presentation at Northern Regional Breastfeeding Conference, June 9th 2006, Bradford Royal Infirmary.

Ball, HL “Who bed-shares, why and how?” Invited Pre conference workshop on Bed-sharing by HL Ball, JJ McKenna & L Smith. 2006 International Conference on the theory and practice of human lactation research and breastfeeding management. Orlando, Florida. 13.1.2006.

Ball HL “Bedsharing research update: Bedding-in on the postnatal ward” Invited presentation at The Art and Science of human lactation research and breastfeeding management. Orlando, Florida 15.1.2006

Ball HL "Bed-sharing in the community" & "Bedding-in on the post-natal ward" Preston Breastfedding Partnership (multi-agency strategy consortium) Study Day, Preston PCT & Acute Trust, Lancashire. 21.3.2006

Slides from the talks by Helen Ball, George Haycock and Pete Blair, delivered at PrimaryCare 2006 can be found by clicking on the links below.

2005

Ball HL “Infant Social Sleep” Invited presentation in Symposium: Impact of Social Environment on early infant sleep and behaviour at British Sleep Society 17th Annual Scientific Meeting, Robinson College, Cambridge 27.9.2005

Ball, HL “Infant Social Sleep: Instinct and Environment” Invited presentation La Leche League Enrichment Day, Nottingham. 20.9.2005

Ball HL “Bedsharing in relation to breastfeeding” Invited presentation: Scottish Infant Feeding Advisor’s Network Conference, Queen Elisabeth Hospital, Edinburgh. 8.9.2005

Heslop, E; HL Ball & SJ Leech “Bedding-in and rooming-in on the postnatal ward: breastfeeding initiation” Poster: Innovation in behavioural data collection. Measuring Behaviour 2005, Wageningen, Holland. 1.9.2005

Ball, HL; L Volpe; E Heslop; S Leech “Observing mother-infant sleep behaviour” Invited presentation: The Observer User Meeting. Measuring Behaviour 2005, Wageningen, Holland. 31.8.2005

Ball HL “Randomised study of 3 infant sleep conditions on the postnatal ward” Invited presentationL Developmental Physiology Conference, Kilworth House, Leicestershire. 18.6.2005

Ball, HL “Allattamento e sonno condiviso” & “Il ‘bedding in’ nel reparto di ostretricia”. Invited presentations: Seminario 2005 La Leche League Italia, Rimini, Italy.13.5.2005

Ball, HL "Breastfeeding and Bed-sharing: instinct and environment" The Breastfeeding Network, Breastfeeding Study Day, Chorley Postgraduate Centre. 25/2/2005.

Ball, HL "Bed-sharing on the post-natal ward: breastfeeding and infant sleep safety" The Breastfeeding Network, Breastfeeding Study Day, Chorley Postgraduate Centre. 25/2/2005.

Ball, HL " Breastfeeding and Social Sleep: instinct and environment" Good Practice Day, Harvey Early Years Centre, Bolton 24th February 2005.

2004

Ball, HL, Heslop, E "Feeding and Sleeping practices of initially breastfed infants: methods and outcomes" FSID Grant Holders Meeting, St. Guy's Hospital, London, 2nd December 2004.

Ball, HL "Bed-sharing/Co-sleeping" The Royal College of Midwives Annual Student Conference, York Racecourse, 1st December 2004.

Ball HL “The first night: bed sharing on the postnatal ward” Invited presentation: Borstvoeding Leeft (Breastfeeding Lives) Amersfoort, Netherlands. 30.9.2004

Ball, HL, Heslop, E, Leech, S, Macphail, P "The Effects on Infants of Social Sleep: The Good, the Bad, & the Unknown" University of Notre Dame, Indiana, 16th September 2004

Ball, HL "Breastfeeding and Social Sleep: instinct and environment" Wansbeck, 14th September 2004.

Ball, HL "Sleeping and Feeding in the First 6 Months: test of a large-scale data collection technique" Society for Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 24th Annual Conference, 8th -10th September, University of Sheffield.

Ball, HL 13th Annual "Breastfeeding: Practice and Policy Course" Institute of Child Health, UCL 23rd July 2004.

Ball, HL "Bed-sharing on the First Post-natal Night" International SIDS Conference, Workshop on Infant Sleep Safety, Edmonton, Canada, 1st July 2004.

Ball, HL "Breastfeeding and Social Sleep: instinct and environment" LLL Peer Counsellor Training Day, The Baltic, Gateshead. 25th June 2004.

Ball, HL "Towards an RCT of breastfeeding and bed-sharing: evaluating a new large-scale data collection technique" FSID Grant Holders Meeting, St. Guy's Hospital, London, 28th Jan 2004.

Ball, HL "Instinct and Environment" Lactation Consultants of Great Britain Annual Conference. Invited presentation at University of East Anglia, Norwich, March 13th 2004.

2003

Ball, HL “The first night – bed-sharing on the post natal ward” Invited presentation at UNICEF UK Baby Friendly Initiative Annual Conference, Bournemouth International Centre, 18th & 19th November 2003.

McKenna, J, Ball, HL “Hidden Risks and Dangers? or Hidden Politics and Ideologies” in Session: “The Anthropology of Vulnerability: Perception and Communication of Risk” Invited presentation at American Anthropology Association Annual Meeting, Chicago, 14th Nov 2003.

Ball, HL “Re-examining ‘healthy infant sleep’” An evolutionary perspective on infant-parent co-sleeping. Invited presentation at The BA Festival of Science, University of Salford, 9th September 2003.

Ball, HL “Co-sleeping”: Invited presentation at Contemporary Issues and Infant Feeding Conference, Northern and Yorkshire Mother and Infant Study Group, Goole District Hospital, 4th July 2003.

Ball, HL Research report on the effects of co-bedding twins. Invited presentation at Tamba Conference, Guildford, Surrey, July 1st 2003.

Ball, HL & MP Ward-Platt “Beginning at the Beginning” Cosleeping on the First Night. Invited presentation at Developmental Physiology Conference, Bosworth Hall Hotel, 19th-21st June 2003.

Ball, HL “Breastfeeding and bed-sharing” Invited presentation at “Perfectly Natural Conference” St Barnaby’s Hall, Linthorpe, Middlesbrough, 15th May 2003.

Ball, HL “Bedsharing” Invited presentation at 2nd Regional Breastfeeding Conference. Armagh City Hotel, Armagh, Northern Ireland, 12th May 2003.

Ball, HL “Infant sleep and night-care: Evolutionary perspectives and Western Practice” Department of Anthropology, Seminar Series, University College London, 11th March 2003.

Ball, HL “Effects on Infants of Social Sleep” Bed-sharing babies & Co-bedding Twins. Invited presentation at Foundation for the Study of Sudden Infant Death AGM, New Scotland Yard, London, Feb 25th 2003.

2002

Ball, HL “Breastfeeding and Bed-sharing”. Invited presentation at Breastfeeding Study Day, Breastfeeding Network, St Catherine’s Hospice, Preston, 19th Oct 2002.

Ball, HL “Sleeping Arrangements for Twin Infants” Invited presentation at Foundation for the Study of Sudden Infant Death Annual Grant holders Conference, Oct 9th 2002, Wellcome Institute, London.

Ball, HL “Differences in Bed-sharing Behaviour among Breastfeeding and non Breastfeeding Families” Invited presentation at VII SIDS International Conference, Florence Aug/Sept 2002.

Ball, HL ”Bed-sharing Guidelines – who needs them?” Invited presentation at Annual Developmental Physiology Conference, Market Bosworth, Leicester, June 28th - 30th 2002.

Ball, HL “Understanding Parent-Infant Bedsharing in the UK” Invited presentation at R&D Conference: A Feast of Opportunities. Durham University, Queens Campus, June 20th 2002.

Ball, HL "Understanding bed-sharing" Invited presentation at Breastfeeding Best Practice Day, Cheshire NHS Trust, Nantwich, Crewe, 19th June 2002.

Ball, HL "Understanding bed-sharing" Invited presentation at Contemporary Practice Issues -- National Midwives Study Day, University of Hull, May 9th 2002.

Ball, HL "Bed-sharing vs. cot-sleeping: a behavioural and physiological study" Invited presentation, Scottish Cot Death Trust Grant holders' Conference, University of Stirling, Scotland, 8th March 2002.

Ball, HL "Bed-sharing for Breastfed Babies" Invited presentation, Breastfeeding Study Group, Ashington General Hospital, 7th February 2002.

2001

Ball, HL (2001) “Parent-infant behaviour during bed-sharing” Invited presentation, UNICEF UK Baby Friendly Initiative Conference 2001, National Exhibition Centre, Birmingham, 14-15th November 2001.

Ball, HL (2001) "Breastfeeding and bed-sharing" Keynote lecture, Association of Lactation Consultants in Ireland Conference, Portlaioch, Eire 6th October 2001.

Ball, HL (2001) “Bed-sharing and breastfeeding” Invited presentation, Northwest Breastfeeding Alliance Study Day, Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital, Manchester, 14th September 2001.

Ball, HL (2001) "Parent-infant bed-sharing behaviour", Invited presentation, FSID Grant holders' meeting, Peterhouse College, Cambridge, 12th-13th September 2001.

Ball, HL (2001) "Twin infant sleeping arrangements ", Invited presentation, FSID Grant holders' meeting, Peterhouse College, Cambridge, 12th-13th September 2001.

Ball, HL & E. Kitching (2001) “Twin infant sleeping arrangements and implications for SIDS” International Congress for Twin Studies, Imperial College, London, 4th-6th July 2001.

Ball, HL (2001) "Triadic bed-sharing and infant temperature” Invited presentation, Developmental Physiology conference, Fernie Lodge, Leicester, 14th & 15th June 2001.

Ball, HL (2001) “Breastfeeding and bed-sharing” Invited presentation, Trent Regional Health Board, Baby Friendly Initiative Conference, Chesterfield, 22nd April 2001.

Ball, HL (2001) “Bed-sharing and other sleeping arrangements –- the view from North Tees” Invited lecture, Post-grad. Medical Education Seminar Series, North Tees and Hartlepool NHS Trust, 17th Jan 2001.

2000

Ball, HL (2000) "The benefits of bed-sharing for breast-fed babies", Invited presentation, UNICEF UK Baby Friendly Initiative Conference 2000, Derby, 9-10th November 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) "Bed-sharing for breast-fed babies", Invited presentation, Tyne and Wear HAZ study day, University of Northumbria, Newcastle upon Tyne, November 1st 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) “Bed-sharing for breast-feeding babies” Invited presentation, Infant Nutrition Study Day, Imperial College of Medicine, Queen Charlottes and Chelsea Hospital, London, 19th October 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) "Sleeping with the baby -- night-time parenting and socioeconomics", Invited presentation, FSID Grant holders' meeting, Peterhouse College, Cambridge, 20th-21st September 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) "Understanding bed-sharing – it’s more than 'where the baby sleeps' ", Invited presentation, FSID Grant holders' meeting, Peterhouse College, Cambridge, 20th-21st September 2000.

Ball, HL, E Hooker & J Anderson-Hawkins (2000). “Bed-sharing and night-time feeding” Society for Reproductive and Infant Psychology 20th Annual Conference, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Sept 11-13, 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) “Behaviour and Physiology of bed-sharing” Invited Presentation, Fernie Lodge Developmental Physiology Conference, Market Harborough, Leicester, June 22nd 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) “Bed-sharing and night-time feeding” Invited Presentation, Tyne and Wear HAZ Breastfeeding Conference, North Shields, May 16th 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) “Is bed-sharing a missing element in breastfeeding promotion?” Invited presentation, Health Visitors Forum, Guisborough, May 15th 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) "Is bed-sharing a missing element in breastfeeding promotion?" Invited presentation, Lanarkshire breastfeeding initiative, Coatbridge, Glasgow, May 3rd 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) “Night-time infant care”, Invited presentation, FSID regional conference, University of Durham, Stockton Campus, April 7th 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) “Time for Bed?” Opening of Parent-Infant Sleep Lab, University of Durham, Stockton Campus, April 5th 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) “Bed-sharing and night-time feeding” Invited presentation, SRIP & ICRG Feeding Study Day, Department of Psychology, University of Durham, March 22nd 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) “Update on the N. Tees Parent-Infant Sleep Project” Invited presentation, Community midwives meeting, N. Tees Hospital, Stockton, March 1st 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) “Recent research into parent-infant bed-sharing” Invited presentation, Durham Area GP seminar series, Royal County Hotel, Durham, 15th Feb 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) "The risks and benefits of parent-infant bed-sharing" Invited presentation, 11th Annual Emory University Lactation Conference, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA, 12th February 2000.

Ball, HL (2000) "The practical wisdom of night-time breastfeeding" Invited presentation, 11th Annual Emory University Lactation Conference, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA, 12th February 2000.

1999

Ball, HL (1999) "Risks to infants of sharing the parental bed" Invited presentation, Scottish Cot Death Trust Grant holders Conference, Stirling Management Centre, 11th & 12th November 1999.

Ball, HL (1999) "Does bed-sharing promote breastfeeding?" Invited presentation, UNICEF UK Baby Friendly Conference, Derby, 10th-11th November 1999.

Hooker, E & Ball, HL (1999) “Sleeping with the baby – when, how, and why parents bed-share with their infants” 77th Scientific Meeting of the Society for the Study of Human Biology, University of Loughborough, 10th November 1999.

Ball, HL (1999) “Night-time infant-care practices in a northern town” Invited speaker, Departmental Seminar Series, Department of Human Sciences, University of Loughborough, 4th November 1999.

Ball, HL (1999) "Baby Zone or Baby Friendly: a bed-sharing paradox" Invited presentation at FSID Grant-holder's Conference, Peterhouse College, Cambridge, 15th-16th September 1999.

Ball, HL (1999) “Bed-sharing promotes breastfeeding” Invited presentation at North Tees Health – Baby Friendly Award Ceremony, North Tees Hospital, 26th August 1999.

Ball, HL (1999) "Bed-sharing promotes breastfeeding" Invited presentation at South Cleveland Health -- Baby Friendly Initiative Conference, Middlesbrough Cellnet Stadium, 20th May 1999.

Ball, HL (1999) "To share or not to share" Invited presentation at FSID Yorkshire Regional Conference, Leeds Medical School, Leeds, 22nd May 1999.

Ball, HL (1999) "What about cosleeping" Invited presentation to FSID Northern Regional Conference, Collingwood College, University of Durham, 27th April 1999.

Ball, HL (1999) "Reasons to share: parent-infant cosleeping in N. Tees" Invited presentation to FSID Annual Conference, London, 16th April 1999.

Ball, HL (1999) “Examining parent-infant triadic cosleeping: practices and effects” Invited lecture to Specialist Registrars in Child Psychiatry, Child Development and Disorders Seminar Series, Fleming-Nuffield institute, Newcastle University Medical School, 18th January 1999.

1998

Hooker E, and Ball, HL (1998) “The North Tees Parent-Infant Sleep Project” Invited presentation to FSID Regional Conference, Ipswich, October 18th 1998.

Ball HL (1998) “Triadic cosleeping in the north-east of England”. Invited lecture at conference “Back to the Future: Breastfeeding, Parental Proximity and Contact in Promoting Infant Health” organised by Professor James McKenna, University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA, September 1998.

Ball, HL (1998) “Parent-infant sleep strategies in North Tees”. Invited presentation at FSID Annual Grant holder’s conference, Peterhouse College, Cambridge, 28th September 1998.

Ball, HL., & E Hooker (1998) “You wanna put a camera in our bedroom? Video observations of parent-infant cosleeping in the home environment” Poster presentation at 2nd International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research, Groningen, Netherlands, August 1998.

Ball, HL & E Hooker "What happens to infants who sleep with both parents?" 67th Annual Meeting of American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, 31st March - 4th April 1998.

Hooker, E & HL Ball "Parent-infant cosleeping: attitudes and practices in North Tees, England" 67th Annual Meeting of American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, 31st March - 4th April 1998.