OK: Found an XML parser.
OK: Support for GZIP encoding.
OK: Support for character munging.
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Channel: BBC-Edition

RSS URL:

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      ["title"]=>
      string(55) "“The soil is a heritage, our duty is to pass it on”"
      ["link"]=>
      string(81) "https://bbc-edition.com/science/the-soil-is-a-heritage-our-duty-is-to-pass-it-on/"
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      string(89) "https://bbc-edition.com/science/the-soil-is-a-heritage-our-duty-is-to-pass-it-on/#respond"
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        string(8) "Ty Davis"
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      string(31) "Tue, 30 Nov 2021 18:12:43 +0000"
      ["category"]=>
      string(27) "ScienceDUTYheritagepassSoil"
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      string(81) "https://bbc-edition.com/science/the-soil-is-a-heritage-our-duty-is-to-pass-it-on/"
      ["description"]=>
      string(613) "Professor at the National Museum of Natural History in Paris, Marc-André Selosse is a specialist in the links between soil fungi and plant roots, a symbiosis essential to both partners. In his latest provocatively titled book, The origin of the world (Actes Sud, 480 p., 24 €), he invites us on an underground journey through ... Read more"
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Professor at the National Museum of Natural History in Paris, Marc-André Selosse is a specialist in the links between soil fungi and plant roots, a symbiosis essential to both partners. In his latest provocatively titled book, The origin of the world (Actes Sud, 480 p., 24 €), he invites us on an underground journey through the soils and their overflowing life, while pointing out the damage we inflict on them. A vibrant plea to invent gestures respectful of these ecosystems of tremendous biodiversity, largely ignored, because invisible.

Is the soil “the origin of the world”, really?

He is indeed at the origin of the current world. It influences the climate sometimes negatively, when it is a source of greenhouse gases, sometimes positively, when it stores organic matter. In addition, the waters of rivers and streams come out of the soil where they are loaded with nutrients and mineral salts. Soils “cry” in the oceans, fueling their fertility. This is why most fish are caught along the continents, where algae thrives – and why Breton fishermen want to fish off the coast of Great Britain … And then, the soil plays a central role in the cycle of water. It retains it like a sponge and will stop flooding, support low water levels and create water reserves from which humans and, above all, plants draw.

Before the soil was put in place, what did the surface of the earth look like?

It presented a dynamic of wadi, between sudden floods and total droughts. There were no plants, but just small crusts of microbes, a bit like those that adorn the facades of our buildings. And the oceans near the coast were less fertile.

“The agricultural soils of our regions are very poor in organic matter because they are plowed, which favors the respiration of the microbes which consume it”

So what is the alchemy of these ecosystems?

Soil, to put it simply, is dead organic matter in the process of becoming, under the effect of living organisms which thus recycle mineral salts. They are also mineral fragments colonized by microbes which dissolve them, in particular by local acidification processes. The fertility thus released is used to nourish the plants. And the ground contains gases which penetrate there, they also in becoming under the effect of the alive one. Oxygen is thus consumed for respiration. Here and there, in oxygen-free (anoxic) soils, bacteria produce methane. Elsewhere still, some bacteria use atmospheric nitrogen to produce proteins: it is the source of the nitrogen stock in the soil.

You have 82.68% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(86) "https://bbc-edition.com/science/the-soil-is-a-heritage-our-duty-is-to-pass-it-on/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(613) "Professor at the National Museum of Natural History in Paris, Marc-André Selosse is a specialist in the links between soil fungi and plant roots, a symbiosis essential to both partners. In his latest provocatively titled book, The origin of the world (Actes Sud, 480 p., 24 €), he invites us on an underground journey through ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(3796) "

Professor at the National Museum of Natural History in Paris, Marc-André Selosse is a specialist in the links between soil fungi and plant roots, a symbiosis essential to both partners. In his latest provocatively titled book, The origin of the world (Actes Sud, 480 p., 24 €), he invites us on an underground journey through the soils and their overflowing life, while pointing out the damage we inflict on them. A vibrant plea to invent gestures respectful of these ecosystems of tremendous biodiversity, largely ignored, because invisible.

Is the soil “the origin of the world”, really?

He is indeed at the origin of the current world. It influences the climate sometimes negatively, when it is a source of greenhouse gases, sometimes positively, when it stores organic matter. In addition, the waters of rivers and streams come out of the soil where they are loaded with nutrients and mineral salts. Soils “cry” in the oceans, fueling their fertility. This is why most fish are caught along the continents, where algae thrives – and why Breton fishermen want to fish off the coast of Great Britain … And then, the soil plays a central role in the cycle of water. It retains it like a sponge and will stop flooding, support low water levels and create water reserves from which humans and, above all, plants draw.

Before the soil was put in place, what did the surface of the earth look like?

It presented a dynamic of wadi, between sudden floods and total droughts. There were no plants, but just small crusts of microbes, a bit like those that adorn the facades of our buildings. And the oceans near the coast were less fertile.

“The agricultural soils of our regions are very poor in organic matter because they are plowed, which favors the respiration of the microbes which consume it”

So what is the alchemy of these ecosystems?

Soil, to put it simply, is dead organic matter in the process of becoming, under the effect of living organisms which thus recycle mineral salts. They are also mineral fragments colonized by microbes which dissolve them, in particular by local acidification processes. The fertility thus released is used to nourish the plants. And the ground contains gases which penetrate there, they also in becoming under the effect of the alive one. Oxygen is thus consumed for respiration. Here and there, in oxygen-free (anoxic) soils, bacteria produce methane. Elsewhere still, some bacteria use atmospheric nitrogen to produce proteins: it is the source of the nitrogen stock in the soil.

You have 82.68% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1638295963) } [1]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(56) "Closest pair of supermassive black holes yet – NovLink" ["link"]=> string(97) "https://bbc-edition.com/health-science-news/closest-pair-of-supermassive-black-holes-yet-novlink/" ["comments"]=> string(105) "https://bbc-edition.com/health-science-news/closest-pair-of-supermassive-black-holes-yet-novlink/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Betty Foster" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Tue, 30 Nov 2021 17:51:58 +0000" ["category"]=> string(21) "Health & Science News" ["guid"]=> string(97) "https://bbc-edition.com/health-science-news/closest-pair-of-supermassive-black-holes-yet-novlink/" ["description"]=> string(654) "Journal Reference: K. T. Voggel, A. C. Seth, H. Baumgardt, B. Husemann, N. Neumayer, M. Hilker, R. Pechetti, S. Mieske, A. Dumont, I. Georgiev. First direct dynamical detection of a dual super-massive black hole system at sub-kpc separation. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2021; DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140827 Voggel and her team were able to determine the masses of ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(3804) "

Journal Reference:

  1. K. T. Voggel, A. C. Seth, H. Baumgardt, B. Husemann, N. Neumayer, M. Hilker, R. Pechetti, S. Mieske, A. Dumont, I. Georgiev. First direct dynamical detection of a dual super-massive black hole system at sub-kpc separation. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2021; DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140827

Voggel and her team were able to determine the masses of the two objects by looking at how the gravitational pull of the black holes influences the motion of the stars around them. The bigger black hole, located right at the core of NGC 7727, was found to have a mass almost 154 million times that of the Sun, while its companion is 6.3 million solar masses.

It is the first time the masses have been measured in this way for a supermassive black hole pair. This feat was made possible thanks to the close proximity of the system to Earth and the detailed observations the team obtained at the Paranal Observatory in Chile using the Multi-Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) on ESO’s VLT, an instrument Voggel learnt to work with during her time as a student at ESO. Measuring the masses with MUSE, and using additional data from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, allowed the team to confirm that the objects in NGC 7727 were indeed supermassive black holes.

Astronomers suspected that the galaxy hosted the two black holes, but they had not been able to confirm their presence until now since we do not see large amounts of high-energy radiation coming from their immediate surroundings, which would otherwise give them away. “Our finding implies that there might be many more of these relics of galaxy mergers out there and they may contain many hidden massive black holes that still wait to be found,” says Voggel. “It could increase the total number of supermassive black holes known in the local Universe by 30 percent.”

The search for similarly hidden supermassive black hole pairs is expected to make a great leap forward with ESO’s Extremely Large Telescope (ELT), set to start operating later this decade in Chile’s Atacama Desert. “This detection of a supermassive black hole pair is just the beginning,” says co-author Steffen Mieske, an astronomer at ESO in Chile and Head of ESO Paranal Science Operations. “With the HARMONI instrument on the ELT we will be able to make detections like this considerably further than currently possible. ESO’s ELT will be integral to understanding these objects.”

Closest pair of supermassive black holes yet

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(102) "https://bbc-edition.com/health-science-news/closest-pair-of-supermassive-black-holes-yet-novlink/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(654) "Journal Reference: K. T. Voggel, A. C. Seth, H. Baumgardt, B. Husemann, N. Neumayer, M. Hilker, R. Pechetti, S. Mieske, A. Dumont, I. Georgiev. First direct dynamical detection of a dual super-massive black hole system at sub-kpc separation. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2021; DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140827 Voggel and her team were able to determine the masses of ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(3804) "

Journal Reference:

  1. K. T. Voggel, A. C. Seth, H. Baumgardt, B. Husemann, N. Neumayer, M. Hilker, R. Pechetti, S. Mieske, A. Dumont, I. Georgiev. First direct dynamical detection of a dual super-massive black hole system at sub-kpc separation. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2021; DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202140827

Voggel and her team were able to determine the masses of the two objects by looking at how the gravitational pull of the black holes influences the motion of the stars around them. The bigger black hole, located right at the core of NGC 7727, was found to have a mass almost 154 million times that of the Sun, while its companion is 6.3 million solar masses.

It is the first time the masses have been measured in this way for a supermassive black hole pair. This feat was made possible thanks to the close proximity of the system to Earth and the detailed observations the team obtained at the Paranal Observatory in Chile using the Multi-Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) on ESO’s VLT, an instrument Voggel learnt to work with during her time as a student at ESO. Measuring the masses with MUSE, and using additional data from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, allowed the team to confirm that the objects in NGC 7727 were indeed supermassive black holes.

Astronomers suspected that the galaxy hosted the two black holes, but they had not been able to confirm their presence until now since we do not see large amounts of high-energy radiation coming from their immediate surroundings, which would otherwise give them away. “Our finding implies that there might be many more of these relics of galaxy mergers out there and they may contain many hidden massive black holes that still wait to be found,” says Voggel. “It could increase the total number of supermassive black holes known in the local Universe by 30 percent.”

The search for similarly hidden supermassive black hole pairs is expected to make a great leap forward with ESO’s Extremely Large Telescope (ELT), set to start operating later this decade in Chile’s Atacama Desert. “This detection of a supermassive black hole pair is just the beginning,” says co-author Steffen Mieske, an astronomer at ESO in Chile and Head of ESO Paranal Science Operations. “With the HARMONI instrument on the ELT we will be able to make detections like this considerably further than currently possible. ESO’s ELT will be integral to understanding these objects.”

Closest pair of supermassive black holes yet

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1638294718) } [2]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(78) "the FARC removed from the list of terrorist organizations of the United States" ["link"]=> string(117) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/the-farc-removed-from-the-list-of-terrorist-organizations-of-the-united-states/" ["comments"]=> string(125) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/the-farc-removed-from-the-list-of-terrorist-organizations-of-the-united-states/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Harry Rivers" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Tue, 30 Nov 2021 17:50:44 +0000" ["category"]=> string(62) "InternationalFARCListorganizationsRemovedStatesterroristUnited" ["guid"]=> string(117) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/the-farc-removed-from-the-list-of-terrorist-organizations-of-the-united-states/" ["description"]=> string(707) "FARC fighters arrive at the camp where they prepare to ratify the peace agreement with the Colombian government, near El Diamante, in the Yari Plains, Colombia, September 16, 2016. JOHN VIZCAINO / REUTERS The Marxist guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) were withdrawn Tuesday, November 30 from the blacklist of foreign terrorist ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(4619) "

The Marxist guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) were withdrawn Tuesday, November 30 from the blacklist of foreign terrorist organizations drawn up by the United States, said Secretary of State Antony Blinken in a statement.

He recalled that the FARC, a movement of peasants who took up arms in the 1960s, during the cold war, had been officially dissolved after a peace agreement with the Colombian government in 2016 and no longer existed as an organization. unified engaging in terrorism. On the other hand, two FARC dissident groups, La Segunda Marquetalia and the FARC-EP, or People’s Army, have been designated as foreign terrorist organizations, he added.

This removal of the FARC from the blacklist in no way modifies the position of the United States on the legal proceedings initiated or envisaged against former FARC officials, in particular suspected of drug trafficking, said Mr. Blinken.

The withdrawal of the designation “terrorist” will allow the United States to work for the implementation of the Colombian agreement, he declared. US government agencies, such as the Agency for International Development, will be able to intervene in areas of Colombia where there are demobilized FARC soldiers.

Read also Colombia: former FARC guerrilla leaders recognize crimes against humanity

From guerrilla warfare to politics

The 2016 peace agreement ended more than five decades of armed conflict that left more than 260,000 dead and millions displaced. Colombia commemorated this agreement on Wednesday which allowed this movement to transform into a legal political party, Comunes, with guaranteed representation in Parliament but without real influence at the polls. The text provided for political and agrarian reforms – the question of land is a key to the conflict – which in theory should be implemented by 2031.

While this agreement has significantly reduced violence, many armed groups continue to rage in the country, including the two FARC dissident groups, which have exploited the void left in the mountains by the departure of the former guerrillas.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers In Colombia, the bet for peace, after half a century of violence

Le Monde with AFP and Reuters

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(122) "https://bbc-edition.com/international/the-farc-removed-from-the-list-of-terrorist-organizations-of-the-united-states/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(707) "FARC fighters arrive at the camp where they prepare to ratify the peace agreement with the Colombian government, near El Diamante, in the Yari Plains, Colombia, September 16, 2016. JOHN VIZCAINO / REUTERS The Marxist guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) were withdrawn Tuesday, November 30 from the blacklist of foreign terrorist ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(4619) "

The Marxist guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) were withdrawn Tuesday, November 30 from the blacklist of foreign terrorist organizations drawn up by the United States, said Secretary of State Antony Blinken in a statement.

He recalled that the FARC, a movement of peasants who took up arms in the 1960s, during the cold war, had been officially dissolved after a peace agreement with the Colombian government in 2016 and no longer existed as an organization. unified engaging in terrorism. On the other hand, two FARC dissident groups, La Segunda Marquetalia and the FARC-EP, or People’s Army, have been designated as foreign terrorist organizations, he added.

This removal of the FARC from the blacklist in no way modifies the position of the United States on the legal proceedings initiated or envisaged against former FARC officials, in particular suspected of drug trafficking, said Mr. Blinken.

The withdrawal of the designation “terrorist” will allow the United States to work for the implementation of the Colombian agreement, he declared. US government agencies, such as the Agency for International Development, will be able to intervene in areas of Colombia where there are demobilized FARC soldiers.

Read also Colombia: former FARC guerrilla leaders recognize crimes against humanity

From guerrilla warfare to politics

The 2016 peace agreement ended more than five decades of armed conflict that left more than 260,000 dead and millions displaced. Colombia commemorated this agreement on Wednesday which allowed this movement to transform into a legal political party, Comunes, with guaranteed representation in Parliament but without real influence at the polls. The text provided for political and agrarian reforms – the question of land is a key to the conflict – which in theory should be implemented by 2031.

While this agreement has significantly reduced violence, many armed groups continue to rage in the country, including the two FARC dissident groups, which have exploited the void left in the mountains by the departure of the former guerrillas.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers In Colombia, the bet for peace, after half a century of violence

Le Monde with AFP and Reuters

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1638294644) } [3]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(58) "Inflation in the euro zone at its highest for thirty years" ["link"]=> string(89) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/inflation-in-the-euro-zone-at-its-highest-for-thirty-years/" ["comments"]=> string(97) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/inflation-in-the-euro-zone-at-its-highest-for-thirty-years/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(15) "Michael Johnson" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Tue, 30 Nov 2021 17:46:45 +0000" ["category"]=> string(34) "MoneyEurohighestinflationyearszone" ["guid"]=> string(89) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/inflation-in-the-euro-zone-at-its-highest-for-thirty-years/" ["description"]=> string(633) "The headquarters of the European Central Bank, in Frankfurt, in 2016. KAI PFAFFENBACH / REUTERS “The inflation figures for November are out and we hope that this time around it will really be the peak. “ Frederik Ducrozet, strategist at asset manager Pictet, sums up the general feeling that dominated after the publication, Tuesday, November ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(4423) "

“The inflation figures for November are out and we hope that this time around it will really be the peak. “ Frederik Ducrozet, strategist at asset manager Pictet, sums up the general feeling that dominated after the publication, Tuesday, November 30, of the price index in the euro zone: at + 4.9% in November, it is at its highest high level for thirty years.

Month after month, economists and central bankers believe the phenomenon is temporary. Month after month, they are denied. Some countries are particularly affected: 6% in Germany; 7.1% in Belgium; 8.4% in Estonia and 9.3% in Lithuania… France remains relatively untouched for the moment, with a price index up by 3.4%. “Many elements indicate that inflation is less temporary than what was initially thought”, recognizes Eric Dor, the director of economic studies at Ieseg, a business school.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Inflation hits Central Europe hard

Only a year ago, in November 2020, in the midst of a pandemic, the euro zone was in disinflation, with a price index down 0.3% over one year. In June, while the vaccination campaigns allowed the reopening of economies, it rose to 1.9%; then 3.4% in September, 4.1% in October and today 4.9%. Knowing that the European Central Bank (ECB) is officially targeting 2% inflation, is it time to panic?

Violent correction

Certainly not, answer in chorus the economists and the ECB, who stress that the phenomenon is – at least in part – temporary. They have some solid arguments for them. The main thing is that the price shock comes above all from the surge in the cost of energy (+ 27% over one year in the euro zone). The surge in oil and gas unsurprisingly turned into higher gasoline prices at the pump and higher electricity bills. Excluding energy, inflation in the euro zone is 2.5%.

However, the price of oil may have peaked. The discovery of the Omicron variant has created a violent correction in recent days, with a barrel dropping 20% ​​since mid-October. “More than half of the price increase in France is linked to that of energy, it’s huge, notes Mathieu Plane, economist at the French Observatory of Economic Conjunctures. The turnaround in commodity and oil prices could mean that we will reach the peak of inflation a little faster than expected. “

Read also: Article reserved for our subscribers Return of inflation worries Europeans, who are struggling to find a coordinated response

Other statistical phenomena explain the severity of inflation. Germany had lowered its VAT from 19% to 16% at the start of the pandemic, before returning it to its previous level in January 2021. By itself, the phenomenon counts for one point of inflation in Germany, calculates Yannick Kalantzis , from the Banque de France: “Mechanically, this effect will disappear at 1is January 2022 », he specifies.

You have 43.16% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(94) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/inflation-in-the-euro-zone-at-its-highest-for-thirty-years/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(633) "The headquarters of the European Central Bank, in Frankfurt, in 2016. KAI PFAFFENBACH / REUTERS “The inflation figures for November are out and we hope that this time around it will really be the peak. “ Frederik Ducrozet, strategist at asset manager Pictet, sums up the general feeling that dominated after the publication, Tuesday, November ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(4423) "

“The inflation figures for November are out and we hope that this time around it will really be the peak. “ Frederik Ducrozet, strategist at asset manager Pictet, sums up the general feeling that dominated after the publication, Tuesday, November 30, of the price index in the euro zone: at + 4.9% in November, it is at its highest high level for thirty years.

Month after month, economists and central bankers believe the phenomenon is temporary. Month after month, they are denied. Some countries are particularly affected: 6% in Germany; 7.1% in Belgium; 8.4% in Estonia and 9.3% in Lithuania… France remains relatively untouched for the moment, with a price index up by 3.4%. “Many elements indicate that inflation is less temporary than what was initially thought”, recognizes Eric Dor, the director of economic studies at Ieseg, a business school.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers Inflation hits Central Europe hard

Only a year ago, in November 2020, in the midst of a pandemic, the euro zone was in disinflation, with a price index down 0.3% over one year. In June, while the vaccination campaigns allowed the reopening of economies, it rose to 1.9%; then 3.4% in September, 4.1% in October and today 4.9%. Knowing that the European Central Bank (ECB) is officially targeting 2% inflation, is it time to panic?

Violent correction

Certainly not, answer in chorus the economists and the ECB, who stress that the phenomenon is – at least in part – temporary. They have some solid arguments for them. The main thing is that the price shock comes above all from the surge in the cost of energy (+ 27% over one year in the euro zone). The surge in oil and gas unsurprisingly turned into higher gasoline prices at the pump and higher electricity bills. Excluding energy, inflation in the euro zone is 2.5%.

However, the price of oil may have peaked. The discovery of the Omicron variant has created a violent correction in recent days, with a barrel dropping 20% ​​since mid-October. “More than half of the price increase in France is linked to that of energy, it’s huge, notes Mathieu Plane, economist at the French Observatory of Economic Conjunctures. The turnaround in commodity and oil prices could mean that we will reach the peak of inflation a little faster than expected. “

Read also: Article reserved for our subscribers Return of inflation worries Europeans, who are struggling to find a coordinated response

Other statistical phenomena explain the severity of inflation. Germany had lowered its VAT from 19% to 16% at the start of the pandemic, before returning it to its previous level in January 2021. By itself, the phenomenon counts for one point of inflation in Germany, calculates Yannick Kalantzis , from the Banque de France: “Mechanically, this effect will disappear at 1is January 2022 », he specifies.

You have 43.16% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1638294405) } [4]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(48) "Maxi creates Christmas mug | Vogtland indicator" ["link"]=> string(78) "https://bbc-edition.com/hobbies/maxi-creates-christmas-mug-vogtland-indicator/" ["comments"]=> string(86) "https://bbc-edition.com/hobbies/maxi-creates-christmas-mug-vogtland-indicator/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Harry Rivers" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Tue, 30 Nov 2021 17:31:48 +0000" ["category"]=> string(47) "HobbiesChristmascreatesindicatorMaximugVogtland" ["guid"]=> string(78) "https://bbc-edition.com/hobbies/maxi-creates-christmas-mug-vogtland-indicator/" ["description"]=> string(588) "Maxi Schultz from Fröbersgrün is a little proud that her design for the 8th Christmas cup at the Plauen Christmas market for 2021 won the race. Among the twelve designs available for selection for the Christmas Cup 2021, most of the participants in the vote opted for the design by Fröbersgrün student Maxi Schultz. Photo: ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(4389) "

Maxi Schultz from Fröbersgrün is a little proud that her design for the 8th Christmas cup at the Plauen Christmas market for 2021 won the race.

By Jochen Pohlink

Plauen // Fröbersgrün But even after the late delivery of the cups, mulled wine will not be served at the Christmas market this year either. It will not be communicated until later when and where the cup will be available.
Grandma Ute applauded her granddaughter with appreciative applause: “In her free time she can often be found drawing and, above all, tinkering with all sorts of things and it is a great success to hit the mark with this idea for the Christmas cup.” The meanwhile 13-year-old Maxi took part in last year’s competition to design the traditional cup after being encouraged by her mother Barbara: “I spend a lot of free time together with my schoolmate Lea, who lives just a few houses away. Actually, a squirrel also played An alternative for the design of the mug played a role in the considerations, but then I opted for the two hedgehogs, which look funnier. “
Maxi’s dad Sascha is just as enthusiastic about the success and summarizes his joy with “phenomenal”. Of the 19 drafts that were received for the design, twelve were selected by a jury and voted on. Of the 699 votes cast, most of them were for the design by the Fröbersgrün student.
Mayor Kerstin Wolf and the representative of city tourism marketing, Katja Eberhard, could only publicly honor the winner’s cup with a present on the empty old market in front of the backdrop of the old town hall. Maxi deliberately did not take part in this year’s competition in order to give other designs for the 2022 cup a chance, as she says. Michel Grünitz has already submitted his proposal from the town. The choice of the motif for the mulled wine cup 2022 starts today! Participation is very easy at www.plauen.de/buergertasse.
In addition to her musical hobbies, Maxi is active in the Plauen swimming club and regularly takes part in the services of the local youth fire brigade. In the Peace School, the now thirteen-year-old is most enthusiastic about sports and art and, after graduating from school, would like to embark on a professional career with a creative activity.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(83) "https://bbc-edition.com/hobbies/maxi-creates-christmas-mug-vogtland-indicator/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(588) "Maxi Schultz from Fröbersgrün is a little proud that her design for the 8th Christmas cup at the Plauen Christmas market for 2021 won the race. Among the twelve designs available for selection for the Christmas Cup 2021, most of the participants in the vote opted for the design by Fröbersgrün student Maxi Schultz. Photo: ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(4389) "

Maxi Schultz from Fröbersgrün is a little proud that her design for the 8th Christmas cup at the Plauen Christmas market for 2021 won the race.

By Jochen Pohlink

Plauen // Fröbersgrün But even after the late delivery of the cups, mulled wine will not be served at the Christmas market this year either. It will not be communicated until later when and where the cup will be available.
Grandma Ute applauded her granddaughter with appreciative applause: “In her free time she can often be found drawing and, above all, tinkering with all sorts of things and it is a great success to hit the mark with this idea for the Christmas cup.” The meanwhile 13-year-old Maxi took part in last year’s competition to design the traditional cup after being encouraged by her mother Barbara: “I spend a lot of free time together with my schoolmate Lea, who lives just a few houses away. Actually, a squirrel also played An alternative for the design of the mug played a role in the considerations, but then I opted for the two hedgehogs, which look funnier. “
Maxi’s dad Sascha is just as enthusiastic about the success and summarizes his joy with “phenomenal”. Of the 19 drafts that were received for the design, twelve were selected by a jury and voted on. Of the 699 votes cast, most of them were for the design by the Fröbersgrün student.
Mayor Kerstin Wolf and the representative of city tourism marketing, Katja Eberhard, could only publicly honor the winner’s cup with a present on the empty old market in front of the backdrop of the old town hall. Maxi deliberately did not take part in this year’s competition in order to give other designs for the 2022 cup a chance, as she says. Michel Grünitz has already submitted his proposal from the town. The choice of the motif for the mulled wine cup 2022 starts today! Participation is very easy at www.plauen.de/buergertasse.
In addition to her musical hobbies, Maxi is active in the Plauen swimming club and regularly takes part in the services of the local youth fire brigade. In the Peace School, the now thirteen-year-old is most enthusiastic about sports and art and, after graduating from school, would like to embark on a professional career with a creative activity.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1638293508) } [5]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(44) "Professor Perronne’s misleading assertions" ["link"]=> string(72) "https://bbc-edition.com/space/professor-perronnes-misleading-assertions/" ["comments"]=> string(80) "https://bbc-edition.com/space/professor-perronnes-misleading-assertions/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(10) "Susan Hall" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Tue, 30 Nov 2021 16:52:52 +0000" ["category"]=> string(43) "SpaceassertionsmisleadingPerronnesProfessor" ["guid"]=> string(72) "https://bbc-edition.com/space/professor-perronnes-misleading-assertions/" ["description"]=> string(598) "Since he was dismissed from his duties as head of service by the Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) and continued in the wake of the medical order in December 2020, the doctor Christian Perronne, muse of the conspirators, was discreet on television. The specialist in infectious diseases at Garches hospital, however, benefited from a forum ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(14605) "

Since he was dismissed from his duties as head of service by the Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) and continued in the wake of the medical order in December 2020, the doctor Christian Perronne, muse of the conspirators, was discreet on television. The specialist in infectious diseases at Garches hospital, however, benefited from a forum of about twenty minutes, Sunday, November 21, on the far-right channel CNews.

The opportunity for him to remind journalists that they “Must verify the sources of everything they put forward” on the Covid-19 epidemic. A piece of advice that he is careful not to apply to himself, as his intervention multiplies the untruths about vaccines against Covid-19 and the epidemic situation in the world. With always the same mechanism at work valued by anti-ax activists to discredit vaccines: decontextualized data on adverse effects, shaky comparisons between countries on vaccinated and non-vaccinated, manipulated figures on deaths among immunized people …

Christian Perronne (on the left), facing journalist Ivan Rioufol, on the CNews channel, benefited from a platform of about twenty minutes, Sunday, November 21.

Christian Perronne thus affirms, while the number of contaminations is soaring in France, that he “There is no fifth wave”, and that the Covid-19 epidemic is “Almost finished in France”. The doctor advances as jumbled up as the vaccines of Pfizer and Moderna “Are experimental therapeutic substances” who does not “Not protect against severe forms”, or that“There is no longer an epidemic in countries which do not vaccinate”.

This sequence did not go unnoticed on social networks, in particular on Facebook, where it has already been seen more than 345,000 times on a conspiratorial page.

Here are three examples of statements that distort the reality of the Covid-19 vaccination.

Portrait : Who really is Christian Perronne, referring doctor for the conspirators?

FAUX

According to Christian Perronne, while nearly 575 million doses of vaccines have been administered in Europe, vaccines against Covid-19 are the cause of “More than 20,000 dead”. This assessment is based, he says, on the EudraVigilance database of European data on adverse reaction reports.

This platform is fed by pharmacovigilance reports communicated by the various national regulatory authorities, and by pharmaceutical companies holding marketing authorizations in order to “Provide the public with access to reports on suspected drug-related adverse reactions”. It is therefore a database of raw data collections.

However, the EudraVigilance database emphasizes that the information declared “Should not be interpreted as meaning that the medicinal product or active substance causes the observed effect or that its use presents a risk”. The site lists the effects that appear after a vaccination against Covid-19, but this does not imply an automatic causal link between a pathology and the product injected. Thus, the figure of “20,000 dead” is a haphazard calculation of deaths that have occurred after vaccination but could be caused by other illnesses or by age. This figure is therefore not based on any tangible element.

By manipulating raw information on undesirable effects, Christian Perronne here takes up an element that has become classic in the discourse of antivaxes around the world. A rumor in the summer that the United States had recognized 4,000 vaccine-related deaths, based on data gathered by the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (Vaers), called for the same mechanism.

Read also False deaths, misinterpreted figures: how antivaccines cast doubt on side effects

MISLEADING

To deny the effectiveness of messenger RNA vaccines, Perronne relies on the example of Great Britain where, according to him, “People who are vaccinated die four times more from Covid than the unvaccinated”. But this assertion is based on raw figures which do not take into account the fact that the vaccinated are nine times more numerous than the unvaccinated in the population.

Critical missing data that is dishonestly exploited in many online publications. This was already the case in July when anti -ax activists claimed that vaccinated Britons would die more from the Delta variant. Compiling real and raw data, then comparing two categories of individuals, thinking that we are dealing with an identical number of people, is a bias that the infectiologist cannot escape here.

As of November 29, nearly 51 million people over the age of 12 in the UK have received a dose of the vaccine, representing 88% of the population eligible for vaccination. Among them, 46 million are fully vaccinated, or 80% of the eligible population.

To find out the number of deaths among the vaccinated population, the government agency UK Health Security Agency issues a weekly monitoring bulletin on the effectiveness of vaccines. The most recent, published on November 25, reports the deaths that occurred “During the twenty-eight days following a positive Covid-19 test”. The agency has thus counted 708 deaths among unvaccinated people, against 2,903 deaths among people vaccinated since the beginning of November, or four times more deaths among immunized Britons.

However, this raw reading of the data is dishonest, because the doctor is careful not to report what the health agency specifies later: namely that the more the proportion of vaccinated increases in the population, the more the proportion of dead vaccinated people increases:

“In a context of very high vaccination coverage in the population, even with a very effective vaccine, it is expected that a large proportion of cases, hospitalizations and deaths will occur in those vaccinated, simply because that a greater proportion of the population is vaccinated and that no vaccine is 100% effective. “

A figure to be qualified also, because in view of the data the proportion of vaccinated is even higher among the oldest (in England, the vaccination rate reaches 95% for the 80-89 years): those even who are the most vulnerable. Deaths are therefore likely to be more numerous in this segment of the population, with or without Covid-19.

Finally, this comparison in absolute value of the number of deaths among vaccinated and non-vaccinated leads to a poor understanding of the situation across the Channel. When we compare the death rate, i.e. the number of deaths from a given disease compared to an equal population (expressed here per 100,000 inhabitants), we find, for example, that a British person over 80-year-old unvaccinated is three times more likely to die from Covid-19 than a vaccinated person. Unvaccinated 50 to 59 year olds are six times more likely to die from the disease.

Read also The misleading figures from a video about deaths after the start of the vaccination

MISLEADING

Christian Perrone asserts it without batting an eyelid: “All the countries in the world that have not vaccinated no longer have an epidemic (…), all countries that have vaccinated massively are seeing rebounds in infection. “

Let us note first of all that it is dishonest to compare the number of contaminations between several countries, as screening policies and data reporting methods can differ from one nation to another, and regardless of age. average of the population, when we know that Covid-19 affects the elderly more.

Then, Professor Perronne goes quickly to work by asserting that the weakly vaccinated countries no longer have an epidemic. In Eastern Europe, several countries faced a very violent epidemic wave in October, such as Slovakia or Bulgaria, with an explosion in the number of infections and deaths. What do these countries have in common? Very low vaccination coverage, with rates among the lowest in the European Union (25% of Bulgarians and 45% of Slovaks are fully vaccinated, compared to 65% for the entire European population).

Read also Fifth wave of Covid-19: the unvaccinated are still the most numerous in critical care

Regarding the very high incidence rate in Slovakia, the fourth highest in the world according to Agence France-Presse, the president of the association of doctors’ unions, Peter Visolajsky said he is “The result of several factors, including, above all, the low rate of vaccination”.

Let us also take the case of African countries, where only 6% of the population is vaccinated: the daily number of infections has actually fallen in recent months. But if the progression of the disease has slowed, the epidemic has not necessarily disappeared from the continent. The World Health Organization (WHO) even warned at the end of October that ten African countries were “Still in resurgence, including four with an upward trend or a high plateau: Gabon, Congo, Cameroon and Egypt”. In most of these countries, vaccination does not even reach 10% of the population.

Finally, is the increase in contamination in highly vaccinated countries the result of poor vaccine efficacy? Several solid studies have demonstrated an efficacy of more than 90% of vaccines on serious forms and deaths linked to Covid-19. Recently, in October, a large French study confirmed that immunized over 50s had nine times less risk of hospitalization or dying from Covid-19 than unvaccinated people.

But it is true that highly vaccinated European countries, such as France or the Netherlands (more than 75% of vaccinated), are currently facing a strong rebound in the epidemic. An epidemic resumption that can be explained in various ways. Starting, for France, with the 2.5 million people over 50 who are still not vaccinated, but also with the immune protection that diminishes over the months, the winter season favorable to the circulation of viruses, etc. It is for this reason that the government has extended the use of a vaccine booster dose.

Our selection of articles on Covid-19 vaccines

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(77) "https://bbc-edition.com/space/professor-perronnes-misleading-assertions/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(598) "Since he was dismissed from his duties as head of service by the Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) and continued in the wake of the medical order in December 2020, the doctor Christian Perronne, muse of the conspirators, was discreet on television. The specialist in infectious diseases at Garches hospital, however, benefited from a forum ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(14605) "

Since he was dismissed from his duties as head of service by the Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) and continued in the wake of the medical order in December 2020, the doctor Christian Perronne, muse of the conspirators, was discreet on television. The specialist in infectious diseases at Garches hospital, however, benefited from a forum of about twenty minutes, Sunday, November 21, on the far-right channel CNews.

The opportunity for him to remind journalists that they “Must verify the sources of everything they put forward” on the Covid-19 epidemic. A piece of advice that he is careful not to apply to himself, as his intervention multiplies the untruths about vaccines against Covid-19 and the epidemic situation in the world. With always the same mechanism at work valued by anti-ax activists to discredit vaccines: decontextualized data on adverse effects, shaky comparisons between countries on vaccinated and non-vaccinated, manipulated figures on deaths among immunized people …

Christian Perronne (on the left), facing journalist Ivan Rioufol, on the CNews channel, benefited from a platform of about twenty minutes, Sunday, November 21.

Christian Perronne thus affirms, while the number of contaminations is soaring in France, that he “There is no fifth wave”, and that the Covid-19 epidemic is “Almost finished in France”. The doctor advances as jumbled up as the vaccines of Pfizer and Moderna “Are experimental therapeutic substances” who does not “Not protect against severe forms”, or that“There is no longer an epidemic in countries which do not vaccinate”.

This sequence did not go unnoticed on social networks, in particular on Facebook, where it has already been seen more than 345,000 times on a conspiratorial page.

Here are three examples of statements that distort the reality of the Covid-19 vaccination.

Portrait : Who really is Christian Perronne, referring doctor for the conspirators?

FAUX

According to Christian Perronne, while nearly 575 million doses of vaccines have been administered in Europe, vaccines against Covid-19 are the cause of “More than 20,000 dead”. This assessment is based, he says, on the EudraVigilance database of European data on adverse reaction reports.

This platform is fed by pharmacovigilance reports communicated by the various national regulatory authorities, and by pharmaceutical companies holding marketing authorizations in order to “Provide the public with access to reports on suspected drug-related adverse reactions”. It is therefore a database of raw data collections.

However, the EudraVigilance database emphasizes that the information declared “Should not be interpreted as meaning that the medicinal product or active substance causes the observed effect or that its use presents a risk”. The site lists the effects that appear after a vaccination against Covid-19, but this does not imply an automatic causal link between a pathology and the product injected. Thus, the figure of “20,000 dead” is a haphazard calculation of deaths that have occurred after vaccination but could be caused by other illnesses or by age. This figure is therefore not based on any tangible element.

By manipulating raw information on undesirable effects, Christian Perronne here takes up an element that has become classic in the discourse of antivaxes around the world. A rumor in the summer that the United States had recognized 4,000 vaccine-related deaths, based on data gathered by the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (Vaers), called for the same mechanism.

Read also False deaths, misinterpreted figures: how antivaccines cast doubt on side effects

MISLEADING

To deny the effectiveness of messenger RNA vaccines, Perronne relies on the example of Great Britain where, according to him, “People who are vaccinated die four times more from Covid than the unvaccinated”. But this assertion is based on raw figures which do not take into account the fact that the vaccinated are nine times more numerous than the unvaccinated in the population.

Critical missing data that is dishonestly exploited in many online publications. This was already the case in July when anti -ax activists claimed that vaccinated Britons would die more from the Delta variant. Compiling real and raw data, then comparing two categories of individuals, thinking that we are dealing with an identical number of people, is a bias that the infectiologist cannot escape here.

As of November 29, nearly 51 million people over the age of 12 in the UK have received a dose of the vaccine, representing 88% of the population eligible for vaccination. Among them, 46 million are fully vaccinated, or 80% of the eligible population.

To find out the number of deaths among the vaccinated population, the government agency UK Health Security Agency issues a weekly monitoring bulletin on the effectiveness of vaccines. The most recent, published on November 25, reports the deaths that occurred “During the twenty-eight days following a positive Covid-19 test”. The agency has thus counted 708 deaths among unvaccinated people, against 2,903 deaths among people vaccinated since the beginning of November, or four times more deaths among immunized Britons.

However, this raw reading of the data is dishonest, because the doctor is careful not to report what the health agency specifies later: namely that the more the proportion of vaccinated increases in the population, the more the proportion of dead vaccinated people increases:

“In a context of very high vaccination coverage in the population, even with a very effective vaccine, it is expected that a large proportion of cases, hospitalizations and deaths will occur in those vaccinated, simply because that a greater proportion of the population is vaccinated and that no vaccine is 100% effective. “

A figure to be qualified also, because in view of the data the proportion of vaccinated is even higher among the oldest (in England, the vaccination rate reaches 95% for the 80-89 years): those even who are the most vulnerable. Deaths are therefore likely to be more numerous in this segment of the population, with or without Covid-19.

Finally, this comparison in absolute value of the number of deaths among vaccinated and non-vaccinated leads to a poor understanding of the situation across the Channel. When we compare the death rate, i.e. the number of deaths from a given disease compared to an equal population (expressed here per 100,000 inhabitants), we find, for example, that a British person over 80-year-old unvaccinated is three times more likely to die from Covid-19 than a vaccinated person. Unvaccinated 50 to 59 year olds are six times more likely to die from the disease.

Read also The misleading figures from a video about deaths after the start of the vaccination

MISLEADING

Christian Perrone asserts it without batting an eyelid: “All the countries in the world that have not vaccinated no longer have an epidemic (…), all countries that have vaccinated massively are seeing rebounds in infection. “

Let us note first of all that it is dishonest to compare the number of contaminations between several countries, as screening policies and data reporting methods can differ from one nation to another, and regardless of age. average of the population, when we know that Covid-19 affects the elderly more.

Then, Professor Perronne goes quickly to work by asserting that the weakly vaccinated countries no longer have an epidemic. In Eastern Europe, several countries faced a very violent epidemic wave in October, such as Slovakia or Bulgaria, with an explosion in the number of infections and deaths. What do these countries have in common? Very low vaccination coverage, with rates among the lowest in the European Union (25% of Bulgarians and 45% of Slovaks are fully vaccinated, compared to 65% for the entire European population).

Read also Fifth wave of Covid-19: the unvaccinated are still the most numerous in critical care

Regarding the very high incidence rate in Slovakia, the fourth highest in the world according to Agence France-Presse, the president of the association of doctors’ unions, Peter Visolajsky said he is “The result of several factors, including, above all, the low rate of vaccination”.

Let us also take the case of African countries, where only 6% of the population is vaccinated: the daily number of infections has actually fallen in recent months. But if the progression of the disease has slowed, the epidemic has not necessarily disappeared from the continent. The World Health Organization (WHO) even warned at the end of October that ten African countries were “Still in resurgence, including four with an upward trend or a high plateau: Gabon, Congo, Cameroon and Egypt”. In most of these countries, vaccination does not even reach 10% of the population.

Finally, is the increase in contamination in highly vaccinated countries the result of poor vaccine efficacy? Several solid studies have demonstrated an efficacy of more than 90% of vaccines on serious forms and deaths linked to Covid-19. Recently, in October, a large French study confirmed that immunized over 50s had nine times less risk of hospitalization or dying from Covid-19 than unvaccinated people.

But it is true that highly vaccinated European countries, such as France or the Netherlands (more than 75% of vaccinated), are currently facing a strong rebound in the epidemic. An epidemic resumption that can be explained in various ways. Starting, for France, with the 2.5 million people over 50 who are still not vaccinated, but also with the immune protection that diminishes over the months, the winter season favorable to the circulation of viruses, etc. It is for this reason that the government has extended the use of a vaccine booster dose.

Our selection of articles on Covid-19 vaccines

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1638291172) } [6]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(55) "Stereotypes in STEM fields start by age six – NovLink" ["link"]=> string(96) "https://bbc-edition.com/health-science-news/stereotypes-in-stem-fields-start-by-age-six-novlink/" ["comments"]=> string(104) "https://bbc-edition.com/health-science-news/stereotypes-in-stem-fields-start-by-age-six-novlink/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Betty Foster" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Tue, 30 Nov 2021 16:50:57 +0000" ["category"]=> string(21) "Health & Science News" ["guid"]=> string(96) "https://bbc-edition.com/health-science-news/stereotypes-in-stem-fields-start-by-age-six-novlink/" ["description"]=> string(685) "Journal Reference: Allison Master, Andrew N. Meltzoff, Sapna Cheryan. Gender stereotypes about interests start early and cause gender disparities in computer science and engineering. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021; 118 (48): e2100030118 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2100030118 “Gender-interest stereotypes that say ‘STEM is for boys’ begin in grade school, and by the time they reach ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(3722) "

Journal Reference:

  1. Allison Master, Andrew N. Meltzoff, Sapna Cheryan. Gender stereotypes about interests start early and cause gender disparities in computer science and engineering. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021; 118 (48): e2100030118 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2100030118

“Gender-interest stereotypes that say ‘STEM is for boys’ begin in grade school, and by the time they reach high school, many girls have made their decision not to pursue degrees in computer science and engineering because they feel they don’t belong,” said Master.

Researchers at UH and the University of Washington surveyed nearly 2,500 students in firstthrough12th grade from diverse racial and socioeconomic backgrounds. The results of those studies were combined with laboratory experiments to provide important insights into how stereotypes impact children’s motivation.

More children believed girls had less interest than boys in key STEM fields. Specifically, 63% of the students believed girls were less interested in engineering than boys were, while 9% believed girls were more interested in the subject. Regarding computer science, 51% thought girls had less interest while 14% thought girls had more interest than boys.

These interest patterns play out in the job market. According to United States Census Bureau statistics, while women make up nearly half of the workforce, they account for only 25% of computer scientists and 15% of engineers.

Researchers say educators, parents and policymakers can help close these gender gaps by introducing girls to high quality computer science and engineering activities in elementary school before stereotype endorsements take root. They also suggest educators who wish to promote girls’ interest and engagement in STEM should consider using inclusive programs designed to encourage girls’ sense of belonging in STEM.

The laboratory experiments gave children a choice between computer science activities. Fewer girls (only 35%) chose a computer science activity they believed boys were more interested in, compared to the 65% of girls who chose an activity for which they believed boys and girls were equally interested.

“It’s time for all stakeholders to be united in sending the message that girls can enjoy STEM just as much as boys do, which will help draw them into STEM activities,” added Master, who directs UH’s Identity and Academic Motivation (I AM) Lab.

Co-authors on the study are Andrew N. Meltzoff of the University of Washington, Seattle’s Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences; and Sapna Cheryan, University of Washington, Seattle’s Department of Psychology.

Stereotypes in STEM fields start by age six

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(101) "https://bbc-edition.com/health-science-news/stereotypes-in-stem-fields-start-by-age-six-novlink/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(685) "Journal Reference: Allison Master, Andrew N. Meltzoff, Sapna Cheryan. Gender stereotypes about interests start early and cause gender disparities in computer science and engineering. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021; 118 (48): e2100030118 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2100030118 “Gender-interest stereotypes that say ‘STEM is for boys’ begin in grade school, and by the time they reach ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(3722) "

Journal Reference:

  1. Allison Master, Andrew N. Meltzoff, Sapna Cheryan. Gender stereotypes about interests start early and cause gender disparities in computer science and engineering. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021; 118 (48): e2100030118 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2100030118

“Gender-interest stereotypes that say ‘STEM is for boys’ begin in grade school, and by the time they reach high school, many girls have made their decision not to pursue degrees in computer science and engineering because they feel they don’t belong,” said Master.

Researchers at UH and the University of Washington surveyed nearly 2,500 students in firstthrough12th grade from diverse racial and socioeconomic backgrounds. The results of those studies were combined with laboratory experiments to provide important insights into how stereotypes impact children’s motivation.

More children believed girls had less interest than boys in key STEM fields. Specifically, 63% of the students believed girls were less interested in engineering than boys were, while 9% believed girls were more interested in the subject. Regarding computer science, 51% thought girls had less interest while 14% thought girls had more interest than boys.

These interest patterns play out in the job market. According to United States Census Bureau statistics, while women make up nearly half of the workforce, they account for only 25% of computer scientists and 15% of engineers.

Researchers say educators, parents and policymakers can help close these gender gaps by introducing girls to high quality computer science and engineering activities in elementary school before stereotype endorsements take root. They also suggest educators who wish to promote girls’ interest and engagement in STEM should consider using inclusive programs designed to encourage girls’ sense of belonging in STEM.

The laboratory experiments gave children a choice between computer science activities. Fewer girls (only 35%) chose a computer science activity they believed boys were more interested in, compared to the 65% of girls who chose an activity for which they believed boys and girls were equally interested.

“It’s time for all stakeholders to be united in sending the message that girls can enjoy STEM just as much as boys do, which will help draw them into STEM activities,” added Master, who directs UH’s Identity and Academic Motivation (I AM) Lab.

Co-authors on the study are Andrew N. Meltzoff of the University of Washington, Seattle’s Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences; and Sapna Cheryan, University of Washington, Seattle’s Department of Psychology.

Stereotypes in STEM fields start by age six

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1638291057) } [7]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(27) "Soitec’s global ambitions" ["link"]=> string(55) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/soitecs-global-ambitions/" ["comments"]=> string(63) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/soitecs-global-ambitions/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(15) "Michael Johnson" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Tue, 30 Nov 2021 16:49:51 +0000" ["category"]=> string(27) "MoneyambitionsglobalSoitecs" ["guid"]=> string(55) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/soitecs-global-ambitions/" ["description"]=> string(533) "By Vincent Fagot Posted today at 09:51, updated at 13:01 Reserved for our subscribers FactualThe company, founded in 1992 and now listed on the stock exchange, is one of the few French companies in the very strategic semiconductor sector to have an international impact. For many manufacturers, the shortage of semiconductors is seen as a ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(5690) "
By Vincent Fagot

Posted today at 09:51, updated at 13:01

For many manufacturers, the shortage of semiconductors is seen as a catastrophe: in the automobile industry, it has led to the shutdown of factories, in consumer electronics, to a reduction in the volumes produced. But at Soitec, in Bernin (Isère), at the foot of the Alps, the current situation is a godsend. Its turnover is expected to jump 45%, to 975 million euros, for the fiscal year ending at the end of March 2022. “We have more demands than we have the capacity to produce”, notes Paul Boudre, the CEO of the company now valued at nearly 8 billion euros on the stock market.

Read our explanations: Semiconductors: what are these electronic chips whose shortage is disrupting the global economy?

With STMicroelectronics, Soitec is one of the few French players with global influence in the semiconductor sector. Like many of those who work in this sector, the company remains unknown to the general public. In the semiconductor production chain, Soitec is at the bottom of the chain: it produces the plates on which are engraved the components, essential for operating smartphones and other electronic devices. Soitec has developed a technology which makes it possible, by affixing other materials to the silicon wafers, to boost their capacities (performance, energy saving, etc.).

In one of the clean rooms of the Soitec company, in Bernin (Isère), on November 26, 2021.
Silicon wafers, in Bernin (Isère), November 26, 2021.

Soitec has thus become a key player in mobile telephony, where its products are used for all the part focused on device connectivity. “Today, there is not a smartphone, from 4G, which does not use our technologies”, likes to remind M. Boudre.

Large order book

An almost miraculous success as the company, founded in 1992, was very close to going out of business in 2015, when it was still betting on very high performance photovoltaic cells. A failure that would have resonated like a huge waste for a company resulting from the research laboratories of CEA-LETI in Grenoble, where it developed the technology for cutting Smart Cut plates, which today makes it a world leader. Today it maintains a clean room there, a reproduction of the one it has on its own site, to develop its future products.

Quite different atmosphere today. In Bernini, a new production line is under construction. It will be devoted to innovative technologies for the automotive industry. The creation of a new site has already been announced and the location of its establishment, in France or abroad (perhaps in Singapore where the company is already present), should be revealed in the coming weeks. In the next five years, the company plans to invest more than 1 billion euros to increase its production capacity or update its industrial tool and double its turnover to 2 billion euros.

You have 42.44% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(60) "https://bbc-edition.com/money/soitecs-global-ambitions/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(533) "By Vincent Fagot Posted today at 09:51, updated at 13:01 Reserved for our subscribers FactualThe company, founded in 1992 and now listed on the stock exchange, is one of the few French companies in the very strategic semiconductor sector to have an international impact. For many manufacturers, the shortage of semiconductors is seen as a ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(5690) "
By Vincent Fagot

Posted today at 09:51, updated at 13:01

For many manufacturers, the shortage of semiconductors is seen as a catastrophe: in the automobile industry, it has led to the shutdown of factories, in consumer electronics, to a reduction in the volumes produced. But at Soitec, in Bernin (Isère), at the foot of the Alps, the current situation is a godsend. Its turnover is expected to jump 45%, to 975 million euros, for the fiscal year ending at the end of March 2022. “We have more demands than we have the capacity to produce”, notes Paul Boudre, the CEO of the company now valued at nearly 8 billion euros on the stock market.

Read our explanations: Semiconductors: what are these electronic chips whose shortage is disrupting the global economy?

With STMicroelectronics, Soitec is one of the few French players with global influence in the semiconductor sector. Like many of those who work in this sector, the company remains unknown to the general public. In the semiconductor production chain, Soitec is at the bottom of the chain: it produces the plates on which are engraved the components, essential for operating smartphones and other electronic devices. Soitec has developed a technology which makes it possible, by affixing other materials to the silicon wafers, to boost their capacities (performance, energy saving, etc.).

In one of the clean rooms of the Soitec company, in Bernin (Isère), on November 26, 2021.
Silicon wafers, in Bernin (Isère), November 26, 2021.

Soitec has thus become a key player in mobile telephony, where its products are used for all the part focused on device connectivity. “Today, there is not a smartphone, from 4G, which does not use our technologies”, likes to remind M. Boudre.

Large order book

An almost miraculous success as the company, founded in 1992, was very close to going out of business in 2015, when it was still betting on very high performance photovoltaic cells. A failure that would have resonated like a huge waste for a company resulting from the research laboratories of CEA-LETI in Grenoble, where it developed the technology for cutting Smart Cut plates, which today makes it a world leader. Today it maintains a clean room there, a reproduction of the one it has on its own site, to develop its future products.

Quite different atmosphere today. In Bernini, a new production line is under construction. It will be devoted to innovative technologies for the automotive industry. The creation of a new site has already been announced and the location of its establishment, in France or abroad (perhaps in Singapore where the company is already present), should be revealed in the coming weeks. In the next five years, the company plans to invest more than 1 billion euros to increase its production capacity or update its industrial tool and double its turnover to 2 billion euros.

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" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1638290991) } [8]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(71) "FIFA Arab Cup 2021 in Katar: Kaum Fußballstimmung in Doha | Sport | DW" ["link"]=> string(99) "https://bbc-edition.com/sporting/fifa-arab-cup-2021-in-katar-kaum-fusballstimmung-in-doha-sport-dw/" ["comments"]=> string(107) "https://bbc-edition.com/sporting/fifa-arab-cup-2021-in-katar-kaum-fusballstimmung-in-doha-sport-dw/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(15) "Pauline Potteer" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Tue, 30 Nov 2021 16:49:12 +0000" ["category"]=> string(111) "SportingArabCupDohaEmiratFIFAFIFA Arab CupFußballFußball-WM 2022FußballstimmungKatarKaumPersischer Golfsport" ["guid"]=> string(99) "https://bbc-edition.com/sporting/fifa-arab-cup-2021-in-katar-kaum-fusballstimmung-in-doha-sport-dw/" ["description"]=> string(722) "Fußgänger haben gerade schlechte Karten in Doha. Die Hauptstadt Katars gleicht einer riesigen Baustelle. An allen Ecken und Enden ist die Erde aufgerissen. Straßen werden planiert und geteert, ein Hotel nach dem anderen wird aus dem steinigen Boden gestampft – ebenso wie immer noch mehr Apartment-Komplexe und Einkaufsmalls. Die vielen Bagger und Kipplaster, dazwischen der ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(8843) "

Fußgänger haben gerade schlechte Karten in Doha. Die Hauptstadt Katars gleicht einer riesigen Baustelle. An allen Ecken und Enden ist die Erde aufgerissen. Straßen werden planiert und geteert, ein Hotel nach dem anderen wird aus dem steinigen Boden gestampft – ebenso wie immer noch mehr Apartment-Komplexe und Einkaufsmalls. Die vielen Bagger und Kipplaster, dazwischen der wilde Autoverkehr, der sich auch noch irgendwie durch das staubgeschwängerte Chaos zu schlängeln versucht. Nur die Fußgänger – für die ist nun wirklich kein Zentimeter Platz mehr. Sollen sie halt Bus fahren. Gern auch Taxi. Oder die erst kürzlich fertiggestellte Metro benutzen.

Auf Einzelschicksale wird derzeit nicht unbedingt Rücksicht genommen in Katar. Schließlich ist in einem Jahr die Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft im Land. Besser gesagt: in der Stadt. In Doha sind gerade acht blitzblanke neue Fußballtempel mit allem technischen Schnickschnack für die WM 2022 fertig geworden. Aber es fehlt noch so einiges am Drumherum. Es muss jetzt flott gehen mit den restlichen Vorbereitungsarbeiten.

Zumal das große Ereignis schon seine Schatten vorauswirft: Seit dem heutigen Dienstag läuft in der WM-Stadt der FIFA Arab Cup. 16 Teams aus dem arabischen Raum treten gegeneinander an, gespielt wird in sechs der acht für die WM vorgesehenen Stadien. Es ist so etwas wie ein abgespeckter Test. Er wird schon einmal einen ersten Fingerzeig darauf geben, ob das kleine Emirat am Persischen Golf tatsächlich in der Lage sein kann, ein derart großes Sportevent angemessen auszurichten. An Geld soll es dabei in den Vorbereitungen nicht mangeln. Investitionen schier jeder Größenordnung sind für die Scheichs kein Problem: Die Öl- und Gasvorkommen vor der Küste des Landes sorgen für einen steten Sprudel von Milliarden von Dollars. Die Hauptsache ist: Alles klappt und das Land setzt eine weitere starke Duftmarke in der Wirtschaftswelt.

Baustellen an allen Ecken in Doha – da ist für Fußgänger kein Platz mehr

Keine Zeit für Fußball

Neben den vielen Maschinen hat Katar daher auch noch Hunderttausende von günstigen Arbeitskräften aus asiatischen Entwicklungsländern ins Land geholt. Aber: Die meisten der Arbeiter aus Bangladesch, Indien, Tibet und Pakistan wissen gar nichts vom Arab Cup. Nein, nuschelt ein Arbeiter, der sein Gesicht mit Mütze, Staubtuch und Sonnenbrille verbirgt: Arab Cup – was ist das? Sagt mir nichts. Auch sein Nebenmann schüttelt fragend mit dem Kopf.

Beim Gang durch die Stadt landet man irgendwann unten an der Corniche, der acht Kilometer langen Küstenstraße. Dort liegen die alten Dhaus, die einst als Fischerboote oder als Basis zum Perlentauchen benutzt wurden. Heute dienen sie als Touristenattraktion – kleine Rundfahrten sind das Geschäft. Doch das Business läuft gerade nicht. Corona, erklärt der junge Bootsbesitzer Noor knapp. Immerhin ist ihm der Arab Cup ein Begriff. Eigentlich mag ich Argentiniens Fußball am meisten, sagt er. Aber freudig kündigt er auch an: Am Freitag bin ich im Stadion. Ich hab mir ein Ticket für Katars zweites Gruppenspiel besorgt.

Generell aber scheint – und das dürfte kaum verwundern: Fußball ist für die Arbeiter in der Stadt offenbar kein Thema. Gegen späten Nachmittag, wenn es dunkel wird in Doha, sieht man Tausende von ihnen nach anstrengender Zehn-Stunden-Schicht erschöpft in die Busse taumeln, die sie zurück in ihre Nachtquartiere bringen. Dort sammeln sie Kraft für den nächsten Arbeitstag – und müssen sich irgendwie um ein wenig Essen und Trinken kümmern. Wer hat da schon Lust auf oder Interesse an Fußball?

Bootsbesitzer Noor wartet in Doha auf Kunden, die mit ihm eine Tour machen wollen

Bootsbesitzer Noor wartet vergebens auf Touristen – doch ein Spiel des Arab Cups will er besuchen

Kein Fußball-Flair

Fußballerische Tristesse herrscht jedenfalls im Straßenbild: Selbst am Tag der Turnier-Eröffnung, an dem auch das Team der Gastgeber mit einer Partie gegen den Nachbarn Bahrain ins Geschehen eingreift, ist von Fußballstimmung nichts zu spüren. Keine Fans etwa mit katarischen Trikots, Fahnen oder Schals sind auszumachen. Es stehen auch keine Fernseher zum Public Viewing bereit, nur ganz vereinzelt leuchtet hier und da am Straßenrand das Display eines Telefonanbieters mit Fußballern als Werbefiguren auf.

Neben den etwa 2,5 Millionen Gastarbeitern leben in Katar rund 300.000 echteEinheimische. Die meisten von ihnen sind durch die Gnade der Geburt zu Wohlstand gekommen. Fußball ist auch in dieser betuchten Einwohnerschaft ein eher privates Vergnügen, findet offenbar ausschließlich als TV-Sport statt. So berichtet jedenfalls ein deutscher Manager, der in Doha für ein Firmen-Konsortium arbeitet, das Hotels, Restaurants und einen Vergnügungspark betreibt. Die Leute schauen daheim, haben bestenfalls ihre Familie um sich, sagt er.

So etwas wie Kneipenkultur gibt es nicht im Emirat, wo nach strenggläubigem wahhabitischem Islam gelebt wird. Alkohol ist verpönt, ausschweifende Partys gelten als lasterhaft. Zum gesellschaftlichen Höhepunkt trifft man sich beim gediegenen Abendessen im Restaurant, eventuell gibt es auch mal ein Schwätzchen im Café bei Tee oder Wasserpfeife. Jene, die ins Fußballstadion gehen, erwarten einen Sitzplatz mit VIP-Standard, Stehplätze sind in den Arenen erst gar nicht vorgesehen. Aber lieber bleibt man ohnehin in den eigenen vier Wänden. Als hier vor einigen Tagen das Endspiel der nationalen Meisterschaft stattfand, waren ein paar hundert Leute im Stadion. Dazu gab es ein paar, die es sich offenbar im Fernsehen angeschaut haben, berichtet der Manager.

Eine Reihe von Mieträder mitten in Doha, im Hintergrund die Wolkenkratzer der Stadt

Neben den Baustellen gibt es auch fertige Abschnitte in Doha – doch von Fußball ist keine Spur

Keine Fußball-Tradition

Wo soll sie auch herkommen, die Fußball-Kultur in einem Land wie Katar? Arabische Fußball-Anhänger sind durchaus fanatisch und sorgen bei Spielen gerne für prickelnde Stimmung. Das aber vor allem im nördlichen Teil Arabiens. Zwischen Marokko und Jordanien werden – wenn nicht gerade Corona herrscht – die Stadien bei heißen Derbys zu regelrechten Hexenkesseln mit ausverkauften, stimmungsvollen Rängen. Dort aber hat Fußball auch schon eine alte Tradition, oft stehen die Klubs für verschiedene Glaubensrichtungen oder symbolisieren Arbeiterschaft, beziehungsweise Bürgertum.

In Katar – wo die 18 Klubs der Qatar Stars League beinahe ausnahmslos in Doha spielen, gibt es diese stimmungsvolle Kultur nicht. Es kann sie nicht geben. Denn während die beschriebenen Einheimischen höchstens dezent für eines der Teams sympathisieren, haben die Gastarbeiter keinerlei emotionale Bindung zu einem der katarischen Vereine. Und so ist es keine Seltenheit, dass ein Ligaspiel in Katars höchster Liga weniger Zuschauer anzieht als ein Kreisliga-Spiel in Deutschland.

Umso bemerkenswerter ist die Beobachtung in einer Einkaufsmall im Stadtteil Al Qassar. Dort wurde eine kleine Verkaufsinsel mit einem Schild platziert, das zweifellos auf den Arab Cup hinweist. Und es steht, auch daran besteht kein Zweifel, eine regelrechte Menschenschlange vor dem Tisch der zwei in FIFA-Shirts gekleideten Volunteers. Die beiden hantieren – offenkundig selbst überrascht über das Interesse – etwas hektisch mit Kamera, Laptops und kleinen Druckmaschinen herum und machen sich an die Aufgabe, live vor Ort personalisierte Tickets für das Fußball-Event unter die Leute zu bringen. Entsteht da plötzlich doch noch so etwas wie Interesse am Arab Cup?

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(104) "https://bbc-edition.com/sporting/fifa-arab-cup-2021-in-katar-kaum-fusballstimmung-in-doha-sport-dw/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(722) "Fußgänger haben gerade schlechte Karten in Doha. Die Hauptstadt Katars gleicht einer riesigen Baustelle. An allen Ecken und Enden ist die Erde aufgerissen. Straßen werden planiert und geteert, ein Hotel nach dem anderen wird aus dem steinigen Boden gestampft – ebenso wie immer noch mehr Apartment-Komplexe und Einkaufsmalls. Die vielen Bagger und Kipplaster, dazwischen der ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(8843) "

Fußgänger haben gerade schlechte Karten in Doha. Die Hauptstadt Katars gleicht einer riesigen Baustelle. An allen Ecken und Enden ist die Erde aufgerissen. Straßen werden planiert und geteert, ein Hotel nach dem anderen wird aus dem steinigen Boden gestampft – ebenso wie immer noch mehr Apartment-Komplexe und Einkaufsmalls. Die vielen Bagger und Kipplaster, dazwischen der wilde Autoverkehr, der sich auch noch irgendwie durch das staubgeschwängerte Chaos zu schlängeln versucht. Nur die Fußgänger – für die ist nun wirklich kein Zentimeter Platz mehr. Sollen sie halt Bus fahren. Gern auch Taxi. Oder die erst kürzlich fertiggestellte Metro benutzen.

Auf Einzelschicksale wird derzeit nicht unbedingt Rücksicht genommen in Katar. Schließlich ist in einem Jahr die Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft im Land. Besser gesagt: in der Stadt. In Doha sind gerade acht blitzblanke neue Fußballtempel mit allem technischen Schnickschnack für die WM 2022 fertig geworden. Aber es fehlt noch so einiges am Drumherum. Es muss jetzt flott gehen mit den restlichen Vorbereitungsarbeiten.

Zumal das große Ereignis schon seine Schatten vorauswirft: Seit dem heutigen Dienstag läuft in der WM-Stadt der FIFA Arab Cup. 16 Teams aus dem arabischen Raum treten gegeneinander an, gespielt wird in sechs der acht für die WM vorgesehenen Stadien. Es ist so etwas wie ein abgespeckter Test. Er wird schon einmal einen ersten Fingerzeig darauf geben, ob das kleine Emirat am Persischen Golf tatsächlich in der Lage sein kann, ein derart großes Sportevent angemessen auszurichten. An Geld soll es dabei in den Vorbereitungen nicht mangeln. Investitionen schier jeder Größenordnung sind für die Scheichs kein Problem: Die Öl- und Gasvorkommen vor der Küste des Landes sorgen für einen steten Sprudel von Milliarden von Dollars. Die Hauptsache ist: Alles klappt und das Land setzt eine weitere starke Duftmarke in der Wirtschaftswelt.

Baustellen an allen Ecken in Doha – da ist für Fußgänger kein Platz mehr

Keine Zeit für Fußball

Neben den vielen Maschinen hat Katar daher auch noch Hunderttausende von günstigen Arbeitskräften aus asiatischen Entwicklungsländern ins Land geholt. Aber: Die meisten der Arbeiter aus Bangladesch, Indien, Tibet und Pakistan wissen gar nichts vom Arab Cup. Nein, nuschelt ein Arbeiter, der sein Gesicht mit Mütze, Staubtuch und Sonnenbrille verbirgt: Arab Cup – was ist das? Sagt mir nichts. Auch sein Nebenmann schüttelt fragend mit dem Kopf.

Beim Gang durch die Stadt landet man irgendwann unten an der Corniche, der acht Kilometer langen Küstenstraße. Dort liegen die alten Dhaus, die einst als Fischerboote oder als Basis zum Perlentauchen benutzt wurden. Heute dienen sie als Touristenattraktion – kleine Rundfahrten sind das Geschäft. Doch das Business läuft gerade nicht. Corona, erklärt der junge Bootsbesitzer Noor knapp. Immerhin ist ihm der Arab Cup ein Begriff. Eigentlich mag ich Argentiniens Fußball am meisten, sagt er. Aber freudig kündigt er auch an: Am Freitag bin ich im Stadion. Ich hab mir ein Ticket für Katars zweites Gruppenspiel besorgt.

Generell aber scheint – und das dürfte kaum verwundern: Fußball ist für die Arbeiter in der Stadt offenbar kein Thema. Gegen späten Nachmittag, wenn es dunkel wird in Doha, sieht man Tausende von ihnen nach anstrengender Zehn-Stunden-Schicht erschöpft in die Busse taumeln, die sie zurück in ihre Nachtquartiere bringen. Dort sammeln sie Kraft für den nächsten Arbeitstag – und müssen sich irgendwie um ein wenig Essen und Trinken kümmern. Wer hat da schon Lust auf oder Interesse an Fußball?

Bootsbesitzer Noor wartet in Doha auf Kunden, die mit ihm eine Tour machen wollen

Bootsbesitzer Noor wartet vergebens auf Touristen – doch ein Spiel des Arab Cups will er besuchen

Kein Fußball-Flair

Fußballerische Tristesse herrscht jedenfalls im Straßenbild: Selbst am Tag der Turnier-Eröffnung, an dem auch das Team der Gastgeber mit einer Partie gegen den Nachbarn Bahrain ins Geschehen eingreift, ist von Fußballstimmung nichts zu spüren. Keine Fans etwa mit katarischen Trikots, Fahnen oder Schals sind auszumachen. Es stehen auch keine Fernseher zum Public Viewing bereit, nur ganz vereinzelt leuchtet hier und da am Straßenrand das Display eines Telefonanbieters mit Fußballern als Werbefiguren auf.

Neben den etwa 2,5 Millionen Gastarbeitern leben in Katar rund 300.000 echteEinheimische. Die meisten von ihnen sind durch die Gnade der Geburt zu Wohlstand gekommen. Fußball ist auch in dieser betuchten Einwohnerschaft ein eher privates Vergnügen, findet offenbar ausschließlich als TV-Sport statt. So berichtet jedenfalls ein deutscher Manager, der in Doha für ein Firmen-Konsortium arbeitet, das Hotels, Restaurants und einen Vergnügungspark betreibt. Die Leute schauen daheim, haben bestenfalls ihre Familie um sich, sagt er.

So etwas wie Kneipenkultur gibt es nicht im Emirat, wo nach strenggläubigem wahhabitischem Islam gelebt wird. Alkohol ist verpönt, ausschweifende Partys gelten als lasterhaft. Zum gesellschaftlichen Höhepunkt trifft man sich beim gediegenen Abendessen im Restaurant, eventuell gibt es auch mal ein Schwätzchen im Café bei Tee oder Wasserpfeife. Jene, die ins Fußballstadion gehen, erwarten einen Sitzplatz mit VIP-Standard, Stehplätze sind in den Arenen erst gar nicht vorgesehen. Aber lieber bleibt man ohnehin in den eigenen vier Wänden. Als hier vor einigen Tagen das Endspiel der nationalen Meisterschaft stattfand, waren ein paar hundert Leute im Stadion. Dazu gab es ein paar, die es sich offenbar im Fernsehen angeschaut haben, berichtet der Manager.

Eine Reihe von Mieträder mitten in Doha, im Hintergrund die Wolkenkratzer der Stadt

Neben den Baustellen gibt es auch fertige Abschnitte in Doha – doch von Fußball ist keine Spur

Keine Fußball-Tradition

Wo soll sie auch herkommen, die Fußball-Kultur in einem Land wie Katar? Arabische Fußball-Anhänger sind durchaus fanatisch und sorgen bei Spielen gerne für prickelnde Stimmung. Das aber vor allem im nördlichen Teil Arabiens. Zwischen Marokko und Jordanien werden – wenn nicht gerade Corona herrscht – die Stadien bei heißen Derbys zu regelrechten Hexenkesseln mit ausverkauften, stimmungsvollen Rängen. Dort aber hat Fußball auch schon eine alte Tradition, oft stehen die Klubs für verschiedene Glaubensrichtungen oder symbolisieren Arbeiterschaft, beziehungsweise Bürgertum.

In Katar – wo die 18 Klubs der Qatar Stars League beinahe ausnahmslos in Doha spielen, gibt es diese stimmungsvolle Kultur nicht. Es kann sie nicht geben. Denn während die beschriebenen Einheimischen höchstens dezent für eines der Teams sympathisieren, haben die Gastarbeiter keinerlei emotionale Bindung zu einem der katarischen Vereine. Und so ist es keine Seltenheit, dass ein Ligaspiel in Katars höchster Liga weniger Zuschauer anzieht als ein Kreisliga-Spiel in Deutschland.

Umso bemerkenswerter ist die Beobachtung in einer Einkaufsmall im Stadtteil Al Qassar. Dort wurde eine kleine Verkaufsinsel mit einem Schild platziert, das zweifellos auf den Arab Cup hinweist. Und es steht, auch daran besteht kein Zweifel, eine regelrechte Menschenschlange vor dem Tisch der zwei in FIFA-Shirts gekleideten Volunteers. Die beiden hantieren – offenkundig selbst überrascht über das Interesse – etwas hektisch mit Kamera, Laptops und kleinen Druckmaschinen herum und machen sich an die Aufgabe, live vor Ort personalisierte Tickets für das Fußball-Event unter die Leute zu bringen. Entsteht da plötzlich doch noch so etwas wie Interesse am Arab Cup?

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1638290952) } [9]=> array(14) { ["title"]=> string(106) "Maia Estianty’s reaction when Dul Jaelani asks permission to call Mulan Jameela Mami : Okezone Celebrity" ["link"]=> string(140) "https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/maia-estiantys-reaction-when-dul-jaelani-asks-permission-to-call-mulan-jameela-mami-okezone-celebrity/" ["comments"]=> string(148) "https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/maia-estiantys-reaction-when-dul-jaelani-asks-permission-to-call-mulan-jameela-mami-okezone-celebrity/#respond" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(15) "Pauline Potteer" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Tue, 30 Nov 2021 16:47:49 +0000" ["category"]=> string(94) "EntertainmentasksCallcelebrityDulEstiantysJaelaniJameelaMaiaMamiMulanOkezonePermissionReaction" ["guid"]=> string(140) "https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/maia-estiantys-reaction-when-dul-jaelani-asks-permission-to-call-mulan-jameela-mami-okezone-celebrity/" ["description"]=> string(749) "JAKARTA – Dul Jaelani did not deny it took a long time to be able to accept the divorce of his parents. Moreover, after that Mulan Jameela entered his family as a continuing mother. But now, the youngest son of Ahmad Dhani and Maia Estianty slowly accepts the singer of the Sexiest God’s Creature as ... Read more" ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(3462) "

JAKARTADul Jaelani did not deny it took a long time to be able to accept the divorce of his parents. Moreover, after that Mulan Jameela entered his family as a continuing mother.

But now, the youngest son of Ahmad Dhani and Maia Estianty slowly accepts the singer of the Sexiest God’s Creature as his father’s companion. He no longer greets Mulan as ‘aunt’.

“I started to get up the courage to call Aunt Mulan, with the greeting mami. But I don’t know the right call yet,” said Tissa Biani’s lover, as quoted from the YouTube channel MAIA ALELDUL TV, Tuesday (11/30/2021).

The change was made by Dul for his two younger siblings, Safeea Ahmad and Muhammad Ali. “I think that if you’re not at home caring for Safeea and Ali, it’s Mami Mulan, yes. But (about the title) I haven’t negotiated with Father (Ahmad Dhani) yet,” he said again.

Dul made sure that before changing the call for Mulan Jameela, he asked Maia Estiany for permission first. Luckily, the founder of Duo Ratu was very open to the idea of ​​his youngest son.

Also read: Dul Jaelani Can’t Wait To Marry Tissa Biani: Just Pray

The 21-year-old singer later said, “WL, I also have permission to nyokap and yes he allows. WL.”

Maia Estianty is with Dul Jaelani and Tissa Biani.  (Photo: Instagram/@maiaestiantyreal)

He admitted that his two younger siblings became magnets for the family. Meanwhile, Mulan Jameela, became a good protector for the two brothers. “Yes, he was the one who was always there for Safeea and Ali when his brothers were out of the house, right?” said Dul Jaelani.*

Also read: Friends Call Doddy Sudrajat Meet Vanessa Angel just for money

" } ["wfw"]=> array(1) { ["commentrss"]=> string(145) "https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/maia-estiantys-reaction-when-dul-jaelani-asks-permission-to-call-mulan-jameela-mami-okezone-celebrity/feed/" } ["slash"]=> array(1) { ["comments"]=> string(1) "0" } ["summary"]=> string(749) "JAKARTA – Dul Jaelani did not deny it took a long time to be able to accept the divorce of his parents. Moreover, after that Mulan Jameela entered his family as a continuing mother. But now, the youngest son of Ahmad Dhani and Maia Estianty slowly accepts the singer of the Sexiest God’s Creature as ... Read more" ["atom_content"]=> string(3462) "

JAKARTADul Jaelani did not deny it took a long time to be able to accept the divorce of his parents. Moreover, after that Mulan Jameela entered his family as a continuing mother.

But now, the youngest son of Ahmad Dhani and Maia Estianty slowly accepts the singer of the Sexiest God’s Creature as his father’s companion. He no longer greets Mulan as ‘aunt’.

“I started to get up the courage to call Aunt Mulan, with the greeting mami. But I don’t know the right call yet,” said Tissa Biani’s lover, as quoted from the YouTube channel MAIA ALELDUL TV, Tuesday (11/30/2021).

The change was made by Dul for his two younger siblings, Safeea Ahmad and Muhammad Ali. “I think that if you’re not at home caring for Safeea and Ali, it’s Mami Mulan, yes. But (about the title) I haven’t negotiated with Father (Ahmad Dhani) yet,” he said again.

Dul made sure that before changing the call for Mulan Jameela, he asked Maia Estiany for permission first. Luckily, the founder of Duo Ratu was very open to the idea of ​​his youngest son.

Also read: Dul Jaelani Can’t Wait To Marry Tissa Biani: Just Pray

The 21-year-old singer later said, “WL, I also have permission to nyokap and yes he allows. WL.”

Maia Estianty is with Dul Jaelani and Tissa Biani.  (Photo: Instagram/@maiaestiantyreal)

He admitted that his two younger siblings became magnets for the family. Meanwhile, Mulan Jameela, became a good protector for the two brothers. “Yes, he was the one who was always there for Safeea and Ali when his brothers were out of the house, right?” said Dul Jaelani.*

Also read: Friends Call Doddy Sudrajat Meet Vanessa Angel just for money

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