OK: Found an XML parser.
OK: Support for GZIP encoding.
OK: Support for character munging.
Notice: MagpieRSS [debug] Returning STALE object for http://feeds.feedburner.com/Mynewspaperxyz in /data/web/master/cms/scripts/rss/magpie/rss_fetch.inc on line 243

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RSS URL:

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      ["title"]=>
      string(74) "SpaceX’s private Inspiration4 mission is ‘go’ for launch on Sept. 15"
      ["link"]=>
      string(106) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/space/2021/09/04/spacexs-private-inspiration4-mission-is-go-for-launch-on-sept-15/"
      ["dc"]=>
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        ["creator"]=>
        string(12) "Betty Foster"
      }
      ["pubdate"]=>
      string(31) "Sat, 04 Sep 2021 15:27:53 +0000"
      ["category"]=>
      string(5) "Space"
      ["guid"]=>
      string(106) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/space/2021/09/04/spacexs-private-inspiration4-mission-is-go-for-launch-on-sept-15/"
      ["description"]=>
      string(136) "CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — SpaceX’s first all-civilian launch is officially “go” for launch. “#Inspiration4 and..."
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CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — SpaceX’s first all-civilian launch is officially “go” for launch.

“#Inspiration4 and @SpaceX have completed our flight readiness review and remain on track for launch!” the Inspiration4 mission team tweeted on Friday (Sept. 3).

" } ["summary"]=> string(136) "CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — SpaceX’s first all-civilian launch is officially “go” for launch. “#Inspiration4 and..." ["atom_content"]=> string(9415) "

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — SpaceX’s first all-civilian launch is officially “go” for launch.

“#Inspiration4 and @SpaceX have completed our flight readiness review and remain on track for launch!” the Inspiration4 mission team tweeted on Friday (Sept. 3).

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1630769273) } [1]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(43) "nearly 30% of listed species are threatened" ["link"]=> string(85) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/planet/2021/09/04/nearly-30-of-listed-species-are-threatened/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(15) "Pauline Potteer" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Sat, 04 Sep 2021 15:10:11 +0000" ["category"]=> string(29) "Planetlistedspeciesthreatened" ["guid"]=> string(85) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/planet/2021/09/04/nearly-30-of-listed-species-are-threatened/" ["description"]=> string(90) "To what extent are animal and plant species on the verge of extinction forever? Meeting..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(7080) "

To what extent are animal and plant species on the verge of extinction forever? Meeting in congress in Marseille, the International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) made public, on Saturday September 4, a much awaited update of its “red list”, real barometer of the state of life on our planet. Its latest edition lists 138,374 species, including 38,543, sor some 28%, are classified in the different categories “Threatened”. Specialists warn of an ongoing collapse of biodiversity, some citing a “Sixth mass extinction”.

“These ‘red list’ assessments demonstrate how closely our lives and livelihoods are linked to biodiversity.”, said IUCN Director General Bruno Oberle in a statement. The IUCN Congress is an opportunity for policy makers and civil society to multiply the messages on this link between the ongoing collapse of biodiversity and the living conditions of humans on the planet, also threatened by change. climate.

Among the iconic endangered species, the Komodo dragons, the largest lizards in the world, have seen their status change from “Vulnerable”, lowest of the threatened categories, to ” in danger “. A few thousand Komodo dragons live on a group of Indonesian islands, part of which is covered by a national park. Their fate illustrates the link between these two processes, increasingly emphasized by IUCN.

A Komodo dragon searches for prey on the shore of Komodo Island, December 2, 2010.

The living conditions of these giants, which measure up to three meters in length and weigh 90 kg, are thus threatened by both global warming and human activity. “Rising temperatures and therefore sea level should reduce their habitat by at least 30% over the next 45 years”, warns IUCN. What if the dragons present in the national park are “Well protected”, those outside “Are threatened with a significant loss of their habitat due to human activities”.

Read the interview: “We must get everyone to reconnect with the living”

Improvement of the bluefin tuna situation

Other victims of humans: sharks and rays (which are part of the same family), for which an overall reassessment has shown that 37% of the 1,200 species studied are now threatened. All species classified in this way face overfishing; 31% are also confronted with the degradation or loss of habitat and 10% with the consequences of climate change, again according to the IUCN.

“Far too many sharks and rays are being killed and the measures against overfishing are woefully inadequate” with a farm “Often legal even if it is not sustainable”, according to a member of the Canadian Simon Fraser University, author of a study on which this reassessment is based. However, the last assessment, carried out in 2014, estimated that 24% of the species studied were endangered.

However, the “red list” notes an improvement in the situation of several tuna species: IUCN is pleased to see “Four commercially fished tuna species in the process of recovering thanks to the implementation of regional quotas” developed by specific organizations. Out of the seven most fished species, these four have thus seen their ranking down in the list. The Atlantic bluefin tuna even made a dramatic recovery, going straight from ” in danger “ To “Minor concern”, three categories below. But the organization warns “That despite an overall improvement, many regional tuna stocks remain depleted”.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also “There is still time to make peace with our planet and with the living”

“These assessments are proof that sustainable fishing approaches work, with huge long-term benefits for economic activity and biodiversity”, according to Bruce Collette, IUCN chair of the tuna focus group.

The organization also presented its new “Green status of species”, intended to measure the regeneration of species and to know the impact of conservation programs. For the moment, it has 181 evaluated species, still far from the “red list” to which it will subsequently be integrated. Despite everything, the new “red list” “Shows that we are very close to a sixth mass extinction”, insists Craig Hilton-Taylor, responsible for its development. “If the increase continues at this rate, we will soon be facing a major crisis. “

The Editorial of the World: The fight for biodiversity calls for more coherence

Our selection of articles on the IUCN Congress

The World with AFP

" } ["summary"]=> string(90) "To what extent are animal and plant species on the verge of extinction forever? Meeting..." ["atom_content"]=> string(7080) "

To what extent are animal and plant species on the verge of extinction forever? Meeting in congress in Marseille, the International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) made public, on Saturday September 4, a much awaited update of its “red list”, real barometer of the state of life on our planet. Its latest edition lists 138,374 species, including 38,543, sor some 28%, are classified in the different categories “Threatened”. Specialists warn of an ongoing collapse of biodiversity, some citing a “Sixth mass extinction”.

“These ‘red list’ assessments demonstrate how closely our lives and livelihoods are linked to biodiversity.”, said IUCN Director General Bruno Oberle in a statement. The IUCN Congress is an opportunity for policy makers and civil society to multiply the messages on this link between the ongoing collapse of biodiversity and the living conditions of humans on the planet, also threatened by change. climate.

Among the iconic endangered species, the Komodo dragons, the largest lizards in the world, have seen their status change from “Vulnerable”, lowest of the threatened categories, to ” in danger “. A few thousand Komodo dragons live on a group of Indonesian islands, part of which is covered by a national park. Their fate illustrates the link between these two processes, increasingly emphasized by IUCN.

A Komodo dragon searches for prey on the shore of Komodo Island, December 2, 2010.

The living conditions of these giants, which measure up to three meters in length and weigh 90 kg, are thus threatened by both global warming and human activity. “Rising temperatures and therefore sea level should reduce their habitat by at least 30% over the next 45 years”, warns IUCN. What if the dragons present in the national park are “Well protected”, those outside “Are threatened with a significant loss of their habitat due to human activities”.

Read the interview: “We must get everyone to reconnect with the living”

Improvement of the bluefin tuna situation

Other victims of humans: sharks and rays (which are part of the same family), for which an overall reassessment has shown that 37% of the 1,200 species studied are now threatened. All species classified in this way face overfishing; 31% are also confronted with the degradation or loss of habitat and 10% with the consequences of climate change, again according to the IUCN.

“Far too many sharks and rays are being killed and the measures against overfishing are woefully inadequate” with a farm “Often legal even if it is not sustainable”, according to a member of the Canadian Simon Fraser University, author of a study on which this reassessment is based. However, the last assessment, carried out in 2014, estimated that 24% of the species studied were endangered.

However, the “red list” notes an improvement in the situation of several tuna species: IUCN is pleased to see “Four commercially fished tuna species in the process of recovering thanks to the implementation of regional quotas” developed by specific organizations. Out of the seven most fished species, these four have thus seen their ranking down in the list. The Atlantic bluefin tuna even made a dramatic recovery, going straight from ” in danger “ To “Minor concern”, three categories below. But the organization warns “That despite an overall improvement, many regional tuna stocks remain depleted”.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also “There is still time to make peace with our planet and with the living”

“These assessments are proof that sustainable fishing approaches work, with huge long-term benefits for economic activity and biodiversity”, according to Bruce Collette, IUCN chair of the tuna focus group.

The organization also presented its new “Green status of species”, intended to measure the regeneration of species and to know the impact of conservation programs. For the moment, it has 181 evaluated species, still far from the “red list” to which it will subsequently be integrated. Despite everything, the new “red list” “Shows that we are very close to a sixth mass extinction”, insists Craig Hilton-Taylor, responsible for its development. “If the increase continues at this rate, we will soon be facing a major crisis. “

The Editorial of the World: The fight for biodiversity calls for more coherence

Our selection of articles on the IUCN Congress

The World with AFP

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1630768211) } [2]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(75) "fighting in Panchir, the Taliban postpone their government’s announcement" ["link"]=> string(121) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/international/2021/09/04/fighting-in-panchir-the-taliban-postpone-their-governments-announcement/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Betty Foster" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Sat, 04 Sep 2021 14:50:21 +0000" ["category"]=> string(66) "InternationalannouncementfightinggovernmentsPanchirpostponeTaliban" ["guid"]=> string(121) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/international/2021/09/04/fighting-in-panchir-the-taliban-postpone-their-governments-announcement/" ["description"]=> string(89) "A woman crossing the street in Kabul. AAMIR QURESHI / AFP The Taliban again postponed,..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(8726) "

The Taliban again postponed, on Saturday, September 4, the announcement of the formation of their government, the composition of which could set the tone for the years to come in Afghanistan, where the new regime remains facing a pocket of armed resistance in the valley. of Panchir. Almost three weeks after the return to power of the Islamist movement of the Taliban, white smoke is still waiting in Kabul: the population remains in expectation, just like the international community.

The situation in the Panchir, one of the last centers of armed opposition to the new regime, could explain the delay in presenting the new executive, initially expected to be unveiled on Friday. A bastion historically opposed to the Taliban, this valley, landlocked and difficult to access, located about 80 kilometers north of the capital, has been the scene since Monday, the day of the departure of the last American troops from the country, of fighting between the Taliban forces and the National Resistance Front (FNR).

In Kabul, Friday evening, gusts sounded, fired to celebrate a Taliban victory in the Panchir that rumors, especially on social networks, said acquired. But the Taliban made no official announcement, and a Panchir resident told Agence France-Presse (AFP) that the announcements were false.

According to the emergency services of the capital, two people were killed and 20 others injured in the shootings, which led the chief spokesman of the Taliban, Zabihullah Mujahid, to urge his supporters on Twitter to stop “Shoot in the air” and to “Thank God instead”.

“The resistance continues”

Refugee in the Panchir valley, former vice-president Amrullah Saleh spoke of a “Very difficult situation” in a video message broadcast on Friday evening, while ensuring that the “Continuous resistance[ait] and carry on[rait] ». According to Ahmad Massoud, who leads the resistance in the valley, the Taliban have proposed to allocate two seats to the FNR in the government they want to create. And this “As we demand a better future for Afghanistan. We didn’t even consider “ their offer, added Wednesday the son of Commander Ahmed Chah Massoud, assassinated in 2001 by Al-Qaida, believing that the Taliban had “Choose the path of war”.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also After the debacle in Afghanistan, NATO at a time of doubts

Since their return to power at the end of a lightning military offensive that caught the government and the international community by surprise, the Taliban have tried to show a moderate face and have stepped up their gestures of openness. In particular, they promised a government “Inclusive” and have established contacts in recent weeks with Afghan personalities who are opposed to them.

But nothing has filtered at this stage on their real intentions or on the place they intend to grant to representatives of the opposition or to minorities. The composition of their executive will therefore be a test of their real desire for change. Several countries repeated Friday that the new regime would be judged by its actions.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also “My dreams are all shattered”: in Kabul, after the departure of the last American soldiers, the despair of the Afghans who could not flee

Demand for a “truly inclusive” government

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who will be in Qatar from Monday to Wednesday, hoped the Taliban government would be “Truly inclusive”, with “Non-Taliban who would be” representative of the different communities and interests in Afghanistan.

Pakistani military intelligence chief Faiz Hameed was seen in Kabul on Saturday, where he is likely to speak with senior Taliban officials with whom Islamabad has close ties.

Long awaited on the issue of women’s rights – the international community keeping in mind the brutality towards them during the first Taliban regime (1996-2001) – the new masters of the country assured that these rights would be respected.

But at the same time they hinted that there might be no female ministers, their presence falling rather on the lower echelons. A perspective against which several activists protested in Herat on Thursday.

Kabul airport soon operational, according to Qatar

In Kabul on Saturday, dozens of women also demonstrated for the second day in a row. Present there, Taliban fighters were trying to disperse the rally and prevent people at the scene from filming the scene with their mobile phones, according to images posted on social networks.

Beyond security issues, whether related to the Panchir Valley or the threat from the local branch of the Islamic State organization, the urgency for the new regime will be above all economic. Ravaged by more than four decades of conflict, the Afghan economy is in tatters, deprived of international aid on which it largely depends and which has largely been frozen. “Afghanistan faces imminent humanitarian catastrophe”, warned the UN on Friday, which will hold a meeting between member states on September 13 in Geneva to increase humanitarian aid to the country.

At the forefront of international negotiations with the Taliban, Qatar has declared for its part that it hopes to see “Humanitarian corridors” at Afghan airports in the next 48 hours. The Qatari ambassador to Afghanistan, quoted on Saturday by the Al-Jazeera channel, reported that a technical team was able to reopen the Kabul airport, which will soon be operational to receive humanitarian aid and civilian flights.

According to the diplomat, the runway at the airport in the Afghan capital has been repaired, in cooperation with the country’s authorities. The Qatari news channel mentioned the resumption of domestic flights from Kabul to the cities of Mazar-e Sharif and Kandahar.

Our selection of articles on Afghanistan

Find our articles on the situation in Afghanistan in our section.

The World with AFP

" } ["summary"]=> string(89) "A woman crossing the street in Kabul. AAMIR QURESHI / AFP The Taliban again postponed,..." ["atom_content"]=> string(8726) "

The Taliban again postponed, on Saturday, September 4, the announcement of the formation of their government, the composition of which could set the tone for the years to come in Afghanistan, where the new regime remains facing a pocket of armed resistance in the valley. of Panchir. Almost three weeks after the return to power of the Islamist movement of the Taliban, white smoke is still waiting in Kabul: the population remains in expectation, just like the international community.

The situation in the Panchir, one of the last centers of armed opposition to the new regime, could explain the delay in presenting the new executive, initially expected to be unveiled on Friday. A bastion historically opposed to the Taliban, this valley, landlocked and difficult to access, located about 80 kilometers north of the capital, has been the scene since Monday, the day of the departure of the last American troops from the country, of fighting between the Taliban forces and the National Resistance Front (FNR).

In Kabul, Friday evening, gusts sounded, fired to celebrate a Taliban victory in the Panchir that rumors, especially on social networks, said acquired. But the Taliban made no official announcement, and a Panchir resident told Agence France-Presse (AFP) that the announcements were false.

According to the emergency services of the capital, two people were killed and 20 others injured in the shootings, which led the chief spokesman of the Taliban, Zabihullah Mujahid, to urge his supporters on Twitter to stop “Shoot in the air” and to “Thank God instead”.

“The resistance continues”

Refugee in the Panchir valley, former vice-president Amrullah Saleh spoke of a “Very difficult situation” in a video message broadcast on Friday evening, while ensuring that the “Continuous resistance[ait] and carry on[rait] ». According to Ahmad Massoud, who leads the resistance in the valley, the Taliban have proposed to allocate two seats to the FNR in the government they want to create. And this “As we demand a better future for Afghanistan. We didn’t even consider “ their offer, added Wednesday the son of Commander Ahmed Chah Massoud, assassinated in 2001 by Al-Qaida, believing that the Taliban had “Choose the path of war”.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also After the debacle in Afghanistan, NATO at a time of doubts

Since their return to power at the end of a lightning military offensive that caught the government and the international community by surprise, the Taliban have tried to show a moderate face and have stepped up their gestures of openness. In particular, they promised a government “Inclusive” and have established contacts in recent weeks with Afghan personalities who are opposed to them.

But nothing has filtered at this stage on their real intentions or on the place they intend to grant to representatives of the opposition or to minorities. The composition of their executive will therefore be a test of their real desire for change. Several countries repeated Friday that the new regime would be judged by its actions.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also “My dreams are all shattered”: in Kabul, after the departure of the last American soldiers, the despair of the Afghans who could not flee

Demand for a “truly inclusive” government

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who will be in Qatar from Monday to Wednesday, hoped the Taliban government would be “Truly inclusive”, with “Non-Taliban who would be” representative of the different communities and interests in Afghanistan.

Pakistani military intelligence chief Faiz Hameed was seen in Kabul on Saturday, where he is likely to speak with senior Taliban officials with whom Islamabad has close ties.

Long awaited on the issue of women’s rights – the international community keeping in mind the brutality towards them during the first Taliban regime (1996-2001) – the new masters of the country assured that these rights would be respected.

But at the same time they hinted that there might be no female ministers, their presence falling rather on the lower echelons. A perspective against which several activists protested in Herat on Thursday.

Kabul airport soon operational, according to Qatar

In Kabul on Saturday, dozens of women also demonstrated for the second day in a row. Present there, Taliban fighters were trying to disperse the rally and prevent people at the scene from filming the scene with their mobile phones, according to images posted on social networks.

Beyond security issues, whether related to the Panchir Valley or the threat from the local branch of the Islamic State organization, the urgency for the new regime will be above all economic. Ravaged by more than four decades of conflict, the Afghan economy is in tatters, deprived of international aid on which it largely depends and which has largely been frozen. “Afghanistan faces imminent humanitarian catastrophe”, warned the UN on Friday, which will hold a meeting between member states on September 13 in Geneva to increase humanitarian aid to the country.

At the forefront of international negotiations with the Taliban, Qatar has declared for its part that it hopes to see “Humanitarian corridors” at Afghan airports in the next 48 hours. The Qatari ambassador to Afghanistan, quoted on Saturday by the Al-Jazeera channel, reported that a technical team was able to reopen the Kabul airport, which will soon be operational to receive humanitarian aid and civilian flights.

According to the diplomat, the runway at the airport in the Afghan capital has been repaired, in cooperation with the country’s authorities. The Qatari news channel mentioned the resumption of domestic flights from Kabul to the cities of Mazar-e Sharif and Kandahar.

Our selection of articles on Afghanistan

Find our articles on the situation in Afghanistan in our section.

The World with AFP

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1630767021) } [3]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(64) "Kinshasa: MONUSCO finances pastry training for 48 female inmates" ["link"]=> string(107) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/economy/2021/09/04/kinshasa-monusco-finances-pastry-training-for-48-female-inmates/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(15) "Michael Johnson" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Sat, 04 Sep 2021 13:37:17 +0000" ["category"]=> string(7) "Economy" ["guid"]=> string(107) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/economy/2021/09/04/kinshasa-monusco-finances-pastry-training-for-48-female-inmates/" ["description"]=> string(86) "It was with enthusiasm that 48 female residents of the military prison of Ndolo, in..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(2518) "

It was with enthusiasm that 48 female residents of the military prison of Ndolo, in Kinshasa, welcomed on Wednesday September 1, 2021 the team from the Corrections Unit of the MONUSCO within this prison house.

Thanks to funding from the MONUSCO, these inmates will benefit from pastry training, particularly in the making of donuts and pancakes, with a view to preparing for their social reintegration once released from prison.

“On behalf of all the inmates (…), we would like to thank the prison administration support team in DRC for this gesture. We are grateful because it will bear fruit ”, declared the representative of the detainees, during the ceremony of official handing-over of the material dedicated to this training.

Present at this ceremony, the deputy head of Corrections Unit explained that this project aims to prepare women prisoners for social reintegration in order to prevent recidivism.

He encouraged the beneficiaries to take this opportunity to prepare for a better life after returning to society.

The equipment received by the prison director on behalf of the inmates included, among other things, bags of flour, sugar, charcoal and salt, oil cans, pancake machines, kitchen utensils as well as work tables.

The prison director also expressed his deep gratitude to the Prison Administration Support Unit for the multifaceted, constant and capital support it provides to the N’dolo military prison. He is committed to ensuring that the objectives of this training are achieved.

Distributed by APO Group for United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO).

Media files

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United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO)

Africanews offers its readers content provided by APO Group. Africanews makes no changes to this content.

" } ["summary"]=> string(86) "It was with enthusiasm that 48 female residents of the military prison of Ndolo, in..." ["atom_content"]=> string(2518) "

It was with enthusiasm that 48 female residents of the military prison of Ndolo, in Kinshasa, welcomed on Wednesday September 1, 2021 the team from the Corrections Unit of the MONUSCO within this prison house.

Thanks to funding from the MONUSCO, these inmates will benefit from pastry training, particularly in the making of donuts and pancakes, with a view to preparing for their social reintegration once released from prison.

“On behalf of all the inmates (…), we would like to thank the prison administration support team in DRC for this gesture. We are grateful because it will bear fruit ”, declared the representative of the detainees, during the ceremony of official handing-over of the material dedicated to this training.

Present at this ceremony, the deputy head of Corrections Unit explained that this project aims to prepare women prisoners for social reintegration in order to prevent recidivism.

He encouraged the beneficiaries to take this opportunity to prepare for a better life after returning to society.

The equipment received by the prison director on behalf of the inmates included, among other things, bags of flour, sugar, charcoal and salt, oil cans, pancake machines, kitchen utensils as well as work tables.

The prison director also expressed his deep gratitude to the Prison Administration Support Unit for the multifaceted, constant and capital support it provides to the N’dolo military prison. He is committed to ensuring that the objectives of this training are achieved.

Distributed by APO Group for United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO).

Media files

Download the logo

Image
United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO)

Africanews offers its readers content provided by APO Group. Africanews makes no changes to this content.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1630762637) } [4]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(62) "The first space tourists will fly into space on September 15th" ["link"]=> string(104) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/space/2021/09/04/the-first-space-tourists-will-fly-into-space-on-september-15th/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Betty Foster" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Sat, 04 Sep 2021 13:25:21 +0000" ["category"]=> string(5) "Space" ["guid"]=> string(104) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/space/2021/09/04/the-first-space-tourists-will-fly-into-space-on-september-15th/" ["description"]=> string(75) "The 4 people aboard the Crew Dragon will spend 3 days in orbit. The time..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(4367) "

The time has come. After Virgin Galactic and Blue Origin, SpaceX also wants to bring the first tourists into space. Technically speaking, only SpaceX actually brings people into space: According to the US Federal Aviation Administration (FEW) not flown high enough to be considered an astronaut.

SpaceX will be his 4 private space tourists but bring it into orbit and thus actually into space. 3 Tage long they will stay in space before they land back on earth with the Crew Dragon capsule.

Inspiration4 started on September 15th

The mission bears the name Inspiration4. As SpaceX has now announced, the start date has been set: 15. September. The 24-hour start window opens at 02:00 our time. If a start is not possible, the alternative date is September 16. Here, too, the 24-hour window for the start at 02:00 opens.

The crew consists only of civilians: Mission Commander Jared Isaacman, Mission Pilot Dr. Sian Proctor, Medical Officer Hayley Arceneaux and Mission Specialist Chris Sembroski. In contrast to his billionaire colleagues Richard Branson (Virgin Galactic) and Jeff Bezos (Blue Origin), SpaceX boss Elon Musk will not be on board for the first tourism flight. He leaves this honor to another billionaire.

Isaacman’s fortune is on $ 2.6 billion estimated. He is the founder of Shift4 Payments. He bought the first tourist flight from SpaceX and is the sponsor for the other passengers.

He dedicates the flight to the St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital and wants to collect donations for the children’s hospital. Arceneaux works at the hospital and was chosen to represent it on the flight. Proctor and Sembroski were selected in a global competition.

Toilet with a view of the earth

All have undergone appropriate training in order to be prepared for the flight into space. The Crew Dragon comes with a Falcon-9-Rakete start, just like the Crew Dragons who bring astronauts to the ISS.

The Crew Dragon for tourist flights is modified, however. The hatch at the top, with which the Crew Dragon normally docks at the ISS, is replaced by a panorama window. For reasons of space there is also the Toilet under this dome. “So when the passengers have to go about their business, they have an incredible view,” says Isaacman.

" } ["summary"]=> string(75) "The 4 people aboard the Crew Dragon will spend 3 days in orbit. The time..." ["atom_content"]=> string(4367) "

The time has come. After Virgin Galactic and Blue Origin, SpaceX also wants to bring the first tourists into space. Technically speaking, only SpaceX actually brings people into space: According to the US Federal Aviation Administration (FEW) not flown high enough to be considered an astronaut.

SpaceX will be his 4 private space tourists but bring it into orbit and thus actually into space. 3 Tage long they will stay in space before they land back on earth with the Crew Dragon capsule.

Inspiration4 started on September 15th

The mission bears the name Inspiration4. As SpaceX has now announced, the start date has been set: 15. September. The 24-hour start window opens at 02:00 our time. If a start is not possible, the alternative date is September 16. Here, too, the 24-hour window for the start at 02:00 opens.

The crew consists only of civilians: Mission Commander Jared Isaacman, Mission Pilot Dr. Sian Proctor, Medical Officer Hayley Arceneaux and Mission Specialist Chris Sembroski. In contrast to his billionaire colleagues Richard Branson (Virgin Galactic) and Jeff Bezos (Blue Origin), SpaceX boss Elon Musk will not be on board for the first tourism flight. He leaves this honor to another billionaire.

Isaacman’s fortune is on $ 2.6 billion estimated. He is the founder of Shift4 Payments. He bought the first tourist flight from SpaceX and is the sponsor for the other passengers.

He dedicates the flight to the St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital and wants to collect donations for the children’s hospital. Arceneaux works at the hospital and was chosen to represent it on the flight. Proctor and Sembroski were selected in a global competition.

Toilet with a view of the earth

All have undergone appropriate training in order to be prepared for the flight into space. The Crew Dragon comes with a Falcon-9-Rakete start, just like the Crew Dragons who bring astronauts to the ISS.

The Crew Dragon for tourist flights is modified, however. The hatch at the top, with which the Crew Dragon normally docks at the ISS, is replaced by a panorama window. For reasons of space there is also the Toilet under this dome. “So when the passengers have to go about their business, they have an incredible view,” says Isaacman.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1630761921) } [5]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(62) "Covid-19. Portugal close to target population for vaccination" ["link"]=> string(110) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/international/2021/09/04/covid-19-portugal-close-to-target-population-for-vaccination/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Betty Foster" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Sat, 04 Sep 2021 12:48:16 +0000" ["category"]=> string(144) "InternationalclosecountryCovid19cultureeconomyFameinternationalNationalnewspoliticspopulationPortugalsoccersporttargettechnologyvaccinationworld" ["guid"]=> string(110) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/international/2021/09/04/covid-19-portugal-close-to-target-population-for-vaccination/" ["description"]=> string(106) "“We are reaching the limit of the target audience to be vaccinated”, he indicates, pointing..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(5446) "

“We are reaching the limit of the target audience to be vaccinated”, he indicates, pointing out that the goal of 85% of the Portuguese population with vaccination against full covid-19 should be reached by the end of the month, the coordinator told Agência Lusa of the ‘task-force’, vice-admiral Gouveia e Melo.

The process is “even at the end, taking children from 0 to 12 years old, who are between 11% and 12% [da população], and with 03% to 04% of people who refuse the vaccine”, he says. This means that we will not have much more population to vaccinate”, said the military in an interview with Lusa.

This weekend, the level of 85% of the population eligible to be vaccinated with at least one administered dose should be reached. Looking to the future, Gouveia e Melo argues that “there is no need for a ‘task-force'” beyond the mission that is about to end, either to boost the vaccination or for the eventuality of vaccination against covid-19 se make it a regular routine.

“What is recommended is reinforced vaccination for people who are immunosuppressed. We are talking about a universe of, at most, 100,000 people, perhaps even smaller”, he stresses.

He guarantees that “at this moment there is a reservation of vaccines for this third dose”.

The ‘task-force’ he led was “a machine built in an extraordinary way for an extraordinary process”, recognizes Gouveia e Melo, showing himself convinced that an annual campaign of vaccination boosters can be ensured by primary health care: “Now they did it for the flu vaccination and they will be able to do it”.

At the end of what he considers “a battle with a deadline, the shortest possible to comply with a vaccination plan” with two doses for the majority of the population, the general officer of the Navy recognizes some moments of impasse over the course of nine months.

One of these points happened with the uncertainty about the side effects of the Oxford/Astrazeneca vaccine, whose administration was suspended and whose use ended up being limited to people over 60 years of age.

“I can’t tell if there was a trade war [entre fabricantes de vacinas]. Sometimes it did. We had to live with limitations that appeared at certain points in the vaccination process and we had to adapt to these limitations, successfully”, he argues.

“There were times when we lacked vaccines and our pace was not the one for which we were capable. Then, when vaccines appeared, the pace increased. When we were reaching the end of the vaccination process, having vaccines and capacity, we lacked people. But we complied. From now on, we will be vaccinating three to four thousand people a day across the country,” he stresses.

In addition to all the nursing, medical, administrative and all military personnel, Gouveia e Melo highlights the importance of the municipalities, which “had an extraordinary role in this process: they provided spaces, human resources and material resources”.

“Sem [as autarquias] it would have been very difficult. We are operating between 4,500, 5,000 people every day in the vaccination centers, many of them hired by the local authorities, many of them volunteers”, she emphasizes, pointing out that the local government allowed the creation of more than 300 vaccination centers “more open, spacious, more suitable for this type of vaccination” outside health centers.

For Gouveia e Melo, the pace of vaccination ended up dictating the pace of progression of the pandemic in Portugal, especially after the Delta variant of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus reached the country.

“We had the Delta variant very early. When we reached about 55% of the second doses, already with the Delta variant, we noticed a drop in incidence, which stopped increasing and started to fall. The vaccination process was systematically fighting the incidence and helping to fight it. At the moment, we are winning. Despite the lack of confidence, despite a lot of mobility, holidays, foreigners in Portugal, the incidence is falling”, highlights the vice-admiral.

With the new school year about to start, Gouveia e Melo admits that “this virus likes clustering and that “it’s natural” to see an increase in cases, but he is optimistic: “I’m convinced that with the rate of vaccination that we have in the population, the incidence will not increase much, it may increase temporarily, but it will drop naturally”.

Also Read: EMA Is Assessing Risks Of New Adverse Effects From Covid Vaccines

Always be the first to know.
Fifth consecutive year Consumer Choice for Online Press.
Download our free App.

Google Play Download

.

" } ["summary"]=> string(106) "“We are reaching the limit of the target audience to be vaccinated”, he indicates, pointing..." ["atom_content"]=> string(5446) "

“We are reaching the limit of the target audience to be vaccinated”, he indicates, pointing out that the goal of 85% of the Portuguese population with vaccination against full covid-19 should be reached by the end of the month, the coordinator told Agência Lusa of the ‘task-force’, vice-admiral Gouveia e Melo.

The process is “even at the end, taking children from 0 to 12 years old, who are between 11% and 12% [da população], and with 03% to 04% of people who refuse the vaccine”, he says. This means that we will not have much more population to vaccinate”, said the military in an interview with Lusa.

This weekend, the level of 85% of the population eligible to be vaccinated with at least one administered dose should be reached. Looking to the future, Gouveia e Melo argues that “there is no need for a ‘task-force'” beyond the mission that is about to end, either to boost the vaccination or for the eventuality of vaccination against covid-19 se make it a regular routine.

“What is recommended is reinforced vaccination for people who are immunosuppressed. We are talking about a universe of, at most, 100,000 people, perhaps even smaller”, he stresses.

He guarantees that “at this moment there is a reservation of vaccines for this third dose”.

The ‘task-force’ he led was “a machine built in an extraordinary way for an extraordinary process”, recognizes Gouveia e Melo, showing himself convinced that an annual campaign of vaccination boosters can be ensured by primary health care: “Now they did it for the flu vaccination and they will be able to do it”.

At the end of what he considers “a battle with a deadline, the shortest possible to comply with a vaccination plan” with two doses for the majority of the population, the general officer of the Navy recognizes some moments of impasse over the course of nine months.

One of these points happened with the uncertainty about the side effects of the Oxford/Astrazeneca vaccine, whose administration was suspended and whose use ended up being limited to people over 60 years of age.

“I can’t tell if there was a trade war [entre fabricantes de vacinas]. Sometimes it did. We had to live with limitations that appeared at certain points in the vaccination process and we had to adapt to these limitations, successfully”, he argues.

“There were times when we lacked vaccines and our pace was not the one for which we were capable. Then, when vaccines appeared, the pace increased. When we were reaching the end of the vaccination process, having vaccines and capacity, we lacked people. But we complied. From now on, we will be vaccinating three to four thousand people a day across the country,” he stresses.

In addition to all the nursing, medical, administrative and all military personnel, Gouveia e Melo highlights the importance of the municipalities, which “had an extraordinary role in this process: they provided spaces, human resources and material resources”.

“Sem [as autarquias] it would have been very difficult. We are operating between 4,500, 5,000 people every day in the vaccination centers, many of them hired by the local authorities, many of them volunteers”, she emphasizes, pointing out that the local government allowed the creation of more than 300 vaccination centers “more open, spacious, more suitable for this type of vaccination” outside health centers.

For Gouveia e Melo, the pace of vaccination ended up dictating the pace of progression of the pandemic in Portugal, especially after the Delta variant of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus reached the country.

“We had the Delta variant very early. When we reached about 55% of the second doses, already with the Delta variant, we noticed a drop in incidence, which stopped increasing and started to fall. The vaccination process was systematically fighting the incidence and helping to fight it. At the moment, we are winning. Despite the lack of confidence, despite a lot of mobility, holidays, foreigners in Portugal, the incidence is falling”, highlights the vice-admiral.

With the new school year about to start, Gouveia e Melo admits that “this virus likes clustering and that “it’s natural” to see an increase in cases, but he is optimistic: “I’m convinced that with the rate of vaccination that we have in the population, the incidence will not increase much, it may increase temporarily, but it will drop naturally”.

Also Read: EMA Is Assessing Risks Of New Adverse Effects From Covid Vaccines

Always be the first to know.
Fifth consecutive year Consumer Choice for Online Press.
Download our free App.

Google Play Download

.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1630759696) } [6]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(106) "US Military Intelligence and the Three Body Problem. How do I track objects closer to the Moon? [ANALIZA]" ["link"]=> string(143) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/space/2021/09/04/us-military-intelligence-and-the-three-body-problem-how-do-i-track-objects-closer-to-the-moon-analiza/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Betty Foster" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Sat, 04 Sep 2021 12:24:13 +0000" ["category"]=> string(210) "SpaceCislunar spaceMoonPentagonSpace Domain Awareness (SDA) System Architecturespace forcesspace operationsThe architecture of the cosmic consciousness systemUnited States Department of DefenseUS Space ForceUSA" ["guid"]=> string(143) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/space/2021/09/04/us-military-intelligence-and-the-three-body-problem-how-do-i-track-objects-closer-to-the-moon-analiza/" ["description"]=> string(96) "A vast domain of (hypothetical) space operations Previews of the next version of the thematic..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(12005) "

A vast domain of (hypothetical) space operations

Previews of the next version of the thematic report by DIA (Defense Intelligence Agency), originally issued in February 2019 under the title Challenges to Security in Space, appeared on the occasion of this year’s Space Symposium conference, held on August 23-26 in Colorado Springs. Reports of this content were provided, among others, by Space News. Accordingly, the intelligence service of the US Department of Defense has highlighted the need for a fundamental expansion of space situational awareness capabilities. These, in turn, are to apply not so much to the belt of orbits occupied by utility satellites, but to the space far beyond them – by default up to the boundary of the sphere in which the Moon moves (including also the libration points of the common gravitational system with the Earth – called Lagrange points).

In its first edition, the DIA report highlighted, above all, the growing challenges related to the confrontational attitude and the improvement of the space capabilities of China and Russia. It also indicated the increasing possibilities of these countries in terms of obtaining information about American activities in space and tracking them.

Currently, according to the available information, this scope is added to the expected consequences of the increased exploration of the lunar space, which poses new challenges in the context of maintaining the security of space transport. In a way related, the risk of appropriation of sensitive areas of influence in this space by international rivals is also mentioned.

In this matter, DIA follows the footsteps of other American government centers, which, in a similar vein, postulate the need to develop new capabilities for monitoring the movement of artificial objects and their activity in deep space around the Earth. It is, among others, for a study published in May this year. by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), titled A Primer on Cislunar Space. In addition to defining the dimension itself more closely (the space that extends from the farthest boundary of usable satellite orbits to the sphere of direct influence of the Moon), the report emphasizes its growing importance, both in a functional and strategic sense.

Space reconnaissance dead field

The overall message of the report, however, remains primarily for the US Space Force, which is called upon to develop solutions that will allow the United States and the private operator community to conduct safe and uninterrupted operations in deep space around the world. It was another intended move by the AFRL in this direction, after having proposed the experimental project Cislunar Highway Patrol System (CHPS) a year earlier. The aforementioned initiative covers the financing of research and testing of engineering solutions in the field of long-distance monitoring of outer space and the activity of artificial objects – both at the level of sensors and tracking algorithms. As it has been shown, this task is burdened with serious technical challenges.

Increasing activity will require greater domain awareness – we want to be there ensuring flight safety when the United States sets foot on the moon again.

CHPS is here to open the way to fill a major gap in the object detection and tracking dimension between the edge of geostationary orbit (where most US Space Force satellites are currently expected to be) and the Moon. This applies only partially to the need to develop higher parameters of observation devices (greater viewing range) – the main difficulty here are significant complications related to the algorithms for determining the characteristics of the movement of objects and the analysis of orbital dynamics at greater distances from the Earth and under the influence of the Moon. It is about the deviations from the adopted methods of mathematical and physical determination of orbital parameters (elements of the orbit), associated with the Keplerian motion – in a frame of reference covering two bodies (the Earth and an artificial satellite with negligible mass). The case of motion in space shared with the Moon is already a matter that excludes the application of the principles of Keplerian motion and the classical understanding of orbits as different variations of ordered circular motion. This is the moment when we enter the popularly known phenomenon the problem of three (and more) bodies.

Mainly for this reason, it is difficult to precisely monitor and track the movement of objects anywhere between the Earth and the Moon. To deal with this, for the use of Space Domain Awareness (SDA) systems, the Air Force Research Lab adopts a simplified diagram of an isolated three-body system (Earth-Moon-spacecraft), with perfectly circular motion paths and a common, fixed plane (Circular Restricted 3 -Body Problem – CR3BP). Although this system does not reflect reality, it is already intended to provide the mathematical approximations necessary to determine geometric models of object motion. “Due to the differences between [układami dwu- a trójskładnikowymi]when typing trajectories, the best practice is to indicate instantaneous position and velocity vectors in a simplified inertial system, at some known point, resigning from the use of orbital parameters “- indicated in the study A Primer on Cislunar Space.

image
Image: NASA [nasa.gov]

At the same time, the need for a whole new type of space sensors and devices providing a reference point for observation was highlighted in this context. “There is no single sensor location that can provide an overview of the entire space cislunarnej“- indicated in the AFRL report. Answers to this type of issues are to be provided, among others, by the results of experiments in the aforementioned Cislunar Highway Patrol System project. What is additionally interesting, the ability to place and stabilize light satellites in the lunar orbit.

Search for anchor points

In the context of the most convenient location of sensors, at least a few of them are indicated – ground-based, in the near-Earth space, as well as in the lunar orbit and in the vicinity of the Earth’s natural satellite. They are all to be part of a single, multi-component system. However, as might be expected, the Earth-Moon libration points are identified as particularly useful for such purposes. The AFRL compares their role to that of the geostationary orbit in relation to the Earth – giving the specific ability to stabilize space objects in this space.

In general, US think tanks calling for a deficit of situational awareness above geostationary orbit stress how difficult the task will be. A whole catalog of obstacles is listed – first of all, objects located there are simply harder to see (longer distances require more advanced remote sensing abilities). In addition, objects in natural motion in orbit slow down as the distance from the Earth increases (this is meant to mean longer time intervals of the necessary analysis aimed at determining the parameters of motion). Moreover, optical systems have difficulty observing near the Moon due to its high albedo (ability to reflect light). Finally, the apparent movement of the Sun relative to the Earth-Moon system causes cyclical difficulties in observing parts of the lunar space.

A separate issue is the difficulty in tracking already known objects. First of all, the Earth rotates much faster in relation to the more distant orbital planes (a single ground-based observatory can follow an object in a radically shorter time). In turn, even with a network of interconnected sensors, it is inevitable to develop a strategy for asynchronous data collection, complicating the planning of tasks and their implementation.

Earth-Moon space has 10 times greater range than GEO, [na takim dystansie] objects will be 100 times less visible. Plus, that’s 1000 times the volume of monitoring space.

A handful of insights

All this leads to conclusions about the need to embed the main resources of such a system (long-range situational awareness) in the very outer space. Lagrange points are again mentioned as particularly attractive – as stable anchoring nodes of Earth-Moon viewing instruments (according to the AFRL, “may provide a unique detection perspective”) and, in the future, perhaps even around the lunar positioning and navigation system. Another indicated group of potentially useful sensors are electro-optical systems in orbits that allow associating their motion with the synodic period of the Moon’s orbit around the Earth (although these are not easily accessible orbits).

image
Projekt CAPSTONE. Ilustracja: NASA/Rocket Lab/Advanced Space/Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems [nasa.gov]

As for the technical classification of such capabilities, the AFRL emphasizes the potentially highest utility – apart from classic optical and electro-optical instruments (telescopes and cameras) – also of radio transmitting and receiving systems (excluding radars, considered unsuitable for this role due to high energy demand and efficient only at short distance).

Finally, the AFRL report also formulates some interesting conclusions from the point of view of the orbital mechanics of long-range space operations. As emphasized in the first place, staying in a distant orbit or trajectory around the Earth requires often repeated delicate maneuvers. Additionally, these small maneuvers in the conditions of weaker Earth’s gravitational and lunar influence may cause disproportionately large changes in the trajectory of motion.

At the same time, the necessary displacement in the considered space takes place in a different way compared to LEO or GEO. Although some of such maneuvers have already been carried out in practice during various lunar missions (direct orbital transfer), unlike these modes of transport (with high energy expenditure), mainly low propulsion transfer options are considered for operational activities in the Earth-Moon space but with a prolonged period of their execution and repetition of component maneuvers.

In the end, the thoughts of the DIA and the AFRL so far relate primarily to the tasks expected to be carried out within the framework of US Space Force missions and operations. While the USSF has repeatedly signaled the recognition of the Earth-Moon space as its operational domain (in the existing doctrinal documents), this has not yet been translated into a strictly defined plan and schedule for the implementation of monitoring activities. These, in turn, are to be crucial in the context of, for example, the expected first effects of the NASA Artemis lunar program, as an important operational segment of securing the return of Americans to the moon in the coming years.


image
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.

" } ["summary"]=> string(96) "A vast domain of (hypothetical) space operations Previews of the next version of the thematic..." ["atom_content"]=> string(12005) "

A vast domain of (hypothetical) space operations

Previews of the next version of the thematic report by DIA (Defense Intelligence Agency), originally issued in February 2019 under the title Challenges to Security in Space, appeared on the occasion of this year’s Space Symposium conference, held on August 23-26 in Colorado Springs. Reports of this content were provided, among others, by Space News. Accordingly, the intelligence service of the US Department of Defense has highlighted the need for a fundamental expansion of space situational awareness capabilities. These, in turn, are to apply not so much to the belt of orbits occupied by utility satellites, but to the space far beyond them – by default up to the boundary of the sphere in which the Moon moves (including also the libration points of the common gravitational system with the Earth – called Lagrange points).

In its first edition, the DIA report highlighted, above all, the growing challenges related to the confrontational attitude and the improvement of the space capabilities of China and Russia. It also indicated the increasing possibilities of these countries in terms of obtaining information about American activities in space and tracking them.

Currently, according to the available information, this scope is added to the expected consequences of the increased exploration of the lunar space, which poses new challenges in the context of maintaining the security of space transport. In a way related, the risk of appropriation of sensitive areas of influence in this space by international rivals is also mentioned.

In this matter, DIA follows the footsteps of other American government centers, which, in a similar vein, postulate the need to develop new capabilities for monitoring the movement of artificial objects and their activity in deep space around the Earth. It is, among others, for a study published in May this year. by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), titled A Primer on Cislunar Space. In addition to defining the dimension itself more closely (the space that extends from the farthest boundary of usable satellite orbits to the sphere of direct influence of the Moon), the report emphasizes its growing importance, both in a functional and strategic sense.

Space reconnaissance dead field

The overall message of the report, however, remains primarily for the US Space Force, which is called upon to develop solutions that will allow the United States and the private operator community to conduct safe and uninterrupted operations in deep space around the world. It was another intended move by the AFRL in this direction, after having proposed the experimental project Cislunar Highway Patrol System (CHPS) a year earlier. The aforementioned initiative covers the financing of research and testing of engineering solutions in the field of long-distance monitoring of outer space and the activity of artificial objects – both at the level of sensors and tracking algorithms. As it has been shown, this task is burdened with serious technical challenges.

Increasing activity will require greater domain awareness – we want to be there ensuring flight safety when the United States sets foot on the moon again.

CHPS is here to open the way to fill a major gap in the object detection and tracking dimension between the edge of geostationary orbit (where most US Space Force satellites are currently expected to be) and the Moon. This applies only partially to the need to develop higher parameters of observation devices (greater viewing range) – the main difficulty here are significant complications related to the algorithms for determining the characteristics of the movement of objects and the analysis of orbital dynamics at greater distances from the Earth and under the influence of the Moon. It is about the deviations from the adopted methods of mathematical and physical determination of orbital parameters (elements of the orbit), associated with the Keplerian motion – in a frame of reference covering two bodies (the Earth and an artificial satellite with negligible mass). The case of motion in space shared with the Moon is already a matter that excludes the application of the principles of Keplerian motion and the classical understanding of orbits as different variations of ordered circular motion. This is the moment when we enter the popularly known phenomenon the problem of three (and more) bodies.

Mainly for this reason, it is difficult to precisely monitor and track the movement of objects anywhere between the Earth and the Moon. To deal with this, for the use of Space Domain Awareness (SDA) systems, the Air Force Research Lab adopts a simplified diagram of an isolated three-body system (Earth-Moon-spacecraft), with perfectly circular motion paths and a common, fixed plane (Circular Restricted 3 -Body Problem – CR3BP). Although this system does not reflect reality, it is already intended to provide the mathematical approximations necessary to determine geometric models of object motion. “Due to the differences between [układami dwu- a trójskładnikowymi]when typing trajectories, the best practice is to indicate instantaneous position and velocity vectors in a simplified inertial system, at some known point, resigning from the use of orbital parameters “- indicated in the study A Primer on Cislunar Space.

image
Image: NASA [nasa.gov]

At the same time, the need for a whole new type of space sensors and devices providing a reference point for observation was highlighted in this context. “There is no single sensor location that can provide an overview of the entire space cislunarnej“- indicated in the AFRL report. Answers to this type of issues are to be provided, among others, by the results of experiments in the aforementioned Cislunar Highway Patrol System project. What is additionally interesting, the ability to place and stabilize light satellites in the lunar orbit.

Search for anchor points

In the context of the most convenient location of sensors, at least a few of them are indicated – ground-based, in the near-Earth space, as well as in the lunar orbit and in the vicinity of the Earth’s natural satellite. They are all to be part of a single, multi-component system. However, as might be expected, the Earth-Moon libration points are identified as particularly useful for such purposes. The AFRL compares their role to that of the geostationary orbit in relation to the Earth – giving the specific ability to stabilize space objects in this space.

In general, US think tanks calling for a deficit of situational awareness above geostationary orbit stress how difficult the task will be. A whole catalog of obstacles is listed – first of all, objects located there are simply harder to see (longer distances require more advanced remote sensing abilities). In addition, objects in natural motion in orbit slow down as the distance from the Earth increases (this is meant to mean longer time intervals of the necessary analysis aimed at determining the parameters of motion). Moreover, optical systems have difficulty observing near the Moon due to its high albedo (ability to reflect light). Finally, the apparent movement of the Sun relative to the Earth-Moon system causes cyclical difficulties in observing parts of the lunar space.

A separate issue is the difficulty in tracking already known objects. First of all, the Earth rotates much faster in relation to the more distant orbital planes (a single ground-based observatory can follow an object in a radically shorter time). In turn, even with a network of interconnected sensors, it is inevitable to develop a strategy for asynchronous data collection, complicating the planning of tasks and their implementation.

Earth-Moon space has 10 times greater range than GEO, [na takim dystansie] objects will be 100 times less visible. Plus, that’s 1000 times the volume of monitoring space.

A handful of insights

All this leads to conclusions about the need to embed the main resources of such a system (long-range situational awareness) in the very outer space. Lagrange points are again mentioned as particularly attractive – as stable anchoring nodes of Earth-Moon viewing instruments (according to the AFRL, “may provide a unique detection perspective”) and, in the future, perhaps even around the lunar positioning and navigation system. Another indicated group of potentially useful sensors are electro-optical systems in orbits that allow associating their motion with the synodic period of the Moon’s orbit around the Earth (although these are not easily accessible orbits).

image
Projekt CAPSTONE. Ilustracja: NASA/Rocket Lab/Advanced Space/Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems [nasa.gov]

As for the technical classification of such capabilities, the AFRL emphasizes the potentially highest utility – apart from classic optical and electro-optical instruments (telescopes and cameras) – also of radio transmitting and receiving systems (excluding radars, considered unsuitable for this role due to high energy demand and efficient only at short distance).

Finally, the AFRL report also formulates some interesting conclusions from the point of view of the orbital mechanics of long-range space operations. As emphasized in the first place, staying in a distant orbit or trajectory around the Earth requires often repeated delicate maneuvers. Additionally, these small maneuvers in the conditions of weaker Earth’s gravitational and lunar influence may cause disproportionately large changes in the trajectory of motion.

At the same time, the necessary displacement in the considered space takes place in a different way compared to LEO or GEO. Although some of such maneuvers have already been carried out in practice during various lunar missions (direct orbital transfer), unlike these modes of transport (with high energy expenditure), mainly low propulsion transfer options are considered for operational activities in the Earth-Moon space but with a prolonged period of their execution and repetition of component maneuvers.

In the end, the thoughts of the DIA and the AFRL so far relate primarily to the tasks expected to be carried out within the framework of US Space Force missions and operations. While the USSF has repeatedly signaled the recognition of the Earth-Moon space as its operational domain (in the existing doctrinal documents), this has not yet been translated into a strictly defined plan and schedule for the implementation of monitoring activities. These, in turn, are to be crucial in the context of, for example, the expected first effects of the NASA Artemis lunar program, as an important operational segment of securing the return of Americans to the moon in the coming years.


image
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.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1630758253) } [7]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(76) "In the Mediterranean, Posidonia meadows better protected from pleasure boats" ["link"]=> string(118) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/planet/2021/09/04/in-the-mediterranean-posidonia-meadows-better-protected-from-pleasure-boats/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(15) "Pauline Potteer" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Sat, 04 Sep 2021 12:07:01 +0000" ["category"]=> string(57) "PlanetboatsmeadowsMediterraneanpleasurePosidoniaprotected" ["guid"]=> string(118) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/planet/2021/09/04/in-the-mediterranean-posidonia-meadows-better-protected-from-pleasure-boats/" ["description"]=> string(89) "A fishing net on a seagrass of Posidonia, in the Mediterranean. (C) FREDERIC PACOREL /..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(3983) "

Whether we call them herbaria or forests, the expanses of Posidonia (Posidonia oceanica) play an essential role in marine ecosystems. This flowering aquatic plant, endemic to the Mediterranean, serves as habitat and nursery for many species of fish. Present not far from the coast, up to 40 meters deep, it contributes to the attenuation of swells and coastal erosion; it stabilizes the soft bottoms with its rhizomes buried in the sediments. In addition, it filters the water and limits its turbidity, produces oxygen, sequesters carbon “Three to five times more than a tropical forest! “, affirms the maritime prefect of the Mediterranean, the vice-admiral of squadron Gilles Boidevezi. He sees in all the benefits of posidonia a good reason to use “A strong action to preserve it”.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In Marseille, Emmanuel Macron promises to better protect the French seas

Because the precious and fragile plant with slow growth may well be protected by international conventions, by several European texts and, at the national level, by a specific decree of 1988, it is in decline in France. Since 2014, 800 km2 of these herbariums were mapped along the coasts, but 7,670 acres died. It is estimated that 10% of their surface area has been lost in a century in the Mediterranean basin. Posidonia still covers 33% of the coast of the former PACA region, 66% in Corsica, 1% in Occitania. But the Gulf of Juan could have lost 225 ha between 2006 and 2018, and that of Saint-Tropez 145 ha between 2010 and 2018.

“Alternative mooring zones”

The state therefore decided to tackle one of the main causes of their decline: the expansion of yachting. Indeed, on the occasion of wild anchorages, the lowered anchor without consideration crushes the Posidonia by falling on the bottom, then it tears them with the scraping of the chain to which it is connected. And it happens that the occupants of yachts, speedboats or other summer boats dispose of their wastewater just above the seagrass beds.

In October 2020, after a year of consultation with local and port authorities, the first orders were signed. At 1is June 2021, sixteen were published, specifying the limits of the zones prohibited for anchoring long boats over 20 or 24 meters in front of the coasts of the Alpes-Maritimes, Var and Corsica. The summer of 2021 therefore marked the first application of these new restrictions at sea in high season.

You have 43.64% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" } ["summary"]=> string(89) "A fishing net on a seagrass of Posidonia, in the Mediterranean. (C) FREDERIC PACOREL /..." ["atom_content"]=> string(3983) "

Whether we call them herbaria or forests, the expanses of Posidonia (Posidonia oceanica) play an essential role in marine ecosystems. This flowering aquatic plant, endemic to the Mediterranean, serves as habitat and nursery for many species of fish. Present not far from the coast, up to 40 meters deep, it contributes to the attenuation of swells and coastal erosion; it stabilizes the soft bottoms with its rhizomes buried in the sediments. In addition, it filters the water and limits its turbidity, produces oxygen, sequesters carbon “Three to five times more than a tropical forest! “, affirms the maritime prefect of the Mediterranean, the vice-admiral of squadron Gilles Boidevezi. He sees in all the benefits of posidonia a good reason to use “A strong action to preserve it”.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In Marseille, Emmanuel Macron promises to better protect the French seas

Because the precious and fragile plant with slow growth may well be protected by international conventions, by several European texts and, at the national level, by a specific decree of 1988, it is in decline in France. Since 2014, 800 km2 of these herbariums were mapped along the coasts, but 7,670 acres died. It is estimated that 10% of their surface area has been lost in a century in the Mediterranean basin. Posidonia still covers 33% of the coast of the former PACA region, 66% in Corsica, 1% in Occitania. But the Gulf of Juan could have lost 225 ha between 2006 and 2018, and that of Saint-Tropez 145 ha between 2010 and 2018.

“Alternative mooring zones”

The state therefore decided to tackle one of the main causes of their decline: the expansion of yachting. Indeed, on the occasion of wild anchorages, the lowered anchor without consideration crushes the Posidonia by falling on the bottom, then it tears them with the scraping of the chain to which it is connected. And it happens that the occupants of yachts, speedboats or other summer boats dispose of their wastewater just above the seagrass beds.

In October 2020, after a year of consultation with local and port authorities, the first orders were signed. At 1is June 2021, sixteen were published, specifying the limits of the zones prohibited for anchoring long boats over 20 or 24 meters in front of the coasts of the Alpes-Maritimes, Var and Corsica. The summer of 2021 therefore marked the first application of these new restrictions at sea in high season.

You have 43.64% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1630757221) } [8]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(94) "Granit Xhaka positive for Covid, the Swiss had refused the vaccine. Skip the match with Italy" ["link"]=> string(141) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/sporting-news/2021/09/04/granit-xhaka-positive-for-covid-the-swiss-had-refused-the-vaccine-skip-the-match-with-italy/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Harry Rivers" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Sat, 04 Sep 2021 11:38:46 +0000" ["category"]=> string(82) "Sporting NewsCovidGranitgranit xhakaItalymatchpositiverefusedSkipSwissvaccineXhaka" ["guid"]=> string(141) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/sporting-news/2021/09/04/granit-xhaka-positive-for-covid-the-swiss-had-refused-the-vaccine-skip-the-match-with-italy/" ["description"]=> string(94) "Granit Xhaka positive al Covid. The Swiss midfielder of Albanian origin, who was the target..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(2758) "

Granit Xhaka positive al Covid. The Swiss midfielder of Albanian origin, who was the target of Mourinho’s Roma all summer but remained at Arsenal, had explicitly refused to be administered the vaccine.

Read also> Positive Giroud at Covid, a tile for Milan: he will remain in fiduciary isolation

Granit Xhaka, now, he will remain in isolation and, even if another tampon confirms the positivity, he will have to give up the qualifying matches for the World Cup, including the match against Italy next Sunday. This was announced by the Swiss Football Association. The announcement that Xhaka turned out positive to Covid raised questions in the Swiss press, which recalled how the midfielder (and captain of the Swiss selection) was the only player of the national team who was neither vaccinated, for refusing, nor immunized against the virus.

“Xhaka woke up this morning and had some symptoms, notably a headache. We decided to swab it quickly, which failed. But the doctor wanted to carry out a check with a PCR swab which revealed the positivity just before we left the hotel ». Thus, interviewed with the Swiss broadcaster RSI, the communications director of the Swiss football federation, Adrian Arnold, talks about the case of the ‘no vax’ footballer and his positivity to Covid.

“Tomorrow Granit will do another test to see if the positivity is confirmed – added Arnold -, in the meantime it was not necessary to quarantine the team, because they have all been vaccinated and have the green pass”. So only Xhaka wasn’t vaccinated? «Yes, he is the only one in the squad of the national team for this series of matches not to have vaccinated, by choice – the spokesman replied -. We left the decision on the vaccine to each player, just like any other person in Switzerland. Here everyone has the right to choose and Xhaka has decided not to do so ».


Last updated: Thursday 2 September 2021, 20:00




© REPRODUCTION RESERVED

.

" } ["summary"]=> string(94) "Granit Xhaka positive al Covid. The Swiss midfielder of Albanian origin, who was the target..." ["atom_content"]=> string(2758) "

Granit Xhaka positive al Covid. The Swiss midfielder of Albanian origin, who was the target of Mourinho’s Roma all summer but remained at Arsenal, had explicitly refused to be administered the vaccine.

Read also> Positive Giroud at Covid, a tile for Milan: he will remain in fiduciary isolation

Granit Xhaka, now, he will remain in isolation and, even if another tampon confirms the positivity, he will have to give up the qualifying matches for the World Cup, including the match against Italy next Sunday. This was announced by the Swiss Football Association. The announcement that Xhaka turned out positive to Covid raised questions in the Swiss press, which recalled how the midfielder (and captain of the Swiss selection) was the only player of the national team who was neither vaccinated, for refusing, nor immunized against the virus.

“Xhaka woke up this morning and had some symptoms, notably a headache. We decided to swab it quickly, which failed. But the doctor wanted to carry out a check with a PCR swab which revealed the positivity just before we left the hotel ». Thus, interviewed with the Swiss broadcaster RSI, the communications director of the Swiss football federation, Adrian Arnold, talks about the case of the ‘no vax’ footballer and his positivity to Covid.

“Tomorrow Granit will do another test to see if the positivity is confirmed – added Arnold -, in the meantime it was not necessary to quarantine the team, because they have all been vaccinated and have the green pass”. So only Xhaka wasn’t vaccinated? «Yes, he is the only one in the squad of the national team for this series of matches not to have vaccinated, by choice – the spokesman replied -. We left the decision on the vaccine to each player, just like any other person in Switzerland. Here everyone has the right to choose and Xhaka has decided not to do so ».


Last updated: Thursday 2 September 2021, 20:00




© REPRODUCTION RESERVED

.

" ["date_timestamp"]=> int(1630755526) } [9]=> array(11) { ["title"]=> string(137) "North America, Europe, and Latin America Airborne Surveillance Market Share, Size, Growth Analysis, Industry and Technological Innovation" ["link"]=> string(174) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/space/2021/09/04/north-america-europe-and-latin-america-airborne-surveillance-market-share-size-growth-analysis-industry-and-technological-innovation/" ["dc"]=> array(1) { ["creator"]=> string(12) "Betty Foster" } ["pubdate"]=> string(31) "Sat, 04 Sep 2021 11:23:09 +0000" ["category"]=> string(5) "Space" ["guid"]=> string(174) "https://mynewspaper.xyz/space/2021/09/04/north-america-europe-and-latin-america-airborne-surveillance-market-share-size-growth-analysis-industry-and-technological-innovation/" ["description"]=> string(109) "The Airborne Surveillance Market report is searching for promising circumstances in the rising interest of..." ["content"]=> array(1) { ["encoded"]=> string(5863) "

The Airborne Surveillance Market report is searching for promising circumstances in the rising interest of top central members which empower organizations to secure delicate data. The report distinguishes top nations and fragments for promising circumstances and systems dependent on broad correspondence gear Market patterns and driving contenders’ methodologies. The report centers around the development possibilities, limitations, and chances of the worldwide market.

Market Will Boom In Near Future

The general investigation thoroughly examines the Airborne Surveillance market by dividing dependent on topography and side-effect type. This examination features various points of view, including market elements, valuation, and volume, at the full scale, area, and local levels. Likewise, the ascent popular for trend-setting innovation among players and owners has emphatically affected the development of the market.

In addition. The exploration master additionally offers a definite outline of the worldwide economy across different nations, both subjectively and quantitatively. The report clarifies the Airborne Surveillance market key factors and drivers that highlight how important it is to conduct in-depth analyses and how this greatly impacts the quality of the information available to readers.

Request a Sample PDF @
https://www.coherentmarketinsights.com/insight/request-sample/1208

Frequently Asked Questions:

How many pages of this report?

130 Pages

Who are the top parts on the lookout?

BAE Systems, Boeing, Lockheed Martin Corporation, Raytheon Company, Flir Systems, Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd., L-3 Wescam, Leica Geosystems AG, Leonardo, Northrop Grumman Corporation, and Saab AB.

At what development rate is the market blooming future?

yes, The Airborne Surveillance Market will blast later on.

What are the key market drivers and difficulties?

The expanding adoption of cutting-edge innovation is driving the vital elements for market development and freedom to get results over barriers.

Is There Any Discount Available?

Coherent Market Insights is celebrating its 5th Anniversary and offering a Flat 2000 USD DISCOUNT. The offer is valid for all CMI reports. Let’s celebrate with us.

https://www.coherentmarketinsights.com/promo/buynow/1208

Features of the report:

1. Comprehensive assessment, all things considered, and risk in the worldwide market.

2. Prescriptive investigation market ongoing developments and significant occasions.

3. Definite investigation of business systems for the development of the prescriptive examination market-driving players.

4. Convincing examination about the development plot of prescriptive investigation market for approaching years.

5. Inside and out comprehension of prescriptive investigation market-specific drivers, requirements, and major miniature business sectors.

6. Good impression inside essential mechanical and market most recent patterns striking the prescriptive examination market.

If you need more customization, reach us. You can get a point by point of the whole research here. If you have any special requirements.

Contact Us:

Mr. Shah
Coherent Market Insights
Tel: +1-206-701-6702
Email: sales@coherentmarketinsights.com

" } ["summary"]=> string(109) "The Airborne Surveillance Market report is searching for promising circumstances in the rising interest of..." ["atom_content"]=> string(5863) "

The Airborne Surveillance Market report is searching for promising circumstances in the rising interest of top central members which empower organizations to secure delicate data. The report distinguishes top nations and fragments for promising circumstances and systems dependent on broad correspondence gear Market patterns and driving contenders’ methodologies. The report centers around the development possibilities, limitations, and chances of the worldwide market.

Market Will Boom In Near Future

The general investigation thoroughly examines the Airborne Surveillance market by dividing dependent on topography and side-effect type. This examination features various points of view, including market elements, valuation, and volume, at the full scale, area, and local levels. Likewise, the ascent popular for trend-setting innovation among players and owners has emphatically affected the development of the market.

In addition. The exploration master additionally offers a definite outline of the worldwide economy across different nations, both subjectively and quantitatively. The report clarifies the Airborne Surveillance market key factors and drivers that highlight how important it is to conduct in-depth analyses and how this greatly impacts the quality of the information available to readers.

Request a Sample PDF @
https://www.coherentmarketinsights.com/insight/request-sample/1208

Frequently Asked Questions:

How many pages of this report?

130 Pages

Who are the top parts on the lookout?

BAE Systems, Boeing, Lockheed Martin Corporation, Raytheon Company, Flir Systems, Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd., L-3 Wescam, Leica Geosystems AG, Leonardo, Northrop Grumman Corporation, and Saab AB.

At what development rate is the market blooming future?

yes, The Airborne Surveillance Market will blast later on.

What are the key market drivers and difficulties?

The expanding adoption of cutting-edge innovation is driving the vital elements for market development and freedom to get results over barriers.

Is There Any Discount Available?

Coherent Market Insights is celebrating its 5th Anniversary and offering a Flat 2000 USD DISCOUNT. The offer is valid for all CMI reports. Let’s celebrate with us.

https://www.coherentmarketinsights.com/promo/buynow/1208

Features of the report:

1. Comprehensive assessment, all things considered, and risk in the worldwide market.

2. Prescriptive investigation market ongoing developments and significant occasions.

3. Definite investigation of business systems for the development of the prescriptive examination market-driving players.

4. Convincing examination about the development plot of prescriptive investigation market for approaching years.

5. Inside and out comprehension of prescriptive investigation market-specific drivers, requirements, and major miniature business sectors.

6. Good impression inside essential mechanical and market most recent patterns striking the prescriptive examination market.

If you need more customization, reach us. You can get a point by point of the whole research here. If you have any special requirements.

Contact Us:

Mr. Shah
Coherent Market Insights
Tel: +1-206-701-6702
Email: sales@coherentmarketinsights.com

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