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School of Medicine, Pharmacy and Health

Staff Members

Dr Marina Sawdon, BSc (Hons), PhD, PGCert Teaching & Learning

Telephone: +44 (0) 191 33 40340
Fax: +44 (0) 191 33 40321
Room number: C140, Holliday Building, Queen's Campus, Stockton
Director in the Centre for Medical Education Research
Member of Medicine and Health Postgraduate Programmes
Senior Lecturer in Physiology (CVRR Strand Leader) in Phase 1 Medicine

(email at marina.sawdon@durham.ac.uk)

Biography

Dr Marina Sawdon graduated in 2002 with a Ph.D. in the cardiorespiratory response to trauma at the University of Durham. She is currently Strand Leader for the Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Renal Medicine (CVRR) strand (note; this strand is changing as part of a curriculum review to Cardiovascular, Respiratory & Haematology; CRH in Oct 2016) and Assessment Lead for Phase I Medicine at Durham University, Queen’s Campus and conducts research into medical education as part of the Centre for Medical Education Research.

Marina also graduated from Durham University in June 2008 with a Postgraduate Certificate in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education and is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Medical Education Research

My medical education research is conducted within the Centre for Medical Education research, Durham University. My main area of research is in the assessment of professionalism in health care students and professionals with other members of the Centre, as summarised below. Other research has been in the field of simulation based education and innovative teaching practices. Before this I specialised in trauma research, specifically the effects of trauma on the autonomic control of the cardiovascular system and how this leads to alterations in cardiovascular reflexes, haemodynamics and response to fluid resuscitation.

Assessment of Professionalism:

Robust measures of professionalism continue to be elusive. This may be attributed to the complex nature of professionalism, which goes beyond the application of knowledge and skills to encompass humanism, accountability, altruism and the pursuit of excellence. It is known from the wider literature on work psychology that conscientiousness is the single strongest predictor of work place performance, and an expanding body of research confirms that this is true in health care also. We have developed an objective, scalar measure of diligence or conscientiousness; a proxy measure of the trait of professionalism, which is now being explored in post-graduate health care settings. It has been shown to be valid and reliable and correlates strongly with staff and undergraduate medical students' views of professionalism. We have used it as a research tool, and for summative assessments in undergraduate medical students.

Selected Publications

Books: sections

  • Sawdon, M (Forthcoming). The Cardiovascular System. In Textbook of Podiatric Medicine. Judith Barbaro-Brown & Catherine Hayes M&K Publishing.
  • Sawdon, M (Forthcoming). The Respiratory System. In Textbook of Podiatric Medicine. Judith Barbaro-Brown & Catherine Hayes M&K Publishing.
  • Sawdon, M (2012). The Kidneys. In 30-Second Anatomy. Gabrielle Finn Ivy Press. 96-97.
  • Sawdon, M (2012). The Microcirculation. In 30-Second Anatomy. Gabrielle Finn Ivy Press. 68-69.
  • Kirkman, E, Watts, S, Sapsford, W & Sawdon, M (2007). Effects of blast injury on the autonomic nervous system and the reponse to resuscitation. In Explosion and Blast Injuries. Atkins, J & Elsayed, N Elsevier.

Conference papers

  • Sawdon, M, Chaytor, A, Finn G & Mclachlan JC (Accepted), Objectively measuring conscientiousness in health care professionals, Ottawa Conference on the Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions. Perth, Western Australia.
  • Sawdon, M & Husband, A (Published), Objectively Monitoring and Measuring Professionalism in Pharmacy Students, Durham University Research Colloquium. Durham University, UK.
  • Sawdon, M (Published), Promoting long term knowledge retention by use of KEEpad audience response system, Engaging Students Through In-class Technology (ESTICT). eScience Institute, University of Edinburgh.
  • Thandi, C, Sawdon, M, Sivadhas, H & Bajw, D (2016), A bespoke revision session increases students' preparedness for exams and future patient encounters, Ottawa Conference on the Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions. Perth, Western Australia.
  • Swamy, M, Sawdon, M, Chaytor, A, Cox, D, Barbaro-Brown, J & McLachlan, J (2016), Preclinical medical students’ perceptions of using SimMan® in clinical skills examination session, Asia Pacific Medical Education Conference (APMEC). Singapore.
  • Sawdon, M & McLachlan, JC (2015), 7 years of conscientiousness in health care professionals, AMEE International Meeting. Glasgow, UK.
  • Sawdon, M, Chaytor, A, Finn, G & McLachlan, JC (2014), “What we hope ever to do with ease, we must learn first to do with diligence” Measuring Conscientiousness in Health Care Settings, Ottawa Conference on the Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions. Ottawa, Canada.
  • Cox, DR & Sawdon, M (2014), A review of the literature concerning the use of high-fidelity simulation for teaching basic sciences in a pre-clinical curriculum, ASPiH Conference. East Midlands Conference Centre, Nottingham, UK.
  • Swamy, M, Sawdon, M, Chaytor, A, Cox, D, Barbaro-Brown, J & McLachlan, JC (2014), A study to investigate the effectiveness of SimMan as an adjunct in teaching preclinical skills to medical students, Ottawa Conference on the Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions. Ottawa, Canada.
  • Sawdon, M, Whitehouse, K, Gibson, C, Waring, L, Chaytor, A, Finn, G & Murray, D (2014), Relating professionalism and conscientiousness to develop an objective, scalar measure of professionalism in anaesthetic trainees, SEA UK Annual Scientific Meeting. Belfast, Northern Ireland.
  • Cummings, D , Cox, D & Sawdon, M (2013), “I don’t want the machine to Die.” The emotional experience of Stage 2 medical students to high fidelity clinical simulation, ASPiH SCSN Scottish Symposium. Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
  • Cummings, D, Cox, D, Morris, G & Sawdon, M (2013), “If he died then I had a gap in my knowledge" The emotional experiences of Stage 2 medical students participating in high-fidelity clinical simulation, ASPiH Conference. Harrogate, uk.
  • Chaytor, A, Finn, G & Sawdon, M (2013), Components of the Conscientiousness Index and Peer Estimates of Professionalism in undergraduate medical students, AMEE International Meeting. Prague, Czech Republic.
  • Sawdon, M., Finn, G., Chaytor, A. & McLachlan, J.C. (2012), “Diligence is the mother of good fortune” measuring conscientiousness in health care settings, AMEE Ottawa Conference on the Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Finn, G. & Sawdon, M. (2012), A qualitative exploration of students’ approaches to self-assessment of exam performance (poster), AMEE Ottawa Conference on the Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia., Kuala Lumpur.
  • Hyde-Wesson, C., Chaytor, A. & Sawdon, M. (2012), Conscientious behaviour is a predictor of academic outcome in Foundation Programme students, Society for Research in Higher Education. Newport, Wales, Newport.
  • Finn, G. M. & Sawdon, M. (2012), Peer estimates of professionalism correlates with the Conscientiousness Index, ASME Annual Scientific Meeting. The Brighton Centre, Brighton, Brighton Centre.
  • Gibson, C Sawdon, M & Murray, D (2012), Relating professionalism and conscientiousness to develop an objective, scalar measure of professionalism in anaesthetic trainees, SEA UK Annual Scientific Meeting. Liverpool, UK.
  • Finn, G. M., Carter, M., Sawdon, M., Thompson, N. & Tiffin, P, (2012), The relationship between personality traits, self-report conscientiousness the Conscientiousness Index and academic performance in undergraduate medical students, ASME Annual Scientific Meeting. The Brighton Centre, Brighton, Brighton Centre.
  • Sawdon, M., Finn, G. & Griksaitis, M. (2011), A comparison of prosections and ultrasound as modalities for teaching cardiac anatomy, Joint Meeting of Anatomical Societies. Bursa, Turkey, Bursa.
  • Sawdon, M., Finn, G. & Griksaitis, M. (2011), Are two methods better than one for teaching cardiac anatomy?, Joint Meeting of Anatomical Societies. Bursa, Turkey, Bursa.
  • Sawdon, S. & Curtis, F. (2011), Evaluation of GradeMark for electronic assessment & feedback: Staff and students’ perspectives, Assessment in Higher Education Conference. University of Cumbria, Carlisle, University of Cumbria.
  • Sawdon, M., Finn, G., Griksaitis, M. & Kirkman, E. (2011), Simulating Haemorrhage in Medical Students using a Lower Body Negative Pressure Chamber; Measuring the Consequences for Tissue Oxygenation, Association for Simulated Practice in Healthcare (SESAM) 2011, Society in Europe for Applied Simulation Conference. Granada, Spain, Granada.
  • Sawdon, M. & Finn, G. (2011), Unskilled and unaware: Self-assessment in a real-world setting, ASME Annual Scientific Meeting. Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh, Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh.
  • Sawdon, M. & Curtis, F. (2011), Use of an Audience Response System to provide individualised feedback to undergraduate medical students (poster), AMEE International Meeting. Austria Reed Messe Wien Conference Centre, Vienna, Austria Austria Reed Messe Wien Conference Centre, Vienna.
  • McLachlan, J.C., Finn, G.M. & Sawdon, M. (2010), ”With all due diligence” measuring conscientiousness in complex settings, 14th Ottawa Conference on the Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions. Miami, Florida, USA, Miami FL.
  • Sawdon, M & Curtis, F (2010), Building interactive clinical case studies using and evaluating online software, AMEE International Meeting 2010. Scottish Exhibition & Conference Centre (SECC), Glasgow, UK, Scottish Exhibition & Conference Centre (SECC), Glasgow.
  • McLachlan, J.C., Finn, G.M. & Sawdon, M. (2010), Exploring the relationship between professionalism and conscientiousness, ASME Annual Scientific Meeting 2010. Robinson College, Cambridge, UK, Robinson College, Cambridge.
  • Finn, G.M. & Sawdon, M. (2010), Factors influencing students’ ability to self and peer assess performance, AMEE International Meeting 2010. Scottish Exhibition + Conference Centre (SECC), Glasgow, UK, Scottish Exhibition & Conference Centre (SECC), Glasgow.
  • Sawdon, M. (2010), Promoting long term knowledge retention by use of KEEpad audience response system, AMEE International Meeting 2010. Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre (SECC), Glasgow, UK, Scottish Exhibition & Conference Centre (SECC), Glasgow.
  • Sawdon, M., Finn, G., Griksaitis, M. & Kirkman, E. (2010), Simulating Haemorrhage in Medical Students using a Lower Body Negative Pressure Chamber, Association for Simulated Practice in Healthcare (ASPiH) 2010 Inaugural Annual Conference. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, Newcastle upon Tyne.
  • Finn, G.M., Sawdon, M. & Garner, J. (2010), Students' attitudes towards peer assessment of professionalism: A multi-centre study, AMEE International Meeting 2010. Scottish Exhibition + Conference Centre (SECC), Glasgow, UK. Scottish Exhibition & Conference Centre (SECC), Glasgow.
  • Finn, G.M. & Sawdon, M. (2010), The impact of feedback and personality type upon students’ ability to self-assess skills, attributes and aptitudes, ASME Annual Scientific Meeting 2010. Robinson College, Cambridge, UK, Robinson College, Cambridge.
  • Finn, G. & Sawdon, M. (2009), Does peer and self-assessment correlate to the use of the conscientiousness index when evaluating professionalism in medical students?, ASME Annual Scientific Meeting 2009. The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.
  • McLachlan, J., Finn, G., Sawdon, M., Macnaughton, J., Clipsham, L. & Douglass, S. (2009), Exploring the relationship between professionalism and conscientiousness, AMEE International Meeting 2009. Malaga, Spain, Malaga.
  • Sawdon, M. & Finn, G. (2009), Students’ Views On Peer Assessment & Professionalism: Knowing When To “Switch It On”, ASME Annual Scientific Meeting 2009. The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.
  • Finn, G. & Sawdon, M. (2009), Students’ views on peer evaluation and professionalism: “getting away with it”, AMEE International Meeting. Malaga, Spain Malaga.
  • Cosgrove, J.F., Nesbitt, I.D., Kennedy, D.J., Sawdon, M., Fordy, K., Laws, P. & Green, J. (2009), Thomas the Tank Engine improves the qualitative understanding of hypoxaemia, The 11th Current Controversies in Anaesthesia & Peri-Operative Medicine Conference and the Intensive Care Society of Ireland (ICSI) Autumn Meeting. Dingle. Co. Kerry, Ireland, Dingle. Co. Kerry.
  • Cosgrove, J.F., Nesbitt, I.D., Kennedy, D.J., Sawdon, M., Fordy, K., Laws, P. & Green, J. (2009), Thomas the Tank Engine significantly improves the understanding of oxygen delivery and hypoxaemia, The State of the Art. Hilton London Metropole, Edgware Road, London, UK, Hilton London Metropole, London.
  • Sawdon, M. & White, P. (2008), Assessing Knowledge Decay and Improving Student Satisfaction of Feedback using the Audience Response System, Proceedings of ASME Annual Scientific Meeting, New Horizons in Medical Education. University of Leicester, England., University of Leicester.
  • Sawdon, M. & White, P. (2008), Promoting Recall by use of KEEpad Audience Response Systems, Proceedings of Teaching and Learning: Improving the Experience; Faculty of Medical Sciences Teaching and Learning Event. Newcastle University, England., Newcastle University.
  • Sawdon, M. & Kirkman, E. (2002), Cardiovascular response to haemorrhage and its modulation by concomitant injury, 5th Scientific Congress Federation of Asian & Oceanian Physiological Societies (FAOPS). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Sawdon, MA, Dabner, S, Wilkosz, S, Hennesey, C, Snowden, C & Kirkman, E (2001), Effects of musculo-skeletal injury on the splanchnic haemodynamic response to severe blood loss in the anaesthetised rat, 2nd Int Conference on Hepatic & Splanchnic Circulation in Health & Disease. Dunedin, New Zealand, Dunedin.
  • Sawdon, M., Ohnishi M., Little, R.A. & Kirkman, E. (2001), Naloxone does not inhibit the injury-induced attenuation of the response to severe haemorrhage, Central Mechanisms of Cardiovascular Control. Sydney, Australia, Sydney.
  • Dabner, S., Norcliffe, L., Ralphs, K., Campling, G., Sawdon, M.A., Snowden, C. & Kirkman, E. (2001), The response to musculo-skeletal injury leads to hepatic damage following haemorrhage and resuscitation in the anaesthetised rat, The 2nd International Conference on Hepatic & Splanchnic Circulation in Health & Disease. Dunedin, New Zealand.
  • Sawdon, M., Kirkman, E. & Watkins, P. (2000), Doxapram attenuates the apnoea induced by primary thoracic blast injury in the anaesthetised rat, 528: Cambridge University Press, 104.
  • Kirkman, E., Sawdon, M., Ohnishi M., Stapley, S.A. & Watkins, P. (2000), Effectiveness of hypertonic saline-dextran in resuscitation following thoracic blast and haemorrhage, Shock 13: The Physiological Society. University of Aberdeen, University of Aberdeen, 535.
  • Sawdon, M., Ohnishi M., Kirkman, E., Stapley, S.A. & Watkins, P. (2000), Hypertonic saline/dextran is ineffective for resuscitation after thoracic blast and haemorrhage, Br. J. Surg 7: Joint meeting of The Surgical Infection Society of Europe & The European Shock Society. Nijmegen, The Netherlands, Nijmegen, 931.

Journal papers: academic

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Research Groups

School of Medicine, Pharmacy and Health

Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing

  • Applied Health Research Special Interest Group

Teaching Groups

  • Gateway to Medicine
  • Medicine Phase 1