Dr Andy Byford, MA, DPhil
2004-2007: Junior Research Fellow, Wolfson College, University of Oxford
2000-2004: DPhil in Russian, University of Oxford
1999-2000: MA in Comparative Literature, University College London
1995-1999: BA in French and Russian, SSEES, University of London
Science of the Child in Late Imperial and Early Soviet Russia (1881-1936)
The project investigates how children became objects of scientific study, professional expertise and public interest in modern societies, focusing on Russia as a key example. It explores the historical contingencies of the rise and fall of a multiprofessional/crossdisciplinary movement that claimed child development and socialisation as a territory of specialist investigation, including: developmental and educational psychology; child psychiatry and special education; hygiene and pediatrics; juvenile criminology and the social anthropology of childhood. The project is envisaged as a case study in the social history of the human sciences and professions in the distinctive context of late 19th- and early 20th-century Russia, a period of rapid modernization, socio-political restructuring, and cataclysmic revolutionary upheaval. Further details on the project are available here.
Interprofessional and Interdisciplinary Relations in Russian History
This project is a collective endeavour which includes historians, sociologists and anthropologists. It examines a wide range of professions and sciences in 19th- and 20th-century Russia, understanding them as jointly forming a complex field of expert knowledge and labour, vital to modern states and societies. The project's core concern are interprofessional and interdisciplinary dynamics. The focal point of the project is a symposium, due to take place at Durham University's Institute of Advanced Study on 19-21 September 2014. This event will bring together a series of case studies exploring various zones of multiprofessional and multidisciplinary encounter in Russian history – territories where different groups’ respective jurisdictional interests brought them into close interactive contact, prompting collaboration, competition and conflict. Further details on the project are available here.
An Ontology of Animal Minds: A Cultural History of Russian ‘Zoopsychology’, 1890s-1990s
The project focuses on the history of Russian ‘zoopsychology’ (zoopsikhologiia) – a field that straddles animal neuroscience, comparative psychology, and ethology. It appeared in Russia in the late 1890s, matured in the 1920s-30s, and continues to exist under this name to this day. The history of Russian zoopsychology includes V.A. Vagner (1849-1934), the pioneer of the field, recognised for his work on spiders; the Nobel laureate Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), famous for his theory of conditioned reflexes elaborated in laboratory experiments on dogs; N.N. Ladygina-Kots (1889-1963), the co-founder of the Museum of Darwinism in Moscow, commonly seen as Russia’s first primatologist; the celebrity animal trainer and circus impresario Vladimir Durov (1863-1934). The project focuses on different ways in which Russian zoopsychology dealt with the problem of ‘animal mind’, a phenomenon that the field ambivalently both troubled over and assumed, denied and kept returning to, skirted around and yet could not do without.
I welcome enquiries from those wishing to pursue a Masters by Research (MAR) and/or a PhD on topics related to the social and cultural history of the intelligentsia, professions, science and education in 19th- and 20th-century Russia.
I currently supervise a PhD thesis that examines the cultural identities and social networks of Russian-speaking migrants living and working in Britain. The project, carried out by Ms Polina Kliuchnikova, is based on ethnographic fieldwork in the Russian migrant community, in-depth semi-structured interviews, and the analysis of published, internet and other media sources.
I also supervise an MAR dissertation that investigates domestic tourism in the USSR in the period of late socialism. The project, carried out by Ms Sheila Pattle, focuses on Soviet domestic tourists' imaginations and experiences of 'place', using archival material, oral history, audiovisual material, and a wide variety of published sources, including tourism marketing, travel writing, local studies literature, memoirs, and literary texts.
School of Modern Languages and Cultures
- Social and cultural history of the Russian intelligentsia, professions, sciences and education
- The Russian Diaspora in Great Britain
- Byford, Andy. (2007). Literary Scholarship in Late Imperial Russia: Rituals of Academic Institutionalization. Oxford: Legenda.
- Bullock, Philip Ross, Byford, Andy & al. (2013). Loyalties, Solidarities and Identities in Russian Society, History and Culture. Studies in Russia and Eastern Europe No. 9. UCL SSEES.
- Byford, Andy & Obukhov, Aleksei S. (2014). Glava I: Razvitie psikhologo-pedagogicheskikh nauk. In Vvedenie v profesiiu: Psikholog obrazovaniia. Obukhov, Aleksei S. Iurait. 23-190.
Edited works: journals
- Byford, Andy & Jones, Polly. (2006). Making Education Soviet, 1917-1953. History of Education, 35 (4-5).
Essays in edited volumes
- Byford, Andy (2014). Performing "Community": Russian-speakers in Contemporary Britain. In Rethinking Identities: Cultural Articulations of Alterity and Resistance in the New Millennium. Cairns, Lucille & Fouz-Hernández, Santiago Peter Lang. 115-139.
- Byford, Andy. (2009). "The Last Soviet Generation" in Britain. In Diasporas: Critical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Fernandez, Jane. Oxford: Inter-Disciplinary Press. 54-63.
- Byford, Andy & Jones, Polly. (2006). Policies and Practices of Transition in Soviet Education from the Revolution to the End of Stalinism. In Making Education Soviet, 1917-1953. Byford, Andy & Jones, Polly 419-426.
Journal papers: academic
- Byford, Andy (2014). Razygryvaia "soobshchestvo": Russkoiazychnye migranty sovremennoi Britanii. Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie 157: (forthcoming).
- Byford, Andy (2014). The mental test as a boundary object in early-20th-century Russian child science. History of the Human Sciences 27(4).
- Byford, Andy (2013). Parent Diaries and the Child Study Movement in Late Imperial and Early Soviet Russia. The Russian Review 72(2): 212-241.
- Byford, Andy (2013). Roditel', uchitel' i vrach: k istorii ikh vzaimootnoshenii v dele vospitaniia i obrazovaniia v dorevoliutsionnoi Rossii. Novye rossiiskie gumanitarnye issledovaniia 8: http://www.nrgumis.ru/.
- Byford, Andy (2013). Zagrobnaia zhizn’ “nauki” pedologii: k voprosu o znachenii “nauchnykh dvizhenii” (i ikh istorii) dlia sovremennoi pedagogiki. Prepodavatel’ XXI vek 1: 43-54.
- Byford, Andy. (2012). The Russian Diaspora in International Relations: “Compatriots” in Britain. Europe Asia Studies 64(4): 715-735.
- Byford, Andy. (2009). "Poslednee sovetskoe pokolenie" v Velikobritanii. Neprikosnovennyi zapas 64(2): 96-116.
- Byford, Andy. (2008). Psychology at High School in Late Imperial Russia (1881-1917). History of Education Quarterly 48(2): 265-297.
- Byford, Andy. (2008). Turning Pedagogy into a Science: Teachers and Psychologists in Late Imperial Russia (1897-1917). Osiris 23(1): 50-81.
- Byford, Andy. (2006). Professional Cross-Dressing: Doctors in Education in Late Imperial Russia (1881-1917). The Russian Review 65(4): 586-616.
- Byford, Andy. (2005). Initiation to Scholarship: The University Seminar in Late Imperial Russia. The Russian Review 64(2): 299-323.
- Byford, Andy. (2005). The Rhetoric of Aleksandr Veselovskii’s “Historical Poetics” and the Autonomy of Literary Studies in Late Imperial Russia. Slavonica 11(2): 115-132.
- Byford, Andy. (2004). Between Literary Education and Academic Learning: The Study of Literature at Secondary School in Late Imperial Russia (1860s-1900s). History of Education 33(6): 637-660.
- Byford, Andy. (2003). S. A. Vengerov: The Identity of Literary Scholarship in Late Imperial Russia. The Slavonic and East European Review 81(1): 1-31.
- Byford, Andy. (2003). The Gogol Jubilee of 1909. Essays in Poetics 28: 124-157.
- Byford, Andy. (2003). The Politics of Science and Literature in French and Russian Criticism of the 1860s. Symposium 56(4): 210-230.
- Byford, Andy. (2002). The Figure of the “Spectator” in the Theoretical Writings of Brecht, Diderot, and Rousseau. Symposium 56(1): 25-42.
- Byford, Andy. (2000). Art and Reality in Zamiatin’s Poetic Theory. Symposium 54(3): 139-158.
Other publications: research
- Byford, Andy (2013). Cold War Entanglements of Social Science. Science as Culture 22(3): 401-406.
- Byford, Andy. (2012). Childhood Studies: Russia. New York: Oxford University Press. Oxford Bibliographies Online: Childhood Studies http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/.
- Byford, Andy (2010). Evraziia, prishedshaia v dvizhenie. Antropologicheskii forum 13: 317-323.
- Byford, Andy. (2005). Russian Literary Scholarship (1830-1917). The Literary Encyclopaedia http://www.litencyc.com/.
- 2012: AHRC Early Career Research Fellowship (AH/J00362X/1; £41,973)
- 2012: Durham Seedcorn Award (CC290164; £2,660)
- 2011: British Academy Small Research Grant (SG101445; £4,200)