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Research

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Professor Michael T Hannan, AB, MA, PhD

Professor of Organisation Theory in the Business School

Contact Professor Michael T Hannan (email at m.t.hannan@durham.ac.uk)

Biography

Michael T. Hannan is Stratacom Professor of Management in the Graduate School of Business and Professor of Sociology in the School of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University. His research concentrates on the ecology of organizations and on the development of formal theories of sociological processes. His current projects include formalization and integration of the theory fragments of organizational ecology (with Lázsló Pólos [Durham] and Glenn Carroll), and the role of identity in shaping the emergence of categories in markets: single-malt Scotch with David Mckendrick and the Italian wine industry.

Research Groups

Business School

Research Interests

  • Ecology of organizations and on the development of formal theories of sociological processes

Selected Publications

  • 1: Le Mens, G., Hannan, M. & Polos, L. (2015). Organizational Obsolescence, Drifting Tastes and Age Dependence in Organizational Life Chances. Organization Science 26(2): 550-570.
  • 2: Kovács, B. & Hannan, M. T. (2015). Conceptual spaces and the consequences of category spanning. Sociological Science 2: 252-286.
  • 3: Hannan, M. T., Goldberg, A. & Kovács, B. (2016). What does it mean to span cultural boundaries? Variety and atypicality in cultural consumption. American Sociological Review 81(2): 215-241.
  • 4: Negro, G., Hannan, M. T. & Fassiotto, M. (2015). Category signaling and reputation. Organization Science 26(2): 584-600.
  • 5: Pontikes, E. G. & Hannan, M. T. (2014). An Ecology of Social Categories. Sociological Science 1: 311-343.
  • 6: Le Mens, G., Hannan, M. T. & Polos, L. (2015). Age-Related Structural Inertia: A Distance-based Approach. Organization Science 26(3): 756-773.
  • Hannan, M.T., Pólos, L. & Carroll, G.R. (2007). Logics of Organization Theory: Audiences, Codes, and Ecologies. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
  • Hannan, M. & Carroll, G.R. (1992). Dynamics of organizational populations: density, legitimation, and competition. Oxford University Press.
  • Hannan, M. (1991). Aggregation and disaggregation in the social sciences. Lexington, Mass: Lexington.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1989). Organizational ecology. Harvard University Press.
  • Hannan, M. & Tuma, N.B. (1984). Social dynamics: models and methods. Orlando, Academic Press.
  • Hannan, M. (1971). Aggregation and disaggregation in sociology. Lexington, Mass: Lexington.
  • Hannan, M. & Polos, L. (2001). Nonmonotonicity in theory building with applications to organizational mortality. In Dynamics of Organizations: computational modeling and organizational theories. Lomi, A. & Larsen, E. Cambridge, Mass: AAAI Press and MIT Press. 405-438.
  • Hannan, M. , Polos, L. & Kamps, J. (1999). Aging by default: building theory from fragmentary knowledge. In Proceedings of the fourth Dutch-German workshop on non-monotonic reasoning techniques and their applications. Rott, H., Albert, C., Brewka, G. & Witteveen, C. Amsterdam: ILCC Scientific Publications.
  • Hannan, M. & Carroll, G.R. (1995). Automobile manufacturing firms. In Organizations in industry. Carroll, G.R. & Hannan, M. Oxford Univ. Press. 195–214.
  • Hannan, M. & Carroll, G.R. (1995). Introduction to organizational ecology. In Organizations in industry. Carroll, G.R. & Hannan, M. Oxford Univ. Press. 17-31.
  • Hannan, M. (1995). Labor unions. In Organizations in industry. Carroll, G.R. & Hannan, M. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Hannan, M., Blossfeld, H.P & Schömann, K. (1993). Die Bedeutung der Bildung im Arbeitseinkommensverlauf: Theoretische Ansätz im Lichte der Ergebnisse einer Längsschnittuntersuchung. In Bildung, Bildungsfinanzierung un Einkommensverteilung. Lüdeke, R. Berlin: Duncker& Humbolt. 81-106.
  • Hannan. M. (1992). Robustness and rationality in multi-level systems. In Rational choice theory: advocacy and critique. Coleman, J.S. & Fararo, T. Newbury Park, Cal. Sage. 120-136.
  • Hannan, M., Schömann, K. & Blossfeld, H.P. (1991). Die Bedeutung von Bildung und Arbeitsmarktsegmenten für die Arbeitskommen von Frauen undMännern. In Von Regen in die Traufe: Frauen zwischen Beruf und Familie. Meyer, K.U., Allmendinger, J. & Huinink, J. Frankfurt: Campus. 163–84
  • Hannan, M., Ranger-Moore, J. & Banaszak-Holl, J. (1990). Competition and the evolution of organizational size distributions. In Organizational evolution: new directions. Singh, J.V. Newbury Park, Cal Sage. 246–268
  • Hannan, M. (1989). Competitive and institutional processes in organizational ecology. In Sociological theories in progress: new formulations. Berger, J. Zelditch, M. Jr. & Anderson, B. Newbury Park, Cal. Sage. 388–402.
  • Hannan, M., Blossfeld, H.P. & Schömann, K. (1989). Determinanten der Verdienstwicklung auf ein und demselben Arbeitsplatz: Ein Beispiel zur Anwendung einer stochastischen Differentialgleichung. In Effizienzlohntheorie, Individualeinkommen und Arbeitplatzwechsel. Gerlach, K. & Hübler, O. Frankfurt: Campus. 301-316.
  • Hannan, M. , Reiter, S. Arrow, K. Davis, L. DiMaggio, P., Granovetter, M., Green, J., Graves, T., Postelwaite, A., Radner, R. & Shell, K. (1989). Markets and organizations. In Leading edges in social and behavioral science. Luce, R.D., Smelser, N. & Gerstein, D. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. 283-326.
  • Hannan, M., Pratt, J., Clogg, C., Green, B., Hausman, J. Kruskal, W., Rubin, D., Savage, I.R, Tukey, J. & Wachter, K. (1989). Statistical analysis. In Leading edges in social and behavioral science. Luce, R.D., Smelser, N. & Gerstein, D. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. 633–669
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1988). Density dependence in the growth of organizational populations. In Ecological models of organizations. Carroll, G.R. Cambridge, Mass: Ballinger. 7-32.
  • Hannan, M. (1988). Social change, organizational diversity, and individual careers. In Social structures and human lives. Riley, M.W., Huber, B.J. & Hess, B. Newbury Park, California: Sage. 161-174.
  • Hannan, M. (1986). Uncertainty, diversity and Organizational change. In Social and behavioural sciences: discoveries over fifty years. Smelser, N. & Gerstein, D. Washington D.C: National Academy Press. 73-94.
  • Hannan, M. & Tuma, N.B. (1985). Dynamic analysis of qualitative variables: applications to organizational demography. In Measuring the unmeasurable. Nijkamp, P., Leitner, H. & Wrigley, N. Dordrecht:Martinus Nijhoff. 629-663.
  • Hannan, M. (1985). Multi-state demography and event-history analysis. In Progress in stochastic modeling of social processes. Diekmann, A. & Mitter, P. New York: Academic Press. 39–88.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1982). Organizational niche width: test of a model. In Mathematische Analyse von Organisationsstruckturen und –Prozessen. Sodeur, W. Duisburg: Sozialwissenschaftliche Kooperative. 231-271.
  • Hannan, M., Groeneveld, L.P. & Tuma, N.B. (1980). Marital dissolution and remarriage. In Guaranteed annual income. Spiegelman, R. Weiner, S. & Bell, J. New York: Academic Press. 162-182.
  • Hannan, M. & Tuma, N.B. (1979). Approaches to the censoring problemin event-history analysis. In Sociological methodology. Schuessler, K.F. San Francisco: Jossey–Bass. 209-240.
  • Hannan, M. & Meyer, J.W. (1979). National development in a changing world system. In National development and the world system. Hannan, M. & Meyer, J.W. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press. 3-16.
  • Hannan, M. (1978). Analysis of noneconomic outcomes in the Rural Income Maintenance Experiment. In Welfare in rural areas: The North Carolina–Iowa Income Maintenance Experiment. Palmer, J. & Pechman, J. Washington: Brookings Institution. 183-210.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1978). Internal politics of growth and decline. In Environments and organizations. Meyer, M. et al San Francisco: Jossey–Bass. 177-199.
  • Hannan, M. & Young, A.A. (1977). Estimation of panel models: results on pooling cross sections and time series. In Sociological methodology. Heise, D. San Francisco: Jossey–Bass. 52-83.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1977). Obstacles to the comparative study of effectiveness. In Perspectives on organizational effectiveness. Pennings, J. & Goodman, P. San Francisco: Jossey–Bass. 106-131.
  • Hannan, M., Rubinson, R. & Warren, J. (1973). The causal approach to measurement error in panel analysis: some further contingencies. In Measurement in the social sciences. H. M. Blalock, Jr. Chicago: Aldine. 293-323.
  • Hannan, M. (1971). Sociological perspectives on poverty. In Perspectives on poverty. Dugan, D. & Leahy, W. New York: Praeger. 6-22.
  • Hannan, M. (1970). Problems of aggregation. In Causal models in the social sciences. H. M. Blalock, Jr. Chicago: Aldine. 473-508.
  • Hannan, M. & Carroll, G.R. (1995). Organizations in industry: strategy, structure and selection. Oxford University Press.
  • Hannan, M. & Meyer, J.W. (1979). National development and the world system: educational, economic, amd polotocal change, 1950-1970. University of Chicago Press.
  • Hannan, M., Meyer, M., Freeman, J., Meyer, J.W., Ouchi, W., Pfeffer, J. & Scott, W.R. (1978). Organizations and environments. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Koçak, Ö., Hannan, M. T. & Hsu, G. (2014). Emergence of Market Orders: Audience Interaction and Vanguard Influence. Organization Studies 35(5): 765-790.
  • McKendrick, D. G. & Hannan, M. T. (2014). Oppositional Identities and Resource Partitioning: Distillery Ownership in Scotch Whisky, 1826–2009. Organization Science 25(4): 1272-1286.
  • Negro, G., Hannan, M.T. & Rao, H. (2011). Category Reinterpretation and Defection: Modernism and Tradition in Italian Winemaking. Organizational Science 22(6): 1449-1463.
  • Le Mens, G., Hannan, M.T. & Polos, L. (2011). Founding Condition, Learning and Organizational Life Chances: Age Dependence Revisited. Administrative Science Quarterly 56(1): 95-126.
  • Hsu, G., Hannan, M.T. & Polos, L. (2011). Typecasting, legitimation, and form emergence: A formal theory. Sociological Theory 29(2): 97-123.
  • Negro, G., Hannan, M.T. & Rao, H. (2010). Categorical contrast and audience appeal: Niche width and critical success in winemaking. Industrial and Corporate Change 19(5): 1397-1425.
  • Polos, L., Hannan, M.T. & Hsu, G. (2010). Modalities in sociological arguments. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 34(3): 201-238.
  • Hannan, M.T. (2010). Partiality of memberships in categories and audiences. Annual Review of Sociology 36: 159-181.
  • Kovacs, B. & Hannan, M.T. (2010). The effects of category spanning depend on contrast. Research in the Sociology of Organizations 31: 175-201.
  • Hsu, G., Hannan, M.T. & Koçak, Ő. (2009). Multiple category memberships in markets: An integrated theory and two empirical tests. American Sociological Review 74(1): 150-169.
  • Baron, James N., Hannan, Michael T., Hsu, Greta & Koçak, Őzgecan (2007). In the company of women: Gender inequality and the logic of bureaucracy in start-up firms. Work and Occupations 34(1): 35-66.
  • Hannan, M., Polos, L. & Carroll, G.R. (2006). Azonossages Formak (Identities and forms). Magyar Filozofiai Szemle
  • Hannan, Michael T. , Baron, James N. Hsu, Greta & Koçak, Őzgecan (2006). Organizational identities and the hazard of change. Industrial and Corporate Change 15: 755-784.
  • Hannan, M.T. (2005). Ecologies of organizations Diversity and identity. Journal of Economic Perspectives 19(1): 51-70.
  • Hsu, G. & Hannan, M.T. (2005). Identities, genres and organizational forms. Organization Science 16(5): 474-490.
  • Hannan, MT & Polos, L (2004). A logic for theories in flux. Logique et Analyse 47: 85-121.
  • Hannan, M.T., Pòlos, L. & Carroll, G.R. (2004). The evolution of inertia. Industrial and Corporate Change 13(1): 213-242.
  • Hannan, M. T., Pólos, L. & Carroll, G. R. (2003). Cascading organizational change. Organization Science 14(5): 463-482.
  • Hannan, M. T., Pólos, L. & Carroll, G. R. (2003). The fog of change: opacity and asperity in organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly 48(3): 399-432.
  • Hannan, M. T., Carroll, G. R. & Pólos, L. (2003). The organizational niche. Sociological Theory 21(4): 309-340.
  • Polos, L., Hannan, M.T. & Carroll, G.R. (2002). Foundations of a theory of social forms. Industrial and Corporate Change 11(1): 85-115.
  • Hannan, MT & Baron, JN (2002). Organizational blueprints for success in high-tech start-ups Lessons from the Stanford Project on emerging companies. California Management Review 44: 8-36.
  • Pólos, L. & Hannan, M.T. (2002). Reasoning with partial knowledge. Sociological Methodology 32(1): 133-181.
  • Dobrev, S., Kim, T-Y. & Hannan, M.T. (2001). Dynamics of niche width and resource partitioning. American Journal of Sociology 106(5): 1299-1337.
  • Baron, J.N., Hannan, M.T. & Burton, M.D. (2001). Labor pains: change in organizational models and employee turnover in young, high-tech firms. American Journal of Sociology 106(4): 960-1012.
  • Hannan, M., Carroll, G.R. & van Witteloostuijn, A. (2001). Marktwerk Is Selectiewerk: Van Populatie-Ecologie naar Organisatiedemografie. Bedrijfskunde 73(4): 31-37.
  • Hannan, M. , Peli, G. & Polos, L. (2000). Back to inertia: implications of alternative styles of logical formalization. Sociological Theory 18: 193-213.
  • Hannan, M., Baron, J.N. & Burton, M.D. (1999). Building the iron cage: determinants of administrative intensity in the early years of organizations. Am. Sociological Rev 64: 527-547.
  • Hannan, M., Baron, J.N. & Burton, M.D. (1999). Engineering bureaucracy: the genesis of formal policies, positions, and structures in high-technology firms. J. Law, Economics and Organization 15: 1-41.
  • Hannan, M., Peli, G. & Polos, L. (1999). Szervezeti tehetetlenseg. Formalizalasi stilusok, elmeleti kovetkem enyek (Organizational inertia: Formalization styles, theoretical consequences). Szociologiai Szemle 1/99: 120-142.
  • Hannan, M., Barron, D.N. & West, E. (1998). Deregulation and competition in the financial industry. Indus and Corp. Change 7: 1-32.
  • Hannan, M., Carroll, G.R., Dobrev, S.D. & Han, J. (1998). Organizational mortality in European and American automobile industries, Part I: revisiting the effects of age and size. European Soiological Rev 14: 279-303.
  • Hannan, M., Carroll, G.R., Dobrev, S.D., Han, J. & Torres, J.C. (1998). Organizational mortality in European and American automobile industries, Part II: coupled clocks. European Sociological Rev 14: 303-313.
  • Hannan, M. (1998). Rethinking age dependence in organizational mortality: logical formalizations. Am. J. Sociology 85-123.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1997). Environments and the structure of organizations: a population ecology perspective. Comportamento Organizacional e Gestão 3.
  • Hannan, M. (1997). Inertia, density, and the structure of organizational populations: entries in European automobile industries, 1886-1981. Organization Studies 18: 193-228.
  • Hannan, M. (1997). On logical formalization of theories from organizational ecology. Sociological Methodology 27: 145-150.
  • Hannan, M., Burton, M.D. & Baron, J.N. (1996). Inertia and change in the early years: employment relations in young, hightechnology firms. Indus. and Corp. Change 5: 503–536.
  • Hannan, M., Podolny, J.M. & Stuart, T.E. (1996). Networks, knowledge, and niches: competition in theworldwide semiconductor industry, 1984-1991. Am. J. Sociology 102: 59-89.
  • Hannan, M., Baron, J.N. & Burton, M.D. (1996). The road taken: the origins and evolution of employment systems in emerging high-technology companies. Indus. and Corp. Change 5: 239-276.
  • Schömann, K. & Blossfeld, H.P. (1996). The segmentation of transitions from school to work in postwar Germany: a dynamic perspective. Comparative Social Research 15: 103 - 127.
  • Hannan, M., Carroll, G.R., Dundon, E.A. & Torres, J.C. (1995). Organizational evolution in a multinational context: entries of automobile manufacturing firms in Belgium, Britain, France,Germany, and Italy. Am. Sociological Rev 60: 509-544.
  • Hannan, M. & Carroll, G.R. (1995). Theory building and cheap talk about legitimation. Am. Sociological Rev 60: 539-544.
  • Hannan, M. , Barron, D.N. & West, E. (1994). A time to grow and a time to die: growth and mortality of credit unions in New York, 1914–1990. Am. J. Sociology 100: 381-421.
  • Hannan, M. & Baron, J.N. (1994). The impact of economics on contemporary sociology. Econ. Literature 32: 1111-1146.
  • Hannan, M. & Barron, D.N. (1991). Autocorrelation and density dependence in organizational founding rates. Sociological Methods and Research 20: 218–241.
  • Hannan, M., Ranger-Moore, J. & Banaszak-Holl, J. (1991). Density dependent dynamics in regulated industries: founding rates of banks and life insurance companies. Administrative Sci 36: 36–65.
  • Hannan, M., Barron, D.N. & Carroll, G.R. (1991). On the interpretation of density dependence in rates of organizational mortality. Am. Sociological Rev 56: 410–15.
  • Hannan, M. (1991). Theoretical and methodological issues in the analysis of density–dependent legitimation in organizational evolution. Sociological Methodology 21: 1-42.
  • Hannan, M. & Tuma, N.B. (1990). A reassessment of the effect of income maintenance on marital dissolution in the Seattle–Denver Experiment. American Journal of Sociology 95(5): 1270-1298.
  • Hannan, M. , Schömann, K. & Blossfeld, H.P. (1990). Sex and sector differences in the dynamics of wage growth in the Federal Republic of Germany. Am. Sociological Rev 55: 694–713.
  • Hannan, M. & Ranger-Moore, J. (1990). The ecology of organizational size distributions: a microsimulation approach. J.Math. Sociology 15: 67-90.
  • Hannan, M. & Math, J. (1989). Age dependence in the mortality of national labor unions: comparisons of parametric models. Sociology 14: 1-30.
  • Hannan, M. & Carroll, G.R. (1989). Density delay in the evolution of organizational populations: a model and five empirical tests. Administrative Sci. Quart 34: 11–30.
  • Hannan, M. & Carroll, G.R. (1989). Density dependence in the evolution of populations of newspaper organizations. Am. Sociological Rev 54: 524–541.
  • Hannan, M., Blossfeld, H.P. & Schömann, K. (1989). Erwerbsverlauf und die Entwicklung der Arbeitseinkommen bei Männer—Eine Längsschnittanalyse unter Verwendung einer stochastischenDifferentialgleihung. Zeitschrift für Soziologie 17: 407-423.
  • Hannan, M. (1989). Macrosociological applications of event-history analysis: state transitions and event recurrences. Quantity and Quality 23: 351–83.
  • Hannan, M. & Carroll, G.R. (1989). On using institutional theory in studying organizational populations (reply to Zucker). Am. Sociological Rev 54: 545–548.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1989). Setting the record straight on organizational ecology: rebuttal to Young. American Journal of Sociology 95(2): 425-439.
  • Hannan, M. (1988). Organizational population dynamics and social change. European Sociological Review 4(5): 95-109.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1988). The Ecology of Organizational Mortality: American Labor Unions, 1836-1985. American Journal of Sociology 94(1): 25-52.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1987). The ecology of organizational founding: American labor unions, 1836–1985. American Journal of Sociology 92(4): 910-943.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1987). The Population Ecology of Restaurants Revisited: Reply to Herriott. American Journal of Sociology 92(5): 1214-1220.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1986). Where do organizational forms come from? Sociological Forum 1: 50-72.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1984). Structural inertia and organizational change. Am. Sociological Rev 49: 149-164.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1983). Niche width and the dynamics of organizational populations. Am. J. Sociology 88: 1116–1145.
  • Hannan, M., Freeman, J. & Carroll, G.R. (1983). The liability of newness: Age dependence in organizational death rates. Am. Sociological Rev 48: 692–710.
  • Hannan, M. (1982). Families, markets and social structures. J. Econ. Literature 65-72.
  • Hannan, M. & Carroll, G.R. (1981). Dynamics of formal political structure. Am. Sociological Rev 46: 19-35.
  • Hannan, M. & Thoits, P. (1980). Income and psychological distress: impact of an income maintenance experiment. J. Health and Social Behavior 20: 120-138.
  • Hannan, M., Groeneveld, L.P. & Tuma, N.B. (1980). The effects of negative income tax programs on marital dissolution. J. Human Resources 15: 654-674.
  • Hannan, M., Tuma, N.B. & Groeneveld, L.P. (1979). Dynamic analysis of event histories. Am. J. Sociology 84: 820-854.
  • Hannan, M. & Tuma, N.B. (1979). Methods of temporal analysis. Annual Review of Sociology 5(1): 303-328.
  • Hannan, M., Tuma, N.B. & Groeneveld, L.P. (1979). Reply to Goodwin. Am. J. Sociology 85: 657-661.
  • Hannan, M., Tuma, N.B. & Groeneveld, L.P. (1979). What can we learn about marriage from social experiments? Proceedings Am. Statistical Assoc., Business and Economics Section 1-6.
  • Hannan, M., Tuma, N.B. & Groenveld, L.P. (1978). Income and independence effects on marital dissolution: results from the Seattle–Denver Income Maintenance Experiment. Am. J. Sociology 84: 611-633.
  • Hannan, M., Tuma, N.B. & Groeneveld, L.P. (1977). Income and marital events: evidence from an income maintenance experiment. Am. J. Sociology 82: 1186-1211.
  • Hannan, M. & Nielsen, F. (1977). The expansion of national educational systems: tests of a population ecology of organizations model. Am. Sociological Rev 42: 479-490.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1977). The population ecology of organizations. Am. J. Sociology 82: 929-964.
  • Hannan, M., Freeman, J. & Meyer, J.W. (1976). Specification of models of organizational effectiveness. Am. Sociological Rev 41: 136-143.
  • Hannan, M. & Freeman, J. (1975). Growth and decline processes in organizations. Am. Sociological Rev 40: 215-228.
  • Hannan, M. & Burstein, L. (1974). Estimation from grouped observations. Am. Sociological Rev 40: 374-392.
  • Hannan, M., Barron, D.N. & West, E. (1995). Competition, deregulation, and the fortunes of credit unions in New York. Madison, Wis: Filene Research Institute.
  • Hannan, M., West, E. & Barron, D.N. (1994). Dynamics of populations of credit unions in New York. Madison, Wis: Filene Research Institute.
  • Hannan, M., Groeneveld, L.P. & Tuma, N.B. (1983). Final Report of the Seattle-Denver Income Maintenance Experiment.
  • Hannan, M., Tuma, N.B. & Groeneveld, L.P. (1976). Impacts of income maintenance on the making and breaking of marital unions. Stanford Research Institute.
  • Hannan, M. (1970). Problems of aggregation and disaggregation in sociological research. IRSS Methodology Monograph Series.

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