Dr Stefano Vaglio, MSc (Pisa), PhD (Florence), FHEA
In 2003 I graduated with first class honours in Biology at Pisa University (Italy). Following a career break, I gained my PhD in Anthropology from Florence University (Italy) in 2009.
Before joining the Anthropology Department, I worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow and Part-time Lecturer at the Biology Department of Florence University, focussing on chemical communication in non-human primates and humans, and as a Part-time Research Scientist at the Garda Zoological Park, focussing on welfare assessment and management of captive primates as well as in situ conservation initiatives.
The majority of my research work has focused on captive primates (ring-tailed lemurs, cotton-top tamarins, mandrills, olive baboons) housed at European zoological gardens and primate centres. However I have also conducted primate fieldwork in Madagascar (white sifakas) and the Democratic Republic of Congo (bonobos).
From October 2013 to December 2015 I worked at Durham University as a Marie Curie Postdoctoral Fellow in Anthropology. In January 2016 I moved to the University of Wolverhampton as a Senior Lecturer in Animal Behaviour, where I also serve as Faculty rep on the University Research Concordat Sub-committee and the University Ethics Sub-committee’s working group on animal research, while I continue my research work in collaboration with the Primatology Group at Durham University as an Honorary Research Fellow.
Additionally, I am Research Associate at Garda Zoological Park, Member of the Steering Committee of the EU LIFE Northern Bald Ibis project (2014-2019), and Member of the Board of Directors of the École Nature Recherche and Trunks & Leaves.
Furthermore, for several years I have been working on applied projects about primate conservation and the sustainability of local communities in Africa and, as a result of this experience, in 2011 I co-founded a specialized consultancy firm, CarbonSinkGroup srl (Florence University spin-off), of which I am currently Advisor.
I research how vertebrates communicate using chemical signals. However, since the majority of my research work has focused on captive primates, I have also developed interest in zoo animal welfare.
I use training techniques and combine semiochemistry, behavioural ecology, bioacoustics, digital imaging, cytology and endocrinology to address questions relating to socio-sexual communication and welfare assessment & management in captive animals.
Please visit my EU-funded research project Microsmatic primates revisited: Determining the importance of olfaction in primate communication (PrimOlf) website.
- The Travel News: Interview "A tu per tu coi lemuri", 2019
- TV series ‘Animals Decoded’ – The Smithsonian Channel (US) & Love Nature: Episode ‘Invisible Communication’ featuring my research work on primate chemical communication, 2019
- XXVIth UKSN workshop, Cambridge: Invited Mammalian Semiochemistry Chair & Speaker, 2018
- PG course Garda Zoological Gardens & Sorbonne University, Bussolengo (VR): Invited Speaker, 2018
- Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior (Springer): Invited Chapter Author, 2017
- XXVth UKSN workshop, Cambridge: Invited Mammalian Semiochemistry Chair, 2017
- XXVIth ECRO Congress, Athens: Invited Symposium Speaker, 2016
- 6th EFOR Seminar, Paris: Invited Symposium Speaker, 2015
- Annual Meeting - CNRS Primatology Station, Rousset-sur-Arc: Invited Speaker, 2015
- LIFE+ project Reason for Hope: Member of the Steering Committee, 2014-present
- Primate Conservation Seminar Series - Oxford Brookes University, Oxford: Invited Speaker, 2014
- Seminar Series - CNRS Primatology Station, Rousset-sur-Arc: Invited Speaker, 2014
- CarbonSinkGroup s.r.l., Florence University spin-off company: Founder Member & Partner, 2011-present
- Government workshop Environment, Renewable Resources & Energy Efficiency, Tirana: Invited Speaker, 2011
- Pheromones: Theories, Types and Uses (Nova Science Publishers): Invited Chapter Author, 2010
- EUPOLIS Lombardia project Kyoto Protocol, Climate Change & Environmental Sustainability: Advisor, 2010
- Pheromones (Springer): Invited Chapter Author, 2009
- Communicative & Integrative Biology: Invited Review Author, 2009
- CASCADe Africa (FFEM & UNEP) project Bonobo Peace Forest: Team Leader, 2009-2011
- 2nd Italian Congress of Research in Parks, Bussolengo (Verona): Invited Speaker, 2009
- 5th Matching Exhibition, Milan: Invited Speaker, 2009
- Florence University: Declared Cultore della materia per il settore scientifico-disciplinare BIO-08, 2009
- Project Carbon sequestration calculation in the Samboko-Ituri Forest: Team Leader, 2008
- MED-PACT (EU) project PAMLED: Member of the Technical and Scientific Committee, 2006-2010
- INTERREG IIIC SUD (EU) project InterEcoTur: Member of the Technical and Scientific Committee, 2005
- Commission on Ethnic Relations (IUAES): Regional Representative, 2005
Funds, Grants and Awards
- British Academy / Leverhulme (£ 9,187), Small Research Grant (Co-Applicant), 2019
- Primate Society of Great Britain (£ 1,000), Captive Care Grant, 2018
- European Commission (£ 1,300), Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship (Partner), 2017-2018
- University of Wolverhampton (£ 9,720), FSE Annual Funding Competition, 2015-2016
- Durham University (£ 645), Anthropology Department Research Fund, 2015
- European Commission (€ 231,283), Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship (Principal Investigator), 2013-2015
- Florence University (€ 80,690), Post-Doctoral Fellowship, 2009-2013
- Eupolis Lombardia (€ 15,125), Research Project, 2009
- Italian Primatological Association (€ 200), Travel Award (2nd Conference of the EFP), 2007
- Italian Ministry of Scientific Research and Technology (€ 40,914), PhD Fellowship, 2006-2008
- Florence University (€ 12,000), Postgraduate Fellowship, 2005
- Behavioural Ecology, Ethology and Willife Management Research Group - Siena University, Italy (Alpine chamois)
- Chemical Ecology Research Group - University of Hull, UK (semiochemistry)
- Nocturnal Primate Research Group - Oxford Brookes University, UK (food selection)
- Parco Natura Viva - Garda Zoological Park, Italy (captive primate welfare)
- Primate Research Institute - Kyoto University, Japan (Japanese macaques)
- Primate Centre - CNRS, France (olive baboons)
- Psychology Department - Max Planck Institute, Germany (chimpanzees)
- Psychology Department - Northumbria University, UK (human olfaction)
- Veterinary Medical Sciences Department - Bologna University, Italy (endocrinology)
Current PhD students:
- Edmund O’Malley (University of Wolverhampton)
- Emily Elwell (University of Wolverhampton)
- Rachel Sawyer (Oxford Brookes University)
Past PhD students:
- Sara Fontani (Università degli Studi di Firenze)
Ad hoc funding agency reviewer:
- Czech Science Foundation
Ad hoc journal reviewer:
- American Journal of Primatology
- Biology Letters
- BMC Veterinary Research
- Business, Strategy and the Environment
- Chemical Senses
- Comptes Rendus Biologies
- Environment and Pollution
- International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development
- Journal of Chemical Ecology
- Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
- Journal of Experimental Biology
- Journal of Primatology
- Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research
- Methods in Ecology and Evolution
- Royal Society Open Science
Department of Anthropology
- Primate Chemical Ecology
- Primate Welfare Assessment and Management
Chapter in book
- Vaglio, S., Bartels-Hardege, H. & Hardege, J. (2018). Pheromone. In Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior. Vonk, J. & Shackelford, T. Springer, Cham.
- Vaglio, S. & Chiarelli, B. (2010). New Challenges in the Study of Phermones. In Pheromones: Theories, Types and Uses. Gregory, I.M. Hauppauge: Nova Science Publishers. 225-230.
- Vaglio, S. (2010). Volatile signals during pregnancy. In Pheromones. Litwack, G. Amsterdam Boston: Elsevier. 83: 289-304.
- Spiezio, C, Vaglio, S, Vandelled, C & Regaiolli, B (Submitted). Effects of hand-rearing on the behaviour and welfare of zoo chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Animals
- Angelosante, C, Regaiolli, B, Accorsi, PA Vaglio, S, Petrulli, C, Marliani, G & Spiezio, C (Submitted). Gum-feeder as environmental enrichment for marmosets and tamarins. Zoo Biology
- Janda, E.D., Perry, K., Hankinson, E., Walker, D. & Vaglio, S. (2019). Sex differences in scent-marking in captive red-ruffed lemurs. American Journal of Primatology 81(1): e22951.
- Spiezio, C., Vaglio, S., Scala, C. & Regaiolli, B. (2017). Does positive reinforcement training affect the behaviour and welfare of zoo animals? The case of the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 196: 91-99.
- Vaglio, S., Minicozzi, P., Romoli, R., Boscaro, F., Pieraccini, G., Moneti, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, J. (2016). Sternal gland scent-marking signals sex, age, rank and group identity in captive mandrills. Chemical Senses 41(2): 177-186.
- Spiezio, C., Piva, F., Regaiolli, B. & Vaglio, S. (2015). Positive reinforcement training: a tool for care and management of captive vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops). Animal Welfare 24(3): 283-290.
- Fontani, S., Vaglio, S., Beghelli, V., Mattioli, M., Bacci, S. & Accorsi, P.A. (2014). Fecal concentrations of cortisol, testosterone, and progesterone in cotton-top tamarins hosted in different zoological parks: Relationship among physiological data, environmental conditions and behavioral patterns. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 17(3): 228-252.
- Fontani, S., Tanteri, G., Vaglio, S., Delfino, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, J. (2014). Histology of the suprapubic and anogenital cutaneous glands in male cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). Folia Primatologica 85(2): 109-118.
- Daddi, T., Vaglio, S. & Battaglia, M. (2014). Local Sustainability and Cooperation Actions in the Mediterranean Region. Sustainability 6(5): 2929-2945.
- Grisa, R., Bertelé, M., Vaglio, S. & Spiezio, C. (2013). A therapeutic environmental enrichment programme for managing pathological behaviour in the fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox). Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research 1(1): 41-43.
- Fornalé, F., Vaglio, S., Spiezio, C. & Prato Previde, E. (2012). Red-green color vision in three catarrhine primates. Communicative & Integrative Biology 5(6): 583-589.
- Regaiolli, B., Vaglio, S. & Spiezio, C. (2012). The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour of the Barbary Macaque (Macaca sylvanus). International Zoo News 59(2): 108-122.
- Setchell, J.M., Vaglio, S., Abbott, K.M., Moggi-Cecchi, J., Boscaro, F., Pieraccini, G. & Knapp, L.A. (2011). Odour signals major histocompatibility complex genotype in an Old World monkey. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278(1703): 274-280.
- Setchell, J.M., Vaglio, S., Moggi-Cecchi, J., Boscaro, F., Calamai, L. & Knapp, L.A. (2010). Chemical composition of scent-gland secretions in an Old World monkey (Mandrillus sphinx): influence of sex, male status, and individual identity. Chemical Senses 35(3): 205-220.
- Fontani, S., Vaglio, S., Baistrocchi, E., Carraro, C. & Moggi-Cecchi, J. (2010). Welfare assessment in captive ring-tailed lemurs. International Zoo News 57(57): 274-285.
- Vaglio, S. (2009). Chemical communication and mother-infant recognition. Communicative & Integrative Biology 2(3): 279-281.
- Vaglio, S., Minicozzi, P., Bonometti, E., Mello, G. & Chiarelli, B. (2009). Volatile signals during pregnancy: A possible chemical basis for mother-infant recognition. Journal of Chemical Ecology 35(1): 131-139.
- Vaglio, S, Mauno, U & Chiarelli, B (2007). Application of Kyoto Protocol in the Conservation of Bonobos (Pan paniscus). Global Bioethics 20(1-4): 53-63.
- Vaglio, S (2016). Don’t Stay Away From Zoos - They Are a Vital Resource. The Huffington Post United Kingdom
Available for media contact about:
- Primate behaviour: Olfactory communication