Dr Arya Aryan
I started my PhD in 2013 under the supervision of world leading theorist and specialist in postmodernist and feminist literature, Professor Patricia Waugh.
My PhD investigates theories of authorship – the historical moment of the emergence of the concept of the death of the author in criticism which coincides with critics no longer seeing themselves as handmaids or explicators of the text, but instead seeing their relation to the text as one of creative rewriting in effect positioning themselves as rivals of creative writers. It explores the so-called ‘theory revolution’ that began to take shape in the 1960s with the writing of Roland Barthes, Jacques Derrida and Michel Foucault who questioned the foundations upon which the Anglo-American tradition rests. It studies the relation between solipsism and paranoia in that, in Pale Fire for example, authorship is part of the consequences of the projection of the writer’s own seemingly paranoid consciousness onto an external reality.
It also examines women writers’ engagement with the writings of Simone de Beauvoir’s critique of the eternal feminine, how writing the female body under patriarchy drives women mad and how this madness functions to give them authority over their narrative and life. It explores how the condition of the women writers, as in the case of Doris Lessing’s The Golden Notebook, is similar to that of R. D. Laing’s schizoid or schizophrenic. The research suggests that the rendition of madness is the gateway to new agency in the feminist discourses of Ecriture feminine and the vexed question of ‘writing the body’ that took centre stage in the new feminism of the 1980s.
My research interests and PhD project explore a variety of novelists and subjects including: Authorship and madness (hysteria, schizophrenia, etc.) in women writers, professionalisation of literary studies and the rise of Literary Theory, the Cold War literature (Paranoia, surveillance and the panopticon), the philosophical doctrine of solipsism, hearing voices, literature of the Holocaust, Muriel Spark’s The Driver’s Seat and The Comforters, Doris Lessing’s The Golden Notebook, Sylvia Plath’s The Bell Jar, Jorge Lois Borges’s Labyrinths, William Golding’s The Paper Men, Vladimir Nabokov’s Pale Fire,Samuel Beckett’s The Unnamable, John Fowles’s The French Lieutenant’s Woman, Paul Auster’s Travels in the Scriptorium, J. M. Coetzee’s Elizabeth Costello and Hillary Mantel’s Beyond Black.
At the moment I am a co-editor of the Durham University Postgraduate English journal and a reviewer of the Durham English Review: An Undergraduate Journal. I have presented talks in conferences and lecture series including ‘Authorship and Hysterical Woman in Muriel Spark’s The Driver’s Seat’ in Late Summer Lecture Series at Durham University, ‘Dying into Art: the Myth of the Author and the Woman Writer in the 1960s’ at 50 Years of Sexism: What is Next? at Durham University, ‘The Madwoman Leaves the Attic: the case of Sylvia Plath’ at 60th Annual Conference of the British Association for American Studies at Northumbria University, ‘Finding an Authorial Voice: Lessing’s The Golden Notebook and Laing’s The Divided Self’ as Work in Progress Talks at the Department of English Studies, Durham. I have co-convened a one-day conference titled ‘Is a Novel JUST a Novel’ at Durham University.