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Durham University

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Publication details

Barber, J. M., Parkes, M., Parsons, H. & Cook, C. C. H. (2012). Importance of Spiritual Well-Being in Assessment of Recovery: The Service-User Recovery Evaluation (SeRvE) Scale. The Psychiatrist 36(12): 444-450.

Author(s) from Durham


Aims and method: To develop a self-report questionnaire to measure mental health recovery from the service user viewpoint. Literature searches and scoping exercises indicated that psychological, social and spiritual issues should be included. The resultant provisional scale was completed by 107 service users.

Results: The provisional scale was shortened as a result of factor analysis. The finalised version was highly reliable (Cronbach’s alpha 0.911) and valid, correlating significantly with an already established recovery scale. It contained nine recognisable subscales, the first two describing existential and religious well-being. Separate well-being and ill-being factors were also identified.

Clinical implications: An inclusive tool for service users’ assessment of their own recovery, the Service User Recovery Evaluation (SeRvE) scale, has been validated. This can be used both as a research tool and clinically to monitor interventions. The importance of spiritual care for service users is highlighted.