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Durham University

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Alves, Sancrey Rodrigues, Dabrowski, Konrad K., Faria, Luerbio, Klein, Sulamita, Sau, Ignasi & Souza, Uéverton S. (2018). On the (Parameterized) Complexity of Recognizing Well-covered ( r ℓ )-graph. Theoretical Computer Science 746: 36-48.

Author(s) from Durham


An (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-partition of a graph G is a partition of its vertex set into r independent sets and ℓ cliques. A graph is (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ) if it admits an (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-partition. A graph is well-covered if every maximal independent set is also maximum. A graph is (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-well-covered if it is both (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ) and well-covered. In this paper we consider two different decision problems. In the (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-Well-Covered Graph problem ((r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)wc-g for short), we are given a graph G, and the question is whether G is an (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-well-covered graph. In the Well-Covered(r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-Graph problem (wc-(r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)g for short), we are given an (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-graph G together with an (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-partition, and the question is whether G is well-covered. This generates two infinite families of problems, for any fixed non-negative integers r and ℓ, which we classify as being P, coNP-complete, NP-complete, NP-hard, or coNP-hard. Only the cases wc-(r,0)(r,0)g for r≥3r≥3 remain open. In addition, we consider the parameterized complexity of these problems for several choices of parameters, such as the size α of a maximum independent set of the input graph, its neighborhood diversity, its clique-width, or the number ℓ of cliques in an (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-partition. In particular, we show that the parameterized problem of determining whether every maximal independent set of an input graph G has cardinality equal to k can be reduced to the wc-(0,ℓ)(0,ℓ)g problem parameterized by ℓ. In addition, we prove that both problems are coW[2]-hard but can be solved in XP-time.