We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Durham University

Research & business

View Profile

Publication details for Professor Andy Monkman

De Sa Pereira, Daniel, Menelaou, Christopher, Danos, Andrew, Marian, Christel Maria & Monkman, Andrew P. (2019). Electroabsorption Spectroscopy as a Tool to Probe Charge-Transfer and State Mixing in Thermally-Activated Delayed Fluorescence Emitters. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 10(12): 3205-3211.

Author(s) from Durham


Solid-state electroabsorption is demonstrated as a powerful tool to probe the charge-transfer (CT) character and state mixing in the low energy optical transitions of two structurally similar thermally-activated delayed fluorescent (TADF) materials with divergent photophysical and device performances. The Liptay model is used to fit differentials of the low energy absorption bands to the measured electroabsorption spectra, with both emitters showing CT characteristics and large changes of dipole moments on excitation despite the associated absorption bands appearing structured. High electric fields then reveal transfer of oscillator strength to a state close to the CT in the better performing molecule. With supporting TDDFT-TDA and DFT/MRCI calculations, this state showed ππ* characteristics of a local acceptor triplet that strongly mixes with the σπ* of the CT. The emitter with poor TADF performance showed no evidence of such mixing.