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Durham University

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Publication details for Professor Andy Monkman

D.C. Dai & A.P. Monkman (2013). Femtosecond hot-exciton emission in a ladder-type pi-conjugated rigid-polymer nanowire. Physical Review B 87(4).

Author(s) from Durham

Abstract

A hot exciton is usually the initial elementary excitation product of the solid phase, particularly in low-dimensional photonic materials, which is a bottleneck to all subsequent processes. Measurement of hot-exciton emission (HExEm) is a great challenge due to fast E-K relaxation and thus very weak transient emission. Here, we report the unambiguous observation of femtosecond HExEm from thin films of a model quasi-one-dimensional pi-conjugated organic rigid-rod quantum nanowire, methyl-substituted ladder-type poly(para-phenylenes), using femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The results show clear HExEm from the cooling hot excitons, having a lifetime of similar to 500 to similar to 800 fs, and concomitant very weak density-dependent singlet-singlet annihilation (SSA) due to this ultrashort dwell time. The ultrafast dispersive migration of the relaxing excitons toward the bottom of the density of states occurs immediately after HExEm, which is simultaneous to the strong density-dependent SSA effect enhanced by the lengthening dwell time. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.045308