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Durham University

Research & business

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Publication details for Dr Anurag Narayan Banerjee

Banerjee, A. & Banik, N. (2014). Is India Shining? Review of Development Economics 18(1): 59-72.

Author(s) from Durham


The popular perception about economic reforms having benefitted only the richer districts of India between 1999/2000 and 2004/2005 is investigated. Using the spatial dynamics of district-level per-capita income it was found that income distribution did not change between the years examined. It is argued that this is because of per-capita income across districts being spatially positively correlated. Physical infrastructure, human capital, and factories are identified as factors responsible for increase in income for both the rich as well as the poor districts. Infrastructure, physical or social, is a key component of growth in India. A policy impact analysis shows development of better drainage and potable water systems has a large impact on income. For the year 2001/02, it was found that for every 1% increase in closed drainage system and potable water, district-level median income increases by 1.39% and 0.21%, respectively.