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Durham University

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Publication details for Prof Steve Lindsay

Brugman, Victor Albert, Medlock, Jolyon M, Logan, James G, Wilson, Anthony J, Lindsay, Steve W, Fooks, Anthony R, Mertens, Peter P C, Johnson, Nicholas & Carpenter, Simon T (2018). Bird-biting mosquitoes on farms in southern England. Veterinary Record 183: 474.

Author(s) from Durham


Mosquitoes that blood-feed on avian hosts are important vectors of many arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses). In Europe, these include West Nile virus (WNV), Usutu virus (USUTV) and Sindbis virus. These are all maintained in enzootic bird-mosquito-bird cycles and are important veterinary and medical threats to the UK. Principally, veterinary concerns lie with the risks to domestic animals, such as the incidental spillover infection of horses with WNV which may lead to serious neurological sequelae. Wildlife may also be affected, with certain wild birds being highly susceptible to infection and death with USUTV, although poultry are less susceptible. To date, UK surveillance for these viruses has not yielded evidence of active virus transmission although serological evidence has been reported.