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Durham University

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Publication details for Alan Martin

de Oliveira, E. G., Martin, A. D. & Ryskin, M. G. (2018). Open charm production and low x gluons. Physical Review D 97(7): 074021.

Author(s) from Durham


We compare the rapidity, y, and the beam energy, ffiffi
s p , behaviors of the cross section of the data for
D meson production in the forward direction that were measured by the LHCb Collaboration. We describe
the observed cross sections using NLO perturbative QCD, and choose the optimal factorization scale for the
LO contribution which provides the resummation of the large double logarithms. We emphasize the
inconsistency observed in the y and ffiffi
s p behaviors of the D meson cross sections. The y behavior indicates a
very flat x dependence of the gluon PDF in the unexplored low x region around x ∼ 10−5. However, to
describe the ffiffi
s p dependence of the data we need a steeper gluon PDF with decreasing x. Moreover, an even
steeper behavior is needed to provide an extrapolation which matches on to the well known gluons found in
the global PDF analyses for x ∼ 10−3. The possible role of nonperturbative effects is briefly discussed.