We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Durham University

Research & business

View Profile

Publication details for Dr Karen Hind

Forsyth, Jacky & Hind, Karen (2018). Bone Health and the Exercising Female. In The Exercising Female: Science and Its Application. Forsyth, Jacky & Roberts, Claire-Marie Abingdon, Oxon New York, NY: Routledge. 85-99.

Author(s) from Durham


Optimising bone health throughout the lifespan is vital for the prevention of osteoporosis and fracture. Exercise is one of the most important, modifiable determinants of bone strength, although high levels of exercise, particularly if coupled with energy deficiency and menstrual dysfunction, can lead to bone decrements in the exercising female. In this chapter, an overview of bone physiology is given, with a focus on how bone responds to loading through exercise, and to hormone and endocrine activity. The current evidence is reviewed and recommendations are provided.