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Durham University

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Publication details for Professor Richard Crisp

Crisp, Richard J. & Meleady, Rose (2013). On the evolutionary origins of revenge and forgiveness: A converging systems hypothesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36(1): 19-20.

Author(s) from Durham


McCullough et al. argue that humans possess evolved computational systems for implementing retaliatory behavior that both deters aggression and promotes subsequent reconciliation. However, they do not apply this analysis to the sphere of intergroup relations. We believe their model can be usefully extended to this domain and discuss why this would be possible, pertinent, and productive.