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Durham University

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Publication details for Dr Barnaby Martin

Glaßer, Christian, Jonsson, Peter & Martin, Barnaby (2017). Circuit Satisfiability and Constraint Satisfaction around Skolem Arithmetic. Theoretical Computer Science 703: 18-36.

Author(s) from Durham

Abstract

We study interactions between Skolem Arithmetic and certain classes of Circuit Satisfiability and Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSPs). We revisit results of Glaßer et al. [1] in the context of CSPs and settle the major open question from that paper, finding a certain satisfiability problem on circuits—involving complement, intersection, union and multiplication—to be decidable. This we prove using the decidability of Skolem Arithmetic. Then we solve a second question left open in [1] by proving a tight upper bound for the similar circuit satisfiability problem involving just intersection, union and multiplication. We continue by studying first-order expansions of Skolem Arithmetic without constants, (N;×), as CSPs. We find already here a rich landscape of problems with non-trivial instances that are in P as well as those that are NP-complete.