Belokurov, V., Erkal, D., Evans, N W., Koposov, S. E. & Deason, A. J.
(2018). Co-formation of the disc and the stellar halo★. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 478
Author(s) from Durham
Using a large sample of main sequence stars with 7D measurements supplied by Gaia and SDSS, we study the kinematic properties of the local (within ∼10 kpc from the Sun) stellar halo. We demonstrate that the halo’s velocity ellipsoid evolves strongly with metallicity. At the low-[Fe/H] end, the orbital anisotropy (the amount of motion in the radial direction compared with the tangential one) is mildly radial, with 0.2 <β< 0.4. For stars with [Fe/H] > −1.7, however, we measure extreme values of β∼ 0.9. Across the metallicity range considered, namely−3 < [Fe/H] < −1, the stellar halo’s spin is minimal, at the level of
20 1010M⊙ around the epoch of the Galactic disc formation, between 8 and 11 Gyr ago. The radical halo anisotropy is the result of the dramatic radialization of the massive progenitor’s orbit, amplified by the action of the growing disc.