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Durham University

Research & business

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Publication details for Prof Robert H. Layton

Layton, R.H. (2005). Are immediate-return strategies adaptive? In Property and equality volume 1: ritualisation, sharing, egalitarianism. Widlok, T. & Tadesse, W. New York: Berghahn. 1: 130-150.

Author(s) from Durham


Argues that the social strategies that James Woodburn characterised as 'immediate return' are adaptive in specified ecological contexts. Woodburn's 'delayed return' strategies constitute a composite category. When the components (technology, territoriality) are separated they too can be shown to be adaptive in specific ecologies.