We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Durham University

Research & business

View Profile

Publication details for Prof. Ivana Evans

I. R. Evans, J. A. K. Howard & J. S. O. Evans (2003). α-Bi2Sn2O7- a 176 atom crystal structure from powder diffraction data. Journal of Materials Chemistry 13(9): 2098-2103.

Author(s) from Durham


Pyrochlore-type bismuth tin oxide, Bi2Sn2O7, is a technologically important material used in applications such as catalysis and gas sensing. Its room temperature structure has been solved by a method of simulated annealing of combined X-ray and neutron diffraction data, followed by Rietveld refinement. With 176 crystallographically independent atoms in the asymmetric unit, it is one of the largest structures solved to-date from powder diffraction data. In addition to the number of unique atoms, additional crystallographic difficulty stems from the fact that the true symmetry of this structure is lower than the apparent metric symmetry of the unit cell.