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Durham University

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Publication details for Dr Martin Goldberg

Kiseleva, Elena, Richardson, A. Christine, Fiserova, Jindriska, Strunov, Anton A., Spink, Matthew C., Johnson, Simeon R. & Goldberg, Martin W. (2014). Imaging Yeast NPCs: From Classical Electron Microscopy to Immuno-SEM. In Nuclear Pore Complexes and Nucleocytoplasmic Transport - Methods. Amsterdam Boston: Elsevier/Academic Press. 122: 59-79.

Author(s) from Durham


Electron microscopy (EM) has been used extensively for the study of nuclear transport as well as the structure of the nuclear pore complex (NPC) and nuclear envelope. However, there are specific challenges faced when carrying out EM in one of the main model organisms used: the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. These are due to the presence of a cell wall, vacuoles, and a densely packed cytoplasm which, for transmission EM (TEM), make fixation, embedding, and imaging difficult. These also present problems for scanning EM (SEM) because cell wall removal and isolation of nuclei can easily damage the relatively fragile NPCs. We present some of the protocols we use to prepare samples for TEM and SEM to provide information about yeast NPC ultrastructure and the location of nucleoporins and transport factors by immunogold labeling within that ultrastructure.