Professor Jo Setchell
(email at email@example.com)
Setchell JM. 2019. Studying Primates: How to Design, Conduct and Report Primatological Research. Cambridge University Press. I welcome feedback if you're using this.
New article in Bioscience on biases in primate research and a severe lack of evidence needed to effectively conserve primates. I'm one of a team of 59 primatologists from 21 countries who worked with the Conservation Evidence Initiative in Cambridge to examine the evidence base underpinning efforts to conserve primates. Headline - most of the time, we don't know what works and what doesn't work.
I joined Durham Anthropology in 2007. I have a PhD in Zoology from the University of Cambridge, and moved into Anthropology gradually, via post-doctoral research at the Centre for Research in Evolutionary Anthropology at Roehampton University and in the Department of Biological Anthropology at the University of Cambridge, and a temporary lectureship at UCL Anthropology.
At Durham I teach biological and evolutionary anthropology at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. I obtained my Post-Graduate Certificate in Teaching and Learning in 2008. I won a Durham Student's Union "Super Supervisor" award in 2014 and a University "Excellence in Doctoral Supervision" award in 2015.
I am strongly committed to advancing equity and inclusion in academia, and led our department's successful application for a Gender Equality Charter Mark in 2014.
I have served on the University Senate as an elected representative of the Academic Electoral Assembly, as Director of the MSc in Evolutionary Anthropology, Chair of the Exam Board and Director of Research in Anthropology.
Editor-in-Chief, International Journal of Primatology
President, Primate Society of Great Britain
Vice-President (Research) of the International Primatological Society 2010-2018
Editorial Board member, Scientific Data
I pursue two major areas of research. The first integrates behaviour, morphology and demographic studies with genetics, endocrinology and semiochemistry to address questions relating to reproductive strategies, life history, sexual selection and signalling in primates. The majority of this work has focused on a semifree-ranging colony of mandrills at the Centre International de Recherches Médicales, Franceville (CIRMF), Gabon. For more about my long-term studies of mandrills, please see this review. I have also conducted primate fieldwork in Cameroon, Republic of Congo and Sabah, Malaysia, including personal experience of conservation issues and primate reintroductions.
The second area of my research involves collaboration with environmental anthropologists to address questions concerning human/wildlife interactions and biodiversity conservation. We have recently described our interdisciplinary approach and three case studies here.
I have a long-standing interest in the practice and ethics of primate research. I co-edited a book on Field and Laboratory Methods in Primatology with an explicit focus on ethics, helped to develop the International Primatological Society's Code of Best Practices in Field Primatology, and have co-authored an article with Elena P Cunnigham and Steve Unwin on "Darting Primates in the Field: A Review of Reporting Trends and a Survey of Practices and Their Effect on the Primates Involved".
You can find details of my publications below and on Researchgate.
Information for Prospective Students and Postdocs
I'm happy to supervise interns, MSc, Masters by Research and PhD students in primatology. I am happy to work with applicants who share my research interests to develop a proposal.
Click for information about fees and funding.
There's information about a variety of postdoctoral fellowship opportunities here.
I prioritise applications which relate to and build on my own research.
- Dr Sharon Kessler: Marie Skłodowska-Curie fellowship on disease recognition in primates January 2017-December 2018. Sharon is now a lecturer in Pscyhology at Stirling University.
- Dr Rodrigo Moro-Rios: Ciência sem Fronteiras "Phylogenetic reconstruction of ancestral states and diversification of Callitrichidae (Primates) cooperative breeding societies". Rodrigo is now an Honorary Researcher in Anthropology at Durham.
- Dr Esther Clarke: COFUND Junior Research Fellowship "Primate vocalisations as sexual signals". Esther is now an Honorary Researcher in Anthropology at Durham.
- Dr Stefano Vaglio: Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowships for Career Development "Primate Olfaction". Stefano is now Senior Lecturer in Animal Behaviour at the University of Wolverhampton.
Current Research Students
- Lucy Millington: "How do frugivorous primates use regenerating forest in the Peruvian Amazon Basin?". PhD candidate
- Ingrid Grueso-Dominguez: "Applying geometric morphometrics to the study of discrete dental traits" PhD candidate
- Katharine Flach: "The influence of social group composition on the reproductive success and reproductive strategies of females in cooperatively breeding callitrichids" MSc by Research candidate
Completed Research Students
- Danson K Mwangi "One Health at the borderlands: Human-baboon interaction in Nthongoni, Eastern Kenya" PhD candidate funded by a Durham Doctoral Scholarship. Passed January 2020.
- Pedro Mendez-Carvajal: "Conserving primates in highly deforested habitats: a case study in Panama". PhD funded by a Panamanian Government Scholarship. Passed December 2019. Pedro runs Fundación Pro-Conservación de los Primates Panameños, an NGO dedicated to dedicated the study and conservation of nonhuman primates in Panama.
- Miles Woodruff: "Reintroduction of Mandrillus sphinx in the Republic of Congo". PhD in collaboration with the Jane Goodall Institute. Passed with minor corrections in July 2019.
- Steffi Henkel: "Group recognition via olfactory cues in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)". University of Leipzig (external supervisor). Awarded May 2019.
- Marie-Claire Pagano: "How do male interactions with infants affect mothers and infants in Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus)?" MSc by Research. Awarded Feb 2018. Marie-Claire is now a PhD candidate at Newcastle University.
- Simone Lemmers: "Stress, life history, and dental development: a histological study of mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx)". PhD funded by a Leverhulme Project grant. Awarded April 2018. Simone is now a post-doc at the Cyprus Institute, Science and Technology in Archaeology Research Center, Nicosia.
- Pete Tomlin: "Ontogeny of social behaviour in chacma baboons". PhD candidate funded by a Leverhulme Study Abroad grant. Passed with minor corrections June 2016. Pete went on to do a post-doc at Mondika Gorilla Research Center, Republic of Congo and is now a postdoc at Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.
- Sian Waters: "Population Status, Ecology and Conservation of Barbary macaques in the Rif Mountains, Morocco". PhD funded by the Zoological Society of Edinburgh. Awarded December 2014. Sian runs Barbary Macaque Awareness and Conservation.
- Kat Shutt: "An interdisciplinary risk assessment of gorilla ecotourism". PhD funded by a NERC-ESRC interdisciplinary studentship. Awarded January 2014. Kat went on to be Programme Manager for Liberia at Flora & Flauna International, and is now working for the UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Cetnre, Cambridge.
- Caroline Howlett: "The 2D:4D ratio & social behaviour in female chacma baboons". MSc by Research passed May 2013. Caroline went on to be the primate research coodinator for the Primate & Predator Project and is now studying for her PhD at Kent, extending her work on 2D:4D ratios in primates.
- Ben Coleman: "Predator-prey interactions and vigilance landscapes in samango monkeys in South Africa". PhD awarded April 2013. Ben went on to be Senior Education Officer at Bristol Zoo, and is now a Lecturer in Animal Management, Reaseheath College.
- Emilie Fairet: "Human-wildlife conflict and its implications for the management of protected areas: A case study in Loango National Park, Gabon". PhD funded by a Durham Doctoral Scholarship. Awarded December 2012. Emilie went on to work for SFM Safari Gabon, developing eco-tourism projects, and is now is now Programme Coordinator for the Wildlife Conservation Society in the Republic of Congo.
Département Primatologie, Centre Internationale de Recherches Médicales, Franceville, Gabon (long-term, interdisciplinary studies of semi-free-ranging mandrills)
Dr Wendy Dirks, Durham Anthropology (stress, life history and primate teeth)
Dr Robin Bernstein, Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado Boulder, USA (the endocrinology of primate growth and development)
Dr Elena Cunningham, NYU College of Dentistry (darting primates)
Department of Anthropology
- Biosocial conservation
- Human-wildlife interactions
- Primate conservation
- Primate socioecology
- Reproductive strategies
- Primate behavioural ecology
- Sexual selection
- Life history strategies and phenotypic plasticity
- Setchell JM (2019). Studying Primates: How to Design, Conduct and Report Primatological Research. Cambridge University Press.
- Setchell, J.M. & Curtis, D.J. (2011). Field and Laboratory Methods in Primatology: A Practical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
- Pareja, MN, McKinney, T, Mayhew, JA, Setchell, JM, Nash, SD & Heaton, R (2020). A new identification of the monkeys depicted in a Bronze Age wall painting from Akrotiri, Thera. Primates 61(2): 159-168.
- Junker, J., Petrovan, S.O., Arroyo-RodrÍguez, V., Boonratana, R., Byler, D., Chapman, C.A., Chetry, D., Cheyne, S.M., Cornejo, F.M., Cortes-Ortiz, L., Cowlishaw, G., Christie, A.P., Crockford, C., De La Torre, S., De Melo, F.R., Fan, P., Grueter, C.C., GuzmÁn-Caro, D.C., Heymann, E.W., Herbinger, I., Hoang, M.D., Horwich, R.H., Humle, T., Ikemeh, R.A., Imong, I.S., Jerusalinsky, L., Johnson, S.E., Kappeler, P.M., Kierulff, M.C.M., Kone, I., Kormos, R., Le, K.Q., Li, B., Marshall, A.J., Meijaard, E., Mittermeier, R.A., Muroyama, Y., Neugebauer, E., Orth, L., Palacios, E., Papworth, S.K., Plumptre, A.J., Rawson, B.M., Refisch, J., Ratsimbazafy, J., Roos, C., Setchell, J.M., Smith, R.K., Sop, T., Schwitzer, C., Slater, K., Strum, S.C., Sutherland, W.J., Talebi, M., Wallis, J., Wich, S., Williamson, E.A., Wittig, R.M. & KÜhl, H.S. (2020). A Severe Lack of Evidence Limits Effective Conservation of the World's Primates. BioScience 70(9): biaa082, 794-803.
- Pareja, Marie Nicole, McKinney, Tracie & Setchell, Joanna M. (2020). Aegean monkeys and the importance of cross-disciplinary collaboration in archaeoprimatology: a reply to Urbani and Youlatos. Primates 61(6): 767-774.
- Dirks, Wendy, Lemmers, Simone A. M., Ngoubangoye, Barthélémy, Herbert, Anaïs & Setchell, Joanna M. (2020). Odontochronologies in male and female mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) and the development of dental sexual dimorphism. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 172(4): 528-544.
- Silvestre, Saulo M., Setchell, Joanna M., Calle-Rendón, Bayron R., Toledo, José J. de & Hilário, Renato R. (2020). The occurrence of the red-handed howler monkey (Alouatta belzebul) in Amazonian savannas is related to forest patch area and density of flooded area palms. American Journal of Primatology 82(12): e23210.
- Lavin, Shana R, Woodruff, Miles C, Atencia, Rebeca, Cox, Debby, Woodruff, Glenn T, Setchell, Joanna M & Wheaton, Catharine J (2019). Biochemical and biological validations of a faecal glucocorticoid metabolite assay in mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx). Conservation Physiology 7(1): coz032.
- Setchell, Joanna M. & Gordon, Adam D. (2018). Editorial Practice at the International Journal of Primatology: the Roles of Gender and Country of Affiliation in Participation in Scientific Publication. International Journal of Primatology 39(6): 969-986.
- Henkel, Stefanie & Setchell, Joanna M. (2018). Group and kin recognition via olfactory cues in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 285(1889): 20181527.
- Kessler, Sharon E., Bonnell, Tyler R., Setchell, Joanna M. & Chapman, Colin A. (2018). Social Structure Facilitated the Evolution of Care-giving as a Strategy for Disease Control in the Human Lineage. Scientific Reports 8(1): 13997.
- Waters, Siân, Bell, Sandra & Setchell, Joanna M. (2018). Understanding Human-Animal Relations in the Context of Primate Conservation: A Multispecies Ethnographic Approach in North Morocco. Folia Primatologica 89(1): 13-29.
- Setchell, J.M., Fairet, E., Shutt, K., Waters, S. & Bell, S. (2017). Biosocial conservation: integrating biological and ethnographic methods to study human-primate interactions. International Journal of Primatology 38(2): 401-426.
- Waters, Siân, El Harrad, Ahmed, Chetuan, Mohamed, Bell, Sandra & Setchell, Joanna M. (2017). Dogs disrupting wildlife: Domestic dogs harass and kill Barbary macaques in Bouhachem forest, North Morocco. African Primates 12: 55-58.
- Estrada, Alejandro, Garber, Paul A., Rylands, Anthony B., Roos, Christian, Fernandez-Duque, Eduardo, Di Fiore, Anthony, Nekaris, K. Anne-Isola, Nijman, Vincent, Heymann, Eckhard W., Lambert, Joanna E., Rovero, Francesco, Barelli, Claudia, Setchell, Joanna M., Gillespie, Thomas R., Mittermeier, Russell A., Arregoitia, Luis Verde, de Guinea, Miguel, Gouveia, Sidney, Dobrovolski, Ricardo, Shanee, Sam, Shanee, Noga, Boyle, Sarah A., Fuentes, Agustin, MacKinnon, Katherine C., Amato, Katherine R., Meyer, Andreas L. S., Wich, Serge, Sussman, Robert W., Pan, Ruliang, Kone, Inza & Li, Baoguo (2017). Impending extinction crisis of the world’s primates: Why primates matter. Science Advances 3(1): e1600946.
- Setchell, J., Fernandez-Duque, E. & Higham, J.P. (2016). Editorial: Changes and Clarifications to the Policies of the International Journal of Primatology to Promote Transparency and Open Communication. International Journal of Primatology 37(6): 617-627.
- Setchell, J. M., Richards, S., Abbott, K. M. & Knapp, L. A. (2016). Mate-guarding by male mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) is associated with female MHC genotype. Behavioral Ecology 27(6): 1756-1766.
- Setchell, J. M. (2016). Sexual Selection and the Differences Between the Sexes in Mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 159(S61): S105-S129.
- Setchell, J. M., Smith, T. & Knapp, L. A. (2015). Androgens in a female primate: relationships with reproductive status, age, dominance rank, fetal sex and secondary sexual color. Physiology and Behavior 147: 245-254.
- Cunningham, E.P., Unwin, S. & Setchell, J.M. (2015). Darting primates in the field: A review of reporting trends and a survey of practices and their effect on the primates involved. International Journal of Primatology 36(5): 894-915.
- Shutt, K., Heistermann, M., Kasim, A., Todd, A., Kalousova, B., Profosouva, I., Petrzelkova, K., Fuh, T., Dicky, J.-F., Bopalanzognako, J.-B. & Setchell, J.M. (2014). Effects of habituation, research and ecotourism on faecal glucocorticoid metabolites in wild western lowland gorillas: Implications for conservation management. Biological Conservation 172: 72-79.
- Fairet, E., Bell, S., Remanda, K. & Setchell, J.M. (2014). Rural emptiness and its influence on subsistence farming in contemporary Gabon: A case study in Loango National Park. Society, Biology and Human Affairs 78(1-2): 39-59.
- Setchell, Joanna M. (2013). Editorial: The Top 10 Questions in Primatology. International Journal of Primatology 34(4): 647-661.
- Setchell, J.M., Abbott, K.M., Gonzalez, J.-P. & Knapp, L.A. (2013). Testing for post-copulatory selection for major histocompatability complex genotype in a semi-free-ranging primate population. American Journal of Primatology 75(10): 1021–1031.
- Bernstein, R.M., Setchell, J.M., Verrier, D. & Knapp, L.A. (2012). Maternal effects and the endocrine regulation of mandrill growth. American Journal of Primatology 74(10): 890-900.
- Setchell, J.M., Kendal, J.R. & Tyniec, P. (2011). Do non-human primates synchronise their menstrual cycles? A test in mandrills. Psychoneuroendocrinology 36(1): 51-59.
- Setchell, J.M., Vaglio, S., Abbott, K.M., Moggi-Cecchi, J., Boscaro, F., Pieraccini, G. & Knapp, L.A. (2011). Odour signals major histocompatibility complex genotype in an Old World monkey. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278(1703): 274-280.
- Setchell, J.M., Vaglio, S., Moggi-Cecchi, J., Boscaro, F., Calamai, L. & Knapp, L.A. (2010). Chemical composition of scent-gland secretions in an Old World monkey (Mandrillus sphinx): influence of sex, male status, and individual identity. Chemical Senses 35(3): 205-220.
- Setchell, J.M., Charpentier, M.J.E., Abbott, K.M., Wickings, E.J. & Knapp, L.A. (2010). Opposites attract: MHC-associated mate choice in a polygynous primate. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23(1): 136-148.
- Setchell, J.M., Smith, T.E., Wickings, E.J. & Knapp, L.A. (2010). Stress, social behaviour, and secondary sexual traits in a male primate. Hormones and Behavior 58(5): 720-728.
- Setchell, J.M. & Huchard, E. (2010). The hidden benefits of sex: Evidence for MHC-associated mate choice in primate societies. BioEssays 32(11): 940-948.
- Setchell, Joanna M (2020). Primates are facing an impending extinction crisis - but we know very little about what will actually protect them. The Conversation
- Setchell, Joanna M (2017). 60% of primate species now threatened with extinction, says major new study. The Conversation
- Setchell, Joanna M (2015). Got a great relationship? You may want to thank your prehistoric grandmother. The Conversation
- Setchell, Joanna M (2015). Why men are not biologically useless after all …. The Conversation
Available for media contact about:
- Evolution: primate behaviour
- Evolution: sexual selection
- People: Evolution and Biology: animal behaviour
- Ms Sian Waters
- Mr Peter Tomlin
- Miss Ingrid Grueso-Dominguez
- Mr Ivan Garcia-nisa
- Miss Milena Carstens
- 2014: Primate Vocalisations as Sexual Signals (£9055.00 from The British Academy)
- 2013: Durham International Fellowships for Research and Enterprise - DIFeREns (£83849.00 from European Commission)
- 2013: Microsmatic primates revisited: Determining the importance of olfaction in primate communication - PrimOlf (£165202.14 from European Commission)
- 2013: Stress, life history, and dental development in primates (£62844.50 from The Leverhulme Trust)
- 2010: Evolutionary significance and proximate mechanisms-International Joint Project (£10000.00 from The Royal Society)