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Durham University

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Professor Robert Schütze

Professor of European and Global Law in the Durham Law School
Ref Mentor, Durham Law School
Co-Director, Global Policy Institute, Durham Law School
Telephone: +44 (0) 191 33 42802
Fax: +44 (0) 191 33 42801
Room number: PCL223
Co-Director of the Global Policy Institute

Contact Professor Robert Schütze (email at


Robert Schütze is Professor of European and Global Law. Outside the Law School, he co-founded the Global Policy Institute with the political scientist Professor David Held. He is a permanent Visiting Professor at LUISS Guido Carli University (Rome) and at the College of Europe (Bruges). In the past, he has been a Visiting Professor or Fellow at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law (London), the Centre for European Legal Studies (Cambridge), the Institute of European and Comparative Law (Oxford), the Max-Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Heidelberg). He has been a Fulbright-Schuman Fellow at the Centre for European Studies at Harvard University and a Braudel Senior Fellow at the European University Institute. Trained as a lawyer and a political scientist, he holds a Ph.D. in law from the European University Institute and a Ph.D. in political theory from the London School of Economics. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.


Schütze is a constitutional scholar with a particular expertise in the law of the European Union and comparative federalism. 

He has published three monographs (with a fourth one under way) and eight edited collections. He is best known for his “federal” reading of the European Union, spelled out in three separate volumes on the changing structure of European law. The first volume 'From Dual to Cooperative Federalism: The Changing Structure of European Law' received the 'Best Book' award of the University Association for Contemporary European Studies (UACES). The second volume 'From International to Federal Market' was the runner-up to the 2019 ICON-S Book Prize. He is the author of “European Union Law” (with Cambridge University Press) and “An Introduction to European Law” (with Cambridge University Press) - a website dedicated to both textbooks can be found here. In the last year, he has also published (with Roger Masterman) the Cambridge Companion to Comparative Constitutional Law - a companion website to which can be found hereAs an editor, he has co-founded (with Richard Albert), the Oxford Comparative Constitutionalism Series that aims to explore the horizontal and vertical links between local, national or global constitutional structures; and he equally co-directs the Hart Series on Parliamentary Democracy in Europe (with Nicola Lupo). He is also the co-editor of the Oxford European Union Library (with Piet Eeckhout) and of the Yearbook of European Law

In the past, he has been the principal investigator of the “Neo-Federalism” Project – funded by the European Research Council. The project investigated how political power should be divided within and among national peoples, and especially analysed whether the federal principle could prove a philosophical key to contemporary legal developments in the international and (sub)national spheres. More detailed information about the project and its members can be found here.

Research Groups

Durham Law School

Research Projects

Durham Law School

Research Interests

  • Comparative Constitutional Law
  • EU Constitutional Law
  • International Law
  • Legal History and Political Theory

Selected Publications

Authored book

Chapter in book

  • Schütze, Robert. (2020). 'From Dassonville to Cassis: The Revolution that did not Take Place'. In Cassis de Dijon: 40 Years On. Albertina Albors-Llorens, Catherine Barnard & Brigitte Leucht. Hart Publishing.
  • Schütze, Robert. (2020). 'Modelli di "demoi-crazia": l'Europa e la sua Unione'. In Parlamenti e democrazia in Europa. Fasone,, Lupo, & Vauchez. il Mulino. 77-126.
  • Schütze, Robert (2019). 'Constitutionalism(s)'. In Cambridge Companion to Comparative Constitutional Law. Masterman, Roger & Schütze, Robert Cambridge University Press. 40-66.
  • Schütze, Robert. (2019). 'Foreign Affairs Federalism in the European Union'. In Oxford Handbook of Comparative Foreign Relations Law. Bradley, Curtis. Oxford University Press. 333-351.
  • Schütze, Robert. (2019). 'Third Country Goods in the EU Internal Market'. In The Law of the EU Internal Market and the Future of European Integration. Amtenbrink, Davies, Kochenov and & Lindeboom. Cambridge University Press. 200-214.
  • Schütze, Robert (2018). 'Direct Effects and Indirect Effects of Union Law'. In Oxford Principles of European Union Law. Volume I: The European Union legal order. Schütze, Robert & Tridimas, Takis Oxford: Oxford University Press. 265-299.
  • Schütze, Robert. (2018). 'Introduction: Federal Britain?'. In The United Kingdom and the Federal Idea. Hart Publishing. 1-26.
  • Schütze, Robert (2018). The ‘Unsettled’ Eighteenth Century: Kant and his Predecessors. In Globalisation and Governance: International Problems, European Solutions. Schütze, Robert Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 11-40.
  • Schütze, Robert (2017). 'Classifying EU Competences: German Constitutional Lessons?'. In The Division of Competences between the EU and the Member States. Garben, Sacha & Govaere, Inge. Hart Publishing. 33-58.
  • Schütze, Robert (2017). 'Political Philosophy of Federalism'. In Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law. Wolfrum, Rüdiger, Grote, Rainer & Lachenmann, Frauke
  • Schütze, Robert. (2015). 'EU Competences: Existence and Exercise'. In Oxford Handbook of European Union Law. Arnull, Tony & Chalmers, Damian Oxford University Press.
  • Schütze, Robert. (2014). 'Constitutionalism and the European Union'. In European Union Law. Barnard, Catherine & Peers, Steve Oxford University Press.
  • Schütze, Robert. (2014). 'External Union Policies: An Overview'. In Foreign Affairs and the EU Constitution. Cambridge University Press. 407-481.
  • Schütze, Robert. (2014). 'Le domaine des compétence d'execution'. In Traité de droit européen. Jean-Bernard Auby & Jacqueline Dutheil de la Rochère Bruylant. 69-86.
  • Schütze, Robert. (2014). 'Limits to the Union’s “Internal Market” Competence(s)? - Constitutional Comparisons'. In 'The European Union - A Federal Order of Competences'. Azoulai,Loïc Hart Publishing. 215-233.
  • Schütze, Robert. (2014). 'The "Treaty Power" and Parliamentary Democracy: Comparative Perspectives'. In 'Foreign Affairs and the EU Contitution'. Cambridge University Press. 359-406.

Edited book

Edited Journal

Journal Article

Working Paper

  • Schütze, Robert. (2020). "Re-Constituting" the Internal Market: Towards a Common Law of International Trade?
  • Schütze, Robert (2020). Models of Demoicracy: Some Preliminary Thoughts. 2020/08.
  • Schütze, Robert (2018). Re-reading Dassonville: Meaning and Understanding in the History of European Law.

Show all publications


Selected Grants

  • 2020: Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship (£ 95.901)
  • 2020: Tübingen-Durham Seedcorn Fund (Co-Investigator, € 15.275)
  • 2013: European Research Council (Principal Investigator, € 909.662)
  • 2013: Fulbright Commission (Schuman Scholar, € 14.000)
  • 2008: European Commission UK Representation (Co-Investigator, € 18.500)

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