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Durham University

Department of Physics

Staff profile

Publication details for Professor Ian Smail

Hayashi, M., Kodama, T., Koyama, Y., Tadaki, K.-i., Tanaka, I., Shimakawa, R., Matsuda, Y., Sobral, D., Best, P.N. & Smail, I. (2014). Mapping the large-scale structure around a z = 1.46 galaxy cluster in 3D using two adjacent narrow-band filters. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 439(3): 2571-2583.

Author(s) from Durham


We present a novel method to estimate accurate redshifts of star-forming galaxies by measuring the flux ratio of the same emission line observed through two adjacent narrow-band filters. We apply this method to our NB912 and new NB921 data taken with Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope of a galaxy cluster, XMMXCS J2215.9−1738, at z = 1.46 and its surrounding structures. We obtain redshifts for 170 [O II] emission line galaxies at z ∼ 1.46, among which 41 galaxies are spectroscopically confirmed with Multi-Object Infrared Camera and Spectrograph and Fibre Multi Object Spectrograph on the Subaru mainly, showing an accuracy of σ((z − zspec)/(1 + zspec)) = 0.002. This allows us to reveal filamentary structures that penetrate towards the centre of the galaxy cluster and intersect with other structures, consistent with the picture of hierarchical cluster formation. We also find that the projected celestial distribution does not precisely trace the real distribution of galaxies, indicating the importance of the three-dimensional view of structures to properly identify and quantify galaxy environments. We investigate the environmental dependence of galaxy properties with local density, confirming that the median colour of galaxies becomes redder in higher density region, while the star formation rate of star-forming galaxies does not depend strongly on local environment in this structure. This implies that the star-forming activity in galaxies is truncated on a relatively short time-scale in the cluster centre.