Publication details for Associate Professor Fernando DiasDias, F.B., Pollock, S., Hedley, G., Palsson, L.O., Monkman, A., Perepichka, I.I., Perepichka, I.F., Tavasli, M. & Bryce, M.R. (2006). Intramolecular charge transfer assisted by conformational changes in the excited state of fluorene-dibenzothiophene-S,S-dioxide co-oligomers. Journal of Physical Chemistry B 110(39): 19329-19339.
- Publication type: Journal Article
- ISSN/ISBN: 1520-6106, 1520-5207
- DOI: 10.1021/jp0643653
- Keywords: FLUORENE-BASED COPOLYMERS; LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES; WAVELENGTH ABSORPTION-EDGE; ELECTRON-ACCEPTING UNIT; CONJUGATED POLYMERS; OPTICAL-PROPERTIES; DUAL FLUORESCENCE; POLYFLUORENE COPOLYMERS; TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCE; MOBILITY ENHANCEMENT
- Further publication details on publisher web site
Author(s) from Durham
- Professor Andy Monkman
- Associate Professor Fernando Dias
- Prof. Martin R. Bryce
- Dr A Batsanov
- Dr Lars-Olof Pålsson
The strong solvatochromism observed for two fluorene-dibenzothiophene-S,S-dioxide oligomers in polar solvents has been investigated using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence techniques. A low-energy absorption band, attributed to a charge-transfer (CT) state, is identified by its red shift with increasing solvent polarity. In nonpolar solvents, the emission of these conjugated luminescent oligomers shows narrow and well-resolved features, suggesting that the emission comes from a local excited state (LE), by analogy to their conjugated fluorene-based polymer counterparts. However, in polar solvents, only a featureless broad emission is observed at longer wavelengths (CT emission). A linear correlation between the energy maximum of the fluorescence emission and the solvent orientation polarizability factor Δf (Lippert−Mataga equation) is observed through a large range of solvents. In ethanol, below 230 K, the emission spectra of both oligomers show dual fluorescence (LE-like and CT) with the observation of a red-edge excitation effect. The stabilization of the CT emissive state by solvent polarity is accompanied/followed by structural changes to adapt the molecular structure to the new electronic density distribution. In ethanol, above 220 K, the solvent reorganization occurs on a faster time scale (less than 10 ps at 290 K), and the structural relaxation of the molecule (CTunrelaxed → CTRelaxed) can be followed independently. The magnitude of the forward rate constant, k1(20 °C) ≈ 20 × 109 s-1, and the reaction energy barrier, Ea ≈ 3.9 kcal mol-1, close to the energy barrier for viscous flow in ethanol (3.54 kcal mol-1), show that large-amplitude molecular motions are present in the stabilization of the CT state.