Furthering the exploration of space
(12 May 2021)
Durham’s researchers are helping to build some of the world’s most powerful new telescopes to further our exploration of space.
Our astronomers and cosmologists are also involved major international projects that will hunt two of the universe’s most mysterious ingredients – dark matter and dark energy – and investigate how the universe formed.
We’ve helped build components for NASA’s new James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) – the successor to Hubble – which will launch in October 2021.
Our astronomers will use the JWST to hunt for dark matter and investigate early galaxy formation.
Extremely Large Telescope
We’re involved in the development of the HARMONI instrument for the new European Extremely Large Telescope (E ELT) currently under construction in the Atacama Desert in Chile.
HARMONI will help astronomers identify the gases and metals in stars and galaxies, measure how fast stars are moving towards or away from us, and characterise the atmospheres of planets orbiting distant stars.
We’re part of the international team behind LOFAR, the world’s largest radio telescope that operates at low frequencies.
And we have scientific input into the new Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Observatory which will become the largest radio telescope on Earth when it’s assembled over the next ten years.
We’ve also played a key role in development and use of the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), which will map the distance to 35 million galaxies and 2.4 million quasars.
Scientists will use DESI to seek to measure the properties of dark energy, believed to be one of the drivers behind the universe’s expansion
And we’re involved in the EUCLID survey that will look back over ten billion years, covering the entire period when scientists say dark energy played a significant role in the universe’s expansion.
Find out more
- Read a blog by Dr Leah Morabito, UKRI Future Leaders Fellow and Assistant Professor in Astronomy and Astrophysics, who is leading our work on LOFAR and SKA.
- Our Centre for Advanced Instrumentation (CfAI) helped build part of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and we’ll be one of the first universities to use it. Dr David Rosario in our Centre for Extragalactic Astronomy, will be one of the first scientists to use the JWST.
- The CfAI is developing the HARMONI instrument for the European Southern Observatory’s Extremely Large Telescope and is currently going through the final design phase. Our scientists expect to be in Chile installing HARMONI at the ELT in 2026.
- The CfAI, with support from the UK Space Agency, is part of an international collaboration helping NASA develop the Lunar Thermal Mapper to detect and map water on the Moon’s surface.
- Read more about our involvement in the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument and learn more about EUCLID.