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Durham University

Open Research

Durham Research Online (DRO)

DRO may experience short outages tomorrow - Thursday 21 May 2020 - due to technical maintenance – apologies for any inconvenience caused.

Durham Research Online is Durham University’s institutional Open Access repository. DRO contains details of published outputs arising from research conducted at Durham. Publication types include journal articles, conference papers, book chapters and reports. The full-text of many items is available, but some content is under temporary embargo because of authors' copyright agreements. Embargo expiry dates are shown on DRO records.

DRO content can be use for non-commercial, personal study except where the licence displayed on the DRO record indicates otherwise.