Publication Data Integrity
Publication metrics are derived from a data source, the most commonly used of which are Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar. Each of these sources is reliant upon data derived from publication information sourced directly from publishers, reference lists and (in the case of Google Scholar) online author profiles and other sources. Errors in this data can therefore arise at multiple stages:
- incorrect data entry during article submission, acceptance and publication processes.
- ambiguous author names (e.g. it is unclear which J. Smith an article might be authored by).
- missing or ambiguous author affiliations (which might assist automated or manual author identification, or metrics derived at an organisational unit level).
- missing or duplicate publications.
It is important therefore that where possible, authors can curate their own author profiles within the key publication metric sources, if they are being used in a way which may impact on that author's career or grant applications.
Below are some of the steps author's might want to take.
ORCiD and ResearcherID
To avoid their publications being incorrectly assigned to another author's with a similar name, authors can use a unique author identifier. Increasingly, publisher's and funders are recommending, or requiring, the use of an Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCiD) in order to submit for publication or apply for funding.
- Where a publisher knows your ORCiD, they can include this in metadata describing the article.
- You can maintain your ORCiD profile yourself, ensuring an accurate and up-to-date list of publications associated with you is maintained and can be used to feed in to various systems (including ResearchFish, Scopus and some institutional Current Research Information Systems (CRIS).
For more information about ORCiD and how to register, or for linking your ORCiD with your Scopus or Web of Science (ResearcherID) profiles see our web pages on unique author IDs.
[Researcher ID is an author identifier specific to what were many Clarivate Analytics products, such as Web of Science. It works in a similar way to ORCiD, but as a proprietary system does not offer the same level of interoperability which ORCiD does]
Managing your Scopus Author ID
Like ResearcherID, Scopus Author ID is a proprietary system, but specific to Elsevier products such as Scopus and SciVal.
Unlike ResearcherID (which you have to register for), a Scopus Author ID is automatically generated for authors of outputs indexed in Scopus. This can create two problems for authors:
- A publication may be incorrectly linked to the wrong Scopus Author ID.
- one of your publications could be incorrectly assigned to another author with a similar name.
- another author's publication may be incorrectly asigned to a Scopus Authro ID linked to you and your research output.
- A new publication of yours may be assigned to a new Scopus Author ID, meaning your research output may end up split across several duplicate Scopus Author IDs.
This can mean that as an author, you may wish to monitor your Scopus Author ID (if you have one), and merge together duplicate ids to aid others finding your research, and to avoid any impact on author level citation metrics.
Create and maintain a Google Scholar Profile
Despite the extra control over your search strategy academic databases offer, and the extra reassurance over quality control they might provide, the truth is many academic researchers, undergraduate and postgraduate students and those working outside of academia will most frequently use Google Scholar to find your published output. It would therefore make sense for authors to maximise the potential for users to find and locate all of their research output by creating and maintaining a Google Scholar Profile. This might increase the potential for being cited (through increasing the visibility of your research), but also means you can track and monitor the citation activity related to your publications from your Google Scholar profile.
In the above image, you can see that creating a Google Scholar Profile and linking your research output to it (by claiming publications) will mean your name in the authro list in a Google Scholar result will become a direct link to your profile (example below), and all of your other research output.
Not sure how to create a Google Scholar Profile or add your publications?
- See the quick guidance on Google Scholar.
- Watch this short video.
- Attend one of our "Google Scholar for Researchers" training sessions.
- Contact James Bisset for help.