Reference Management Tools
Reference Management Software, or Bibliographic Management Software, aims to provide a simpler means for researchers and authors to assist you in managing your references as you search the literature:
The University provides support and access through the university network to desktop versions of both Endnote and Zotero, and we have highlighted below these tools and some other commonly used tools available to you.
Overview of Reference Management Software
Reference Management Software, such as Endnote, Zotero or Mendeley, can help researchers to:
- Collect and Store your references in a single place (a desktop or online account).
- Organise your references to match your publications or thesis
- For example: From a complete reference library of everything you have read, create collections of those relevant to a particular article you intend to publish, or a particular chapter of your thesis.
- Attach notes and full text documents to your references for easy retrieval.
- Semi-automate the inclusion of in-text citations, footnotes and endnotes in your work.
- Create a bibliography or reference list at the touch of a button, from one of thousands of possible referencing styles, and switch between referencing styles instantly without needing to re-format or re-type your references manually.
- De-duplicate references where you have searched across multiple databases and search engines, which can be incredibly useful for systematic reviews as well as general research practice.
The University provides access to a desktop version of Endnote through both the managed desktop service (on campus) or through Durham's AppsAnywhere service (which will allow you to install Endnote on your own personal device).
As a student or member of academic staff, you can also purchase a personal licence to install Endnote to your own computer at a discounted price.
You can find support for Endnote as below:
The University also provides bookable training workshops (Introductory and Advanced) on using Endnote, as well as drop-in sessions to help with any problems you encounter. These can be booked via the University Training Booking system.
For additional technical support please contact Durham's IT helpdesk.
(For access to a web-based version of Endnote, see Endnote Web)
Durham students and staff have access to Endnote Online accessible via our Web of Science subscription. It provides much of the same functionality as the desktop version of Endnote, and can be synced with your desktop library to allow you to use both, giving you access to your reference library wherever you are.
A link to Endnote Web is visible at the top of the Web of Science interface, and you will be prompted to create a personal account if you have not done so already.
Additional guidance for Endnote Online can be found at:
- DCAD Endnote Guides
- Online Support provded by Endnote (Clarivate Analytics)
- Endnote Online and Durham University Library Catalogue/Discover (Guide, pdf, 4 pages)
Additional online guides and tutorials can be accessed from within Endnote Web.
Zotero is freely available and user-friendly.
- You can download Zotero to your own device for free (available for Windows, MacOS and Linux operating systems).
- A desktop version of Zotero is available on campus to access via the Durham AppHub.
- Online support, guides and tutorials.
Mendeley is a free reference management software platform, and more, provided by academic publisher Elsevier.
Other Reference Management Software
There are many other options availabel to you as a researcher to assist in managing your reference collection as it grows. Some options are free, and some will require a subscription or purchase of a licence.
OSCOLA referencing style guidance
For those using the OSCOLA referencing style, you may find the links below offer further guidance:
- Endnote/Zotero/LaTeK and Refworks styles available from OSCOLA
- Meredith, Sandra, 'Critical Review of Referencing Software when used with OSCOLA' , European Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 4 No.1, 2013 (Note that this article reviews older versions of existing reference management software than are currently available)