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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.II.8 Sermons of Odo, Peter of Rheims, etc. s. xiii med.

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

30/10/90 AJP after AID


A large collection of sermons (Items 1-4, 8-9, 12 and 14) from different sources, many by unidentified authors (Items 1, 3, 8, 12 and 14). Item 3(p) quotes an English love-song; item 12(p) refers to English cities, and item 12(r) to the English term for Rogation days.

A single added numeration, 1-201, s. xiv, covers items 1-12, with marginal indexing letters added, s. xiv/xv.

[1] + 1 [s. xvii paper stuck to later paper] + 232 + 2 [medieval flyleaves] + [1]; foliated 1-232, with 92 and 176 repeated. Membrane (0.15 mm.; smooth, some of mediocre quality, some natural flaws, patches (e.g. ff. 99, 182); quires generally with hairside outermost), 285 x 195 mm. Some prickings, sidenotes and catchwords cropped.

Collation: 1-412, 510 (5 and 6, ff. 54-55, singletons stuck together); 6-1212, 1312 wants 12 (blank ?) after f. 153; 14- 1912, 208 wants 7-8 (blank ?) after f. 230. Catchwords on quires 4-10, 14 and 17-19. Rectos numbered in soft brown below the outer column in the first half of quires 1, 4-5, 13-14; or, quires 17-18, at lower right, and, quire 18, lettered rather than numbered. The leaves in the first half or more are lettered in soft brown at the foot, starting with the first verso, in quires 10-11, 15 and 19.

Pricking in outer margin only, except, ff. 225-226, inner margin also. Written space c. 225-230 x 135-140 mm. Ruling in brown, generally soft, with two or three writing-lines generally extended outwards at top and bottom, also two or three medial lines on ff. 2-17v (11-24), 60-142v (61-1212), and 177-194 (161-176); outer vertical of writing space doubled in quires 6-20, with a further single vertical in outer margin in quires 6 and 11-17, or pair of verticals in quires 8-10 and 18-20; pair of horizontals in lower margin of quires 6-11, 15-176 and 193-4. Two columns, 50 lines.

Written in gothic minuscule, with open-headed a, of mediocre execution, by at least six hands, some employing somewhat cursive details, changing at least at ff. 4, 14 (21), 18r/b, 50v/b, 52v/b, 60 (61), 67r/a15, 68v/a3, 127r/b, 127v/b, 128v/b, 131r/a1, 133, 143 (131), and 166 (151).

Decoration: text-capitals touched with red, ff. 60-129v (61- 1111), 160v-165v (147-12), and 225-229 (quire 20). Paraphs, f. 1, red and blue alternately; ff. 198v-200, in red, or in ink lined with red; ff. 209v-212 and 215v-228v, in red. Initials: (i) to sermons, 2- or 3-line, (a) ff. 2v-59v, in alternately blue or red, with, ff. 14v-16, 26v-27v, 29v, 34, 50-59v, flourishing in the other colour, (b) ff. 61-95, 169v-175, in red, with flourishing in ink or, f. 95, green, (c) ff. 96v-116, in alternately green or red, with, ff. 96v- 108, 111v, 116, flourishing in the other colour, (d) ff. 117-168, 176-228, in red; (ii) to opening, 6-line, in blue decorated with red, with red infilling and flourishing, and an extension down part of left edge of text-block composed of alternately red and blue I-form sections 15-20 mm. high.

No running-titles.

Contents:

1. ff. 2-44

(a) f. 2 State et pugnate contra inimicos uestros. et postea accipietis spolia. [cf. I Macc. 4:18] Orate ut dominus aperiat mihi hostium sermonis. Verba sunt apostoli ad Colossenses circa finem [cf. 4:3]. Si ergo apostolus petit suffragia illorum quibus predicat ... ...;

(b) f. 2v Qvi reminiscimini domini ... detis silencium ei [Is 62:6-7] Salomon in Prouerbiis [2:4]. Si quesieris sapientiam quasi pecuniam et sicut thesauris effoderis eam tunc inuenies scientiam fratres mei karissimi ... ...;

(c) f. 3v Sermo ad claustrales. Symon dormis [Marc. 14:37]. Per hoc uerbum domini facta est increpacio petro per quod etiam potest intelligi increp-o torpentis religiosi ... ...

(d) f. 4v Dominica .ija. in aduentu domini. Filius hominis ueniet in potestate magna [cf. Luc. 21:27]. Venite commedite panem meum. legitur in Prouerbiis [9:5] iste qui mittat nos ad commestionem huius panis est deus ... ...;

(e) f. 6v (sermo in Natali). Paruulus natus est nobis [Is. 9:6] duobus conuenientibus in nomine suo promittit iesus quod petitio eorum exaudietur ... ...;

(f) f. 8 Dominica prima in aduentu domini. Abiciamus ergo ... armis lucis [Rom. 13:12]. Solent regis aduentum precede tube siue buccinatores ... ...;

(g) f. 10 Sermo in die Sancti stephani prothomartiris. Ecce uideo celos apertos etc [Act. 7:56]. Corripe sapientem et amabit te. Stultis autem si correptus fuerit nascitur. ita legitur in Prouerbiis [cf. 19:25]. Quis autem sit sapiens determinat deus aperte per ecclesiasticum dicens ... ...;

(h) f. 11v (sermo in die epyphanie). Ubi est ... rex iudeorum [Mat. 2:2:]. Legitur in hoc ewangelio quod magi inueniunt dominum in bethleem. bethleem interpretatur domus panis ... ...;

(i) f. 13v Dominica .iia. post Octauas Epyphanie. Sermo ad populum. Nupcie facte sunt ... [Jo. 2:1]. Anima indigens et mendicus non erit inter uos istud est uerbum domini loquentis ad moysen. in Deutro [cf. 15:4] quod preceptum ad hoc uideri obseruant carnaliter ... ...;

(j) f. 14v Dominica .ia. Septuagesime. Circumdederunt me gemitus mor[tis] dolores [cf. Pss. 17:5, 114:3] Inperfectum enim iam sepe uiderunt oculi mei et ideo perfectionem uerbi non oportet a me expectari ... ...;

(k) f. 16 Dominica .iija. lxe. Uidemus nunc per speculum etc ad Cor .ia xiij[:12] .c. puteus altus est nec in quo haurias habes [cf. Jo. 4:11]. Verum quidem est quod thoma premissum modulum in genij mei longe excellit ... ...;

(l) f. 17 Dominica .ij. xle. Hec est uoluntas dei ... honore [I Thes. 4:3-4]. Aperuit dominus dentem molarem ... refocillatus est spiritus sampsonis. Nota est historia in libro Iudicum [15:19] ubi legitur quod Samson occidit mille philistheos ... ... [a second, longer, copy occurs at (ac) below];

(m) f. 17v Dominica .iiija. xle. Letare ierusalem etc [officium]. Rogate patrem misericordiam et domini tocius consolationis [cf. II Cor. 1:3] qui secundum hodiernum ewangelium insol-ce refectorus super turbam misertus est sequentem se [? cf. Jo. 6:5; or ? Mat. 14:14 - cf. f. 21v below]. Vt si non tribuat ad societatem propter meam insufficienciam et peccatorum meorum resistenciam ... ...;

(n) f. 19 Dominica .iija. xle. Erat iesus eiciens demonum etc. [Luc. 11:14] Legitur in Mc [7:33-35]. quod dominus apprehendens surdum ... loquebatur recte. Surdi spiritualiter sunt qui uerbum domini non possunt. Muti qui dominum laudare; predicare confiteri nequeunt ... ...;

(o) f. 19 Dominica .iija. lxxe. Cecus clamabat dicens. Iesu fili dauid miserere mei [cf. Luc. 18:38]. Quinque sunt que homines ab officio predicacionis retrahere consueuerunt. timor uidelicet. pudor et praua uita. ignorancia et lingua infacunda. ... ...;

(p) f. 21v Dominica .iiija. xle. Manducauerunt et saturati sunt [Mat. 14:20, Marc. 8:8, or Luc. 9:17, but not Jo. 6:5 seq., the usual gospel for Lent IV, cf. (m) above]. Qui gratiam predicandi habere desiderant. conueniens est ut alios uita transcendant. ... ...;

(r) f. 23 Dominica .ija. post octabas Pasche. Obsecro uos tanquam ... desiderijs [I Pet. 2:11]. Legitur in ewangelio quod in fractione panis discipuli cognouerunt iesum [Luc. 24:35]. panis iste refectio .s. anime est uerbum dei cuis tantummodo crustas exteriores corrodunt iudei. ... ...;

(s) f. 24 Sermo in Rogacionibus. Siquid petieris ... [Jo. 16:23] Dominus post resurreccionem antequam ad patrem ascenderet aliquantulum cum discipulis conuersatus est. decessurus autem (in) ore prvdentis et benigni nuncij suum recessum ... ...;

(t) f. 25v Sermo in Pentecosten. Accipietis uirtutem superuenientis spiritus ... testes in ierusalem [Act. 1:8]. Multa dicimus et deficimus in uerbis consummacio autem sermonis ipse est. Non est dubium uerba ad hoc esse ... ...;

(u) f. 26v Dominica .ia. post Ascensionem domini. Qvi abicit disciplinam despicit animam suam [Prov. 15:32]. Disciplina simpliciter dicta anthonomastice. per diuina disciplina accipitur. preterea disciplina est instructio cum correccione ... ...;

(v) f. 27v Dominica .ia. post octabas Pentecostes. Canes ueniebant et lingebant ultera [for uulnera] eius [Luc. 16:21]. Per canes habentes linguas medicinales. contra lupos. latrantes. latrones fugantes. nate sagaces intelliguntur boni sacerdotes et predicatores. qui tunc ad lazarum ueniunt ... ...;

(w) f. 28 Dominica .ixa. in estate. Qui se existimat stare uideat ne cadat [I Cor. 10:12]. Rogemus cum apostolo ut dominus nobis aperiat hostium sermonis sui quod duplex est. Hostium enim per quod exit sermo. os predicatoris est ... ...;

(x) f. 29v (Dominica .xja.). Omnis qui se exaltat humiliabitur [Mat. 23:12 / Luc. 14:11]. Attendendum quod dicit. qui se exaltat. non dicit qui exaltat alium deum .s. uel proximum. nec dicit qui suos exaltat. ... ...;

(y) f. 30v Dominica .xija. in estate. Bene omnia fecit. Surdos fecit ... [Marc. 7:37]. Ecclus [32:28] Qui credit deo attendit mandatis suis a destructione consequentis si non attendit mandatis non credit deo. si non attendit mandatis. ... ...;

(z) f. 31v Dominica .xvia. Adolescens tibi dico surge [Luc. 7:14] Discrecionem quam oportet habere predicatorem secundum auditorium diuersitatem ostendere dominus per Osee [5:8] dicens. clangite buccina in gabaa ... vlulate in bethauen. hoc est simpliciter predicare simplicibus ... ...;

(aa) f. 32v Dominica .xixa. Renouamini spiritu mentis ... sanctitate ueritatis [Eph. 4:23-24]. Virtutem uerbi dei ostendit Ieronimus dicens. Magna uirtus sermonis qui serpentes extrahit de cauernis. talis est sermo dei diabolum serpentem tortuosum ... ...;

(ab) f. 34 Dominica .xxa.ia. Non est nobis colluctatio ... nequicie in celestibus [Eph. 6:12]. Apostolus in hodierna epistola ad nos tanquam in bello constitutos loquitur et cum ceteris armis nos assumere gladium hortatur ... ...;

(ac) f. 35v Dominica .ij. in xla. Hec est uoluntas dei sanctificacio uestra ... honore [I Thes. 4:3-4]. Aperuit dominus dentem molarem ... refocillatus est spiritus sampsonis. Nota est historia in libro Iudicum [15:19] ubi legitur quod Samson occisis mille philistheos ... ... [a copy of the first part occurs at (l) above];

(ad) f. 37 Sermo in festo Sancti Iacobi. Nunquid prebebis equo fortitudinem ... hinnitum [Job 39:19]. Hec erat uisio discurrens in medio .iiijor. animalium splendor ignis ... egrediens [Ezek. 1:13] qualis deberet esse qui uerbum dei proponere. exprimitur in uerbis istis Ezechiel. debet enim predicator esse quasi .iiijor. animalia. ... ...;

(ae) f. 38 Sermo in Natiuitate beate virginis. Buccinate in neomenia tuba [Ps. 80:4]. Dominus loquens tanquam aurifaber. ad ministrum suum dicit. aurum et argentum tuum confla [Ecclus. 28:29]. Vere aurifaber est dominus alios aurifabros excedens. Ipse enim non solum operatur in auro uel ex auro. ... ...;

(af) f. 39 (Item alius sermo in natiuitate) [beate virginis]. Nox expectet lucem ... surgentis aurore [Job 3:9]. Si pauper et infirmus aquam peteret fontis staturientis in terra alicui pie domine ipsa non negaret ei. Nos autem pauperes per defectum bonorum operum et infirmum per peccatum (est) ... ...;

(ag) f. 40 Sermo in assumptione beate virginis. Tota pulcra es amica mea [Cant. 4:7] monstrante esse matrem. Nos paruulos nutriendo custodiendo et instruendo. Sumus enim fratres filij tui. Vnde dixit. Ite et dicite fratribus meis. Vnde et filii tui esse probamur. Cum ergo mater nostra ... ...;

(ah) f. 40v Sermo In assumpcione beate virginis. In omnibus requiem quesiui et in hereditate domini morabor. Verba sunt filii dei in Ecclesiastico [24:11]. dicentis. In omnibus uirginibus requiem quesiui et suplendum est non inueni nisi in beata uirgine quod ipsa consequentur in eodem capitulo testatur dicens. qui creauit me requieuit in tabernaculo meo [24:12]. Requieuit dico quia in omnibus aliis uirginibus hospitium tribulacionis non quietis inuenit sed in hac. ... ...;

(ai) f. 41 De assumpcione. Ave maria gratia plena ... in mulieribus [Luc. 1:28] Quociens beate uirginis recolo excellenciam. etc. fragilitatem et miseriam propriam attendo. Non est mirum si non audes eius prorumpere ... ...;

(aj) f. 42 In die Sancti Michaelis. Sum princeps excercitus [sic] domini et nunc uenio [Jos. 5:14]. Legitur in Exodo xxxiij[:2, 3, 15] Dominum dixisse moysi mittam precursorem tui angelum ut eiciam cananeum etc. et propheta ibi dicitur. non ascendam tecum quia populus dure ceruicis est. sed certe propheta ait moysi. si non tu ipse precedas nos ne educas nos de loco isto. Si hoc petiit moyses vir spiritualis; ego miser peccator ... ...

Thirty-six sermons, of untraced authorship, most De tempore, but with several De sanctis interspersed at roughly appropriate points; the first part of (ac) is repeated as (l). Copies of individual sermons are recorded elsewhere: (h) perhaps in Cambridge Gonville & Caius Coll. MS 233 / 119 (Schneyer viii, 241 no. 27); (j) in Paris BN MS lat. 2995 f. 127; (l)/(ac) ibid. f. 125v and Avranches MS 126 (Johannes Halgrin de Abbatisvilla) f. 57v; (w) in Oxford, Bodl. MS Laud misc. 511 f. 178v (Schneyer ix, 68 no. 182); (aa)-(ab) in DCL MS A.III.12, attributed to Robert Grosseteste, (Schneyer v, 190 nos 255-6).

f. 44 last 7 lines blank.

2. ff. 44v-45v Hora est iam ... ad Romanos xiijo [:11]. Notandum quod est triplex sompnus ... ... uel gratiam quantum ad meritum et gloriam quantum ad premium. ad quam gloriam nos perducat. qui uiuit et regnat.

Peter of Rheims O.P. (d. 1247), Sermo in adventu Domini. Schneyer iv, 725 no. 1, ending differently.

3. ff. 45v-62v

(a) f. 45v Saccum consui super cutem ... carnem meam etc [Job 16:16]. legitur in .iiijto. Regum [4:38-41] quod cum Helyseus suscitasset filium Sunamitis reuersus est in Galgala ... recessit amaritudo. Ego miser sum talis puer. Qui herbas collegi .i. auctoritates in agro sacre scripture ... ...;

(b) f. 46 Sciat unusquisque uas suum possidere in sanctificacione et honore etc [I Thes. 4:4]. Ad hoc predicacio populo sit utilis et deo acceptabilis oportet ut uita et doctrina in predicante conueniant. ... ...;

(c) f. 47 Assumpsi mihi duas uirgas ... gregem meum [Zach. 11:7]. Post longum ieiunium gratum est prandium quantumcumque sit peritum [?]. Verbum dei cibus est anime. hunc cibum gratanter recipere debemus ... ...;

(d) f. 47v Cibaria. uirga. honus; asine. panis. disciplina. opus seruo [Ecclus. 33:25]. Lauamini mundi estote etc. [Is. 1:16] Ad hoc tria sunt necessaria. cordis contritio. per quam indulgetur peccatum cogitacionis. oris confessio ... ...;

(e) f. 48 Beati qui esurient et sitiunt iusticiam [Mat. 5:6] .i. feruenter appetunt. ergo infelices qui eam fastidiunt. Tales autem sunt accidiosi est enim accidia fastidium. ... ...;

(f) f. 48v Sermo contra superbos. Tres species odiuit anima mea [Ecclus. 25:3]. Scilicet Pauperum superbum Diuitem mendacem. Senem fatuum. et insensatum. Si rex ad aliquem breue suum mitteret ... Breue illud sigillo dominice passionis sigillatur signatur ... ...;

(g) f. 49 In festo Symonis et iude. Melius est bonum nomen; quam preciosa vnguenta [Eccles. 7:2] Qui dominum suum grauiter offenderit. et de reconciliacione ei non constiterit ... Ibi dicit glose ... ...;

(h) f. 49v Cybaria. virga. honus asino [Ecclus. 33:25]. dominus noster tetendit arcum suum et tradidit illum sagitario suo vt sagittando feram bestiam sibi caperet. per arcum domini sacra scriptura intelligitur. In arcu duo sunt. lignum et corda ... Vnde Seneca ... ... De quo premio beatus Bernardus in meditacionibus suis ait. premium est uidere dominum etc.;

(i) f. 50 Induxit nos dominus in terram carmeli. ut comederetis fructus eius et bona terre illius. Ista scribuntur in Ieremia [2:7]. Dominus in persona Ieremie confortat predicatorem suum dicens. Accinge sicut vir lumbos suos ... ferreum [1:17-18] Notantur hic tria necessaria prelato ... vita. sciencia et doctrina ... ...;

(j) f. 52 Induxit uos dominus in terram carmeli. ut comeditis fructus terre illius etc [Jer. 2:7]. Carmelus ad literam mons est pascuosus in Iudea fertilissimus .ij. Moraliter significans uitam claustralem. ... ... Bernardus ...;

(k) f. 53 Sume cytharam circui ciuitatem meretrix ... memoria tui sit [Is. 23:16]. Non sumus sufficientes ut dicit apostolus [II Cor. 3:5] cogitare aliquid ... ex deo est. et idem potenciam peccandi habemus ex nobis. ... ...;

(l) f. 54 Ascendamus ad iudam et suscitemus eum ... filium Thobel [Is. 7:6]. Dominus ait in Matheo. qui non colligit mecum dispergit [Luc. 11:23]. Istud maxime potest intelligi de prelatis ecclesie qui talibus patrimonium Christi conferunt qui totum male uiuendo dispergunt ... ...;

(m) f. 54v Cum esses iunior cingebas ... quo non uis [Jo. 21:18]. Sensus litterlis talis est. cum tu iuuenis esses carni et mundo mancipatus ... ...;

(n) f. 55 Si exaltatus fuero a terra. omnia traham ad me ipsum [Jo. 12:32]. Scire debetis fratres dilectissimi quod Christus a terra tripliciter fuit exaltatus. primo modo sit. filius dei de sinu patris descendens in uterum matris ... ...;

(o) f. 55v Bonum est uiro cum portauerit iugum domini ... leuauit se supra se [Thr. 3:27-28]. Dilectissimi fratres et domini mei sicut beatus Gregorius in libro pastorali. officium predicacionis alij laudabiliter appetit ... ...;

(p) f. 57v Bonum est uiro ... leuauit se super se [Thr. 3:27- 28]. quod cuilibet predicanti uerbum dei necessaria sit purificate mentis deuota oratio; egregius predicator beatus Paulus Colosensibus [4:3] ... Nam sicut talpa laborat diuersis et multos aceruos terre leuare; sic et quidam religiosi et domorum et grangiarum superflua erectione et terrarum suarum extensione nec sufficit eis aliquando cum terminos suos usque ad finem terre extenderint. immo cum deficit eis terra; aquam sibi in possessionem vendicant ... (f. 58/a7) sicut dicit Leo papa. de eo enim dici potest cantus ille anglicus that mi lef askes wit sare weping; ne mai ic hire werne for nane kinnes thing ... Item legimus beatum Antonium heremitam ... ...;

(q) f. 59v Solum sedebam quoniam comminacione replesti me [Jer. 15:17]. In principio sermonis nostri ad memoriam reducamus comminacionem domini per Psalmistam [49:21] cuilibet peccatori factam. dicit enim arguam te ... ...;

(r) f. 61 Aue maria ... tecum [Luc. 1:28]. Hodie dilectissimi de telesti oraculo noue nobis salutacionis sermo innotuit. Nichil namque nouum ... ...;

(s) f. 61 Pax erit in terra nostra cum uenerit Assirius [Mic. 5:5] legitur in Actibus [10:44] quod loquente Petro cecidit spiritus sanctus super omnes qui audiebant uerbum. et certe si ad hoc loqueretur Petrus; cadet spiritus ... ...

Nineteen sermons, of untraced authorship, only one (g) assigned to a particular occasion. The lower margins of ff. 47v-48 have a substantial passage, beginning 'Legitur in Regum .io. [cf. 16:14] Quod spiritus malus agitabat Saul ...', written in the main hand; if it was intended to supplement one of the sermons on those pages, (c, d or e), it is not clear which. A copy of one sermon seems to be recorded elsewhere: (c) in BL MS Sloane 1580 (s. xiii), see Schneyer viii, 502 no. 41, with verbal differences.

The English couplet in (p) has northern forms, e.g. sare, nane; it is printed S. Wenzel, Preachers, Poets and the Early English Lyric, (Princeton, 1986), p. 222.

4. ff. 62v-173v Cum appropinquasset iesus ... Presens ewangelium bis in anno legitur. .s. in aduentu domini ante natalem et in ramis palmarum ante passionem ... ... in hoc sole sol iusticie posuit tabernaculum suum. ut nos lumine gratie et tandem glorie sue illustraret. Iesus christus dominus noster qui cum patre etc.

Odo de Cheriton O.Cist. (d. 1247), Sermones, 61 De tempore and 7 De sanctis. Schneyer iv, 483-497 nos 1-11, 14, 12, 15-29, ?30, 32-33, 35-47, 49-62, 65, 63, 80, 178-180, 175, 76, 78, 176. Nos 41 (ff. 116-117), and 181 (ff. 162v-165v) only agree with Schneyer in their texts. The closing words differ from Schneyer in nos 2-5, 10, 14, 15, 22, 35, 39, 47, 54, 56, 59-60, 63, 80. Between nos 27 and 28 (f. 102) the Palm Sunday (T24) text is given, with a rubric referring back to Advent 1, for a sermon on the same text. Immediately after the opening text of no. 29 comes a short passage labelled 'Narracio' in the margin and apparently identical to no. 30 (ff. 103v-104). No. 40 begins 'plerique discipuli (in terra cum domino ambulantes) qui uiderunt' (f. 114v); the words added in a space left by the original scribe differ from Schneyer. The rubric for no. 76 (f. 168) is for Annunciation (S28) rather than Nativity (S65) of B.V.M.

5. f. 90v (added in lower margin, s. xiv) Four couplets:

(a, b) Vinea culta fuit ... qui venerat ante;

(c,d) Nam dator opimus deus est ut nos bene scimus | nos terre limus quos formavit sane primus | Sic deus ostendit quod quandocumque venimus | aggrediamur opus certi de munere simus.

(a, b) Hildebert of Lavardin, Versus de vinea evangelica; PL 171, 1440; Walther, Versanfänge, no. 20357.

6. f. 100v (added by the original scribe to fill last 5 lines of the leaf, between item 4 Schneyer nos 26 and 27) Versus. Bis binus panis quinus quin milia pauit | ... ... Versus. Pisculis paucis fuit ex hijs copia cunctis.

On Jesus' miracle of the 5 loaves and 2 fishes (Matt. 11:14-21; Mark 6:34-44; Luke 9:11-17).

7. f. 153v (added s. xiv in the blank half-column remaining on the leaf, after Schneyer no. 63) Deus in adiutorium meum intende domine ad adiuuandum me festina intende ... ... laudabo dominum in vita mea cui sit laus honor et gloria amen amen amen

A prayer.

8. ff. 173v-184v

(a) f. 173v Sermo de fide. Funiculus triplex difficile rumpitur [Eccles. 4:12]. Funiculus iste est fides ecclesie que admodum funiculi triplicis contentur ex tribus creditis quasi ex tribus cordis ... ...;

(b) f. 175 Sermo in aduentu domini. Ecce nubecula ... ascendebat de mari [III Reg. 18:44]. A nubibus duo descendunt pluuia et fulgor uel fulmen. Ista ergo nubecula erat filius dei ab hac nubecula duo emanant. primus aduentus et secundus ... ...;

(c) f. 176 Sermo in xla. Svrgite consurgamus contra Edom in prelium [Abd. 1]. Verba sunt Abdye prophete loquentis in persona filij. Scitis ergo fratres karissimi quod sicut Adam per inobedientiam cecidit ... ...;

(d) f. 176v De Sancto Edmundo Martyre. Modicum laboraui et inueni mihi requiem multam [Ecclus. 51:35]. Naturale est quod granum frumenti cum moriatur fructificet. Unde Christus in grano figuratur qui nisi in cruce moreretur ... ...;

(e) f. 176* Sermo de Sancto Thoma. Ego sum pastor bonus etc [Jo. 10:11,14]. Membrum usurpat uocem capitis. Seruum uocem principis. eadem utitur uoce quia communicat in facto et in opere. Dominus sicut fecit opus humilitatis; ... ...;

(f) f. 177 Ad religiosos. Reuertar ad Ierusalem in in misericordijs domus mea edificabitur in ea et extendetur perpendiculum super Ierusalem. Verba ista scripta sunt in Zacharia propheta co.io.[16] et bene competunt hodierno negocio. in primo uerbo innuitur quod prelati et pastores ecclesie pro loco et tempore debent reuerti ad Ierusalem .i. ad domum religiosam ... ...;

(g) f. 177v Sermo ad leprosos. Miserere mei domine quoniam infirmus sum [Ps. 6:3]. Quidam grauem habent infirmitatem et non sentiunt se esse infirmos. de talibus est desperandum et de eorum sanitate. dicit Rabanus. Non pauciores sunt morbi anime quam corporis ... ...;

(h) f. 178 De Sancto Iohanne Baptista. Qvodcumque dixerit mihi anima tua hoc faciam [I Reg. 20:4]. Sic dixit Ionathan ad Dauid per Ionathan. Iohannes signifcatur. ratione nominis et operis Ionathan; domum columbe .i. spiritus sanctus. Iohannes gratia uel in quo est gratia. ... ...;

(i) f. 180 Sermo in passione. Svb arbore malo suscitaui te. Verba sunt Salomonis in Cant [8:5]. Legitur Boz dixisse ad Ruth mulierem quando hora uescendi fuerit ... buccellam in aceto [2:14]. Booz interpretatur fortitudo et signat Christum qui est uera fortitudo. ... ...

(j) f. 180v De penitencia. Uenite ad me omnes qui laboratis et honerati estis etc [Mat. 11:28]. Cum sumus omnes in labore et dolore peccati; deprecemur dominum qui summus est medicus ut morbos nostros curare dignetur. lege in primo Regum quod Saul rex superbus ... ...;

(k) f. 181 Dominica .iiija. ante Ascensionem. Cvm uenerit paraclitus ille arguet mundum de peccato et de iusticia et de iudicio [Jo. 16:8]. Scitis fratres quod uerbum libenter auditur. vel ideo quia magnus. uel quia potens est ille de quo est sermo. uel quia carus et dilectus est audientibus. ... ...;

(l) f.182 Sermo ad leprosos. Ego auferam desiderabilem oculorum tuorum in plaga et non planges [Ez. 24:16]. Dicit Ysaias [21:14] Occurrentes sicienti offerte aquas qui habitatis in terra australi. In austro claritas solis habundat. quasi in terra australi habitant clerici. quibus claritas solis sensus ueri solis apparat manifeste. ... ...;

(m) f. 183 Sermo in Ascensione domini. Erigere in sublime et esto gloriosus et sponsi induere uestibus [Job 40:5]. dicit Ysaias [41:17] ego et tu (et) pauperes querunt aquas et superaddere possumus diuites querunt uinum. aqua dicitur sacra scriptura hac ratione. Aqua enim omnibus se offert its et sensus dei omnibus inuestigantibus ... ...;

(n) f. 183v Dominica .va. post trinitatem. Dvc in altum et laxate retia uestra in capturam. In Luc uo[:4]. Quando pauper uult habere aliquid quod est in manu diuitis cum id non possit emere; necesse est rogare. pauperes autem sumus indigemus sapientia dei quam non possumus emere ... ...;

Fourteen sermons, of untraced authorship, 6 De tempore, 3 De sanctis and the rest with subjects or audience specified; apart from the phrase 'hodie beatus Edmundus laborauit' (d) would serve for any martyr. (k) occurs in Arras MS 222, among sermons attributed to Stephen Langton (d. 1228), see Schneyer v, 471 no. 62, but ending differently.

9. ff. 184v-209 Sermo de apostolis. Qvi sunt isti qui ut nubes uolant et quasi columbe etc [Is. 60:8] profectus apostolorum uolatui (nubium) et columbarum merito comparantur quia tota uita eorum fuit in duobus .s. predicatione et contemplatione ... ... neque in occasione auaricie sicut scitis q. d. non inuenire.

Peter of Rheims O.P. (d. 1247), Sermones 45, De communi sanctorum. Schneyer iv, 752-5 nos 462-506, with no break (f. 196v/b) between nos 485 and 486. After the text as no. 463 the second sermon opens 'Tria sunt quorum sonus procul audiuntur .s. tonitrui. tube. et cymbale uel campane', closing as no. 463; there is a reference back to this second sermon before the text of no. 471 (f. 188v). The closing words differ from Schneyer in nos 466, 469-470, 481, 483, 491, 493 and 498-500, and also somewhat in nos 467, 475, 482, 484 and 506.

The twelfth sermon, no. 473, includes a passage 'moraliter .iiijor. designatur genera fratrum in ordine ue/nostro .s. priores. [&] corectores. predicatores. [&] confessores. conuersi et temporalium prouisores. contemplatiui et studentes ...'; the first pair, priors and correctors, suggests either the order of Grandmont or the Bonshommes. DOES THIS REPRESENT AN ADAPTATION IN THIS PARTICULAR COPY.

f. 209 11 lines left blank at foot of second column.

10. ff. 209v-212 Incipit tractatus de cognitione uite uere secundum dramaticum genus loquendi. Cvm christus ueritas et uita dicat. Hec est uita eterna ut te solum domini uerum cognoscant; ... in deficientem festinare. ¶Fratres. Nos quanto diligencius ... ... Sed spiritus sanctus columbe corpus condidit et sic in ipsa super dei filium descendit.

Honorius Augustodunensis, Cognitio vitae, i-xviii, in a somewhat abbreviated version. Cf. PL 40, 1005-1016 (Augustine pseud., De cognitione verae vitae). This is not among the forty copies in the British Isles noticed Römer 1,45-6, none of which is significantly earlier than this manuscript; the five oldest, nos 22-24 and 35-36, all end 'columbe corpus condidit', i.e. approximately as here, two of the five being from Rochester Cathedral Priory, BL MSS Royal 5 A.I and 5 A.IV.

11. ff. 212-214 Hic incipiunt lamentationes beate uirginis. Qvis dabit capiti meo aquam ... Donec seruo suo appareat uisu uel sompno consolans animam meam. ... ... qui puro corde diligunt eam. et super omnia benedictus sit filius eius dominus noster iesus christus qui cum deo patre et spiritu sancto uiuit et regnat in secula seculorum amen.

Bernard pseud., Planctus B.M.V.; in fact mainly extracted from Oglerius de Tridino (1136-1214), Liber de passione Christi et doloribus et planctibus matris, see W. Baier, Ludolf von Sachsen, (Analecta Cartusiana 44, Salzburg, 1977), ii, 279-81. The copy here differs greatly at the start from PL 182, 1133-42, which lacks the opening section, and from D. A. B. Caillau, Sancti Aurelii Augustini, Hipponensis episcopi, sermones inediti, (Paris; 1842), Supp. ii, pp. 239-241; it corresponds much more closely, except at the end, to S. Bernardi ... Opera Omnia, ed. J. Picard (Paris, 1632, 1640, etc.), cols 156-63. This copy is similar in date to the oldest so far identified, Bodl., MS Bodley 750, see R. E. Woolf, The English Religious Lyric, (Oxford, 1968), p. 247.

12. ff. 214-229

(a) f. 214 Cantate domino canticum nouum [Ps. 95:1 / 149:1]. Vestrum est et ad uos pertinet; nouum cantare canticum. Est enim uetus canticum et nouum. Vetus canticum fuit; diliges amicos tuos. et odio habebis inimicos tuos. Nouum canticum est; diligite inimicos uestros ... ...

(b) f. 214v In die circumcisionis. Sermo. Circumcisio carnis in tribus consistit. in habitu in actione. in sermone. et quia illa in exterioribus perpenduntur; ad carnis circumcisionem pertinere dicuntur. Caueamus igitur ne in habitu superfluo ... ...;

(c) f. 214v Circumcisio mentis triplex. Item circumcisio mentis in tribus consistit. in cogitatione. in affectione in intentione ... ...;

(d) f. 215 Quod peccator reconciliandus sit deo. Peccator cum peccat; unum deum in tribus personis offendat. oportet ergo ut trino munere reconcilietur trino deo. ... ...;

(e) f. 215 Contemplatio in quinque consistit. C[recte Q]vinque sunt contemplationes. prima; peccatum et iehenna. Secunda contemptus mundi et delectatio uirtutum. ... ...;

(f) f. 215 Abrenuncio triplex. Tres abrenuntiationes esse; patrum traditio asserit. prima est qua corporaliter omnis mundi diuicias contempnimus. ... ...;

(g) f. 215 Sermo in passione domini. Uidi agnum stantem ... aperuit illum [Apo. 5:6-7]. Duo sunt hic notabilia quod christus et leo discribitur et agnus. set leo fuit fortissimus bestiarum fortitudine ... ...

(h) f. 217 Sermo in die Pasche uel in octaua. Maria Magdalene et Maria Iacobi et Salome etc [Marc. 16:1]. Licet istud precesserit in facto; cotidie tantum obseruatur in misterio. Vnde per tres materias non tres mulieres set tres amaritudines uel tres status ecclesie militantis intelligimus ... ...;

(i) f. 218v In octaua Pasche. sermo. Maria Magdalene secundum ewangelium Iohannis [20:1-4] dum adhuc essent tenebre sola uenit ad monumentum ... Ecce in primis quantum ardor caritatis qua una mulier et sola ante lucanum ... ...;

(j) f. 219 Sermo in octaua Pasche. Stetit Iesus in medio discipulorum et dixit eis Pax uobis [Jo. 20:26/19 / Luc. 24:35]. Legimus ter dominum commendasse nobis pacem in ewangelio. In natiuitate clamantibus angelis gloria in excelsis etc. Secundo ante passionem domini in cena. ... ...;

(k) f. 220v Dominica prima post octauam Pasche. Pastor bonus animam suam de. etc [Jo. 10:11]. Circa nomen boni pastoris tria sunt inquirenda. Que dignitas. quod officium. et quantum meritum. Dignitas attenditur circa tria. ... ...;

(l) f. 222 Dominica .iija. post octauam Pasche. Modicum et iam non uidebitis etc [Jo. 16:16]. Verba sunt Christi euntis ad passionem ad discipulos. Modicum enim tempus fuit quo per mortem subtractus fuit ab eorum aspectibus tanquam Ionas tribus diebus et noctibus ... ...;

(m) f. 222v Modicum etc [Jo. 16:16]. Circa hoc primo uidendum est quod quidam uident multum. quidam modicum. quidam minime. Secundo quibus de causis oculus olutenebrescit [for obten--]. tercio que requirantur ut uideat. ... ...;

(n) f. 224 Dominica iiija. post octauam Pasche. Cum uenerit spiritus sanctus ille arguet [Jo. 16:8]. Licet inseperabilia sint opera trinitatis tantum aliter ara. filius aliter spiritus sanctus. filius enim arguet in iudicio secundum quod homo est. Quia pater omne iudicium dedit filio. ... ...;

(o) f. 224v Cvm uenerit spiritus sanctus [Jo. 16:8]. Sicut testatur in ewangelio Spiritus sanctus procedit a patre et filio missus ab utroque a patre cum dicitur. Rogabo patrem et alium paraclitum mittet ... ...;

(p) f. 226 Sermo in Rogationibus ad laicos. Petite et accipietis . etc [Jo. 16:24]. Tres isti dies tribus appellantur nominibus. Gallice dies rogationum siue peticionum. Anglice dies itinerum et latine dies letaniarum siue orationum. ... Quidam ciues .London. dicit cuidam uillico .Ebor. dioc. Ecce incidit in manus meas illa carucata terra in uilla qua habitas. Ecce quia ego adesse non possum ... in libro barlaam ... ...;

(q) f. 227 Sermo in rogationibus. Qvis uestrum habebit amicum etc [Luc. 11:5]. Dies isti dicuntur letaniarum .i. orationum in quibus omnes sanctos dei inuitamus ut orent pro nobis Et quia solius dei proprium est misereri semper et parcere; ... ...;

(r) f. 228 Item Sermo in Rogationibus. De tercio sic. Dies isti anglice dicuntur dies itineris. more alicuius peregrinantis ubi consueuit fieri duplex festum apud homines .s. primum in profectione. et secundum in reuersione. ... ...;

Fourteen sermons, of untraced authorship, De tempore, January - June; with four other short pieces (c-f) provided with separate rubrics, but perhaps forming part of (b). The first sermon (a) occurs in a s. xv collection, for the Circumcision, Schneyer viii, 307 no. 15.

The blank space on ff. 229-230 is filled with largely illegible crayon notes, s. xiii/xiv; pen-trial, 'Caro esurit legista', s. xv, f. 229v.

13. f. 230v (added on blank, s. xiii2) Form for bond for payment to 'Magistro tali de tali loco' of #14 6s 8d for tithe bought from him, half at St Cuthbert in March 1278 [20 March 1279] and half at St John the Baptist following [24 June].

The use of St Cuthbert's day for the first repayment term suggests a connection with Durham, and the term 'Magister' a hospital, such as Kepier or Sherburn near Durham, Northallerton in Durham's Yorkshire peculiar, or Bolton, four miles west of Alnwick in Durham's parish of Edlingham; a dispute between the monks of Durham and the brothers of Bolton over tithes and other matters was settled in 1276, see J. C. Hodgson et al., A History of Northumberland vii (Newcastle & London, 1904), pp. 206-208. The addition is made in a hand very close to that of DCD Misc. Ch. 740, which is dated 1286, and Cart. Vet. ff. 92v-93.

14. ff. 231-232v (added on blank, s. xiv1)

(a) ff. 231-232 Item dulcificatur suauitate ad pacem enim sequitur tranquilitas ... ... parta paradysi nobis est aperta ad quam etc;

(b) f. 232v Ambulate in dileccione [Eph. 5:1] Quanto homo melior est ... ... words cropped away at foot.

Parts of two sermons (?). (a) appears to be continuous, built around the words 'gaudium' and 'crux', and so possibly on Heb. 12:2; text cropped away at the foot of f. 231r and v. (b) occurs in Paris BN MS nouv. acq. lat. 227, see Schneyer ix, 249 no. 23; here it has headings, only partially legible even under ultra-violet light, '... Prior ... parisi...', and 'de dileccione de hunc [sic] sermo'.

The lower part of f. 232 is blank.

Corrections and annotations

Corrections conspicuous on ff. 4-13v and 61rb-71vb, and a substantial supply (?) in the lower margins of ff. 47v-48, some in hands of text, others (e.g. ff. 114v-115) much more cursive than text.

Sidenotes in the text-hands, ff. 38r-v, 62v-118v (in red) and 119-153v; many sidenotes in anglicana of a documentary type, s.xiv1, ff. 2-64v and 153v-196.

Note on f. 77ra, s.xiv in., 'quere signum hoc * in cedula cotata (?) in tergo cedule': nothing that could be called a schedule is now in the manuscript. Arabic serial number, 1- 201, s. xiii/xiv, alongside beginning of each sermon and also in top outside corners of pages. Indexing letters, s. xiv/xv, in margins throughout. The sermons running from ff. 76v to 83 have an additional numeration, s.xiv in., 1-4.



Provenance

Written in England.

Secundo folio: prima cogitacio

Item 13 suggests that the manuscript belonged Durham Cathedral Priory by about 1279; notes on f. 2 are in a similar hand. 'O. Sermones Odonis Abbatis D...' [second half of upper margin cut off], f. 2, in a hand commonly responsible for inscribing Durham Cathedral Priory manuscripts, s. xiv/xv; recorded in the catalogue of the cloister collection, 1395 (CVD p.75).

Bookplate printed in red with initials 'P.D.C.' [Philip, d. 1667, or Peter de Cardonnel ? - see D.N.B. ix, 41], mounted and tipped in between ff. 1 and 2, probably mistakenly transferred from another book, since Freville (see below) probably obtained the volume near Durham. 'Geo. Davenport. 1664. Donum viri integerrimi Nicolai Frevil Armigeri. 1664.' Notes from bibliographers on Odo of Cluny, of Battle and of Cheriton, and on the lack of relation of items in this volume to the first-named.

Binding: Sides of blind-stamped leather, bearing a pattern of fillets and groups of dots, with 3 stamps of romanesque style: fleur-de-lys (trianglar, each side 22 mm.), a plant (droplet-shaped shield, 25 mm. max.), and a crowned figure, genuflecting and holding up a candle (23 x 16 mm.); evidence of former single fastening at the centre of the fore-edge on upper cover and possibly of pin at the centre of lower cover; spine replaced, s. xix med., 2 clasps. Rust-marks close to the fore-edge of ff. 229-30, perhaps from a clasp-catch, are not matched by marks on ff. 231-2 or on the lower cover, and may therefore be evidence of a previous binding. Dr C. De Hamel has suggested that the combination of romanesque-style stamps with fillets and dots may be associated with the revival of blind-stamping in fifteenth-century England, see G. Pollard in The Library, 5th ser. 25 (1970), 193-218, esp. 201-2.

On the binding see, G. D. Hobson, The Library, 4th ser. 19 (1939), 241-2; A. I. Doyle in De Libris Compactis Miscellanea, ed. G. Colin, (Brussels, 1984), pp. 31-42, with plates of both covers; F. A. Schmidt-Künsemüller, Die abendländischen romanischen Blindstempeleinbände (1985), no.111, with diagrams.

RUBRICS 40r-v ?SIMILAR TO CERTAIN C.1230 COLDINGHAM CHARTERS, AND ALSO 48ra 2 LINES ABOVE CAP. CAPITAL H, 52r-v. THE SCRIBE BEG 61r HAS A V. DISTINCTIVE &. EARLY S.XIV TEXT ALTERATION 115ra 2 lines up - KNOWN HAND?