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Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.I.12 Ephrem Syrus; etc. s. xv med.

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

29/1/90 AJP revision of AID + AJP

[1] + 1 (medieval flyleaf) + 67 + [1]; foliated, s. xx1. Membrane (0.12 mm.; quires with fleshside outermost), 310 x 210 mm.

Collation: 1-88, 94 wants 4 (blank ?, its stub now between 1 and 2). Catchwords on quires 1-8. Quires 1-5 signed a-e, and 8, h.

Pricking in outer margin. Written space 216 x 212-217 mm; ruled in sharp brownish grey. 39 long lines.

Written in anglicana, with some secretary forms (g, sometimes single compartment a, mostly as first or last letter of words), expertly. Rubrics by the same hand and red marginalia.

Decorations: text-capitals splashed with red, ff. 1-10v, 50- 57v and 68v; with yellow, ff. 11-49v and 58-68. Paraphs and line-fillers in red. Initials, 2-line, red, up to f. 57v with flourishing and sometimes infilling in ink and sometimes red, including human (ff. 28, 40, 41v, 46v) or animal (ff. 36, 49) profiles, and a quatrefoil (f. 25v).

Running titles, on rectos of item 1 only, in red, giving book-number.

Contents:

1.

(a) ff. 2-33v Iesus Maria. Anna. Incipit liber primus sancti Effrem diaconi qui iuste et perfecte docet vt patet in sequentibus. Dolor me compellit dicere. sed iniquitas mea comminatur miche vt sileam. ... ... (f. 5) nulli de suis viribus presumant Explicit liber .j.us Incipit liber .ijus. de die iudicij et de Resurrectione et de Regno dei etc. Gloria omnipotenti deo qui os nostrum superno nutu apparuit ... ... (f. 7) Impij autem infirmabuntur in eis. Gloria ... Amen Explicit liber secundus Incipit liber tercius. Vt odio habuit hunc mundum et meditatio eius in deo fuerit etc. Beatus qui odio habuit hunc mundum et sollicitudo et meditacio eius ... ... (f. 8v) qui desiderauerunt ad patrem luminum peruenire Explicit liber tercius. Incipit liber quartus de penitencia etc. Dominus noster Jesus Christus descendens de sinu patris effectus est nobis via salutis ... ... (f. 10v) qui tibi a seculo placuerunt. quoniam tibi debetur omnis laus ... Amen Explicit liber quartus. Incipit liber quintus de luctaminibus huius seculi. nullus sine agone coronabitur. In luctaminibus huius seculi nullus sine agone certamine coronabitur ... ... (f. 23) vt delicijs paradisi perfruens. cum sanctis angelis omnibus dicam. Gloria ... Amen Explicit liber vus. Incipit liber vjtus de die iudicij. Venite dilectissimi fratres. exhortacionem meam suscipite et semper mementote consilij mei ... ... (f. 25v) vt omnis anima que hic meditabitur trahatur ad vitam eternam ... Amen Explicit liber Sextus.

(b)

(i) ff. 25v-29 Incipit liber vijus domini Effren diaconi de humilitate vel opere monachorum etc. Admonendus est monachus vt reuerencia habitus sui in actu. in locucione. in cogitacione sua semper circumspiciat ... ... inter homines tanto viliorum erit ante deum;

(ii) ff. 29-33v Exemplum Qvidam vir sanctus affirmabat dicens Quia virtutem dei quam vidi stantem ... ... diabolus nunquam inueniret locum. vt nobis nocere posset. Hoc ipse nobis prestare dignetur d.n.I.C. ... s.s.Amen etc. Explicit etc.

(a) Ephrem Syrus, TITLE ????, with extracts from Gregorius Magnus. Of the various forms in which a part of Ephrem's corpus circulated in Latin translation from the eighth century onwards, see Dict. Spirit. iv,1, 815-816; ILWVV, nos 1727 (from one Copenhagen MS) and 1775 (from one Brussels MS), this version, in six books, differs from that printed several times. Here the last part of Bk i (f. 4/16 seq.) is the latter part of the Cento ex S. Gregorii homiliis in Evangelia attributed to Ephrem in Berlin MS Theol. Lat. 355 ff. 31-35, ed. PL, Supplementum iv, 643/29 - 648, (cf. item 2 below); pr. Bk vi cap 2 line 8 is followed (ff. 11v/7 - 21v/27) by pr. Bk i cap 10 part - end and all Bk ii, the first part (PL, 641 - 643/29) of the Cento ex S. Gregorii ... (f. 16r/18-v/10), and pr. Bk i cap 4 part - 10 part In consequence the six books in this copy correspond to the seven printed, with pr. Bk iii forming Bk ii in this copy.

(b) treated as bk vii of (a).

(i) Ps. Adalger, Commonitiuncula ad sororem, abbrev. PL 134,915-938 (CPL, no. 1219 - bibl.), ILWVV, no. 6115; IS THIS THE VERSION OF THE ADALGER ATTRIBUTED TO ALBUINUS ILWVV, no. 5334 - MOST EASILY CHECKED BY ORDERING PUBLISHED FILM OF TRINITY CAMBRIDGE O.2.43 (1147) or O.8.25 (1401); (ii) begins with the same words as Paris B. N. MS lat. 3007 f. 34, where it is followed by the same item as follows here.

All this material, together with the following item, appears to occur without attribution and differently arranged in Avignon MS 341, a fifteenth-century book from the Avignon Dominicans, see Cat. Dept. xxvii,252-254.

2. ff. 33v-36 Iesus. Maria. Anna. Tractatus ex omelijs beati Gregorij pape. Si nolumus timere deum in tranquillitate. timeamus attricti percussionibus eius venturum iudicium ... ... quomodo non erimus dignis flagellis et diuersis tormentis qui pleni sumus peccatis. De quibus non redemit ipse qui v.et r.i.s.s.Amen .Iesus.Maria.Anna.

Cento ex S. Gregorii homiliis. WHENCE THIS TITLE; IT'S VERY CLOSE TO THAT USED FOR SECTIONS IN 1(a) ABOVE.

Tractatus de homeliis beati Gregorii. Described as 'des textes spirituels de S. gregoire ou` domine le pittoresque et le sentiment', see J. Leclercq & J.-P. Bonnes, Un mai^tre de la vie spirituelle au xi sie`cle: Jean de Fe'camp, (Paris; 1946), p. 65n. Other versions, in twelfth-century copies, both following the same text as here: Paris, B.N. MSS lat. 3007 ff. 40-42 (lacks the passage here ff. 34v/11 - 35v/31) and lat. 3454 ff. 3-4; also cf. above Avignon MS 341.

3.

(a) ff. 36-37v Incipiunt sermones sancti Cesarij Episcopi. Dominis sanctis et in Christo desiderandis fratribus in blagiacensi monasterio ... ... ad portum vere felicitatis supplicantibus vobis adiuuante Christo domino peruenire cui e.h. et g.in s.s. Amen;

(b) ff. 37v-38v Item alius sermo sancti Cesarij Episcopi. etc. Ad hunc locum karissimi non ad quietem non ad securitatem sed ad pugnam certamenque conuenimus ... ... vt terrori fit coniuncta consolacio. Cruenti quidem est quod frendet sed victi est quod tabescit;

(c) ff. 38v-40 Item alius sermo sancti Cesarij Episcopi. Qvod supplicato patre vestro et caritate iubente fraternitati vestre qualemcumque sermonem profero ... ... saltem vobis orantibus peccatorum venia tribuatur Amen Expliciunt sermones sancti Cesarij Episcopi;

(d) ff. 40-49v Hic incipiunt Omelie Eusebij Emiseni exortatoris. Exhortatur nos fratres sermo diuinus vt curramus dum lucem habemus ... ... (f. 41) Qvid salubritatis ... ... (f. 41v) Instruit nos ... ... (f. 43v) Sicut enim a nobis ... ... (f. 44v) Scimus quidem ... ... (f. 46v) Ad hoc ad istum locum ... ... (f. 47) Si quando terre operarius ... ... (f. 48/6-7) triumphi a domino consequamur. Et quidem quamdiu ad mundum ... ... (f. 49) inconcussa securitas ac sempiterna felicitas. Incipit Omelia octaua Videte vocacionem ... ... in presenti vita ornamentum sitis et in futura presidium Amen etc.

(a, c) Caesarius of Arles, Sermones (2) ad monachos. Ed. D. G. Morin, Sancti Caesarii Arelatensis sermones, ii, (CC SL 104; 1953), 925-931, 936-939. (a) PL Supplementum iv,497- 502; (c) PL 58,872-875; 67,1069-1072. CSEL 21,318-322.

(b, d) Eusebius `Gallicanus',

(b) Sermo ad monachos, defect. Ed. F. Glorie, Evsebivs `Gallicanvs' sermones extravagantes, (CC SL 101B; 1971), 861-868/2. PL 58,869-872; 67,1059-1061. CSEL 21,314-318. The omission of the final few sentences is found in other English copies, e.g. London British Library MSS Royal 5.E.ix f. 65v (see also below), 5.F.x f. 7v, 8.D.viii f. 84.

(d) Homeliae ad monachos, i-vi, viii, vii part, ix. Ed. J. Leroy & F. Glorie, Evsebivs `Gallicanvs' collectio homiliarvm, (CC SL 101A; 1971), 419-491, 511-516, 500-505, 522-529. PL 50,833-849, 850-856; iii: PL 58,883-887; iv-vi, ix: PL 67,1056-1059, 1062-1069. Other copies of these homilies occur together with the following item, q.v.

4.

(a) ff. 49v-52v De tribus habitaculis. celeste. terrestre. et inferno. Tria sunt sub omnipotentis dei manu habitacula. Primum. Immum Medium. Quorum summum regnum dei uel regnum celorum ... ... sine fastidio clamore cordis laudabunt deum omnipotentem benignum misericordem Cui honor ... Amen.

(b) f. 52v O Iesu clementissime fac nos impleri opere Quod donasti scribere litterali serie Amen. Iesu fili dei tu miserere mei. Laus ex ore laus ex corde laus ex opere auctori laudis Amen.

(a) Augustine, pseud.: Patrick, bishop of Dublin, De tribus habitaculis animae. PL 40,991-998; 53,831-838. Cf. CPL, no. 1106 note. Ed. A. Gwynn, The writings of Bishop Patrick 1074-1084, (Scriptores latini hiberniae 1; Dublin, 1955), pp. 106-124. This copy is not mentioned; from the readings listed (p. 24) it can be assigned to the earlier recension (p. 47). Several other copies contain homilies attributed to Caesarius and Eusebius, and the early thirteenth-century copy from the Augustinian abbey at Bristol (London, B.L. MS Royal 5.E.ix) contains the same eleven homilies as item 3 above, with the same attributions (Gwynn, pp. 132-135, 43).

(b) Brief prayer.

5. ff. 52v-65 Iesus Maria Anna. De duodecim abusionibus claustri etc. Dvodecim sunt abusiones claustri. quibus tota religionis summa corrumpitur. idest. Prelatus necligens ... ... Ex hiijs igitur obseruancie mandatis. pendet summa tocius religionis. Explicit tractatus Magistri hugonis de sancto victore de xij abusionibus claustri.

Hugh of Fouilloi, De claustro animae, bk 2 caps xi-xxiii; here, as commonly, attributed to Hugh of St Victor. PL 176,1058-1086. Bloomfield et al., no. 1839, listing none of the English copies. In this copy caps 8 & 9 (i.e. xix & xx in full work) divide at 'ructus ingurgitati ventris Miserabilior inter alias abusiones' (f. 59v; PL 176,1073).

6. f. 65 (all in red) Hit semeth whi3th ... in his godhed Da fidem domine.

Couplet on the eucharist. For another version, see MS Cosin V.v.19, ff. 72v-73.

7. f. 65v Ihesus Maria Anna. De natura apice. The be hath re kyndes. One is at he is never ydel ... veyne thowghtis.

Richard Rolle (?), Moralization on the nature of the bee. Ed. H. E. Allen, (1931), pp. 54-56.

8. ff. 66-68v Tria sunt peccate ex quibus omnia fere peccata originalia vel actualia orta sunt videlicet. Necligencia. Concupiscencia. Nequicia. Circa necligenciam consideratur debet unusquisque si sit necligens ad penitendum ... (f. 66v) In terciis nullos. De recordatione diuersorum domorum [corrected to donorum s. xvii] dei. Recordare debet unusquique quod deus contulit sibi gratiam baptismalem .. Superiora ad patrocinium. De recordacione passionis cristi. Recogitare debemus Quis est qui patitur ... (f. 67) Grandi piaculo. Difficili medicamento. De modo contemplando [corrected to contemplandi s. xvii] deum. Cogita quod deus est supra omnia sensibilia ... (f. 67v) summa caritas inuenitur. De amora erga deum. Bernardus. Dominus in cruce moriens in singulis membris dolorem ... (f. 68) ab eius vindicta etc. De septem peccatis mortalibus. De superbia que est amor proprie excellencie ... horror et desperacio futuri. De remediis contra peccata mortalia. Gregorius. Per timore dei sumus humiles contra superbiam ... (f. 68v) sapienciam maturi contra leuitatem luxurie. Albertus. Septem vicia curantur passione christi. Nam capitis inclinatio in cruce curat superbiam ... vestium crucifixioribus hec curant auariciam etc.

A short collection of extracts on sins and their remedies, etc.

Correction and Annotation:

Corrections and subject notes by two italic hands, s. xvi/xvii. A slip from a printed English sermon or treatise on Christ's Passion, s.xvii, was found in the volume as a place-marker.

Written in England.

Secundo folio: habitauit.

'Iste liber constat <W>ilhelmo crosse Iste liber pertinett Wilhelmo crosse. Deus est optima rerum & Rosa est pulcherimus florum', f. 1, with pen-trials, s. xv2.

'A peece of St Ephreem | his workes', f. 1, by a hand, s. xvi/xvii, found in Cosin MS ????.

'Geo. Davenport. 1664', on pastedown, visible through window; his list of contentss, f. 1v.

Binding: sides of plain calf, s. xvii, with double fillets for frame and a pair of verticals c. 45 mm. from spine. Rebacked, s. xix med.; 1 clasp.