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Durham University

IBRU: Centre for Borders Research


Ms Clara Brillembourg

Ms Clara Brillembourg, Partner, Foley Hoag LLP, works in the International Litigation and Arbitration practice, where she specializes in representing sovereign States in treaty disputes with other States, foreign investors, and before U.S. courts. She specializes in counseling States in maritime delimitation cases before the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea, the International Court of Justice and ad hoc tribunals. She also represents sovereign States before the International Court of Justice in cases involving territorial rights and trans-boundary environmental harm. She has represented Nicaragua, Ecuador, Georgia and Uruguay in disputes before the ICJ, and Ghana, Bangladesh, and Guyana in maritime boundary disputes before ITLOS, ITLOS’ Special Chamber, and UNCLOS Annex VII tribunals. Her practice also includes counseling States in international investment arbitration as well as litigation before U.S. courts involving foreign sovereign immunity.

Mr Lawrence Martin

Mr Lawrence Martin, Partner, Foley Hoag LLP, is a partner in the firm’s Washington, D.C. office and a member of its International Litigation and Arbitration Department. Larry concentrates his practice in international disputes, typically involving foreign sovereign governments and/or their agencies and instrumentalities. Larry represents foreign sovereign interests in proceedings before the world’s leading dispute resolution fora, including the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS), the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) and the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). He has particular experience in disputes relating to the Law of the Sea and international environmental cases. Larry also frequently represents foreign sovereigns in litigation before the courts of the United States. Reflecting his capabilities at representing clients in high-profile disputes, he has been named one of Washington, D.C.’s top lawyers by Washingtonian magazine and ranked in Chamber Global in its listing of the world’s top public international law practitioners. According, to Chambers Global (2015): “He is exceptional not only in terms of knowledge, expertise of the law, and organizational and managerial skills, but more importantly because of his character, attitude, ethics and advocacy."

Professor Martin Pratt

Professor Martin Pratt, Director, Bordermap Consulting, is an internationally-respected expert in boundary-making, border management and territorial dispute resolution, with over twenty years' experience working with governments, international organisations, businesses, scholars and practitioners around the world to resolve and prevent boundary-related conflict. He has extensive practical experience in maritime boundary negotiations and third-party adjudication of boundary and sovereignty disputes. Martin worked at IBRU from 1994-2015, leading the Centre's consultancy and professional training programmes for over a decade, and he remains an Honorary Professor in Geography at Durham University.

Mr Yuri Parkhomenko

Mr Yuri Parkhomenko, Foley Hoag LLP, specializes in the representation of sovereign States before the International Court of Justice, the International Tribunal on the Law for the Sea and ad hoc tribunals in disputes involving sovereignty claims, maritime and land boundary delimitation, treaty interpretation, trans-boundary environmental harm, human rights, humanitarian law, and investment arbitration. Yuri also frequently advises foreign governments on those issues in non-contentious matters. Most recently, Yuri has worked as counsel in the Bay of Bengal maritime delimitation cases, Nicaragua-Colombia sovereignty and delimitation case, the South China Sea arbitration, the Slovenia-Croatia boundary arbitration, the Ghana-Cote d’Ivoire delimitation case, the Nicaragua-Costa Rica delimitation case, and the Somalia-Kenya delimitation case.

Mr Paul Reichler

Mr Paul Reichler, Partner, Foley Hoag LLP, is one of the world's most respected and experienced practitioners of Public International Law, specializing for more than 25 years in the representation of Sovereign States in disputes with other States, and in disputes with foreign investors. He belongs to a select group of elite lawyers with extensive experience litigating on behalf of Sovereign States before the International Court of Justice in The Hague, and the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea in Hamburg," (Chambers Global 2010). Among many other clients and cases, he was Counsel and Advocate for Nicaragua in the historic case of Nicaragua v. United States of America (1984-1986), regarding the illegal use of force in international relations, and for Uruguay in the landmark case of Argentina v. Uruguay (2006-2010), concerning international environmental protection and sustainable development. Paul has particular experience representing and advising Sovereign States in land and maritime boundary disputes with neighboring States and disputes over transboundary environmental harm.

Dr Derek Smith

Dr. Derek Smith, Foley Hoag LLP, practices in the areas of international dispute resolution, public international law and petroleum law. Derek represents government clients with regard to the settlement of international boundary disputes, with a particular emphasis on those that implicate oil and gas development. He has extensive experience in establishing unitization agreements and other legal mechanisms for handling trans-boundary resources. Derek represents governments and state entities in international arbitration and other dispute settlement proceedings, including at ICSID, the ICC and the International Court of Justice. He also works with governments of petroleum producing countries and national oil companies in the full range of matters related to oil and gas exploration, production and monetization, including the resolution of disputes.

Dr Alejandra Torres Camprubi

Dr Alejandra Torres Camprubi, Associate, Foley Hoag LLP, is an international dispute resolution attorney in Foley Hoag’s International Litigation and Arbitration Department. Based in the firm’s Paris office, Alejandra is admitted to practice in the Madrid Bar as well as the Paris Bar as an EU lawyer. She focuses her practice on public international law, international investment arbitration, and set-aside proceedings before French courts. She has particular experience representing sovereign States and State-owned entities in arbitration proceedings administered by ICSID and the PCA, as well as in inter-State cases before the ICJ and ITLOS. Her areas of expertise include international environmental law, with a particular focus on climate change law and policy, and the interaction of this field with the international law of the sea and the law on statehood. She acted as legal counsel in the United Nations climate change negotiations and has recently been a post-doctoral research fellow at the Fridtjof Nansen Institute in Oslo, as part of an international and interdisciplinary project on the legal consequences of the Anthropocene for International Law. Alejandra has published in matters relating to loss of statehood due to sea-level rise, climate change and international security, and fairness in the international regime on climate change and has lectured on these topics in several universities and international organizations. She is also an active member of the ILA Committee on International Law and Sea-Level Rise.

Mr Peter Tzang

Mr Peter Tzang, Associate, Foley Hoag LLP, exclusively advises and represents States on matters of public international law and international investment law. He previously clerked at the ICJ, and his experience includes working on some of the most high-profile cases in international law, such as Philippines v. China, Ukraine v. Russia, The Gambia v. Myanmar, India v. Pakistan, Chagos Advisory Opinion, and Bahrain, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, UAE v. Qatar. A recipient of the prestigious Diploma of The Hague Academy of International Law, Peter speaks all six official languages of the United Nations (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish) at varying levels of proficiency.