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Durham University

IBRU: Centre for Borders Research

Conditions of use

In downloading International Boundaries Research Unit publications from this website, customers agree to the following conditions of use:

1) Copyright

Digital copies of publications are protected by copyright law in exactly the same way as printed publications. In this context, please be aware that downloading PDF versions of IBRU publications does not entitle the user to copy, distribute or otherwise provide access (e.g. over a computer network) to publications downloaded from this site to third parties without express permission from IBRU.

2) Fair use

IBRU does not object to fair use of its publications, i.e:

  • Storing copies of publication PDFs on more than one computer for the customer's personal use;
  • Reproduction of short extracts for non-commercial research and private study, criticism or review, teaching in schools and other educational establishments, or to help visually impaired people. All quoted extracts should be accompanied by an acknowledgement of the source. Maps and diagrams should not be reproduced without permission.


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