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Durham University

Institute of Advanced Study

Professor Jing-Bao Nie

IAS Fellow at Ustinov College, Durham University (September - November 2019)

Jing-Bao Nie, BMed, MMed, MA, PhD, is Professor at the Bioethics Centre, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand, and an adjunct Professor at Peking University Health Science Center and Wuhan University in China. After growing up in a remote village in southern China, he was trained in traditional Chinese medicine in China, sociology in Canada, and medical humanities in the USA. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Minnesota Bioethics Centre and an associate at Harvard University Asia Centre.

Professor Nie has over 100 peer-reviewed publications. He has authored Behind the Silence: Chinese Voices on Abortion (Rowman & Littlefield 2005) and Medical Ethics in China (Routledge 2011), and co-edited Japan's Wartime Medical Atrocities (Routledge 2010). He contributed to such volumes as The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics (three chapters) and the Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics. The several thematic journal issues he led include one on the methodologies of global bioethics for Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal (2016) and another on patient–physician mistrust in China for Developing World Bioethics (2018). His numerous articles have appeared in such periodicals as American journal Bioethics, Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, Journal of Clinical Ethics, and The Lancet. His research projects have been supported by grants from the Marsden Fund of the Royal Society of New Zealand (twice) and the Harvard China Fund. He is currently an advisor and collaborator for two US National Institute of Health projects.

Professor Nie has been an international fellow of the Hastings Centre (USA) (since 2011) and was Furong Visiting Professor at Hunan Normal University (China) (2010-12). He co-chaired the 6th International Congress of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics (2006) and was a board member of the International Association of Bioethics (2005-09). He serves on the advisory/editorial boards of leading international and Asian/Chinese journals including Asian Bioethics Review (Consulting Editor), Bioethics, Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, Chinese Journal of Medical Ethics, Medicine & Society, and Medicine & Philosophy.

Currently, Professor Nie is working on two projects, one entitled “In search of a benevolent polity: population aging in China and a Confucian socio-ethical vision of eldercare” and the other “From eugenics to human gene editing: a socio-ethical inquiry into engineering life in China in a global context”. His key collaborators at Durham University are Professor Martyn Evans (philosophy and medical humanities), and Professor Jane Macnaughton (medical humanities and anthropology), and Dr Gordon Cheung (Chinese studies).


Public Lecture - From Eugenics to Human Gene Editing: Ideology, Power and Engineering Life in China in a Global Context

Abstract

Gene editing technologies such as CRISPR-Cas9 have the capacity to alter the world forever through altering the genetic make-up of humankind. The announcement by a Chinese scientist in late November 2018 of the birth of the world’s first gene-edited babies sparked outrage across the world. Among numerous ethical issues, editing heritable germline genomes of otherwise healthy embryos for natural resistance to HIV constitutes an effort of positive eugenics, i.e. not treating disease but enhancing genetic features. This paradigm case of scientific misconduct has its roots in the widespread practice of yousheng (eugenics) in China and in the nation’s pursuit of science superpower status. Eugenics has long been a global phenomenon, and the engineering and instrumentalising of human life is a fundamental feature of global modernity. This lecture will offer a socio-ethical inquiry into how the ideologies of sinicised social Darwinism, nationalism and scientism have shaped the Chinese authoritarian model of human genetic engineering in a global context.

Listen to the lecture in full.