COFUND Senior / Policy & Enterprise Fellows
This is an archived page. Kept as a record until the formal end of the COFUND contract. This Fellowship is permanently closed for recruitment. Visitors interested in early career fellowships should visit the Durham University Vacancies Site or the Addison Wheeler Fellowship page. Information about other Senior Fellowships can be found on the IAS Fellowships page.
Since 2011 this scheme, COFUNDed between Durham University and the European Union, has gathered scholars, researchers, policy makers or practitioners from around the world and across the full spectrum of science, social science, arts and humanities to address themes of global significance in collaboration with Durham's Research Institutes and researchers.
I had a wonderfully productive time at Durham. I am very grateful to the IAS and Durham University for this unique opportunity - I can truthfully say that the IAS has provided me with one of the best experiences in my professional life.Professor Arnaud Rykner, Paris Sorbonne University
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 267209.
Between 2011 and 2019 this scheme, COFUNDed between Durham University and the European Union, recruited up to 24 Senior Research and Policy & Enterprise Fellows for periods of six weeks to six months. This included scholars, researchers, policy makers or practitioners from around the world and across the full spectrum of science, social science, arts and humanities to address themes of global significance in collaboration with Durham's Research Institutes and researchers. Details of Fellows along with a brief description of their reseach can be found below.
Seach by year:
Alba-Ferrara is a research scientist at the National Scientific and Technical Research Council of Argentina, having held positions at the Stanford Research Institute and the University of South Florida.
Clinical Application of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (FMRI) for Brain Mapping of Lateralised Language Functions. This project aims to evaluate the clinical use of behavioural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) tools for brain mapping of lateralized language functions developed by Durham University and European collaborators by applying these paradigms to a population of epilepsy patients who will undergo temporal lobectomy. The collaboration will compare the results obtained with these novel paradigms with traditional fMRI language localization paradigms and intra-cranial recordings of brain activity during language tasks, and will test the reliability and sensitivity of these new tools.
Lobectomy is the most common treatment for refractory epilepsy. Pre-surgical brain mapping is necessary to identify the areas of a patient's brain that are critical for functions such as the language, delimiting the area to be removed and minimizing potential loss of function and development of sequelae.
Dr Hausmann has developed behavioural tasks to localize lateralized language functions, which together with Alba-Ferrara will be adapted for fMRI to map language function. They aim: a) to validate the task in a healthy sample of native Spanish speakers and English-Spanish bilinguals. b) To extend the use of these protocols to a clinical population, evaluating its potential use as a standard pre-surgical brain mapping technique, and allowing a safe, fast and non/invasive evaluation.
Alexander is an Emeritus Professor at the University of New South Wales. She has received numerous awards and distinctions including the Centenary Medal for the Service to Australian Society and the Humanities in the Studies of English Literature and is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities.
A Major New Scholarly Edition of the Works of the Brontës. Alexander writes: ‘I plan to work on a new scholarly critical edition of Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë, to be published by Cambridge University Press. This innovative project will investigate, create and document an authoritative edition, replacing the OUP Clarendon edition of 40 years ago which is now outdated. The aim is to explore this iconic English novel’s material culture and transmission, assessing the circumstances of production and new scholarly research of the last 40 years, in order to arrive at the best possible text for the future. Further outcomes include publications on textual theory and the theory of annotation, plus digital products that will enhance the international experience of reading this authoritative edition.
My volume of Jane Eyre will be the flagship edition for a new venture by Cambridge University Press: a major new scholarly edition of all the works of the Brontës, which I have been asked to spearhead as General Editor. I have enlisted editors for other Brontë novels and I am keen to collaborate with several Durham university academics working within the Centre for Poetry and Poetics on planning editions of the Brontë poetry. I also plan to further my related Brontë research on the visual arts while in Durham.’
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College, Durham University (October – November 2012 & April – May 2013)
Dr Boian Alexandrov is with Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. As a well published and decorated academic, we are delighted that Dr Alexandrov will be a Senior Research Fellow at Durham University conducting research on ‘Controlling Cellular Functions with THz radiation’. Despite the emerging ubiquity of THz applications, and demonstrated sensitivity of biomolecules to THz spectroscopy, very little is known about the effect of THz radiation on living systems. The few previous studies were generally non-conclusive, however, recent experiments have demonstrated that specific THz radiation can lead to; genomic instability, anomalous cell membrane morphology, and modified gene expression profile. It has been argued that this data suggests that THz radiation has potential to change cellular functions. However, the precise mechanisms governing this influence are presently unknown.
Based on previous common experience, the Fellowship plans to design a new platform for THz-bio theoretical and experimental investigations and collaboration between Durham Biophysical Institute and DNA nonlinear-dynamics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Dr Alexandrov’s host, Dr Andrew Gallant of the School of Engineering and Computing Sciences has recently taken over as Head of the THz group in Durham and Dr Alexandrov’s visits will help identify the THz power and pulse requirements to conduct proof-of-concept experiments.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at University College, April - June 2012
Denis Arčon is a Professor at the Institut “Jozef Stefan”, Slovenia. He has a broad specialisation in magnetic resonance measurements (NMR, EPR and muSR) with his prime fields of interest being: metal-insulator transition, superconductivity and magnetic properties of doped fullerides (where he made significant contributions in explaining the role of electron correlations on the electronic ground states). Recently he has developed an interest in unconventional superconductivity in iron-based superconductors, strongly frustrated magnetism in low dimensional solids and has also been undertaking some applied oriented research, mainly directed towards the Li-ion intercalation and adsorption in different inorganic nanostructures. In all these fields he published widely.
As a Senior Research Fellow at Durham University he will undertake work that looks to induce superconductivity by electron/hole doping. This aligns with the research interests of Durham’s "Materials: synthesis and structure" research grouping, and the Senior Research Fellowship (magnetic resonance in superconducting/magnetic materials) will be utilised for the success of this project. Based within the chemistry he is hosted by Professor Kosmas Prassides and Professor John Evans.
Asiimwe is one of Uganda’s most eminent scholars having spent many years researching the country’s political, cultural and economic history.
Challenges to the nation-building project in post-independence Africa: the Buganda Crisis in Uganda. The proposed project examines the relationship between Buganda and the Ugandan state in the years following independence. While the story is well-known – increasing tension, and then violent confrontation, between a centralising, developmental state and the neo-traditional kingdom which lay at the physical heart of that state – there has been surprisingly little academic work on the every-day dynamics of this rapidly deteriorating relationship – partly because much of the work on this has been deeply partisan. Asiimwe has been gathering data on this issue for some years – including the material used for his 2002 study of coffee-marketing in Buganda, which was a key area of tension because of the importance of coffee revenues to both the Ugandan central state and to producers in Buganda. He will use the period of the fellowship for background reading – including comparative material on similar contests over the shape and nature of the ‘nation’ in 1960s Africa – and the writing of one article on this topic. The position of Buganda – and the relationship between state and neotraditional authorities – remains controversial in Uganda today, and this is a topic very well suited to the aim of the Centre for Contemporary African History – which is to demonstrate the importance of historically-rooted analysis in managing the challenges which face Africa in the twenty-first century. Asiimwe will also present a paper to – and write a blog for – the Centre; and will contribute to training and career development for doctoral students.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Grey College, Durham University (January - March 2019)
Dr Bagchi is an Assistant Professor of Physics having held previous Fellowships at MIT and Vienna. Perhaps the most fascinating objects found in the Universe are black holes. Collisions between black holes create huge amounts of gravitational waves, and such waves have recently been observed by the LIGO experiment.
Entropy is a thermodynamic quantity that measures the number of distinct configurations of a particular system. In the 1970s, it was realized that black holes have a large amount of entropy, which suggested that black holes have many microscopic configurations. The precise nature of these configurations has remained mysterious for over four decades.
The black hole entropy puzzle led to a radical new proposal for gravity itself: gravity is conjectured to be holographic, describable by a theory without gravity in one less spatial dimension. Holography implies that the entropy is associated with different configurations at the surface of the black hole. Hawking, Perry and Strominger have recently suggested that these configurations are related to symmetries of the black hole surfaces.
This project will explore the symmetries of black hole surfaces and, more generally, the symmetries of spacetime, elucidating the relationship between these symmetries and the holographic conjecture.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College, Durham University (October-December 2017)
Dr Julien Baglio has an emerging international reputation and proposes research that will intersect with a number of Departments and researchers at Durham University
Heavy neutrino effects on Higgs pair production at future electron-positron colliders. The proposed project studies the synergy between two fields in particle physics where recent discoveries have been awarded the Nobel Prize in physics, Higgs physics (2013) and neutrino physics (2015).
The detailed study of Higgs boson couplings and properties started after its discovery at the CERN LHC in 2012. In particular the measure of the Higgs self-couplings is one of the key goals of the LHC and of future colliders. In parallel, the observation of neutrino oscillations requires that at least two neutrinos are massive, which can only be explained through the extension of the Standard Model of particle physics. A class of very appealing extensions contains heavy neutrinos whose large couplings to the Higgs boson can induce sizeable deviations to its properties.
The collaboration’s preliminary studies [Phys.Rev. D94 (2016), 012002] have shown that heavy neutrinos can induce large corrections to the triple Higgs coupling. This is the first step in a detailed exploration of the impact of heavy neutrinos on Higgs properties. This Fellowship would support a case study for neutrino effects on Higgs production at future electron-positron colliders. The expected results would contribute to the global effort to further strengthen the case to build these colliders.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Stephenson College, Durham University (July - October 2019)
A specialist in military ethics, Dr Baker came to UNSW Canberra from the US Naval Academy (USNA). Currently a researcher in The Australian Centre for the Study of Armed Conflict, Dr Baker has previously held visiting fellowships at the Triangle Institute for Security Studies (Duke University) and the US Army’s Strategic Studies Institute. Dr Baker is a regular guest lecturer in ethics for the Australian Command and Staff College, and works closely with Australia’s Special Operations Command (particularly the Special Operations Training and Education Centre) assisting in the development of professional military education (PME) efforts within the Command. He is also currently a Panellist on the International Panel on the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons, a non-partisan international body funded by the German Federal Government and intended to inform the deliberations of the Group of Government Experts (GGE) responsible for considering regulation of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems under the United Nations’ Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.
The Ethics of Unconventional Warfare
While the term ‘unconventional warfare’ is sometimes interpreted quite broadly as ‘war without convention’, in military circles (particularly in the US military) the term refers specifically to operations which seek to achieve military and political ends by working ‘through, with, or by’ non-state irregular forces. This has long been a mainstay activity for special operations forces (SOF) units, as illustrated by recent British, French, and U.S. SOF support to Syrian rebel groups. Despite the obvious ethical complexity of SOF activities to enable and support non-state surrogate forces, there has yet to be a comprehensive ethical analysis of this practice. Building on the pioneering work by Durham University’s Professor Christopher Findlay on rebels’ right to resist oppression and the forms of armed force that are justified thereby, this project will seek to develop an ethical framework for SOF unconventional warfare.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Hild & St Bede College (April - June 2017)
Marco Barducci is a member of the IAS Princeton with research interests in: early modern political and religious culture (16th – 18th centuries); circulation, exchange and reception of political works and ideas between England, the Low Countries, and Italy; and Relations between political culture, propaganda, and practical politics.
Transnational reception in the Anglo-Dutch context (1603- 1730 c.): Althusius, Cunæus, Spinoza and the De La Court brothers. Following and expanding his interdisciplinary investigation of the English receptions of Hugo Grotius, this project will focus on the English receptions of the works of Johannes Althusius (1563-1638), Petrus Cunæus (1586-1638), Pieter (1618-1685) and Johan (1622-1660) De La Court, and Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677). The works of these authors exemplify the complexity of the strands of thought about politics and religion in the United Provinces in the early modern period. Their receptions in English intellectual culture are important case studies in recovering a set of ideas and arguments which had meaning across national boundaries. They form a transnational history that will provide a foundation for understanding the circulation, reception and exchange of ideas that underpinned the development of crucial European ideas of public power as well as of liberty of commerce and religious toleration as key social values. Such a history will also provide a foundation for understanding the cosmopolitan European origins of Enlightenment ideas of religious freedom which are pertinent to the challenges facing contemporary European society today.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College, Durham University (October-December 2018)
Dr Jeannette M Beasley is an assistant professor at the New York University, Division of General Internal Medicine and Clinical Innovation
Review of community level dietary and physical activity interventions in reducing obesity in low and middle income countries (LMICs): what works and what doesn’t. Globally, about 39.5 million deaths in 2016, accounting for 72.3% of all-cause mortality, was accounted by non-communicable diseases (NCDs). NCDs in low and middle income countries (LMICs) are responsible for 80% of the global deaths, which are obviously a major public health concern. Obesity is a significant risk factor for chronic NCDs, which is rising rapidly in LMICs. The project will conduct a systematic review to describe characteristics of successful and non-effective dietary and physical activity interventions for adolescent girl and female adults in LMICs, as they are most affected by obesity. A review of government policies in LMICs noted that just 25% addressed salt consumption, fat consumption, fruit and vegetable intake, or physical activity and called for the development of “comprehensive and multi-stakeholder policies to improve dietary quality and physical activity”. Understanding characteristics of successful interventions is critical to implement successful strategies. We will share findings as a peer-reviewed journal and report, which will also inform the grant application for the Global Challenge Research Fund (GCFR) to develop and evaluate effective intervention in LMICs.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College, Durham University (January-March 2019)
Dr Dmitry Biriukov has widely published on the philosophical tradition in Hellenism and the history of Byzantine philosophy, theology and culture.
How does a Physical Picture of the World Influence Theology? Physical Paradigms in the Christological Controversies of Byzantium. The larger field to which this project belongs is the examination of the diffusion of philosophical knowledge from antiquity to the Byzantine middle ages. The focus is on the way representatives of different Christological views after the Council in Chalcedon in AD 451 used different physical paradigms---i.e. contrary paradigms of mixing between physical bodies---to argue their respective theological positions. Such paradigms are, firstly, the Stoic teaching of total blending of physical bodies, widely used by the Chalcedonians and, secondly, the teaching about mixing of bodies typical for Aristotelian and Platonic authors, who criticized the Stoic pattern of total blending. The hypothesis of the research is that this second teaching was adopted by authors who argued against Chalcedonian Christology.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Grey College (July - September 2017)
Michael Blakeney has held positions as the Director of the Centre for Commercial Law Studies at Queen Mary University of London and Dean of the Faculty of Law at Murdoch University. He has an outstanding reputation for his research in the field of intellectual property, including on the topic of intellectual property and agriculture. He has been asked to undertake research projects for the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations and the Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research, which are relevant to this project.
EU and UK Food Waste Minimisation Policies. The proposed project will involve an examination of EU and UK food waste minimisation policies, including: identification of criteria to develop a specific evaluation framework for food waste minimisation policies; identification of food production, processing and packaging options in line with suitable environmental outcomes; collaboration with industry, private and government stakeholders to prevent and reduce food waste across the supply chain, from point of production through to the consumer. The project will also examine the role and activities of the UK in the EU FUSIONS (Food Use for Social Innovation by Optimising Waste Prevention Strategies) project and its successor project: REFRESH (Resource Efficient Food & Drink for the Entire Supply Chain.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College, Durham University (October-December 2017)
Prof Alisa Bokulich enjoys an excellent international reputation including stand out works such as How Scientific Models can Explain and Reexamining the Quantum-Classical Relation: Beyond Reductionism and Pluralism andher Fellowship will contribute to Durham’s world-leading contributions in the area of philosophy of science by building valuable links between Philosophy / Chess and Geography in Durham.
The philosophy of science that examines the ways in which multiple models can be used in concert to address the many sources of uncertainty in the Earth sciences. This project will provide the first sustained philosophical examination of the strengths and weaknesses of various types of “multi-model” approaches. Building on recent work focused on climate modelling, especially that of fellowship host and collaborator Dr. Wendy Parker, the project will extend the analysis both to a wider spectrum of multi-model methods and to other areas of the Earth sciences, including geomorphology. The project’s importance lies not only in its substantial and ground-breaking contribution to the underexplored field of "philosophy of the Earth sciences” but also in its potential to deepen our understanding of multi-model methods, which are of increasing importance across many sciences. The project will involve extensive discussion with Durham scholars from both Philosophy (including Parker, Prof. Nancy Cartwright, Prof. Julian Reiss, Prof. Alison Wylie) and Geography (including Prof. John Wainwright). The outcomes of this research will include a peer-reviewed article (co-authored with Parker) and Part III of the Senior Fellow’s in-progress book, Modelling and Uncertainty in the Earth Sciences.
COFUND Senior Research Fellows at Ustinov College, Durham University (April - June 2014)
Dr Dominic Boyer is Associate Professor at the Department of Anthropology, Rice University, USA. Dr Boyer is also a board member of Rice University’s recently established new E2I (Energy and Environment Initiative). His specific remit: transnational network building, is a key pillar of the initiative and Durham (with the DEI) has been identified as an ideal UK partner.
Dr Cymene Howe is Associate Professor at the Department of Anthropology and Core Faculty in the Center for the Study of Women, Gender and Sexuality, at Rice University in the USA. Dr Howe is also the founding member of the "Cultures of Energy" faculty working group at Rice and has been centrally involved in developing the proposal for the first research centre supporting energy and environmental research in the human sciences in the United States. Rice University is now poised to found this center (CENHS) in the coming months.
Under a joint Fellowship Boyer and Howe will work on three interconnected projects:
1) The development of a collaborative relationship between Durham and Rice University’s new E2I. The purposes of this relationship would be to lay the groundwork for future faculty and student exchanges between Durham and Rice, to explore common research interests and possibilities for knowledge transfer, and to facilitate the writing of grant proposals to further develop the Durham-Rice partnership over time.
2) The advising and support of Durham’s Anthropology Department’s newly-launched flagship MA in "Energy and Society". Through E2I, Boyer and Howe have valuable experience in terms of institution-building in energy studies. Given that there is no other MA program of its kind, it will potentially immediately make Durham’s Anthropology Department internationally visible and distinctive in the important new field of energy anthropology.
3) A collaboration with Prof Alexander (of Durham University) to further elaborate, develop and refine the "energopower" analytic paradigm. "Energopower" is a conceptual field that they have been developing to analyse the contribution of systems of energy (more specifically, electricity and fuel) to the organization and operation of political power. This Fellowship will extend their current collaboration on energopolitics as a Special Issue of Anthropological Quarterly.
COFUND Senior Research Fellowship at St Aidan's College, Durham University (April - June 2015)
Prof Mary Brydon-Miller is a professor of Educational Studies, University of Cincinnati and Director of the Action Research Center. She is recognised as a leader in the field of action research in the United States. She is on the editorial board of the central journal in her field, Action Research; is a major published figure with a number of very highly regarded books to her name and a very significant number of articles in key journals. Her research and writing has formed a steady and coherent stream over the years linking action research, community participation, feminism, and research ethics in a seamless way. In recent years she has added a focus on the arts in community research and she continues to expand her horizons in many other ways.
Her planned programme of work International perspectives on ethics in community-based participatory research focuses on deepening understandings of ethical challenges in community-based participatory research (CBPR), resulting in academic and practice-related outputs and impact. CBPR is research that is relevant to communities of place and/or interest, where community members play a role in all or some of the design, data collection, analysis and use of the research. The main aim is to explore alternative theoretical approaches to ethics in CBPR and develop a programme of education and training for academics and community partners that can be adapted and used internationally. A major component of this work comprises co-facilitating, recording and analysing the content and process of up to eight workshops for academic and community partners, with a particular focus on matters of ethics (power, responsibility, rights, harms). Emphasizing the development of innovative strategies for engaging academic and community partners in ethical reflection, four workshops will use a Critical Utopian Action Research approach, and form a participatory theatre approach. Through this project it is planned that productive links between the Action Research Center, Cincinnati and CSJCA, Durham, will develop, leading to further collaborative research at individual and institutional levels.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Mary's College, Durham University (January - March 2014)
Dr Larysa Bryzhyk is a leading research fellow at the department of nonlinear condensed matter physics at Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics; Adjunct professor at the Wessex Institute of Technologies.
Dr Bryzhyk is an acknowledged expert in the analysis and theoretical modeling of nonlinear phenomena in biophysical systems. Her work, which has regularly been published in high-level journals, has recently earned her an important international prize (the 2011 Prigogine Gold Medal) and widespread recognition in her field.
With her host Dr Bryzhyk plans to study theoretically the effects of periodic electromagnetic fields on the nonlinear charge transport processes in living cells. Such transport occurs along the macroscopic polypeptides during the redox processes that accompany the metabolism of living organisms performing respiration or photosynthesis. Owing to the interaction between electrons and self-induced deformation of polypeptides, electrons can become self-trapped in nonlinear soliton-like states. Previous studies have shown that in simple ONE-dimensional chains at zero temperature the external electromagnetic field can induce a drift of such a soliton (which carries an electric charge - and so is called an electrosoliton). This phenomenon, the "ratchet effect", is known to depend critically on the system's parameters. Therefore, during the Fellowship it is planned to study how the frequency and the amplitude of the electric field affects the onset of this ratchet, taking into account the properties of the polypeptides involved and energy dissipation. In addition Dr Bryzhyk also plans to study the effect of temperature on this mechanism and the possibility of enhancing or generating the ratchet dynamics by thermal bath.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Hatfield College (October 2016 - March 2017)
Bureš is the founding director of the Center for Security Studies at Metropolitan University Prague, which has become a major hub for security-related research in the Czech Republic. His research is focused in the areas of Conflict Resolution and International Security, with special emphasis on peacekeeping, privatization of security, and (counter-)terrorism policy.
Private Security in the EU: Beyond Private Military and Security Companies
In the academic literature, despite many disagreements about its impact and implications, there appears to be a broad agreement that a pluralization of security is taking place. Yet beyond the initial sweep of declaratory statements, the official security strategies and action plans contain little discussion of the specific ways for the desired greater involvement of private sector actors in the provision of security. This aim of the research to be undertaken is to fill a research gap around provision of private security in the EU provided by organizations beyond private military and private security companies. The project has two objectives: 1) Empirical analysis of the security practices of non-security related private businesses and their impact on security governance in the European Union; 2) Interdisciplinary analysis of conceptual frameworks suitable for bridging the gap between the security-maximizing logic of public security agencies and the profit-maximizing logic of private companies.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St John’s College, Durham University (October – December 2012)
Professor Heidi Campbell is Associate Professor of Communication in the Department of Communication, Texas A&M University. She is a recognised world leading scholar in the field of digital religion and has written one of the most important texts in this field: When Religion Meets New Media.
As a Senior Research Fellow at Durham University she will conduct research on ‘new forms of religious authority facilitated by the internet and their relationship to established forms of religious authority offline’. Prof Campbell was nominated by Revd Dr Peter Phillips (CODEC) and Dr Robert Song (Theology and Religion) and will work closely with these and CODEC at St John’s College, producing a journal article, book chapter and co-organising a Durham symposium with the CODEC “Values in Social Media” project group.
A struggle often exists between established religious leaders and offline systems and those with positions of religious authority online due to the social influence they earn through holding positions as webmasters, moderators and bloggers. The rise of new powerbrokers online creates a tension with offline religious institutions. The project that Prof Campbell is working on explores this relationship, by investigating the rise and influence of Religious Digital Creatives (RDCs) in the UK. RDCs are technology innovators and entrepreneurs whose media use and expertise grants them unique status as religious interpreters online. RDCs often emerge as unintentional religious leaders, owing to their activities and prominence online, which grants them a platform that may challenge traditional authority structures within offline religious institutions.
Through case studies and interviews with key British RDCs and the religious organization with which they affiliate, the project that Prof Campbell is working on will seek to illuminate what constitutes or is perceived of as legitimate authority in online and offline contexts in contemporary British society. It is hoped that the project findings will also reveal the implications these new understandings of authority have for religious organizations and communities.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Van Mildert College, Durham University (October – December 2012)
Dr Andrea Cardini is based at the Department of Chemical and Geological Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy and is also Honorary Fellow in the Centre for Anatomical and Human Sciences, at the University of Hull and the University of York, and Adjunct Professor in the Centre for Forensic Science at the University of Western Australia. Nominated by Prof. Kris (Fire) Kovarovic and Prof. Bob Simpson (both Department of Anthropology) Andrea is an internationally respected academic in the field of phenotype variability and evolution. As a centre of excellence in anthropology, palaeontology, ecology and genetics, Durham University offers an ideal environment for a multidisciplinary investigation seeking an answer to the IAS 2012-13 Reconstructing Time sub-theme question: “Is it possible to ever know exactly what happened in the past?”. As a Senior Research Fellow Andrea will conduct research on: ‘1, 5 or 20 Human Ancestors? Phenomics Meets Taxonomy to Assess Present and Past Biodiversity’.The proposed project will develop a novel framework to estimate the diversity of human ancestors during our lineage’s evolutionary history. Dr Cardini will work with Durham Primatologists, Anthropologists and Paleoanthropologists to identify and study specific primate groups to determine the number of discrete species and the variability of the phenotypes within each. This has the potential to provide a framework for the interpretation of differences among extinct forms and represent a large step forward in the study of human evolution.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow (July - September 2013)
Professor Falin Chen is Professor in the Institute of Applied Mechanic and Director General of the Energy Research Center at the same university. He is also the Executive Director of the National Science & Technology Program for Energy with the National Science Council and has held the Taiwan National Chair Professorship.
Nominated by Prof Brian Straughan (Mathematical Sciences), Richard Davies (Durham Energy Institute (DEI)) and Paul Mansfield (Mathematical Sciences) while in Durham, Professor Chen will work with the Numerical Analysis Group led by Prof Straughan and members of the Durham Energy Institute to assess the feasibility of using a North Pacific Ocean current (the Kuroshio) to generate energy. Through collaborative research, specific high quality sites for pilot plant installation will be identified and appropriate turbine generators are to be developed.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College (July - Sept 2017)
Chen’s major research interest is in plant root developmental biology bringing together multinational researchers and grants. The proposed project will develop multidisciplinary research involving plant physiology, systems biology and crop science to explore plant hormone regulatory networks controlling root development in model plant Arabidopsis and in the fruit crop Citrus. Roots are plant organs that typically lie below the surface of the soil, which not only provide structural support to the aerial parts of the plant but also acquire nutrients and water vital to plant growth. Plant hormones play key regulatory roles in root development. Citrus species represent an important source of nutrition for the benefit of human health and are of important economic value. A new understanding of the gene-hormone signalling network in root development will emerge by this project, which will help understanding of developmental control mechanisms in crop species such as Citrus, necessary to enhance, or even merely to sustain, crop production in the future, given the challenges that lie ahead with infertile soil and global climate change. This project will promote the further development of research links between the Durham Centre for Crop Improvement Technology (DCCIT) and Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU) in Wuhan, China.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College (June - August 2017)
Since 1996 Prof Cheung has pioneered research over a wide spectrum of research areas in precision engineering encompassing ultra-precision machining and precision surface metrology. Recently, Prof Cheung has secured a sizeable amount in research grants in the capacity of Principal Investigator (PI)/Co-Principal Investigator (Co-PI)/Project Coordinator (PC), totalling HK32.57 million (USD4.19 million).
Development of a novel tool servo chiseling technology for precision manufacture of three dimensional micro-structured surfaces
The main research aim is to develop a novel Tool Servo Chiseling (TSC) process which takes advantage of the micro chiseling using a tool servo machining processes, and has great potential to produce more complex and diverse micro-structured surfaces. The project consists of a study of the cutting mechanics and the surface generation mechanism of TSC; the development of tool servo chiseling system (TSCS) and the experimental evaluation of the TSCS. The project builds on the strength between the Partner State Key Laboratory of Ultraprecision Machining Technology of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) and the Centre for Advanced Instrumentation of Durham University. Prof Cheung from PolyU and Prof Robertson from Durham University have possessed a long term and strong network of research collaboration. The project if successful will not only provide an important means for advancing the ultra-precision machining technology but also enhancing the research capability of both Centre for Advanced Instrumentation in Durham University and the Partner State Key Laboratory in The Hong Kong Polytechnic University in precision manufacturing complex micro-structured surfaces.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at College of St Hild and St Bede, (January - March 2016)
Dr Christensen is an Associate Professor in the Research School of Psychology, Australian National University. He is widely recognized among his colleagues in schizophrenia research both for having one of the sharpest and most critical minds in the field, and for possessing highly original insights. He has established a program of research examining the cognitive and neurobiological mechanisms of schizophrenia that is recognized in the field as both rigorous and important. His research has made extremely important contributions to our understanding of anomalous functional brain organization among patients with Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders.
Auditory hallucinations (AH) are a prominent and debilitating feature of many psychiatric and neurologic conditions. However, they are also surprisingly common in the general population (15% - 20% of healthy individuals experience AH). Some neuroscientific models for such behaviour exist but are poorly understood and not well rooted in behaviour. The research to be undertaken is novel by positing that AH arise from inferential mechanisms built into normal perception. Research has convincingly demonstrated that, while perception feels entirely veridical to the perceiver, it actually fills in many gaps using probabilistic inference. These inferential processes likely realize substantial computational and resource efficiency on the part of the perceiver. The dominant empirical tool for characterizing how perceptual inferences operate is Bayesian estimation, where perception consists of the observer’s registration of sensory events combined with their prior expectations. In this way, AH may arise when prior expectations abnormally guide perception in the context of noisy or fuzzy representations. The current proposal seeks to test this model by studying how people detect voices embedded in acoustic noise. Expectations will be experimentally manipulated by altering the frequency of targets while internal neural noise will be varied by stimulating participants’ auditory cortex with low intensity transcranial magnetic stimulation. Data will be analyzed to ascertain whether false perceptions arise by means of Bayesian estimation.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Van Mildert College (October - December 2013)
Dr Shahram Chubin is a Non-resident Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment. He is one of the world's preeminent experts on Iranian national security policy, specifically the complex and subtle relationship between Iran's domestic and foreign policies.
Dr Chubin was director of studies at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Switzerland, from 1996 to 2009. A specialist in the security problems of the Middle East, he has also been a consultant to the U.S. Department of Defence, the RAND Corporation, and the United Nations. He has been director of regional security studies at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, a resident fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars, and a fellow at the Hudson Institute. Dr Chubin has taught at various universities including the Graduate School of International Studies in Geneva and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. He has lectured at Oxford, Harvard, and Columbia universities as well as at military staff colleges. He has published widely in Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Security, Washington Quarterly, Survival, Daedalus, the Middle East Journal, the World Today, and the Adelphi Paper series, Determinants and Evolution of Iran’s ‘Strategic Doctrine’.
This project is based on Dr Chubin’s deep, intimate and profound knowledge of the relationship between doctrine in a state’s strategic thinking and the complexities associated with the application of such. Nowhere is this important relationship, which is now at the forefront of security-related discussions, more evident than in Iran: a regional power of great importance which fought the twentieth century’s longest war, and whose ‘role conception’ challenges the prevailing West-oriented regional and international security arrangements. He is uniquely placed to bring new light to the paradoxes which have led to the shaping of Iran’s strategic doctrine and the country’s struggles to implement it. The underlying premises of the formation of Iran’s strategic doctrine – the roots, process of its evolution and application (its determinants) – remain unclear and this is the first high-level attempt at understanding them. These are methodically explored in detail through the analysis of three principal questions:
1) To what extent has Iran’s strategic doctrine been affected by such factors such as geography and ideology?
2) How far is this doctrine the result of Iran’s regional ambitions?
3) What has been the impact of this doctrine on regional politics and security?
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Mary's College (April - June 2016)
Prof Chui is a Professor in the Department of Applied Social Sciences, City University of Hong Kong. He has won a number of prestigious grants and his work is well respected in criminology and social conferences in the UK, SE Asia and the Pacific.
A Comparative Study of Youth Justice in Hong Kong and England
The work to be undertaken will be centered around youth justice systems and social work. Specifically the objective of this project will be to compare and contrast the development of youth justice policy and social work practice between Hong Kong and the UK, taking a multidisciplinary perspective in doing so.
Firstly, with regards to the aspect of policy, this project will thematically enquire upon the lines of Criminal Responsibility, Crime and Legitimacy, Juvenile Delinquency, and Restorative Justice amongst others, so as to examine the underlying ideologies behind both respective justice systems. Both historical perspectives and contemporary research advancements will be considered, to paint a comprehensive picture of how these justice systems have developed into their current states today. In doing so, implications for policy advancements will emerge.
Secondly, relating to frontline practice, collaborations will be made with social work practitioners, affording the opportunity for cross-cultural exchanges to be made with regards to culture-specific interventions and best practice procedures.
It is hoped that the findings of this project provide some much-needed cross-cultural insights, ultimately serving to advance the national and international knowledge of the field of youth criminal justice.
Costasche’s work adds strength to Durham University’s research in early Christian Studies, increasing links to Eastern Orthodox communities and deepening existing links to the Groesstese Project.
The researcher explores early Christian and mediaeval representations of reality (worldview, cosmology, contemplation of nature). In recent years he has published a number of articles and chapters on representatives of the Alexandrian and Cappadocian traditions, which paved the way for a series of thematically related books.
Currently Costasche works work on representatives of Alexandria and Egypt and is seeking to publish two books to finalise 2017. The Fellowship will contribute a third book in this series, focussing on the relevant contributions of the fourth century Cappadocian theologians, Basil of Caesarea, Gregory the Theologian and Gregory of Nyssa. The project has four goals. First, to show how the Cappadocian scholars have articulated the Christian worldview with reference to the philosophical and scientific cosmologies of the time. Second, to make sense of the Cappadocians’ way of natural contemplation. Third, to show the impact of their approach on mediaeval, Byzantine thinkers such as Maximus the Confessor and John Damascene. Fourth, to infer the elements of a Christian methodology to be applied to current circumstances, particularly in the field of science and theology, together with the contemporary articulation of the Christian worldview.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College (October - December 2015)
Professor Cowan holds the Canada Research Chair in Early Modern British History at McGill University. He is arguably, the leading historian of Britain based in Canada and is currently the editor of the prestigious Journal of British Studies. Cowan’s work has an important interdisciplinary dimension. Some aspects of this, notably his engagement with a wide range of literary sources, will facilitate exchanges within the Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies at Durham University. More recently he has developed an interest in visual sources, which play an important part in his current project, and will potentially contribute to the work of the Centre for Visual Arts and Cultures at Durham University.
A new history of celebrity has begun to emerge in recent years, but it has tended to remain fixed on the emergence of a modern entertainment industry in which celebrities emerged to satisfy the interests of readers, audiences, and the general public. These studies also tend to focus on the late eighteenth century and succeeding periods. Cowan’s research project focuses on an earlier moment: Britain after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. He uses a case study of Dr Henry Sacheverell, a Tory clergyman who became an unlikely but widely known celebrity owing to his prosecution for high crimes and misdemeanours by Parliament in 1710. The research seeks to explain how and why Sacheverell became a celebrity. It aims to do so through situating the political conflicts of post-Revolutionary Britain into the context of an emergent multi-media public sphere. Cowan argues that modern celebrity has its origins in partisan politics, and that modern politics turned to new forms of celebrity in a post-revolutionary political culture. While older forms of celebrity construction, such as sacral monarchy and religious martyrdom, were still present in the making of Sacheverell’s celebrity, he was also the product of a scandal-hungry commercial media world.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Hatfield College, Durham University (April-June 2019)
Prof Bozena Czerny has pioneered the research of observational aspects of disk accretion onto supermassive black holes.
Quasars are the brightest persistent sources in the Universe, powered by material falling onto a supermassive black hole. This means that they can be seen across vast distances, making them excellent probes of the Cosmological expansion. However, to do this accurately requires that we understand their absolute luminosities and size scales. At present, the sizes measured by various techniques are bigger by a factor of 2 compared to current model predictions. This means that we do not understand the structure of Quasars at this level, so we cannot exploit them to their full potential to explore the structure of our Universe. We propose to develop a new model including the effect of the Quasar on its surrounding material to solve this problem. The enormous gravitational energy released by the material falling towards the black hole powers intense, high energy radiation. This outflowing radiation can interact with the infalling material to power strong winds, and these winds scatter some fraction of the radiation making an extended ‘halo’ around the black hole and its accretion disc. Czerny has developed new models of these winds, while Done & Ward have developed state-of-the-art models for the emitted radiation, together giving the required expertise.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College, Durham University (April - June 2014)
Prof Martin Daly is a Historian of the Middle East and North Africa, Author, Editor, and Consultant. Prof Daly is a leading scholar within the field of Sudanese/north-east Africa History – and arguably an expert on the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium (1899 – 1956), with numerous critically acclaimed publications. These range from authoritative monographs (e.g. Imperial Sudan and Empire on the Nile) to accessible overviews such as Dafur’s Sorrow and A history of the Sudan. He is also the General Editor of The Cambridge History of Egypt.
During his Fellowship Prof Daly intends to work on two projects, each drawing on Durham’s unique Sudan Archive. The first is an edition of unpublished diaries and memoirs of Richard Hill; the second is published volume of selected photographs from the collection of Dr John Bloss, who was in South Sudan during the 1940s-50s.
Richard Hill, a prolific historian of the Sudan, established the Sudan Archive at Durham. Among his unpublished writings are important diaries and memoirs of historical interest that remain largely inaccessible to students of the Sudan; Professor Daly has exclusive rights to publish these. The book will be offered to Cambridge University Press, who have published five of his books.
John Bloss, a medical doctor, was a photographer of professional quality, whose several thousand images from South Sudan form a unique corpus of people, places, arts, and techniques from the last decades of the colonial period and before the destruction of the civil wars. The proposed publication of selected photographs will have an historical introduction, captions and notes, 200-250 photographs, to be offered to Rizzoli or a comparable publisher asThis Was South Sudan, a contribution to the historical memory of Africa’s newest state.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Hatfield College, Durham University (April - June 2015)
Prof Tim Davies, Senior Lecturer in Engineering Geology, University of Canterbury, New Zealand is a world authority on rock fall and debris flows. His research stretches beyond the technical boundaries of engineering to understand the human implications of losses from hazards and now attempts to integrate it into a social context, asking, particularly, what leads to a resilient community.
Complex Dynamic Systems of resilience to environmental hazards. The Fellowship project is closely related to the ongoing IHRR work on increasing the resilience of communities in the mountains of Central and South Asia (Nepal and Bihar State) to high-intensity, low-frequency earthquakes and the consequential hazards of landslides and flooding. Specifically, Prof Davies, proposes to work on:
(1) finalising a Ms defining the limitations of conventional probability-based (reductionist) risk management procedures for designing disaster reduction strategies;
(2) Developing a framework whereby scenarios can be used as sources of public information about future disasters as representative situations to which resilience can be developed;
(3) Identifying the structural and behavioural characteristics of complex dynamic systems that enable them to survive and regenerate from severe system shocks; and
(4) Deriving, from these characteristics, indications of ways in which communities and society can develop procedures to become more resilient to severe and unexpected shocks.
This project forms part of an initiative to develop research linkages between Durham University and New Zealand, linking strongly to the NERC/ESRC Earthquakes without Frontiers project, the EPSRC BIOPICCC project which focused on building resilience to weather-related events in the UK, and projects in Christchurch following the 2010/11 earthquakes, and ongoing research into potential consequences of a future Alpine Fault earthquake in New Zealand.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Mary's College (October – December 2015)
Professor Deconinck-Brossard is an eminent French scholar at the Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense (formerly Paris X) working on the borders of English literature and history. The proposed research to be undertaken during the Fellowship focuses on seventeenth- and eighteenth-century hymns and sermons. It lies at the crossroads between literature and history, with a special interest in digital humanities, particularly computer-assisted textual analysis and historical analysis of literary documents. Deconinck-Brossard is in the final stages of preparing a critical edition of a collection of eighteenth-century sermon manuscripts by archdeacon John Sharp (1723-1792) held in Durham Cathedral Library.
The project undertaken during the fellowship will be twofold. First she will use digital transcriptions of the Sharp corpus as the basis for discourse analysis. As textual analytics is essentially comparative, she will compare it with other similar corpora, whether of eighteenth-century texts or sermon literature in general. Another area which she will continue to investigate is the use of relational databases for historical work. For instance, John Sharp meticulously recorded the dates, venues, occasions, duration, and audiences of his sermons, which he constantly recycled during his forty-three year ministry in the Durham diocese. This material fits into a database, which reveals hitherto unknown aspects of religion and society in eighteenth-century England.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Aidan's College (July - August 2017 and April - August 2019)
Devir is an expert in Jewish Civilization; Religious Studies; Emerging Jewish communities and Judaizing movements; Religion and Globalization; Israel Studies; Holocaust Studies; Cultural Studies
The Influence of Transnational Social Media on Perceptions of Ethno-Religious Identity: A West African Case Study. It is widely acknowledged that social media often operate as “soft” ethnic- or faith-based non-official diplomatic actors. Many studies have examined such phenomena at the macro-level, especially in the contexts of global Christianity and Islam. But studies done at the micro-level are few and far between, and studies on “networked religion” in the context of global Judaism are non-existent.
During the fellowship period, Devir proposes to work on a case study that will fill these existing gaps in knowledge. The project will examine the influence of transnational social media upon the ethno-religious identity politics of the West African Beti, a Bantu-speaking people located mainly in Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Republic of the Congo. The Beti are among many so-called “self-defining,” “neo-Jewish,” or “Judaizing” groups that have, in the past several decades, emerged with surprising frequency in Sub-Saharan Africa.
This project will (1) trace the diffusion of the Cameroon-based “House of the Righteous” Judaizing movement to other nascent Beti-centered congregations that drew inspiration from this movement after discovering it via social media; and (2) address the influence of Jewish-related content gained online from non-Beti sources on the worldviews, social trends, and meta-discourses within transnational Beti society.
Dickson’s research expertise lies in the field of coastal geomorphology and, in particular, the role of erosional processes in controlling landform evolution and the associated risks that these dynamics pose for human infrastructure and well-being. He has conducted cutting-edge research at the interface of ‘pure’ and ‘applied’ science on the geomorphology of coastlines in the UK, New Zealand (NZ) and Australia.
Quantifying the fully frequency spectrum of erosion processes driving coastal landform evolution. In recent years there has been dramatic increase in our ability to acquire, store, transmit, and analyse data. It has been argued that these developments are driving a revolution in the earth and environmental sciences, including geomorphology. A strong contrast is presented between recent developments and the largely qualitative history of geomorphological enquiry, leading to a big open question: can modern techniques be used to quantitatively understand classical geomorphological concepts? This project targets the classical magnitude frequency concept in geomorphology through an examination of coastal landform development. Field sites have been selected in eastern New Zealand and north-eastern England where impressive data sets have been compiled, including short-term erosion data collected through repeat laser scanning of cliff faces, and emerging long-term erosion data obtained through analysis of cosmogenic isotopes produce in shore platform rock. Comparison between sites is instructive because the sites in England have gradual relative sea level change whereas in New Zealand erosion is highly episodic owing to large earthquakes (e.g. Kaikoura) that fundamentally alter the erosion system. The project will examine whether it is now possible, with modern techniques and rigorous quantification, to resolve the contributions to landform development of gradual processes and larger episodic events.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at University College (October – December 2012)Dr Greti Dinkova-Bruun is a Fellow and Institute Librarian at the Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies in Toronto, Canada. As a well published academic, her research interests dovetail with the research programmes of the Institute of Medieval and Renaissance Studies, where she will be based and hosted by Dr Giles E M Gasper, Lecturer in Medieval History, and Associate Director of IMRS.
As a Senior Research Fellow at Durham University she will concentrate on the research of Robert Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln 1235-1253, who is widely considered the first exponent of the western tradition of experimental science. His status as one of the most creative thinkers in the 13th century remains unchallenged; whereas his status as a “scientist” has been more contested. Assessing this status is made more difficult by the fact that while modern editions and translations exist of his theological, philosophical and pastoral works, there is an almost complete lack of reliable editions of his scientific works. Discussion of Grossteste's ideas with non-specialists, including modern scientists, is hindered by a lack of reliable translation. During her stay, Dr Dinkova-Bruun aims to enhance collaborative research taking place in Durham within the IMRS, the Departments of History, English and Physics with a view to addressing this problem. Her expertise in the editing and translation of Medieval Latin, will be applied to Grossteste’s treatise “On the Rainbow” and its relation to the treatise “On Colour” which she and Durham staff are currently preparing for publication.
Ehlers is a world leader in the field of tectonic geomorphology. His exceptional standing is attested by his prolific publication record (including 5 papers in Nature or Science) and his recent success in securing two major and extremely competitive research grants: an ERC Consolidator Grant and a DFG Priority Research Program. Since moving to Germany in 2009, after being educated and having started his career in the USA, Ehlers has rapidly integrated the European research community, serving on several committees and as editor in chief for the journal Earth Science Reviews and Tectonics.
Impact of Climate Change on landslide hazard in mountainous landscapes. It is now well established that climate, plate tectonics, and biotic processes are intricately linked through Earth’s surface processes. Many of these surface processes, such as landsliding and other forms of mass movement, also form important hazards to human life and activity, especially in mountainous areas worldwide. As the Earth’s climate changes, it is critical to understand the impacts of that change on the occurrence, rates, and intensity of hazards. This proposal will investigate the impacts of short- to medium-term climate change (c. 30-1000 yr) on landslide size and frequency, using examples of modern and paleo-climatic conditions to understand the quantitative links between precipitation delivery and landslide patterns. Ehlers will integrate modern and paleo-climate computer simulations with physics based calculations of climate change impacts on slope stability. The work will emphasise how differences between modern and paleo-climate (in terms of precipitation totals, seasonality, and storm intensity) impact on landslide occurrence. The outcome from this research will be an improved understanding of climate change risks (past and future) for humans. This fellowship will also facilitate the development of a hazards related international graduate student training program between Durham and Tuebingen that is in the early stages of planning.
Elias is widely known to the volcanological community for her studies and monitoring of the prodigious volcanic gas and particle emissions from Kīlauea volcano, Hawaii. This work has contributed both to operational forecasting and hazard assessment, and to understanding fundamental aspects of the behaviour of the volcano. We have a much better knowledge of the rates of magma supply to the volcano and the architecture of its plumbing system thanks to her field-based measurements.
Living with volcanic degassing on Hawai‘i Island: translating science into community knowledge and action. For over three decades, vulnerable populations in Hawai‘i have been living with volcanic air pollution formed by toxic sulphur dioxide gas (SO2) emitted from Kīlauea Volcano. SO2 converts in the atmosphere, over time and space, to form acid particles which travel to distant, downwind communities and impact human health, agriculture, and infrastructure. Local health advisories focus on protecting sensitive populations from acute respiratory symptoms caused by SO2, but provide little information on chronic, acid-particle hazards. Communities in distal areas, downwind of Kīlauea Volcano, are affected by vog nearly every day. Yet the availability of relevant monitoring data, information on the evolution of vog, its impacts, and protection strategies, is limited and challenging to access. In this fellowship, Tamar Elias and Claire Horwell will continue their fruitful, transdisciplinary collaboration by expanding a suite of outreach products, which they previously created, to include a ‘Leeward Hawai‘i vog communications package’. This will involve working with established partners to better integrate real-time particle data and forecasts into existing hazard information dissemination pathways; creating an online and printable public outreach booklet; presenting vog information to communities through public talks and other media formats; and documenting the process/products through an academic journal publication.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College, April - June 2012
Nominated by Professor Sarah Curtis (Institute of Hazard Risk and Resilience (IHRR)), Professor David Petley (IHRR) and Professor Joe Painter (Geography), Dr Eliot is a Senior Lecturer and Associate Professor of Geography at the University of Rouen.He is a leading figure in the field of the geography of health provision, focusing on medical systems during and leading to epidemics, and has a good record of publications and presentations at international conferences.
Whilst at Durham University Dr Eliot explored whether there are crucial “moments of transition” when new understandings, interpretations or productions of place and spaces of governance “emerge”.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College (July-September 2016)
Wenzhe Fa is an Associate Professor in the School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University. He is a standout in the nascent field of Chinese planetary science and is one of the few scientists in the world who is working in the area of quantitative modeling of radar scattering from planetary surfaces, with particular emphasis on the effects of ice and surface roughness on the polarization characteristics of the reflected signal.
Water ice at the lunar poles provides important clues about both the delivery of water to the inner solar system during an early bombardment phase and lunar geology. It is also considered to be one of the most valuable resources in the solar system. However, previous orbital and Earth-based radar mapping has yielded conflicting interpretations for the existence of water. The U.S. Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft has recently returned global data for the moon. In this project, the latest radar data will be analysed, in combination with imagery and auxiliary topography, neutron spectroscopy and thermal infrared data, to reduce the ambiguity associated with the radar detection of water ice. Previous radar scattering models will be upgraded to include multiple scattering, and then quantitative analysis will be undertaken on the influence of lunar surface properties, such as roughness, dielectric constant, water ice and rock abundance, on the radar echo strength and polarization status. By studying how the radar maps vary from polar to non-polar craters, we will use the improved model to infer to what extent water ice is influencing these observations. Based on a better understanding of the radar measurements, we will be able to quantify the abundance of near-surface water ice in the lunar polar craters.
COFUND Policy & Enterprise Fellow at University College, Durham University (October - December 2014)
Prof Lili Fang is Director and researcher of China Art Academy, Art Anthropology Research Center, Beijing; Member of China National Expert Committee for the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage; President of Chinese Society for Art Anthropology; and Member of Beijing Municipal People’s Congress Standing Committee Scientific, Educational and Cultural Committee.
Jingdezhen has been a Chinese centre of porcelain production for almost 1,700 years. Prof Fang has been researching the history of Jingdezhen for nine years, collecting oral histories, engaging in participant observation of the daily lives of ceramic artists, and compiling a visual record through still photography and videos. Her research examines the past hundred years during which China has changed from a traditional society to a modernized and now, internationalized society. The research covers the vicissitudes of the life and culture of the artisans in Jingdezhen during these phases: hand-crafted, family-based ceramic production during Republican China (1910-1949), mechanized ceramic production in Jingdezhen from 1949-2000 within a centrally-planned economy, and the return to handcrafted production after 2010, but now in studios inspired by the information revolution and a revitalized market economy.
Prof Fang’s fellowship would provide a unique opportunity for collaboration between anthropologists at the Chinese National Academy of Arts, researchers in the anthropology of art in Durham (Prof Layton, Dr Tehrani and Dr Paolo Fortis), and in the history of Chinese art at the University’s Oriental Museum (Dr Craig Barclay), which is home to an internationally significant collection of Chinese ceramics that includes work created in Jingdezhen during past centuries. Prof Fang’s fellowship would facilitate the exchange of knowledge and research techniques between the two institutions, and provide an exciting opportunity for joint field research. Many of the social and cultural changes that occurred during the British Industrial Revolution over a century or more are taking place in China within a single generation. Both countries face the challenges brought about by Globalisation. Case studies of how different cultures have responded to these challenges can bring fresh insight to strategies for mitigating their potentially destructive effect on cultural tradition.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St John's College, Durham University (January-February 2019)
Professor Samuel Fernandez proposes to work on a well-developed project to produce a comprehensive set of documents relating to the major controversies concerning the nature of the divine that occurred in the Christian community in the 4th century AD.
These controversies coincided with the legitimation of Christianity by the emperor Constantine, and thus are of importance both for intellectual historians and for historians of the interaction between Christianity and the Roman world in all dimensions. Fernandez’s project involves a series of complex theoretical tasks, discussing rhetoric, genre and intellectual content, as well as the task of reassessing how presentations of the controversies shifted in hindsight. The project is undertaking a highly significant and complex task that has been a desideratum for scholars in this field for some decades.
2025 will see the 1700th anniversary of the council of Nicaea (325). The importance of this crucial event is not limited to theology, because the meaning of some central concepts of our western culture depends largely on this period. In order to deepen our understanding of this complex period, as part of an ongoing project, I am thoroughly collecting all the contemporary documents related to the «Arian crisis», up to the year 381, which are quoted by other authors. However, these documents must be not only identified, but also re-placed in their original theological contexts, which is a very complex task. Therefore the aim of the «Research Fellowship» would be to discuss with Prof. Lewis Ayres and other specialists the classification, chronology and interpretation of these original documents. It would be possible to organize a collaborative seminar on this topic. Durham is an excellent place to develop this discussion, because it is a world-leading center for the study of early Christianity. This work would also collaborate with an existing research strength in the Department of Theology, and so it could contribute to the Department’s research strategy.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College (April - June 2017)
Dr Ferretti is an animal ecologist interested in the analysis of (i) mechanisms of coexistence among species, to understand determinants of observed patterns of interactions and their consequences for behaviour and ecology; (ii) effects of climatic changes on ecology of wild animals; (iii) human-wildlife interactions, with the aim of mitigating human wildlife conflict. His international reputation has been growing rapidly: he has been invited to join the Editorial Board of two Scientific Journals and is subject editor for the well-respected journal Mammalian Biology.
Diet and competition in changing environments
This project will use a macroecological approach to predict the effects of environmental change on the breadth of the realised niche. The focus will be on terrestrial carnivores, a well-studied species group of high ecological, economical and cultural relevance. Current climatic changes and anthropogenic alterations of natural communities are influencing species worldwide. Environmental changes commonly trigger an increase in species turnover, resulting in community changes. In turn, overlap would emerge between formerly segregated species, potentially generating competition between novel species pairs. However, the role of competition in influencing the response of organisms to environmental change has been relatively understudied.
This project will fill this gap to predict, for the first time, the effects of climatic/anthropogenic drivers of environmental change on a key aspect of ecological niche: diet breadth. Through meta-analyses, this project will model the effects of guild characteristics, including richness, presence of alien taxa, and other environmental features, on diet breadth, to predict how species will react to climate-driven or human-mediated arrival of new taxa.
This project will generate novel information and insights, with benefits both for fundamental ecological science, and for our ability to predict the consequences of environmental change.
COFUND Policy & Enterprise Fellow at Ustinov College, April - June 2012
Nominated by Sarah Curtis (IHRR), Professor David Petley (IHRR) and Professor Joe Painter (Geography), Prof Gagnon is Full Professor at the Téluq part of Université du Québec for distance learning. She is internationally recognised for her research into the policy public and health and has extensive contacts in the field regulation of environmental and health risks in England, France and Canada. During her stay in Durham she hopes that as well as the more concrete outcomes (including a position paper and research proposal) this visit results in the development of an international network of researchers which may lead to EU and Canadian funding.
As a Senior Research Fellow from April to June 2012 Professor Gagnon intends to engender collaboration and prepare a position paper suitable for publication and a research proposal for an ‘International comparative study of the Governance of risks of new technologies and social acceptability. The case of Shale Gas’ . It is proposed to extend this collaboration to include other members of Durham University, and also French and Canadian researchers.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Van Mildert College (April - June 2017)
Gailing’s research revolves around the geographies of energy transition, analysis of socio-materiality (e.g. dispositives), governance and governmentalities relating to common goods, and the institutional change in regional development. He combines his disciplinary background in human geography and spatial planning with related approaches in political sciences and cultural studies.
Reconfiguring Energy Spaces: The Role of Spatial Governmentalities and Competing Socio-Materialities
The project examines the spatial organisation of energy transitions directing the focus towards aspects of “energy spaces” and new geographies of energy. The concept of energy spaces does not only refer to spatial aspects of infrastructures like power plants and grids. Instead, it also points to energy governance (national, urban, regional), the formation of energy landscapes and the shifting relations between energy policies and energy industries. Empirically, this project explores regions in Germany with both traditional fossil-fuel- or nuclear-based generation of electricity (“old energy spaces”) and renewable energy generation (“new energy spaces”). During the fellowship Gailing will explore prospective cases of both old and new energy spaces in the UK in order to allow comparisons between the two countries. Secondly, Gailing will prepare publications and further collaborative activities between Durham University and IRS/Humboldt-University Berlin. The project provides conceptual insights into the socio-spatial aspects of energy by seeing through the lens of Foucauldian theories (esp. dispositive thinking and governmentality studies). Therefore, the approach focuses on spatial reconfigurations, power struggles, subjectivities and socio-materialities in the context of energy transitions in regional case studies of overlapping old and new energy spaces.
COFUND Policy & Enterprise Fellow at Stephenson College (January - March 2016)
Dr Galabova is an Associate Professor in Industrial Management at the Technical University of Sofia, Bulgaria, in the Faculty of Management and English Language Faculty of Engineering.
Developing Policy Work to Improve Wellbeing in Small to Medium-sized Enterprises. The overarching aim of this Fellowship is to develop policy implications from a body of research on wellbeing policies and their effects on working lives and the health of Small to Medium-sized Enterprises. The project will use a variety of mechanisms to connect research evidence with policy development and implementation. Further it will bring together researchers and practitioners from social economics, sociology, business, and health policy. The collaboration among leading scholars with different scientific backgrounds, representing diverse and interweaving disciplines from the UK and Bulgaria enables a broader perspective on wellbeing in the workplace to evolve and be put into practice.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College, Durham University (October-December 2017)
Dr Christoph Galle -Galle’s work in medieval history intersects with a number of Departments, Institutes and researchers in Durham, including History, Archaeology and IMEMS who will benefit from the Fellowship.
Along with Greek philosophy and Roman law, Christianity helps form the ethical foundation of Europe. Especially important for this development was the process of Christianization on the continent during the 8th and 9th centuries. During this period all aspects of preaching were reformed, and sermon collections were produced that embodied the most important elements of the Christian religion as well as moral and ethical ideas promoted by the Carolingian emperors. Over the last three years Galle has been dealing with this neglected source, classifying the sermons according to their purpose, their supposed audience, the style of speech, the content, and the reception of ancient and patristic authors. Dr Clay (IMEMS, History) is working on a second book on the early medieval Christianization of Germany. Dr Foxhall Forbes (IMEMS, History) has dealt with Anglo-Saxon sermons. A collaboration would allow a combination of specialities to get a comprehensive view of Europe’s religious and cultural origins. On the one hand, sermons can be compared in order to reveal the differences as well as the similarities between the British Isles and the Frankish kingdoms during the process of Christianization. On the other hand, Christianization constitutes the historical context for classifying these early medieval sermons.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College (October to December 2016)
Dr Ganai is Principal Investigator, OMICS of Pashmina Fiber as well as Coordinator of Bioinformatics Infrastructural Facility and the Star College Program in the Department of Biotechnology
The Pashmina Goat as a Model Animal to Study Hair Biology: Signalling Pathways Regulating Transition from Telogen to Anagen
The Pashmina Goat (Capra hircus) is a unique animal adapted to the very harsh climate of the Ladakh region (Kashmir, India) where temperature levels fluctuate between + 30°C (summer) and - 40°C (winter). It has a double-hair coat with the inner short, very fine (Pashmina) fibres, which arise from secondary follicles, crucial for thermo-regulation during cold. These secondary hair fibres undergo an annual cycle of growth (growth >regression>rest >shedding>growth) during postnatal life that allows the follicle to remodel itself. However, the key signalling molecules controlling this cycling have never been investigated in these follicles, neither is it understood how fibre structure changes with cycling.
This study will involve RNA Seq sequencing to analyse key changes in gene activity in the skin/hair follicles at critical points of the follicle cycle. In Durham the Fellow will interact with computational scientists, to analyse these data, and uncover distinct sets of molecular signals for every phase of the secondary hair follicle cycle, especially those responsible for activating follicle re-growth. Crucially, the study will also entail high resolution imaging of fibres at corresponding stages of the cycle. This work has significance for commercial fibre production (Cashmere Shawls and Stoles), and inhibiting/reversing baldness in human follicles.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Grey College, Durham University (October - December 2013)
Dr Peng Gao is anAssociate Professor Department of Geography, Syracuse University, USA. Dr Gao has made significant contributions to developing our understanding of sediment transport. He has maintained an impressive output of publications in leading journals in the field, covering a range of aspects of sediment transport and its applications, including recently acclaimed articles in the prestigious Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (JHE) and Progress in Physical Geography.
The proposed study aims to quantify the dynamic processes controlling soil erosion and sediment transport in drylands of south-western USA using an erosion model, MAHLERAN, and various statistical methods. Based upon hydrological, sediment, and environmental data to be compiled from watersheds of various sizes, the Fellowship will achieve two objectives:
1) Identifying hydrological and sediment-transport connectivity at different spatial and temporal scales; and
2) Quantifying the dynamic changes of structural and functional connectivity from small to large spatial scales thereby providing a means of upscaling from hillslopes to catchments, where the practical impacts of sediment transport are felt.
The success of this proposed study will help us to understand how drylands, as typical fragile ecosystems will respond hydrologically, geomorphologically and ecologically the expected increases of soil erosion and sediment transport owing to the global warming. The proposed study will contribute to the general aims of Durham’s research cluster: Catchment, River, and Hillslope Sciences (CRHS). It is also closely related to research themes of the Ecosystems and Climate Change Programme in the Institute of Hazard, Risk & Resilience.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College (April - June 2017)
With over 40 years of experience in the development and use of paramagnetic NMRP and having been Director of the Laboratory of Bioinorganic Chemistry and Biomedical NMR of the Centre of Neurosciences of the University of Coimbra, Geraldes has a strong international reputation.
Non-classical paramagnetic susceptibility and anisotropy
An active EPSRC project (2016-2018) is examining the study of lanthanide coordination complexes that serve as magnetic resonance imaging probes, recently termed PARASHIFT agents. The detailed characterisation of their chemical shift and relaxation behaviour requires a combination of variable field and temperature experiments to be undertaken by the Senior Fellow, in tandem with quantum chemical calculations being undertaken by collaborators (Dr I Kuprov) at Southampton. Further information on the magnetic anisotropy of these systems is gained by the parallel low T EPR and magnetic susceptibility measurements being carried out at Manchester, by Prof EJ McInnes and Dr N Chilton. The medium term aim is to devise new theories of shift and relaxation in Magnetic resoanance that allow experimentalists to design better probes for MR imaging in vivo. In this respect, the Durham group has a current joint grant with the Newcastle Magnetic Resonance Centre, where Prof AM Blamire is head of Medical Physics. The new range of PARASHIFT probes are being examined there for a variety of applications, including tumour imaging and pH and temperature mapping.
Dr Stephan Glatzel, COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Aidan's College, Durham University (October-December 2018)
Dr Stephan Glatzel is a soil scientist having emerged from a Geography background and having specialized on soil organic matter and greenhouse gas exchange. During his career, he worked in a number of research institutions in an Agriculture and Geography context in Europe and North America, so his research touched numerous aspects of soil organic matter and greenhouse gas emissions.
At Durham, Glatzel will research the following:
A part of peat-forming vegetation turns into peat. A part of the peat becomes particulate or dissolved organic matter, which is discernible as brownish water in rivers draining peatlands. Eventually, the organic matter end up in the sea. From a stochiometric viewpoint, this change of organic matter is an oxidation process, continuously altering its oxidative ratio. The proposed project extends a sampling campaign Prof. Worrall undertook during the summer 2017 in Austria where plant material, peat, peat pore water, and organic matter from lakes and streams were sampled in order to derive its oxidative ratios. The applicant will gain another 100 samples over the summer 2017 and analyse the samples for its oxidative ratios during his 3 month stay in Durham. The work will result in a much improved understanding of peat degradation in Central Europe compared to Northern England.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College (October - December 2015)
Prof Goddard is a recipient of the 2012 G.I. Taylor Medal, Society for Engineering Science: “…awarded for outstanding research contributions in either theoretical or experimental Fluid Mechanics or both...” and was the Russel Sevarance Springer Visiting Professor in Mechanical Engineering in the University of California, Berkeley: “chosen for his/her experience, eminence and high level of expertise in his/her field.”
Rheology and Dynamics of Avalanche Flows. The research is aimed at developing improved mathematical models of granular and fluid-particle flows with the aim of prediction of geophysical processes such as avalanches and debris flows.
Geophysical flows typically involve complex materials that cannot be described by classical fluid or solid mechanics and rheology. Such materials exhibit complex elasto-viscoplastic behaviour that involves coexistent states of fluid-like and solid-like behaviour, with flowing and non-flowing regions. The situation is even more complicated in flows involving solid-fluid mixtures. Recently significant advances have been seen in the development of rheological models for the so-called dense-rapid flow regime. The proposed research concerns the rheological behaviour of granular fluid-solid mixtures. Over recent years there have been major advances in this area with the development of the μ(I)-rheology. However recent work has shown that it becomes ill-posed at high and low inertial numbers and a more complex description is required. Professor Goodard’s host at Durham University is Professor McElwaine, who has theoretical experience and practical knowhow from small scale experimental flows. In collaboration with together with Professor Goddard’s very wide-ranging knowledge of rheological laws it is how that this Fellowship will yield important new advances.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College, Durham University (January - March 2014)
Dr Jeffery Greathouse is Principal Member of Technical Staff, Geochemistry Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Dr Greathouse has been a leading contributor to the area of molecular simulations of clays and other hydrous materials for more than fifteen years. In addition, he is established as a leader in the field of computational geochemistry, with many well-cited papers on clay minerals and their aqueous interfaces.
The Fellowship is designed to foster interactions with three key academics on topics related to the interaction of complex molecules with surfaces. Specific activities include:
1) improved computational methods for modelling mineral-fluid interactions (with Dr Chris Greenwell of Durham University);
2) vibrational properties of adsorbed molecules (with Prof Colin Bain of Durham University); and
3) the role of mineral surfaces on atmospheric methane levels (Prof Richard Davies of Durham University).
The research activities to be carried out will be both at both the fundamental and applied levels and will benefit existing projects at Sandia National Laboratories and three Durham University Institutes (Durham Energy Institute, Institute for Advanced Research Computing, and Biophysical Sciences Institute) as well as the Institute of Advanced Study, to ensure a lasting relationship is established.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Van Mildert College (October - December 2016)
Halcrow has been internationally recognised for her contribution to the research development of biological and social approaches to the study of childhood in the past research. The research focuses on the study of infant and childhood health and disease in prehistoric Southeast Asia and South America (bioarchaeology). It addresses central archaeological questions of the intensification of agriculture and human responses to this seminal time in prehistory. I am recognised
Health and Diet Near the Start of Life: Small beginnings, significant outcomes. Dr Halcrow’s proposal is to work directly with two members of staff in Archaeology, Drs Millard and Gowland, on a research grant and publications. The work with Dr Millard builds upon their current NZ Marsden Fund grant to finalise a publication on diet and weaning in the transition to agriculture in Chile. More importantly, it will develop the conceptual underpinning for new methodologies to investigate the relation between stress and diet in infants and children. With these in place, they will collaborate on major grant applications to investigate the archaeological skeletal sample from Khok Phanom Di (Thailand). Their intention is to challenge the current paradigm which states that the transition to agriculture was universally detrimental to health.
Drs Halcrow and Gowland will work on editing a major book entitled The Mother-Infant Nexus in Anthropology: Small beginnings, significant outcomes (Cambridge University Press). This book will consolidate their positions as leaders in the bioarchaeological study of child and infant health. The 16 international contributors include staff from Archaeology and Anthropology at Durham. The work planned for the fellowship will complement, but does not rely on, a grant application to hold a workshop for contributors to the book.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College (March - April 2014)
Professor Fiona Harrison is Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and Fellow of the American Physical Society. She is internationally recognised for her seminal publications in the field of focussing telescopes for hard X-ray astronomy and is the Principal Investigator of both the NuSTAR satellite (a $160 million NASA observatory launched in 2012) and of NASA High-Energy Focusing Telescope Balloon Payload.
During her Fellowship in Durham, Prof. Harrison will work with leading Durham academics using computational cosmology to optimise the outputs of the data from the NuSTAR satellite. This focuses on the X-ray background, which was the first cosmic background radiation to be identified (in 1962), ~2 years before the detection of the cosmic microwave background (the “relic” heat from the big bang). NuSTAR is the first observatory that has the potential to directly resolve the sources that produce the X-ray background and Durham University is one of only two institutes in the UK that has an involvement in NuSTAR (and is the only UK institute with a leading role). Nominated by Prof. David Alexander Institute of Computational Cosmology (ICC) and Prof. Carlos Frenk (ICC), the Fellowship will enable strong collaboration between Prof Harrison and the astronomers that work in the X-ray group at Durham, one of the largest X-ray groups in the UK.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College (April - June 2014)
Dr Ute Hasenöhrl is from the Leibniz-Institute for Regional Development and Structural Planning, Erkner, Germany. Dr Hasenöhrl is a researcher on the Germany Federal Ministry of Educations and Research interdisciplinary project "Loss of Night". During her stay at Durham she proposes to explore the colonial and environmental history of artificial light in the British Empire.
Focusing on the British Empire and the relations between the colonial power and its dominions and colonies (India, Canada, Sudan/Egypt), Dr Hasenöhrl’s project explores the resources, infrastructures and institutions necessary for the global diffusion of new lighting technologies, the juxtaposition of artificial light and nature, as well as its functioning as an instrument of power and control in colonial contexts. It will provide fresh perspectives on the history of lighting technologies, but also new insights into the transnational, colonial and postcolonial history of the British Empire.
In the course of the fellowship Dr Hasenöhrl will make use of the unique resources on Condominium Sudan available in the Sudan Archive and discuss this project with scholars working at the IAS and the Department of History. The fellowship will lead directly to an article detailing the methodological and theoretical approach of a global resource and knowledge history of lighting in colonial contexts.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Buter College, Durham University (June - September 2014)
Professor Yashodhan Hatwalne was nominated by Dr Buddhapriya Chakrabarti (Mathematical Sciences), Professor John Girkin (Physics, Biophysical Sciences Institute) and Professor Paul Mansfield (Mathematical Sciences). Prof. Hatwalne is Senior Associate Professor at the Raman Research Institute, Bangalore. His recent work on chiral symmetry breaking in achiral solid sheets is a major contribution to our understanding of the structure of banded spherulites, the spectacular growth habit of many polymer crystals.
Working with Dr Chakrabarti, Prof. Hatwalne will apply aspects of Einstein’s General Relativity (in which topic the Mathematical Sciences department is a UK leader), to the elasticity theory currently applied to liquid crystals. The tools developed during this collaboration may have wide scale applications in a variety of soft matter problems.
COFUND Policy & Enterprise Fellow at Van Mildert College (April – June 2013)
Professor Nikos Hatziargyriou is Professor of Power Systems at the National Technical University of Athens. He was Coordinator of several EU projects, including the EU FP7 MERGE grant and was a member of the EU Advisory Council for the Technical Platform on Future Power Systems (SmartGrids). Prof. Hatziargyriou is recognised as a world leader in the field of future power systems, particularly the integration of distributed and renewable energy generation into power systems.
Professor Hatziargyriou was nominated by Prof. Phil Taylor (Engineering and Computing Sciences), Dr Richard Davies (Durham Energy Institute) and Prof. Roger Crouch (Engineering and Computing Sciences). During his Fellowship, Nikos will investigate whether a philosophy of distributed control and intelligence in power supply can deliver the type of flexible network needed in the necessary change to a low carbon energy economy. He will work with Durham academics to create a simulated version of such an autonomic energy network which will give insights into the limits of this philosophy and what it will mean for investment and the energy market.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College, Durham University (January-March 2019)
Dr Patrick Heady is a specialist in two fields: anthropological kinship analysis and cross-cultural quantitative analysis.
Marriage, Reproduction and Identity in Local Communities. Kinship systems vary – both in practical organisation and in the categories by which relationships are described. The variations are correlated with ecological conditions, political and economic systems, and demographic behaviour. Despite anthropologists’ long-standing interest in kinship issues, much remains to be discovered and explained. This project will explore the issues by combining different approaches to a common theme: the classical problem of the reproduction of local communities.
One general issue is whether the culturally variable systems of kinship identity are constrained by universal cognitive principles – and if so what these principles are. Another issue is how cognitive systems interact with practical constraints to shape the marriage alliances and demographic outcomes in each community.
In addressing these issues Heady hopes to benefit from the wide range of research traditions at Durham – including community studies, evolutionary theory, primatology, cognition, network methods and demography. He would contribute research experience in European anthropology – including data from a comparative study of kinship networks in nineteen local communities. Planned outputs include: a joint theoretical paper, reanalyses of the European network data – and a proposal for future joint research.
Please see Drs Boyer and Howe.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College (July - September 2017)
Prof Huang is a leading Shakespeare scholar in China. “Intercultural Sinolization of Shakespeare in Translation”. Inspired by the “cultural turn” in translation studies, Professor Huang’s project attempts to construct a theoretical basis for translating Shakespeare into traditional Chinese Theatrical canons. Under this scope, translation is defined more than a linguistic decoding and sematic meaning transference from one language into another, but an act of literary engagement identical with reading and writing per se. This deconstruction of the traditional notion of translation has thus liberated the interpretative impulses and creative capacity of the readers and writers, making every literary act an act of translation. Based on such theoretical assumption, the translators shall no longer be bound by the coercion of linguistic correspondence or even cultural equivalence, but should convey the aesthetic experiences and artistic gratification that are central to any literary production. Professor Huang proposes in this project that it is justifiable to attempt at a new translation of Shakespeare into traditional Chinese theatrical canon which is deeply rooted in cultural unconscious and aesthetic taste of Chinese readership and dramatic tradition. The new translation shall seek for a philosophic expression and aesthetic equivalence, transforming Shakespeare’s poetic drama in blank verse into Chinese “tuned verse” and ritualistic poetry with prose narrations.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College, Durham University (October - December 2014)
Prof Xu Huang is from the Department of Management and Marketing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University and currently is a Senior Editor, Asia Pacific Journal of Management as well as a member of the editorial board of Management and Organization Review.His research accomplishments have been recognised by his peers as reflected in his editorial responsibilities.
Speak up? And How? The Joint Effects of Issue Importance, Managerial Openness, and Leaders’ Positive Mood on Employee Voice and Voice Tactics. Extant voice research has focused mainly on the conditions under which employees speak up, but we have limited knowledge about how employees speak up. This study examines not only voice but also employee voice tactics, defined as various manners employees use to express concerns to or share suggestions with their leaders. Based on the upward communication literature, Prof Huang proposes that voice and voice tactics are influenced by the messages' characteristics and the leaders' stable and temporal characteristics. Specifically, Prof Huang examined the joint effects of issue importance, managerial openness, and leaders’ positive mood on employee voice and voice tactics. Using two-wave data from 232 supervisor-subordinate dyads collected in a firm in China, it was found that employees were most likely to speak up and to use public and formal voice tactics when three conditions were met simultaneously:
(1) the issue was important;
(2) leaders were open to employee voice; and
(3) leaders had a positive mood.
Since employees’ voice behaviour may be shaped by their cultural values, in order to examine the generalizability of our initial findings, the Fellowship will attempt to collect data in the UK to see whether this model could be replicated in the UK and to further extend the theoretical model.
The strong research design of the study (multi-source, full panel longitudinal design) and comparative nature (UK and PRC data) has strong potential to lead to internationally leading outputs in journals such as Journal of Applied Psychology, Academy of Management Journal etc. The project fits well with an increasing area of strength in the school in Organizational Behaviour/ Management with professorial appointments in this area over the last year alone including Professor Ed Snape, Professor Bob Lord, Professor Hall, and Professor Hyde. The quality of the project also indicates that there should be potential in applying for future RCUK funding on completion.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College, Durham University (January - March 2015)
Prof Malcolm Hughes is a world leader in dendroclimatology, the study of past climate recorded in the natural archives of tree-rings. His credentials as a paleoecologist were recognized by his appointment as a Regents’ Professor at the University of Arizona and the award of a Bullard Fellowship from Harvard University. Furthermore, he is one of the very few ecologists to be made a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, a testimony to his broad understanding of, and contributions to, interdisciplinary research activities.
Environmental control of the activity of the vascular cambium: Implications for dendrochronologial modelling. The Fellowship seeks to integrate knowledge of dendrochronology with recent, Durham-led knowledge of the environmental control of plant growth on large geographic scales and the exploration of past environments. The three collaborators will work closely together to integrate their particular relevant expertises. On-site day-to-day collaboration will facilitate this vital integrative task.
Anticipated tangible outputs are two key complementary papers on the implemented developments of the relevant dendrochronologial model and a state-of-the-art review of the biology of tree-ring variability for use in dendrochronology, dendroclimatology and forest biology. Both outputs have the potential for very significant impact, given their direct relevance to the forward modelling of the potential impacts of climatic change, based upon a clear understanding of changes in the
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Van Mildert College, Durham University (April - June 2014)
Dr Robert Ingram is theAssociate Professor of History at Ohio University, Athens, USA. Following the publication of the significant book Religion, Reform, and Modernity in the Eighteenth Century: Thomas Secker and the Church of England Dr Ingram has gained a reputation for being an imaginative historian with a bright future. During his Fellowship Dr Ingram proposes to make use of Durham’s range of special collections at Palace Green library, the Durham Cathedral Library and the Ushaw College library to conduct research on his next book: A Warfare upon Earth: Religion and Enlightenment from Newton to Hume.
This project, which will lead to a major monograph, is a fundamental re-working of the relationship between religion and the Enlightenment, a subject which has attracted increasing historical attention in recent years, partly as a result of the challenges to ‘modern’ secular liberalism. Dr Ingram is examining one of the key periods and some of the key figures in the development of Enlightenment thought. His argument that the English Enlightenment should not be seen as a secularizing movement is in tune with much recent scholarship. Much more original is his claim that the primary site of Enlightenment debate was not metaphysics but rather the interpretation and use of the past. This insight is then used to demonstrate that, pace much current scholarship, the English Enlightenment became, contrary to the aims of its leading figures, a powerful solvent of traditional belief.
Ishikawa is one of the world's leading researchers in graph-theoretical approaches to computer vision and image analysis. One of his pioneering works published in IEEE PAMI 2003 introduced the first polynomial-time optimal solution to multilabel optimization problems in computer vision. The key idea underlying what is today known as the "Ishikawa construction'' was to represent the solution as a minimum cut in a higher-dimensional graph. In particular, Ishikawa was able to prove that polynomial-time optimal solutions can be computed for scalar-valued labeling problems with convex regularization. This particular work has inspired generations of computer vision researchers.
From object avoidance in self-driving cars and face detection in Amazon shops, to the cutting edge of medical imaging diagnostic techniques, computer vision is one of the most practically important of modern technologies, with huge potential for further application. For instance, in order for doctors to take advantage of medical images, such as CT and MRI, of ever-increasing resolution, segmentation of the image into organs is necessary for meaningful 3D visualization. Statistics, and, in particular, Bayesian statistics, is at the heart of most of these developments: current solutions to central problems in computer vision, such as image restoration and segmentation, stereo reconstruction, and object detection, are formulated as optimization problems involving Markov Random Fields (MRF). This project will use mathematical ideas coming from gauge field theory in theoretical physics to develop a new framework that will clarify and systematize existing theories of such optimization problems, and generate new algorithms and improved performance in practical applications of MRFs.
The proposed project has an excellent fit with the activities of the new research cluster in the Business School on Work, Organisation, Ethics and Society. More specifically, the projects has synergies with several specific interests within the cluster: on corporate governance, HRM, innovation and performance.
Tacit knowledge in the management board: Board members’ interaction process and organizational innovation. This project examines the links between tacit knowledge and organizational innovation. Drawing on theories of tacit knowledge, it is proposed that higher levels of shared knowledge amongst company directors (executive and non-executive) will lead to higher levels of organizational innovation, as measured by indicators such as research and development costs. Shared knowledge is viewed as a function of working together over time. Previous research, mainly in the Economics of Sport, has shown a significant relationship between team members’ shared experience playing together and team performance. This project extends these insights to a corporate setting.
Data on top German and UK companies will be utilised, and will be extracted from published sources such as company accounts. Data on membership and tenure on company boards and their sub-committees will be matched to company performance and innovation data for a ten year period, with analysis conducted using panel statistical techniques. The data necessary to conduct the project is readily available in commercially-available databases (to which Durham already subscribes).
Jones is and has been at the forefront of research on employee ownership and financial participation for over 35 years. His record speaks for itself, ranked one of the leading liberal arts Professors in economics with nearly 5000 citations including numerous and repeated publications in leading ABS 4* journals including the American Economic Review, Economic Journal, Economica, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Industrial Relations, Journal of Comparative Economics and the British Journal of Industrial Relations. He has acted as a consultant for leading international organisations including the World Bank, the ILO, OECD and the EEC; sat on the editorial board of various journals; headed numerous international research projects and held visiting positions/research fellowships across the globe ranging from Japan and across Europe to Cornell, Rutgers and Michigan in the US.
The primary aim of the project is to investigate the potential complementarity between employee involvement practices and financial participation (profit sharing and employee share ownership) in a comparative cross-national setting. The theoretical basis of the project is that the economic gains of either to companies will be limited on their own, either because of the lack of a pay-off to workers or the absence of opportunities to influence company managements. Combining the two types of scheme may overcome these limitations by generating value-enhancing synergies.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Hatfield College, Durham University (June - July 2014)
Prof Nicholas Kaiser (FRS) is an Astronomer at the Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, USA, Associate Director for National Telescope Projects, Principal Investigator, Pan-STARRS. He is a world renowned expert in the field of galaxy cluster research. His contributions to cosmology are truly innovative and outstanding (including pioneering work in modelling the galaxy distribution in redshift space and weak gravitational lensing). In recent years he has headed the Pan-STARRS1 survey as the Pan-STARRS PI. His contribution was recognised when he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2008.
The collaborative project proposed seeks to quantify systematic errors in estimating the masses of stacked galaxy clusters. As there are typically only a few galaxies with measured redshifts (velocities) per galaxy cluster, a standard approach is to combine many (similar) clusters to form a stack and then analyse this composite cluster. The composite is accurately spherically symmetric and in near equilibrium. However the standard method of applying Jeans’ equation to such a composite is incorrect as it ignores the fact that the individual clusters making up the stack are not relaxed nor spherically symmetric. The collaborators have developed the correct theoretical framework to describe such composites. They now intend to use start-of-the-art N-body cosmological simulations of galaxy clusters (run at the ICC) to quantify the biases that exist in current cluster mass estimates.
The results will have implications for fundamental cosmological parameters such as the amount of Dark Matter and Dark Energy as these are constrained by galaxy clusters and their evolution.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at College of St Hild & St Bede, Durham University (April-June 2019)
Dr Dogan Keles is an expert of methods from Operations Research, especially stochastic dynamic programming, stochastic processes as well as scenario generation and reduction methods as well as an expert in energy system analysis. He developed new approaches for modelling electricity prices that capture current and new developments in the electricity market, such as the influence of renewable energies on prices as well as negative electricity prices. He developed stochastic optimization models to find out the optimal unit commitment of e.g. energy storages, considering price and generation uncertainties.
New Designs for Transforming Electricity Markets – The Impact of Renewable Energy and Carbon Policy in the UK and Germany. Electricity wholesale markets are affected by the expansion of renewable energies in two ways: at first, as larger amounts of RES electricity enters the market, the production output from conventional power plants is significantly reduced in hours in which volatile RES electricity generation is available. Secondly, RES electricity reduces wholesale prices due to the so-called merit order effect. The goal of this research project is to analyse RES funding schemes and market regulations in UK and Germany, to investigate the height of the merit order effect and impact of other price drivers, such as carbon policy and prices, as well as to derive policy implications and lessons learnt from the comparison of different regulations and RES funding schemes, especially the schemes in Germany and UK. The results of this study are aimed to be publicised by the Durham Energy Institute (DEI) Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) as working papers and also in a peer reviewed energy policy related journal or in an economics journal to produce a strong scientific and policy impact. Furthermore, this project shall serve as a starting point for a larger international cooperation between Durham University and KIT including the preparation of a proposal for EU research funds.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College, Durham University (July - September 2014)
Dr David Kennedy is a Senior Lecturer, Department of Resource Management & Geography, Melbourne School of Land & Environment, The University of Melbourne, Australia. Dr Kennedy is one of the world’s leading coastal geomorphologists, well known and respected for his contributions to knowledge about rapid and slow onset changes on coasts.
The proposed project of Risks and dynamics of rocky coastlines under a changing climate aims to :
1) transfer a new protocol for rock coast risk management developed in Australia to the UK context, building upon Dr Kennedy’s work on coastline risk management; and
2) to develop a long-term collaborative and comparative study into rock coast evolution and erosion dynamics.
The proposal establishes a new collaboration between two young but growing research groups, to combine innovative methods and models. The study of rock coasts is currently inhibited by a focus upon site-specific behaviour, and lacks comparative research that compares maritime (near-shore hydrodynamics), lithological (damage mechanics) and terrestrial (mass wasting) controls on short- and long-term rock coast dynamics. The proposed fellowship seeks to address this by establishing a direct collaboration between two of the leading groups in this field.
The Fellowship will also innovatively allow one of the longest and most detailed studies of in situ rock evolution monitoring to be unlocked. By bringing Dr Kennedy’s techniques for capturing micro-scale (sub-mm) foreshore evolution, by re-instrumenting key-type-sites originally reported by LA Robinson in the seminal papers on the evolution of rock coastlines, the fellowship will capture the erosion signal over 35 years. This will provide data over an unprecedented timescale, which may give insight into the likely future dynamics and hence future risks associated with such coastlines.
Kesselring has an established international reputation as one of the most significant historians of early modern Britain active in the US. She has been honoured with election to the Royal Society of Canada’s College of New Scholars.
The Court of Star Chamber. The Fellowship will enable Kesselring to complete her own work on the incredibly rich, but notoriously badly catalogued, records of Star Chamber (STAC) and collaborate with Mears and Wood on projects to make its records better known and more readily useful. Specifically:
- Produce an edition of STAC case reports, significantly enhancing our understanding of the Court’s operation and assisting the wide range of scholars who draw upon its rich archive of depositions.
- Work with Mears and Wood as part of an international network of scholars, librarians, archivists, cataloguers and conservators (including Durham, The National Archives (TNA) and the Huntington Library, California) using STAC as a test case for developing new types of finding aids in a digital age to increase ‘discoverability’ for academic and public users within and between (international) archives.
- Collaborate with Mears and Wood to develop a larger externally-funded project on STAC.
- Engage in meaningful conversations with a growing body of postgraduates using legal records (including Birch, Johnston, Murrell).
The fellowship will contribute to the Department’s, Institute’s and University’s strengths in early-modern history and new initiatives between Special Collections and TNA on ‘discoverability’, as well as develop international links with major institutions and enhance our postgraduate community.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Van Mildert College (January – March 2016)
Dr Kheirkhah is Head of Research & Training and Associate Professor at the Geological Survey of Iran.
Volcano management in Iran: knowledge transfer and future research opportunities. Iran contains numerous Quaternary volcanoes. Although none is active, several are dormant (e.g. Damavand, ~80 km from Tehran), and have unknown potential for future eruption. Many more are Pleistocene in age, and dominate their local landscapes, affecting patterns of settlement, agriculture, industry and culture. Volcanic risk assessment and management is not well-studied in Iran. This Fellowship brings an Iranian geoscientist, Dr Monireh Kheirkhah, to Durham for to meet as many Durham and UK experts as possible, with a view to promoting future research collaboration on all aspects of Iran’s volcanoes. Although the main focus will be on hazards (not only eruptions, but landslides, water pollution and earthquakes), there will also be thought given to the positive aspects of these volcanoes, and how they have shaped the communities around them for the better, in terms of natural resources, microclimates and cultural influences.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Hatfield College, March - June 2012
Susan Kieffer is Professor of Geology and Physics, and Walgreen University Chair, Centre for Advanced Study, University of Illinois. Having published over 100 articles, book chapters and maps, including numerous articles in Science, Nature and JGR, she is one of the world’s leading authorities on geological fluid dynamics and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship in 1995. Her research is based on highly energetic geologic events encompassing phenomena as diverse as meteorite impacts, volcanic eruptions, landslides, and torrential river floods.
As a Senior Research Fellow at Durham University she researched highly energetic geologic events, particularly comparing and contrasting the behaviour of torrential river floods with that of large landslides. Based within the IHRR she was hosted by Professor David Petley (Wilson Professor, IHHR) and Professor Joe Painter (Geography).
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Grey College, Durham University (April – June 2013)
Following his retirement from Sandia National Laboratories (Albuquerque, US) Prof Andrew Kraynik has held Emeritus positions at Manchester University and the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. He is recognised internationally as a world leader in the theoretical and computational mechanics of foams and has previously been President of the Society of Rheology, receiving the Distinguished Service Award of the Society in 2001. His research has focused on foam micromechanics — the rheology of liquid foam, mechanics of solid foam, structure, drainage, and processing. He has also worked in polymer processing, non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, and rheometry (co-developing the helical screw rheometer).
Nominated by Dr Buddhapriya Chakrabarti and Dr Bernard Piette, while in Durham Prof. Kraynik will work with members of the Biophysical Sciences Institute and the Durham Centre for Soft Matter to attempt a new approach to the testing of a hitherto untested theory of foam rheology.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Aidans College (January - March 2016)
Dr Ku an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Social Sciences at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. He is a well-known researcher working in the field of rural social work and was the Principle Investigator for Asset-based Community Reconstruction in Sichuan Earthquake Disaster-affected Communities: An Interdisciplinary Action Research Project in Yingxiu of Sichuan Province. Furthermore, he was most instrumental in setting up the Joint Research Centre between Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Peking University Polytechnic University for Social Work Research in Peking, as well as the Joint Design and Social Development Research Centre between HK Polytechnic University and Yunnan University in Kunming.
Disaster Interventions and Green Rural Development. Dr Ku is interested in developing world-leading multi-stakeholder research and supporting knowledge exchanges in hazard, risk and resilience. The Fellowship will allow him to meet and collaborate with colleagues in the Institute of Hazard Risk and Resilience and the School of Applied Social Science on consolidating 6 years of research on disaster social work interventions and management in Sichuan, China. Dr Ku plans to develop a post-disaster social reconstruction model that emphasizes cultural sensitivity, community participation and strengths. It will also make an important contribution to developing green social work, an emerging area of research and teaching that his Durham host, Prof Dominelli has spearheaded through her book, Green Social Work, and related articles in the profession globally.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College (April - June 2017)
The development of ionic liquids for biofuel generation. Dr Kumar is an expert in the use of ionic liquids to develop ‘greener’ chemical and biotechnological processes. Ionic liquids can act as reusable solvents in many chemical extraction processes, but work less well in biotech pathways as they inhibit many classes of enzymes. Recent work in Dr Kumar’s group in Jumma, India, has now isolated saccharolytic enzymes (for bioethanol generation) that can operate in ~50% ionic liquid mixtures; these offer a possible way to reduce the costs, and improve the efficiency, of biofuel generation from agro-waste biomass.
Concurrently, Bothwell’s group has been experimenting with soft matter techniques (solid state NMR, LC-MS) to investigate the structure and behaviour of biomass polymers during conventional degradation and processing. Through the DEI and an existing India-UK grant, we have also been evaluating the technological and socio-economic pathways to biofuel market penetration.
Dr Kumar’s Fellowship application will connect these two strands to look at how commercially valuable biomass behaves (Prof Bothwell’s work) when solubilised with ionic liquids (Dr Kumar’s work): this will be investigated both at the chemical level and at the level of translation to commercial viablity (by building links with Durham’s expertise in fuel markets through the DEI).
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Durham University College (October – December 2012)
Dr Sophia Labadi is a Lecturer in Heritage and Archaeology for the University of Kent, England. Previously she held various posts in the Culture, Social and Human Science Sectors at UNESCO (Paris), a Fellowship position at Stanford Archaeology Centre and was also a Getty Conservation Guest Scholar. She has published extensively and her latest book ‘UNESCO, Cultural Heritage and Outstanding Universal Value’ (AltaMira Press) is due out in December 2012.
Dr Labadi was nominated by Dr Robert Witcher (Archaeology) and Prof. Chris Scarre (Archaeology). During her Policy and Enterprise Fellowship Dr Labadi will work with Dr Witcher and Prof. Hingley to investigate how transboundary and frontier World Cultural Heritage Centres can contribute to peace building.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College (April - June 2017)
Lafferton is one of the leading historians of human sciences in the central European field, and has established herself in the last decade as a remarkably assured and perceptive scholar of asylum and clinical medicine and psychiatry in the later nineteenth and earlier twentieth centuries.
Nineteenth-Century Sciences and Cults of the Mind: Hypnosis, Psychiatry, and Modernity from a Central European Perspective. Dr Lafferton proposes to undertake research into the relationship between Hungarian medical hypnosis and suggestion therapy around 1900 and the analogous concepts and practices in other European countries, including Britain, the German-speaking countries, and France. Her research will focus on international transfer processes, which not only concerned links between psychiatrists and their hypnotic and psychotherapeutic approaches but also discussions of paradigmatic patients (before this became customary in Freudian psychoanalysis). She also aims to work on the significance of the Eastern European cultural context for wider European discourses on hypnotism. Her research matches her host’s current international project on the History of Hypnotism in Europe, in which they collaborate with several scholars on the medical, legal, psychological, and cultural importance of hypnosis in the 19th and early 20th centuries, encompassing case studies on Germany, France, Spain and Italy. Dr Lafferton’s activities in Durham will include writing two journal articles, one of them jointly with her host; organisation of an interdisciplinary workshop around her topic; and a research seminar for the Philosophy Department and the CHMD series.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Mary's College, Durham University (January - March 2015)
Prof Lauer is the Founding Director of the Göttingen Centre for Digital Humanities, University of Göttingen. Prof Lauer’s is one of the most prominent contemporary names in literary studies in Germany and has received major recognition for his work, both within Germany (for example with the award of a graduate research group from Germany’s leading Humanities research funder, the DFG), and further afield (he was a Distinguished Max Kade Visiting Professor at Washington University at St Louis, a high-ranking award).
The Narrative Self As Emergence. Prof Lauer’s study proposes that emergence is both a necessary bridging term between the endangered self of modernity and society, and between the theory of literature and scientific culture. The psychology behind literary studies is too often founded on an ultimately egocentric view of the self. In contrast to this, recent research on social cognition has disclosed a different perspective where the ‘I’ is understood as co-emergent with the ‘We’. In this framework he wishes to propose in his project that literature is a specific human behaviour which is crucial for children’s development and is of central importance even for adult humans to understand others. Literature can change our beliefs and alter our personality; literature is of an altero-centric gestalt. To explore this hypothesis he seeks to make use of experimental and computer based methods. In coming to Durham Prof Lauer will collaborate with colleagues in the Humanities (and beyond) who share an interest in the cognitive futures of literary studies and who might collaborate in examining the altero-centric gestalt of literature for a period of three months.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College, Durham University (April-June 2019)
Dr Gai-Lai Law is an Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
Design of Chiral Probes for Circularly Polarised Luminescence. Circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) is the differential emission of right- and left circularly polarized light by chiral luminescent systems. Due to the sensitivity of the signal, CPL can provide valuable information on chiral environments, especially for investigating the chiral environment in biomolecular systems. In this project, we will investigate the properties of chiral probes for the study of small biological molecules and proteins as well as small chiral molecules as the interaction of each chiral compound is usually different. It has been shown in the recent literature that it is possible to utilise very small chiral structural changes to induce an imbalance in the signals between the left and right handed CPL components. There are several key challenges that will arise during this research project. First, in synthesizing and developing the chiral probes which will be done at the home institution. Second, once the compounds are ready, the CPL measurements will be undertaken at the hosting institution. The second challenge is to integrate these probes with different specific targeting units such as peptides/peptoids for use to study biomolecules (after the optical properties have been optimized). This work will be done and designed by working with the experts at Durham.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College, January – March 2012
Isabella Lazzarini is Associate Professor of History at the University of Molise, Italy. As a well published academic, her research interests currently focus around four topics: Political, social and cultural history of Italy from the thirteenth to the fifteenth century (within a comparative approach with contemporary European political societies); Social and cultural history of written public records from the eleventh to the fifteenth century; Late medieval and Renaissance diplomacy; and The growth of different political languages in Late Medieval Europe: pragmatic and documentary sources.
Prof Lazzarini’s visit promises to build upon the foundations of a Leverhulme Visiting Professorship and maintain Durham University’s momentum of collaborative interdepartmental research on early modern diplomatic networks. The project at Durham seeks to address diplomacy as a complex social and cultural practice that enabled Europeans and non-Europeans to engage in formal and informal exchanges, through the elaboration of shared linguistic codes, the negotiation of common rituals of communication and the mutual acceptance of different political behaviours. Moving away from the institutional framework that has dominated the research in the field in the past fifty years, Dr Lazzarini’s project looks at the diplomatic exchange as an interactive cultural phenomenon finding its roots in crucial transition between late medieval and early modern Italy. She will be based within the IMRS and hosted by Dr Stefano Cracolici (Department of Italian, MLAC).
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Aidan's College, Durham University (October-December 2017)
Dr Caroline Lenette - Lenette has established herself as a leader in the field of visual and other arts-based approaches to community health and development.
Visual Methods in Research and Practice with Refugees and Asylum Seekers. The proposed project will build on the Centre for Social Justice and Community Action’s (CSJCA) expertise in community-based participatory research (CBPR) to focus specifically on the use of visual methods in research and practice with refugees and asylum seekers. It will extend CSJCA’s excellent work in ethics in CBPR by identifying key ethical challenges and developing practical strategies that specifically relate to using visual methods with refugees and asylum seekers, to be used internationally among academics and practitioners. It will also contribute to existing research at Durham University on experiences of forced migration and arts-based methods. The research is timely given the extent of on-going refugee issues and the increasing use of visual methods in research and practice. The project will:
- Document ethical tensions from existing research, literature and practice involving visual methodologies with refugees and asylum seekers;
- Offer workshops on the ethics of visual approaches for academic and community partners; and
- Co-author two peer-reviewed academic articles and develop training materials on the topic.
Contributions are threefold:
- New knowledge across different fields (research ethics in CBPR and practice; refugee studies; visual ethnography);
- Improved ethical approaches in research, practice and policy; and
- Strong research partnership between Durham University and UNSW Australia
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College (January – March 2016)
Prof Dr. Leube is a leader in the field of epithelial cell function. He is Professor and Head of Department at the Institute of Molecular and Cellular Anatomy, University Hospital, RWTH Aachen University.
“Growth and form” are one of the central principles in biology because it establishes the framework to understand the relationship between body size and shape. In humans we have a skeleton and fortunately our shape and form change, but not so dramatically over our lifetimes. By contrast, the cells that make our body are often required to change shape, or maintain cellular arrangements in tissues and this they do without a fixed skeleton, but with a dynamic, self-assembly network of filaments, which are collectively called the cytoskeleton. This Fellowship will take advantage of the world class imaging facilities in Durham, the image processing and mathematical modelling expertise to develop and deliver the computational biology tools needed to understand cytoskeletal dynamics.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College, Durham University (July - September 2015)
Professor Liu is the Deputy Director of the Centre of Britain and the Commonwealth Studies, a professor at one of the oldest and best universities in China and its history school is famous for British history. He is Executive editor-in-chief of Chinese Journal of British Studies.
The proposed project is “Industrial Conflicts and State Intervention in Pre-Industrial England (1485-1760)". The conflicts between the masters and the journeymen formed industrial conflicts in early modern period, especially from Tudor period onwards. These conflicts were threats of order and authority. Therefore, the government passed a lot of ordinances and statutes of labourers, which attempted to control wages and employment conditions. The most important was the Statute of Artificers in 1563, which created the legal framework for English labour for over two centuries. The ideology of state intervention on industrial relations in pre-industrial England was paternalism. During the Fellowship it is planned to study the following topics:
(1) the manifestation forms, categories and features of industrial conflicts;
(2) the evolution of state statutes and its effects;
(3) Justice of Peace and the practice of conflicts-resolution, etc.
Materials on this topic will be collected and read, and a collaborative study carried out with the host as well as promotion of the research project on industrial relations in early modern Britain.
The topic is of considerable significance in China as the government grapples with problems of industrial relations in a country experiencing the most rapid economic transformation ever. This research could have really important public policy implications in China as the Chinese authorities have long given considerable attention to Britain’s historical experiences as the first industrialized nation.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College (October - December 2015)
Prof Locher is a Professor of the History and Theory of Art and Visual Media at the Kunstgeschichtliches Institut and is Director of the Deutsches Dokumentationszentrum für Kunstgeschichte – Bildarchiv Foto Marburg. He is one of the most prominent and innovative researchers in the field of an art history focused on the historiography of art on one hand and on the history and aesthetics of photography on the other. Furthermore, he is an elected member of the committee of the CIHA (Congrès Internationaux d’histoire de l’art).
His current work looks at the formation of the art-historical canon in Germany – a topic on which he has already extensively published. In particular, he is interested in furthering his research by exploring the role of photography in canon formation. His visit to Durham will allow him to expand the remits of his project by taking into consideration debates on canon formation in the UK context, with a particular focus on the global turn in the art-historical discourse. His research chimes very well with the research agenda that members of the Centre of Visual Arts and Cultures are currently developing at Durham. Prof Locher’s proposal looks to develop a collaborative link between Durham’s Centre for Visual Arts and Cultures and Marburg’s Deutsches Dokumentationszentrum für Kunstgeschichte.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at University College, Durham University (October-December 2017)
Prof Jose Manuel Losada - Losada-Goya is highly regarded at the international level among scholars who work in the field of myth criticism.
During the proposed stay at Durham University Losada Goay will work with members of the Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (IMEMS), and more precisely with Professor Jan Clarke. In line with one of the core objectives of the IMEMS, he will approach the theatre plays of the 17th century French century from the perspective of Cultural Myth Criticism, a methodology that he has been proposing for ten years in different academic and university fields:
In contrast to the studies Losada-Goya realized during his doctoral thesis (1990) and the HDR (1998), now he will focus on the theatre plays of the mythical theme of the second half of the 17th century: La Conquête de la Toison d’Or (P. Corneille), Amphitryon (Molière), Andromaque (Racine), Ariane (Th. Corneille), La Baguette de Vulcain (Regnard), etc. The objective is to develop a study about the cultural imaginary carried by texts, the function of the myths (heuristic, etiological, metaphorical…) and the projection of its meaning in modern times. All these texts, as well as necessary critical studies, can be found in the libraries of the University. After three months of work Losada-Goya hopes to be able to offer a synthesis that will allow us to understand the deep reasons for recourse to this mythology then and today.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow, IAS, DGSI, and Grey College, April - June 2012
Roy MacLeod is an Emeritus Professor of History, University of Sydney. He has held senior positions at Sussex and London as well as at Sydney, and several visiting positions in the UK, Europe and North America including a Leverhulme Visiting Professorship at Oxford (2006-2007), a Fernand Braudel Senior Fellowship at the European University Institute, Florence (2009), and the Charles Lindbergh Chair at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC (2010). Recognised as a leading scholar in his field, Professor MacLeod has published over 20 books and 130 articles in the history of science and government. This, together with his innovative editorship of the journals, Social Studies of Science and Minerva, has had a significant impact on the social studies of science, and he holds several international awards and honours for his work.
For many years, his attention has focused on the intersection of science, diplomacy, development and security. In 2006, he co-edited Frontline and Factory: Comparative Perspectives on the Chemical Industry at War 1914-1924 (Springer), and has forthcoming two books on the history of science and geopolitics. While at the University, he will be based at the Durham Global Security Institute (DGSI), where his host is Dr Jeroen Gunning, Reader in Middle Eastern Studies in the School of Government and International Affairs (SGIA). As a Senior Fellow at DGSI, Professor MacLeod will continue his studies of the changing roles of science and technology in international affairs and global security, with a view to contributing to the contemporary objectives of international security studies across the world.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Collingwood College, Durham University (April - June 2015)
Prof Ermanno Malaspina is Associate Professor of Latin Language and Literature, University of Turin, Italy. He is is a scholar who has a high international reputation in both Europe and the US. Prof Malaspina is President of the Advisory Board of Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron, associated member of the Research Group Rome et ses Renaissances and of Centre Guillaume Budé (Paris-Sorbonne University), head of the Turin Research Group in the Digilib project of digital philology, Turin delegate by the Collegium politicum (Madrid), member of the Advisory board of the Reviews Studia Oliveriana, Gazette Tulliana and Ciceroniana On Line, and member of the Advisory board of Fondazione Cecilia Gilardi o.n.l.u.s.
The variants of Cicero’s Lucullus : Prof. Malaspina is currently engaged in producing a new text of Cicero’s Lucullus for the prestigious Budé series. This is a text in which Cicero presented to a Roman audience the sceptical theories of knowledge developed in the Athenian Academy in the centuries after Plato. It is important not only as a key witness to that Greek tradition, but also as a major influence on the later western tradition of philosophical scepticism throughout the Middle Ages and up to the Enlightenment. Traditionally, the editor of a text that survives in hundreds of medieval manuscripts is compelled to throw away most of the variants for lack of space. What Prof Malaspina proposes to do is to develop a new, digital methodology which will permit the editor to present to the reader all of the variants of a text. The importance of this work goes far beyond its relevance to one particular text of Cicero; it will establish a new paradigm for the on-line editing of classical texts, finally liberating the reader from the arbitrary constraints of the printing press.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Mary's College (January - March 2016)
Prof Matthies is a Professor of Social Work at the University of Jyväskylä, Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius, Head of the Department of Social Sciences. She is well-known and highly respected pioneer in Finnish social work owing to her interest in environmental and community issues in relation to social work.
The contribution of social interventions to the transition of communities towards resilience and sustainability. The planned programme of work relates to international and interdisciplinary research on the contribution of social interventions to the transition of communities towards resilience and sustainability. This is the subject of the Matthies’ current and ongoing international research collaboration. The Fellowship aims to deepen theoretical understandings and to develop practical research approaches to this question. The Fellowship will enable Matthies to extend her existing work and collaborate with key international figures working in the Centre for Social Justice and Community Action (CSJCA) on the sustainability of community practices and participatory methods. The main focus will be on exploring the sustainability of community based practices, including the ethics and impact of community-based participatory research (CBPR). This will happen by: a) intensive theoretical work in collaboration with members of the CSJCA, Institute of Hazard Risk and Resilience and Policy, Professions and Communities Research Group (PPC research group); and b) analysing and discussing CBPR practice content in ongoing community-based projects run by the CSJCA, resulting in improved critical reflection of the ethical dimensions of social interventions with communities.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Aidan's College, Durham University (April-June 2019)
Professor Gerlinde Mautner is a world-leading scholar in discourse analysis. Her work has been widely published and she has contributed to many major collections with leading edge chapters, including in the area of organisational discourse studies.
Leadership Discourses in Organizational Scholarship: An Interdisciplinary Approach. The project to be undertaken during the Fellowship is an interdisciplinary undertaking, combining management studies and linguistics. It has two interlocking aims, one related to content and one methodological. On the content level, using data from the Administrative Science Quarterly, we aim to investigate how the usage of certain core terms has changed over time, from 1956 to the present day. The terms we will be focusing on are administrator, manager and leader. On the level of methodology, we demonstrate how computer-aided techniques can contribute to the study of large volumes of text.
In developing our research questions and research design, we have been inspired by themes dealt with in recent leadership research. In particular, we are interested in following up on the observation that leadership discourse has been gaining in appeal and is now widely regarded as a dominant rhetorical paradigm. In the relevant discursive space, the term leader competes with manager, while administrator seems to have been ousted by both. Clearly, such developments in usage are not merely a question of superficial linguistic choices, but reflect and shape deeper socio-cultural trends. In acknowledging this dialectic, our project is tuned in to the “linguistic turn” in the social sciences.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College (October – December 2012)
George McBane is a Professor of Chemistry at Grand Valley State University in Michigan, USA. As a Senior Research Fellow at Durham University he will conduct research on ultracold molecules, at temperatures about a millionth of a degree above absolute zero. In this state atoms and molecules enter a new regime in which all their motions are governed by the laws of quantum mechanics. The study of molecules at these temperatures is in its infancy but several transformative applications are already apparent; these include the use of ultracold molecules as elements in superfast quantum computers and the possibility of controlling bimolecular chemical reactions with electric and magnetic fields.
Professor McBane brings expertise in experimental studies of molecular collisions, in theory of energy transfer and photodissociation, and in applications of high-performance computing to the quantum description of molecular collisions. During his Fellowship he will work with the Physics and Chemistry Departments, collaborating primarily with Prof Jeremy Hutson but also with the research groups of Eckart Wrede (Chemistry) and Simon Cornish (Physics).The collaboration will open up new possibilities for accurate predictions and interpretations of cold molecule formation and behaviour and will also contribute to the growth of the recently established Joint Quantum Centre - Durham/Newcastle.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Van Mildert College, Durham University (April-June 2019)
Dr Fiona McDonald is a mid-career researcher who is nationally and internationally recognised for her research expertise on the governance of health systems from legal and ethical perspectives, as evidenced by her dual appointments in law in Australia and bioethics in Canada. She has authored over 40 publications, including two co-authored books, despite significant career interruptions. She is, and has been, an investigator or collaborator on over $3,000,000 (Australian dollars) in external research grant funding (see examples below), including international, competitive grants.
Facemask use in particulate air pollution events: ethical and legal analysis. Air pollution events, where large numbers of people are exposed to high levels of particulate matter (e.g., from volcanic eruptions and large-scale fires), are a significant public health challenge. One response is for agencies to provide and/or recommend the use of facemasks for the general public. The proposed novel, transdisciplinary research builds on existing, innovative work with Dr Horwell, researchers from Durham and external agencies, which has been used during the recent eruption of Agung, Indonesia. We explored, from an ethical perspective, whether agencies (government and non-governmental public health, civil protection and disaster response) should recommend/provide facemasks during particulate air pollution events, given the limited evidence about their efficacy for community use. During this Fellowship we will examine two further, pressing issues which have emerged out of the Agung experience: 1) how may agencies fairly and justly allocate facemasks in a disaster setting, given scarce resources, i.e. what groups should have priority in allocation, and pressure to protect children, for whom such masks are not designed? 2) what legal issues may arise as a consequence of a decision to provide/recommend facemasks? This research will further impact agency decision-making processes and will support the health and wellbeing of affected populations, globally.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Collingwood College, Durham University (October - December 2013)
Dr Róbert Mészáros is an Associate professor, Institute of Chemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest. Prof Mészáros is an internationally recognized scientist in the area of surfactants and polyelectrolytes. He pioneered the characterization of surfactant binding and non-equilibrium complexes consisting of surfactants and polyelectrolytes. Another important and recent achievement of his is the preparation of kinetically stable systems of strongly interacting macromolecules and amphiphiles by means of non-ionic additives and sophisticated solution mixing methods.
Polymers and surfactants are two classes of molecules that are frequently used together in personal care and pharmaceutical products and in industrial processes such as water purification. The polymers and surfactants have different roles, but often interact strongly with each other and the performance of a product depends critically on these interactions. To complicate the situation further, formulations containing polymers and surfactants are frequently used under dynamic conditions (i.e. they are diluted, sprayed, spread, blown, filtered, swallowed, etc.). Despite the fact that these molecules generally act at surfaces, it is only very recently that researchers have begun to make a systematic connection between bulk and surface properties in polymer/surfactant mixtures and only for static and not dynamic properties. This Policy & Enterprise Fellowship will unite the expertise of Dr Róbert Mészáros on bulk aggregation and of Prof Colin Bain (Durham University) on dynamic behaviour at surfaces in order to build a comprehensive understanding of dynamic processes in oppositely charged polymer/surfactant systems through new theoretical models and experimental investigations. The elucidation of the connection between the bulk and dynamic surface behaviour will lead to publications in international scientific journals and form the basis of further research support. Finally, the proposed project may strengthen the links between Durham University and industrial partners since Dr Mészáros brings expertise that is lacking within Durham.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St John's College (April - June 2016)
Dr Richard Miles is a Senior Lecturer in Mathematics at Uppsala University, Sweden
Counting for group actions: structure and dynamics. Dynamical systems – abstract models of physical systems that evolve in time according to fixed physical laws – can be studied using mathematical tools. Abstractly the fixed physical laws become a symmetry reflected by an action of a group (in the case of evolution in time, the group of whole numbers reflecting the state of the system at time 1,2,3,...). There is an extensive body of work on dynamical systems with additional symmetries arising from the specific system being studied, which may be thought of as spatial symmetries. In a different direction, there are natural situations where the additional symmetries also permit evolution in (analogues of) time, reflected in the action of a higher-dimensional group. This leads to the research project, which is to develop the theory of group actions from a dynamical point of view, with particular emphasis on counting problems for group actions. This involves understanding a delicate interaction between the nature of the dynamical system and how it moves points around, the internal structure of the acting group which may be very complex, and the analytic nature of families of associated functions built from the counting problems.
A particular benefit of this Fellowship is the opportunity to work with Professor Tom Ward, with whom Prof Miles has successfully collaborated in the past. Professor Ward was one of the initiators of the study of periodic orbits for higher dimensional actions in the late 1980s and has been a leading exponent since then. There is undoubted scope for them to work together on these problems and this would certainly be of considerable benefit to the research of both.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College, Durham University (April - June 2015)
Dr Alexander Mitov is a Lecturer, Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, UK. Dr Mitov is deeply involved in the phenomenology of the Large Hadron Collider, and is one of the leading theorists working in high energy applications of the strong interactions. His most recent major accomplishment, namely the calculation of the NNLO heavy quark pair hadroproduction cross section, has been on the list of “most wanted” results for almost a couple of decades. It is nowadays an essential ingredient to match the excellent precision of the measurements at the LHC, and its achievement represents a milestone result that will become textbook material.
With the discovery of the “Higgs” particle, the main challenge for the particle physics community is to demonstrate the (possible) existence of beyond the Standard Model Physics. Furthermore, we would like to discriminate between the many proposed models of new physics. It is commonly accepted that the LHC will be able to provide us with the experimental input we need in order to answer these questions.
The experience from extensive searches for new physics at past and current particle colliders clearly demonstrates that in order to detect possible new physics effects, high- accuracy theoretical predictions for key observables in the Standard Model are needed.
High-precision calculations for the LHC are still rare. But thanks to new advances in calculational techniques, important classes of LHC processes like top pair production, dijets, Higgs+jet and b-quark production can now be computed with high precision.
The timing for this breakthrough in precision calculations is remarkable because it coincides with another milestone: the expected (early 2015) start of the LHC at maximum energy. Having such high-precision results in time for the analyses of LHC data will represent a rare scientific opportunity. Exploring it is the subject of the present research proposal.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Grey College, Durham University (January – March 2013)
Dr Mithun Mitra is Visiting Reader at the S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata, India, and a Ramanujan Fellow of the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India. Nominated by Dr Buddhapriya Chakrabarti (Mathematical Sciences and Biophysical Sciences Institute), Prof. John Girkin (Biophysical Sciences Institute) and Prof. Paul Mansfield (Mathematical Sciences).
During his Fellowship Dr Mitra will work with Dr Buddhapriya Chakrabarti and Prof. Tom McLeish on what is recognised as one of the most challenging issues in the field of polymer dynamics: Rheology of polymer melts of ring and ring-like polymers. This important study will further understanding of key biological processes including: DNA cyclization and packing in cell nuclei.
COFUND Senior Research Fellowship at Trevelyan College, Durham University (October - December 2014)
Prof Henrietta Mondry is from the department of European Languages and Cultures, University of Canterbury and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand and Fellow in the Academy of Humanities of New Zealand. Prof Mondry is a scholar of international reputation and an author of several innovative and highly interesting books and numerous articles related to Russian, East European, Jewish studies, gender studies and comparative literature.
Animal Psychology and Human Transformation in 1930s Soviet Literature and Education : The aim of the project is to contribute new perspectives on the issue of:
(1) what it means to be “human”, and
(2) what is involved in efforts to transform “humanity”.
This problem will be approached historically, situating it at the intersection of evolutionary biology, cognitive neuroscience, political culture, educational process, and literary fiction.
The project will, firstly, examine the theories, methodologies and research practices of the physiologist Ivan Pavlov and the animal trainer Vladimir Durov as two contrasting representatives of early-Soviet “zoopsychology” – a cross-section of ethology, animal neuroscience, and comparative/evolutionary psychology, which concerned itself with the combined problem of “animal minds” and “the emergence of mind” in human development.
The project will then correlate these with the works of two seminal Soviet writers for children of this same era, Arkady Gaidar and Ruvin Frayerman. The focus will be on the late 1930s, the epoch characterised by Stalin’s “human engineering” based on a strong distrust of nature. Finally, the collaboration will examine how stories written for Soviet youth both reflected and contributed to an understanding of human transformation based on a distinctively framed contiguity between animals and humans.
The project entails a new, interdisciplinary approach to a relatively little known topic, bringing to light material that is far from widely accessible, seeking to reach original insights into a highly topical matter of concern.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College, Durham University (October-December 2017)
Scott Montgomery - Montgomery has written a number of books in the history of science, including the well-known Science and Translation: Movements of Knowledge Through Cultures and Time. In this work he took theories of translation, developed by scholars in the humanities for literary works and applied them to the sciences, both in the past and present. He demonstrated how knowledge has changed, sometimes a great deal, when it has been appropriate from one language and culture to another.
The rise of European science and technology in the early modern period. The question of what major factors determined Europe’s “great ascent,” based on advances in science and technology, has yet to gain a full answer. In recent years, it has been the subject of a hugely popular and influential genre of writing on the rise of the West to global dominance, whether due to guns and germs or economic divergence. The proposed project comprises a book putting forth a new, distinctly historical factor as a primary reason for this rise starting in the early modern period. Simply put, this factor was Europe’s singular advantage of absorbing the most sophisticated technical knowledge and practices the world had to offer from the 12th to the 16th centuries. European science and technology benefited from the import of texts, images, objects, methods, instruments, and ideas from many parts of the globe—China, India, Islamic culture, Central Asia, Greece (often via Islamic thinkers), and the New World. Much of this knowledge had itself achieved a level particularly ripe for innovations, including those in textual adaptation and social use. It is to complete the planning of this book project and the writing of a major chapter and introduction to which this fellowship will be devoted.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Aidan’s, Durham University (April – June 2013)
Professor Ashwini Nangia was nominated by Prof Judith Howard (Chemistry), Prof John Girkin (Pysics) and Prof John SO Evans (Chemistry). Prof Nangia is Professor of Chemistry at the University of Hyderabad, is a Fellow of all three National Science Academies of India and is a recipient of the JC Bose National Fellowship (awarded by the Indian Ministry of Science and Technology).
Professor Nangia has an international reputation for research excellence, particularly in the area of solid state organic crystal chemistry and its application to the selection of appropriate solid forms for pharmaceutical application. During his Fellowship, Prof Nangia will collaborate with the research groups of Judith Howard and Jon Steed on employing novel techniques in search of novel polymorphs, which are important in the pharmaceutical industry, not only for intellectual property management, but also to improve the solubility and dissolution rate of drugs.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College (April - May 2016)
Prof Nesbitt is a leading chemist, holding: Fellow, Royal Society of Chemistry (UK); Presidential Rank Award, 2009; Fellow, American Chemistry Society; Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Towards single-molecule detection in biological systems in heterogeneous membranes. The ability to look with laser confocal fluorescence microscopy at the thermodynamics and kinetics of single biomolecules in real time has led to an explosion of new research opportunities in chemistry, physics and molecular biology. By way of example, the cell membrane and specifically its ubiquitous role in separating intra- and extracellular biofunctionality represents a remarkable achievement and for which the 2D diffusion dynamics at the single molecule level is now accessible via ultrasensitive photon counting and appropriate fluorescently tagged lipids. Equally important, however, are the high levels of heterogeneity in these membranes, and how this might impact biological function, e.g., diffusional mobility and adsorption/desorption kinetics. Simply summarized, one would ideally wish to study the isolated motions of lipid molecules at the same time as monitoring the overall structure and phase separation dynamics of the membrane. The major thrust of this Senior Fellowship would therefore be to couple i) state of the art single molecule fluorescence microscopy techniques from the Nesbitt group with ii) state of the art Raman detection methods from the Bain group to explore the real time diffusion dynamics of single probe molecules in supported lipid bilayers. The role of such heterogeneity in the biophysical function of cell membranes is currently a frontier research area of intense interest.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College (January-March 2016)
Dr Nikku is a Senior Lecturer, Universiti Sains, Malaysia. Currently he is coordinating a Himalayan floods project supported by the International Association of Schools of Social Work
E-Learning Resources for Disaster Interventions in Social Work. The Fellowship will allow Dr Nikku to collaborate with academics in the School of Applied Social Sciences and the Institute of Hazard Risk and Resiliance. Dr Nikku proposes to use the Fellowship to prepare e-learning modules for disaster interventions in social work by undertaking an extensive literature review to assess the existing e-learning materials on disasters that are available for a wide variety of stakeholders. Additionally, with the help of International Association of Schools of Social Work he will conduct an online opinion survey among social work educators and practitioners about their use of e-learning with the help of the International Association of Schools of Social Work and the International Federation of Social Workers respectively.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at University College (April - June 2017)
The Shi’a – Sunni sectarian violence in the Middle East is the outward expression of a wider geopolitical struggle driven by theological as well as political reasons (identity conflict) and intense competitions for access to power and resources by the historically marginalized Shi’as in the Arab states and attempts by the Sunnis to retain their centuries old political and economic dominance over the Shi’as. This project aims to map out the nature and dynamics of the geopolitical struggle and unpack its consequences for regional political and security order. We propose to develop a theoretical framework of sectarian violence to facilitate understanding about when and how sectarianism may turn into violent struggles for political power and control over resources posing security threats to the entire region. The research will rely on a two-fold methodological approach – historical as well as behavioural to account for the origin and development of the Shi’a – Sunni split while adding a political economy dimension to it – the struggle for access to power and resources; it also aims to utilize scientific methods to examine the conflict through objective analysis of first-hand information to be gathered by interviewing leading Shi’a and Sunni political and community leaders across the Middle East.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Stephenson College College (October-December 2018)
Professor Marc Oxenham is a Professor in Bioarchaeology at the Australian National University and a Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities, and his research focuses on understanding ancient human biological responses to major lifeway shifts in Southeast Asia. His work in Japan, Cambodia, the Philippines, Indonesia and Vietnam (in particular) has been funded from a number of sources, with the Australian Research Council providing the bulk of support. His secondary research focus is elucidating the processes, patterning and rate of soft and hard tissue decomposition in a rage of media (surface, sub-surface, and aquatic) in order to develop more precise models for estimating human time since death in Australian conditions.
Archaeology of Ancient Medicine. The aim of the proposed visit is to research and write a book on the archaeology of medicine. Durham is perhaps the single most obvious choice for such an endeavour given its resources and international reputation in archaeology, palaeopathology, history and anthropology of medicine. The proposed book will be closely based on the structure of an extremely popular course I developed and have convened the past six years, titled “Ancient Medicine”. The book (after the course) is structured as a survey of medicine, surgery and medical theory and practices from prehistoric times through to the early medieval period. The focus is the evolution and development of a suite of medical traditions over time as informed by their respective cultural milieus. The book is equally devoted to exploring the archaeologically informed context of each culture/period and the medical systems of interest. Regionally, Europe (the Greek and Roman empires), North Africa (Egypt), the Near East (Mesopotamia), the Indian subcontinent and China are explored in detail. Thematic forays into medical instrumentation, “women’s problems” and medicine in the context of age, gender and status supplement these archaeo-medical explorations. Sources include both received and discovered texts, and a range of archaeological and osteological evidence.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Aidan's College, Durham University (October - December 2013 & January - March 2014)
Mr James Page is the Political Affairs Officer, United Nations Assistance Mission Afghanistan (UNAMA). Mr Page has experience in International Relations, Political Affairs, Diplomacy, and has been undertaking work on the front line with the United Nations Assistance Mission with a focus on Security Sector Reform, as a Political Affairs Officer with the lead for the Security Sector Reform.
Portfolio at UNAMA, this includes issues such as counter-insurgency, counter terror, army and police development, as well as ministry development matters and substantive involvement, including policy formation and shaping.
The research project looks at academic and policy debates over the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (‘drones’) in Afghanistan and connected operations in Pakistan. In particular, it seeks to explore the impact of their use in two connected but distinctive operations, which are conceptualised in distinctive fashions. The UN mandate authorising International Stabilisation and Assistance Force (ISAF) operations exists within a ‘counter insurgency’ framework (COIN), whilst US military and CIA operations in Afghanistan and Pakistan are framed within a ‘counter-terror’ (CT) discourse that is at odds with a good deal of counter-insurgency discourse, given its emphasis on threat-reduction of terrorist attacks against the US, as opposed to state building and ‘hearts and minds’ winning within COIN. Exploring the operational impacts of these competing framings of drone use offers a chance to explore and clarify a neglected but potentially crucial aspect of the drones debate. The research therefore focuses on public policy issues and draws on James Page’s personal experience as a UN official in Kabul working on security issues.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College (July - September 2016)
Panwar has an emerging worldwide reputation in the modelling and simulation of soft matter
Understanding selective transport through the nuclear-pore complex. A unique example of highly selective transport in eukaryotic organisms is the nuclear pore complex (NPC), which regulates the transport of cargo between the cell nucleus and cytoplasm. The NPC is a self-assembled super-structure embedded on the nuclear membrane (internal diameter ≈30–50 nm) having a high throughput (about 1 kg material is transported across all NPCs in the human body/second) while maintaining a tight control, sometimes blocking smaller proteins but allowing larger RNA-protein complexes. With the lack of high-resolution imaging techniques at nanometer scale to discern the conformation of natively unfolded polypeptides that line the inner walls of the NPC, the mechanism that allows for such simultaneous high throughput and tight control of transport in these systems is not yet understood.
The aim of this project is to develop such a mechanistic understanding using coarse-grained models of NPC that are amenable to computer simulations and theoretical calculations. The models will be used to investigate the long-time behaviour and organization of polypeptides within the NPC, the interaction of macromolecular cargo as it passes through pore, and various transport regimes which may depend on cargo-pore interactions. The project will lead to high impact publications and a grant proposal via Indo-UK research councils.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Hatfield College, Durham University (January -June 2013)
Scott Paterson is Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences in the University of Southern California and is a Fellow of the Geological Society of America. Having numerous high quality publications and awards, Prof. Paterson is not just considered an academic of high esteem, he has also established a novel research led teaching scheme, which takes undergraduates into the field.
Nominated by Prof. Jon Davidson (Earth Sciences) and Prof. David Petley (Institute of Hazard, Risk and Resilience, IHRR), Prof. Paterson will work on a project examining physical and chemical processes in subvolcanic systems. This project straddles two of the main research groups in the Department of Earth Sciences, and has overlap with the aims and objectives of IHRR. Prof. Paterson will undertake two parallel and integrated strands of research; 1) examining the chemical/ mineralogical/ textural characteristics of plutons (the solidified magma bodies that underlay and fed volcanoes) and 2) evaluating the impacts that these plutons have on both ductile and brittle fault systems in the crust. This should lead to an enhanced understanding of how volcanoes work.
For more information on Professor Scott Paterson and his work visit: http://earth.usc.edu/~paterson/index.html
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College, Durham University (April - June 2014)
V. Spike Peterson is Professor of Political Science and International Relations, School of Government and Public Policy, University of Arizona. Prof Peterson is considered to be among the most internationally important senior scholars currently working at the intersections of International Relations, Feminist and Queer Theory, and of International Political Economy. She has held some of the most competitive fellowships the field has to offer (from being Visiting Scholar at University of Southern California’s Centre for International Relations to winning a prestigious Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Centre Residence), and she has held significant grants (including a MacArthur Foundation Peace and International Cooperation grant).
In the 21st century, conventional family, market and state arrangements are no longer stable. Feminist challenges to sex/gender relations, queer disruptions of heteronormative premises, and neoliberal reconfigurations of formal and informal ‘work’ are transforming gender/sex/erotic relations, household formations and market dynamics. These changes call for a rethinking of analytical premises in the study of global politics. This research project will make a significant contribution towards such an agenda, by bringing together a range of staff from across the University engaged in thinking the political beyond territorial explanation, rethinking the everyday in geographical inquiry and studying the changing cultural economies of money and finance. Drawing on Prof Peterson’s expertise and vast experience in the fields of gender/queer/political theory, this project asks what might it mean to queer conventional analyses of world politics in order to enable transformative analyses of power inequalities across individual, inter-group, national and global levels. The project will begin by way of a high profile workshop to be co-hosted by the CSGS and Geography Department, leading to a special issue of papers by Professor Peterson, Durham staff and international colleagues on the subject of ‘Queering the International’ to be submitted to a leading journal in the field.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College (January - March 2016)
Dr Petrželková is: a research zoologist at Liberec Zoo; researcher at the Laboratory of Molecular Parasitology of the Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre AS CR, České Budějovice; and a research senior scientist at the Department of Pathology and Parasitology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences in Brno.
Primate parasitology: problems, pitfalls and new approaches. This Fellowship is a continuation of a long-term interdisciplinary collaboration between Dr Klára Petrželková, a parasitologist and Durham University’s Dr Jo Setchell, a primatologist, in the field of primate parasitology and endocrinology. During the Fellowship Dr Petrželková will work with Dr Setchell to (i) edit a Special Section of the International Journal of Primatology based on contributions to a conference entitled “Primate Parasitology: Development, Methods and Future” organized by the Dr Petrželková's group in 2014; (ii) review existing publications in primate parasitology in a contribution to the Special Section that will also cover what primatologists need to know about parasites in order to improve the field of primate parasitology and facilitate interdisciplinary conversations between parasitologists, primatologists and conservationists; (iii) finish and submit joint research articles focused on fecal glucocorticoids and gastrointestinal parasite infections and microbiota in wild western lowland gorilla; (iv) develop their ongoing collaboration in preparation for new grant proposals.
COFUND Policy & Enterprise Fellow at Ustinov College (April -June 2016)
Dr Podjed is coordinator of the Applied Anthropology Network of the European Association of Social Anthropologists (EASA) and initiator of the international symposium “Why the world needs anthropologists.” He is also a co-founder of the “Telematics Conference SEEurope,” an international event on traffic and fleet management, annually held in South-eastern Europe since 2011. He was recognised by the Slovenian Research Agency for his research work in anthropology and ethnology in 2011 and received an award for exceptional achievements from the University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, in 2008. His current professional activities and research interests focus on an interdisciplinary applied research project “DriveGreen: Development of an Eco-driving Application for a Transition to a Low-carbon Society” (2014–2017), in which he is a Principal Investigator.
Green driving in Newcastle: Encouragement of eco-driving habits by mobile application. Eco-driving is a new concept that applies to a driving style that minimises the negative consequences of automobility. Eco-driving significantly reduces harmful carbon emissions while improving road safety. The mobile phone application, Drive Green is a technology devised to support eco-driving and is the first such application to take into account the social and cultural factors that shape driving habits. DriveGreen is in the late stages of development after a three-year, interdisciplinary applied research project, carried out on a basis of an ethnographic study. The plan of work for the 3-month Fellowship involves researching the application of DriveGreen in Newcastle-upon-Tyne to add to studies conducted in Ljubljana, Belgrade, Budapest and Istanbul thus contributing to a cross-cultural comparative examination of DriveGreen’s capacity to encourage eco-driving habits in diverse locations. Research focuses on the socio-technical practices entailed in driving and alterations resulting from the application. The same research methodology and recruitment mechanisms tested successfully in SE Europe will be applied in Newcastle. The findings will reveal elements of the application requiring adaptation to make it more efficient and amenable for UK drivers.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Mary's College, Durham University, January - March 2019
Professor Nike K. Pokorn is a distinguished translation studies scholar well known internationally. Pokorn has done research into translations of medieval biographical and women studies. She has published extensively in the most influential academic international journals. A joint research with her at Durham will help to promote our translation research. It will also contribute to interdisciplinarity as it will involve translation, medieval studies and women studies as well as research into Slavic languages
Modernised versions of The Book of Margery Kempe
The project aims to focus on the issue of translating autobiographies and on that of intralingual translation by analysing translations of the 15th-century text The Book of Margery Kempe from Middle into Modern English. Intralingual translation, i.e. the practice of translating older texts from an older variant of the language into the contemporary variant of the same language, has rarely been discussed in Translation Studies (TS) despite the fact that such modernisations reveal the impact of similar translational norms of the period as interlingual translations. The research will also focus on the translator’s role in constructing the implied author of autobiography. Using the corpus of 8 Modern English translations of The Book, it will be argued that foregrounding is intrinsic also to intralingual translations, and that it is manifested in particular in the translational transformations of Margery’s reference to herself (in the original Margery creates an alienation effect by referring to herself as “creature”), and in her particular choice of creating or avoiding intimacy by using different forms of address and alternating between singular and plural forms of second person pronouns when directly addressing her husband, her travel companions and her God.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College and Collingwood Colleges
Professor Ramelli has been Professor of History of the Roman Near East, and Fellow of History of Ancient Philosophy since 2003 at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, and full Professor of Theology and K. Britt endowed Chair (Angelicum University, US). She is internationally recognised as one of the foremost scholars of classic and early Christian literature and thought. As well as holding a number of senior visiting positions, including Senior Visiting Professor in Greek Thought (classical and Patristic) at Harvard, Senior Fellow at Oxford University, Corpus Christi, Fowler Hamitlon Fellow at Oxford University, Christ Church, Senior Research Fellow at Princeton University and of the Humboldt Network of Outstanding Reseaachers, Ramelli is also scientific Consultant, member of directive and scientific boards of scholarly series and journals, and the Director of a number of international projects, including Director of the international Oxford Workshops on “The Soul in the Origenian Tradition” and on "Eriugena's Sources in Ancient and Patristic Philosophy".
Nominated by Prof. George Boys-Stones (Classics and Ancient History) during her visit to Durham Prof. Ramelli plans to investigate how pre-Christian and non-Christian philosophers (esp. Stoics and, even more, Platonists) conceived of Apokatastasis: in the cosmological (Stoic) sense, this designates a cyclical restoration of the cosmos after its destruction and resolution into the Logos i.e. the supreme deity, Zeus. In the metaphysical and psychological (Platonic) sense, Apokatastasis indicates the restoration of the soul and its salvation. One big question within Platonism is whether this restoration will ultimately be universal or not. This is an important theme in imperial and late antique Platonism and Ramelli plans to investigate this and how this relates to the Christian doctrine of Apokatastasis.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Stephenson College, Durham University (January-March 2019)
Dr Cesar Antonio Ramirez-Sarmiento is an expert in both experimental and computational approaches to protein folding, structure, and function.
Direct observation of FOXP hetero-complexes as a novel mechanism for the regulation of gene expression.
FOX transcription factors are fundamental proteins behind the regulation of gene expression in processes such as cell growth, lifespan and embryonic development. These proteins bind to DNA using their highly conserved forkhead domain and commonly exert their function as isolated subunits. However, structural biology has demonstrated that members of the FOXP subfamily form homodimeric ensembles by a complex folding mechanism known as domain swapping, allowing simultaneous binding to two adjacent DNAs from single or multiple chromosomes and thus adding another level of regulation of gene expression. Consequently, mutations abolishing this mechanism are the causative of immunity and speech disorders and defects in chromosome remodelling.
Our goal is to obtain direct evidence that the forkhead domain of FOXP proteins can also form hetero-complexes and further increase the complexity of their role in gene expression. We will pursue this goal via protein purification, assembly and structure solution of all possible FOXP1-4 heterocomplexes using biophysics and structural biology, including X-ray crystallography. The outcome of our research will contribute to the understanding of chromosome remodelling, regulation of gene transcription, FOXP-associated diseases, protein folding and biomolecular interactions.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College, Durham University (October - December 2013)
Dr Ana Rita Pereira Roders isAssistant Professor, Eindoven University, The Netherlands. Dr Pereira Roders is a well-known scholar in her field, and her experience and knowledge of World Heritage designations meets a key strategic aim of the Department of Archaeology – ‘to enhance research on heritage and in particular on the Durham World Heritage Site’.
The modern urban landscape is a dynamic and changing environment. The development and expansion of urban centres is vital to their continued ability to thrive as economic centres and to the well-being of their inhabitants. Many cities across the globe are however historic cities, hosting unrivalled tangible and intangible heritage of outstanding universal value. The protection and management of urban heritage in a way that allows sustainable development is vital. Achieving this balance is difficult and agencies are often faced with a need to protect heritage and yet take account of a multiplicity of stakeholder and public viewpoints. Durham World Heritage Site encapsulates at a small scale the qualities of many larger and more complex urban historic World Heritage Cities. It provides ideal location for exploratory research dealing with the issue of integrating a plurality of viewpoints into the sustainable protection of its unique medieval heritage. This project, linked to the UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape initiative, will use Durham as a case study to explore these issues by developing a programme of participatory research that involves the public in the exploration and mapping of the plurality of public perceptions of and engagements with this urban World Heritage Site.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow (2014, 2017/18)
Prof Darrell Rowbottom is from the Department of Philosophy, Lingnan University, Hong Kong and is recognised as a dynamic rising star in philosophy, with the sort of publication record one would normally expect of someone far more senior.
1) The Instrument of Science : Prof Rowbottom proposes to address scientific realism, the question of whether or not evidence in favour of scientific theories constitutes evidence for their truth, rather than their mere reliability for practical purposes. For the last thirty years, philosophers have tended to agree that scientific theories should be interpreted literally (in contrast, for instance, to the way in which liberal theologians interpret parts of the Bible). The realism debate therefore concentrated evidence: can science find evidence that its theories (literally construed) are true? During this time instrumentalism, which rejects literal construal, received relatively little attention, although it has a long history: Osiander and Cardinal Bellarmine offered instrumentalist interpretations of the Copernican system, and scepticism about physical atomism engendered an instrumentalist interpretation of that theory among many nineteenth- and twentieth-century scientists. Rowbottom’s project aims to revive instrumentalism in the light of more recent philosophical and psychological work on models and cognitive mechanisms of understanding, and also scholarship on the development of atomic theory in chemistry and physics during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It is a project of first-rate interest and significance, and Professor Rowbottom’s outstanding record of publication means that he is ideally placed to pursue it.
2) The Fellowship seeks to build on a collaboration between Rowbottom and Durham, through a network on integrated history and philosophy of science, involving universities of Aberdeen, Cambridge, Exeter, Leeds and London.
Anti-Realism concerning the Natural Sciences and the Social Sciences: A Comparative Study
If a theory is useful or even indispensable for predictive purposes, does this mean that it’s approximately true, or that it captures something fundamental about the world? Realists answer in the affirmative, and tend to take much of what contemporary science says at face value as a result. Anti-realists answer in the negative, and are therefore more cautious in their attitudes towards scientific theories, and especially existence claims about unobservable things. This project will examine the relative prospects for anti-realism about the natural sciences and anti-realism about the social sciences, and whether a unified anti-realist view, spanning these areas, is tenable. In pursuit of this goal, it will tackle the following sub-questions, among others:
* Are models and modelling techniques, such as idealisations and approximations, used in the same ways across natural and social sciences?
* Do thought experiments also play similar roles in each domain?
* Are there viable anti-realist accounts of explanation and understanding that cover both the social and natural sciences?
The project is a natural extension of the work previously undertaken by the collaborators, Prof. Rowbottom and Prof. Reiss, independently.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College, Durham University (June – July 2014)
Prof Arnaud Rykner is from Paris - Sorbonne University / Visiting Professor, Rutgers University, New Jersey, USA. His host is Dr Catherine Dousteyssier-Khoze, Head of French, School of Modern Languages & Cultures. Professor Rykner is both a renowned academic (19th and 20th-century literature; theatre studies;medical humanities) and a successful French novelist. His project is twofold:
1) He proposes to work on his new novel devoted to Swiss writer Robert Walser - Kafka’s favourite writer who died in 1956 in a psychiatric institution (as Walser wrote in German, Prof. Rykner's topic can be of interest to both French and German depts). The Fellowship will bring benefits to the IAS/MLAC/Durham University from exploring the potential overlap between scholarship and creative writing in order to provide new avenues for the Humanities (Prof. Rykner will also be looking to liaise with the English Dept / the director of the newly-established MA in Creative Writing).
2) Prof. Rykner is interested in the relationship between art and therapy and his research in the field of medical humanities led him to set up a series of workshops connecting researchers, medical doctors and artists. He proposes to set up a workshop on the topic in Durham. Again, staff in the IAS/MLAC/Institute for Medical Humanities would greatly benefit from his experience as the leader of successful impact cases.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College, Durham University (October - December 2013 & April - May 2014)
Matti Kullervo Seppälä is Professor (ret) in physical geography at the University of Helsinki, Finland. Prof Seppälä is a leading, internationally-acclaimed academic and is considered to arguably be the leading international authority on palsas and related periglacial features, especially in peatland landscapes.
European peatlands are under threat from changing climate and mismanagement. They are particularly sensitive to erosion by wind, water and frost but little is known about these factors. The aim of this project is to better understand the impacts of erosion on the resilience and stability of European peatlands. This is significant because Finland and the UK collectively account for approximately half the European peatland carbon resource.
The project will:
1) Review peat erosion studies across European and provide a synthesis of current understanding;
2) carry out field experiments at a North Pennine UK and Finnish field site to determine controls on the abrasion of peat by wind action;
3) develop and test a laboratory modelling facility to test frost heave potential in peat soils and compare to field observations from UK and Finnish test sites; and
4) host a workshop in Durham of peatland erosion and cryospheric scientists to discuss the impact of changing climate and erosion on the stability of peat soils.
The Fellowship is particularly relevant for the IHRR agenda, given the focus of environmental risk management in the face of environmental change.
Cofund Senior Research Fellow at Van Mildert College, Durham University (January - March 2014)
Dr Sergio Sepúlveda, is from the University of Chile and is arguably the leading researcher on seismically-triggered landslides in South America. A mid-career research of high repute, he has a strong track record of highly-cited papers in this area and is a key strategic collaborator for Durham Geography. The proposed research programme during his visit will develop and expand several areas of existing research; strengthen graduate and post-doctoral research; and provide a conduit for potential projects in an area of great importance to the Department and Institute.
Landslides are one of the most important geological hazards in Latin America causing, together with earthquakes, the largest number of fatalities from natural disasters in both urban and rural communities. They can be induced either by heavy rainfall, earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. They can take different forms, from local rock falls and soil slides to long-range, catastrophic debris flows or rock avalanches. During the Fellowship, we will analyze in detail the data from Central and South America of the unique, worldwide fatal landslide database collected in the last ten years by the International Landslide Centre at the IHRR, aiming to correlate and interpret the occurrence of fatal landslides with seismic activity (related to both large subduction earthquakes such as the M8.8, 2010 Chile earthquake and local crustal faults seismic sources), climate (tropical storms, El Niño-La Niña periods, etc.), demographic conditions, etc. This will allow a better understanding of landslide risks in Andean communities and provide guidelines for disaster prevention. Furthermore, landslide triggering mechanics will be studied using the unique IHRR facility, the dynamic back pressured shearbox, undertaking a series of dynamic shear tests on pyroclastic materials from Latin America, known to be most prone to landsliding during earthquake events.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College (October - December 2016)
Shech has an emerging international reputation publishing rigorous work drawing on both physics and philosophy, in the very best philosophy journals.
Condensed Matter Physics, the Quantum Hall Effects and Emergence
Shech proposes to address foundational issues raised by the fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE), grouped into three broad areas: representation in science; idealization in physics; and emergence.
(i) The ‘representational content’ of a theory or model is how that theory or model represents the world as being. But is the representational content transparent to the scientists who use a theory, or can it be a matter of empirical investigation? Shech proposes to address this question specifically with respect to the FQHE: does it support interpreting phase factors in the electromagnetic vector potential as real, as (arguably), the Aharonov-Bohm effect does?
(ii) Theoretical models of the FQHE employ various idealisations. But are these idealisations ‘pathological’, in that they preclude a realist interpretation of those models?
(iii) Does the FQHE constitute an emergent phenomenon? Shech proposes to review the various theoretical interpretations, in the light of criteria for emergence which have been proposed by both physicists and philosophers. Clearly, answering these questions depends on the correct interpretation of the various physical models of the FQHE, and hence answers to the research questions in (i) and (ii) above.
COFUND Policy & Enterprise Fellow at St Marys College, June - July 2012
Dr Sim is an Assistant Professor of Applied Social Science at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. He is an eminent figure in the field of disaster management and has been invited to present at numerous international conferences (across four continents) as well as having led teams during the recovery work of the Sichuan Earthquake.
During his Fellowship he will be based in IHRR and hosted by Professor Lena Dominelli (Social and Community and Youth Work, SASS). His Fellowship will be used to analyse a rare set of data based on his work with survivors of the 2008 Wenhuan earthquake in China. The Wenchuan earthquake was one of the most important seismic events of the last decade, demonstrating both the highly destructive nature of such an event over a wide area, and highlighting many of the major challenges in post-earthquake reconstruction. The data set will contribute to IHRR’s research on risk and resilience through knowledge transfer and dissemination activities across the University and in the local community and region. This has the potential to develop: more effective risk assessments, resilience strategies and psychosocial coping mechanisms in situations of constant disaster alert (as is occurring in Yingxiu); and produce guidelines for the development of more effective coping strategies for use by practitioners, especially those in NGOs, emergency response teams, local schools and community groups intervening in disaster relief.
This fellowship is seen as a significant extension of the growing a successful collaboration between Durham and Northumbria Universities in the area of microfluidics, which has so far generated three joint research students and an EPSRC grant.
Aim: The overall rationale of the project is to develop and test and critically evaluate an integrated microsystem for single cell. The approach will establish a unique method to detect, quantify and record cellular biomolecules.
Lately, a rapid climb of human life has been recorded, nethertheless fundamental questions require answers: How much of target molecule is present in a cell? Where is the target molecule located? Which is the role of such a molecule in cell and what happens to it if the equilibrium is modified. A technological revolution and efforts close to the ones spent on sequencing the genome is urged.
Droplets in microfluidics emerged as a promising tool for discoveries in molecular biology and they resemble a potential tool for studying single cell. Although each method of droplet manipulation has been successfully demonstrated, difficulty in integrating these steps into a whole system limited the applicability of droplet technology for complete biological assays.
In the context of the COFUND Fellowship, the impact of a collaboration with the Prof. Wood’s group will be essential for fuelling the integration of nano- and micro- components and detecting single cell signal, while the heterogeneity of cell population will be reported.
The approach of the fellowship proposal is multidisciplinary and as such a variety of outcomes is expected such as: An integrated high-throughput platform for testing cellular population, Network of collaborations, Statements of the baselines for a collaborative grant proposal.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Aidan's and Van Mildert Colleges, Durham University (2014, 2019)
Professor Rajiv Sinha is one of the most visible Indian workers in the area of fluvial geology, river science and river related hazards. Since the famous Kosi flood tragedy in 2008, he has been the most prominent researcher in this area, pursuing several lines of activity ranging from river dynamics and flood risk to flow modelling and sub-surface stratigraphy. This has led to a series of very impressive publications both in scientific journals as well as in popular science magazines which have been received very well by the geosciences community.
1) The Fellowship aims to develop a decision support system (DSS) for hazard management in the Kosi region in north Bihar plains in India, using the process-based understanding and building on existing stakeholder engagement at both the governmental and community level. During the Fellowship, Prof Sinha will integrate all available data to produce flood hazard and risk maps and also design mitigation strategies. Then he will develop a decision support system (DSS) which will use a topography-driven connectivity model to simulate the path of the avulsion channels from sites prone to breaching. Further, a series of popular booklets and audio-visual materials will be produced aimed at developing resilience and safety towards floods. The available expertise at IHRR on hazard communication and dissemination, and on community roles in understanding hazard would be extremely beneficial to achieve these objectives. The proposed project also has some parallels with a NERC/ESRC-funded project entitled ‘Earthquakes without Frontiers’ led by Prof Densmore (IHRR). Both projects are focused on hazard and resilience in the Kosi region, but floods occur far more frequently than large earthquakes. It is therefore hoped that the DSS can be used as a ‘prototype’ for building resilience to earthquake hazard, and to explore the possibility of flood responses as a ‘trial run’ for earthquake support tools and mechanisms.
2) Knowledge transfer for groundwater resource assessment in northwestern India. The northwestern India is considered as the largest hotspot of groundwater abstraction in the world and mitigation of this problem is one of the topmost agenda of the government of India. One of the biggest hurdles however is the lack of trained manpower and poor understanding of the conceptual framework for understanding and predicting variations in aquifer properties. The proposed project aims to remedy this situation by developing training modules and knowledge products for the groundwater professionals in India. This will be based on my previous collaboration with Durham University through a large project supported by NERC, UK and MOES, India. I will create several training modules on aquifer systems, alluvial hydrostratigraphy and groundwater level data analysis. In addition, creation of web resources and knowledge briefs would aim to spread these training modules to a wider audience. The IHRR has considerable expertise around the communication of risk-facing knowledge to diverse stakeholder groups, and this is why I would like to be based here during the tenure of this fellowship. My continued association with Central Groundwater Board will be useful in facilitating this and we hope to deliver these modules in India to all stakeholders through support from other possible sources.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Collingwood College, Durham University (June - August 2015)
Prof Sørensen is the Director of the Centre for International Business Law, Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus University. He has an international reputation for scholarship in the field of European Union law. Recent publications of note in English are his article entitled ‘Reconciling secondary legislation and the Treaty rights of free movement’ (2011) 36 European Law Review 339 and his chapter in Prohibition of Abuse of Law (Hart, 2011).
'Revitalizing the Internal Market’: The project focuses on a new development – namely the EU dictating more and more how the Member States should perform implementation, e.g. by formulating procedural rules, and requiring specific sanctions. This development is examined in three areas:
(1) New procedures for enforcing mutual recognition,
(2) Sanctions for violations of Internal Market law, and
(3) Dual application of primary and secondary EU law - across all three areas, this latest development will be examined in terms of implications for the question of vertical competences between the EU and Member States.
During his stay in Durham, Prof Sørensen would like to conduct research that is within the overall project but focussing on EU company law. This allows him to collaborate with Prof Mathias Siems and Dr Pierre Schammo from DELI who are also working within that area and have expressed willingness to collaborate. The research would most likely be either focussing on the interaction between secondary EU company law and the free movement rights or a project on national sanctions supporting directives and regulations in EU company and financial law.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College (April - June 2017)
South is well known as a researcher in the field of psychology and autism. He has published widely within the top 10% of impact factors in the field of psychology, and in the highest impact journals that an autism researcher publish in (Autism Research, Journal of Child Psychology)
A multidisciplinary approach to anxiety in developmental disorders. The Fellowship will take an innovative multi-disciplinary approach to study anxiety in developmental disorders; pooling expertise from work with clinical groups, animal research (e.g. mice models), pharmacological insights, and technological approaches. The work will provide both theoretical insight and impact for individuals living with developmental disorders, as anxiety has a significant impact upon health and daily functioning. During the Fellowship Dr South will work with clinical groups with Autism and Williams syndrome with Dr Riby (Psychology) to utilise his innovative methods of assessing anxiety characteristics. While this feeds into an existing impact case study (REF2020; Psychology) on anxiety in Williams syndrome, Dr South will provide an innovative new strand to that work, not otherwise available. Dr South will also collaborate with Dr Chazot (Biology) to determine how best to develop future mice models of anxiety (building towards further grant applications), interact with members of the Biophysical Sciences Institute to consider methodological developments for capturing anxiety in both human and mice models, and lead discussions combining Psychology, Biology and Pharmacy to consider future intervention opportunities based on his clinical expertise. The work fits the multi-disciplinary remit of the Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Collingwood College (May - July 2016)
Prof Sruvastava is a Professor of Statistics at Florida State University. He and his Durham host, Prof Jermyn, have made numerous significant contributions to the fields of statistics, pattern theory, shape analysis, and computer vision as evidenced by their publication records. Their work on parameterization-invariant shape analysis of curves has been accepted as a breakthrough, both, in the statistics and computer vision communities.
The goal of this Fellowship is to develop methods for the statistical analysis of the shapes of objects. The ability to analyse 3D shape is vital in many applications, from facial features for identity verification, to protein structure in bioinformatics, to tumour identification in medical imaging. Statistical shape analysis provides tools for comparing and finding correspondences between shapes, for modelling their typical deformations and variability, and for using these to classify and predict the behaviour of the corresponding objects. Existing techniques lack proper mathematical foundations and, as a result, perform badly when dealing with complex shape data. The goal is to develop a principled approach, building the mathematical and computational tools needed for the above tasks. During the Fellowship the geometry of the ‘space of all shapes’ will be studied, so that it is possible to compare shapes and find correspondences between them by ‘morphing’ one into the other in an optimal way. In addition the Fellowship will construct algorithms for computing these comparisons efficiently. Furthermore this collaboration will develop statistical models that can describe the variability in a given family of shapes, using the algorithms as a computational basis, and then use the models to study selected shape inference problems in medical image analysis and computer graphics.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College (April - June 2017)
This project involves all Durham colleagues with an interest in ‘common lands’ in the medieval and later periods. It is a highly interdisciplinary topic and Anna Stagno is a well-known scholar in the field.
Landscapes of rights. Here Stagno combines her experience as an archaeologist with historical and ecological observation and interpretation and aims to facilitate research dialogue between History, Archaeology, Anthropology, Geography, Law and Biological Sciences under the aegis of IMEMS. After 3 months her legacy will be a new research blog with links to projects and publications, seminars and workshops (part funded through an Archaeology research group), and progress on three new case European studies. In the longer term it is anticipated that the research and developing networks will bear fruit in a bigger European project. Certainly this is a socially relevant field with historic and contemporary resonance for all European countries, and it is one in which Archaeology has recent experience (O’Donnell for enclosure in 17-19th century Northumberland; Gerrard for fieldwork now focusing on upland archaeology in NE Spain). There are also scientific aspects to be developed such as evidence for transhumance and industry on common lands.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at University College, January – March 2012
Walter Stephens is the Charles S. Singleton Professor of Italian Studies in the Department of German and Romance Languages at The Johns Hopkins University (USA), Co-Editor of MLN Italian, and founder of Great Books at Hopkins for undergraduates. Widely published, his books include: Giants in Those Days: Folklore, Ancient History, and Nationalism (1989; translation, Les Géants de Rabelais: Folklore, histoire ancienne, nationalisme, 2006), and Demon Lovers: Witchcraft, Sex, and the Crisis of Belief (2002). He has edited several volumes of essays, including The Body in Early Modern Italy (with Julia Hairston, 2010) and has published numerous essays on Renaissance authors, particularly Rabelais and Tasso. His articles on the history of witchcraft and demonology are found in reference books including The Encyclopedia of Religion (2nd ed.), The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft, Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe, Women and Gender in Early Modern Europe (all 2006); The New Encyclopedia of Unbelief (2007); A Cultural History of Sexuality in the Renaissance (2011); and the journal Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft. His work on premodern lore about writing and books appears in The Classical Tradition: A Guide (2010), and articles in MLN. His current book project is It Is Written: The Mystique of Writing from Babylon to Modern Times.
At Durham he will be hosted by Dr Stefano Cracolici (Reader in Italian, MLAC) and will be working on: ‘Scripta manent – Tempus edax: Reflections on Writing and Obliteration in Early Modern Culture’. This looks at the mythical ‘history of writing’ that scientific archaeology and cryptology have progressively obliterated since about 1800. The project in Durham surveys the age-long prehistory of writing-history, concentrating on the period from Richard of Bury to eighteenth-century doctoral dissertations. This intersects with a number of research interests of IMRS members, including those working on French and Italian vernacular literature of the Renaissance/Early Modern periods and scholars of the History of the Book.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Aidan's College (October - December 2016)
Stuvøy has carried out research and published on topics such as civil war economies and conflict dynamics; methodology in security studies; Arctic security and health; and gender and security. In particular she published widely on civil society and state-society relations in Russia. In her work, Stuvøy draws on extensive field research in Russia, conducted in various locations and focusing on different civil society groups and political stakeholders over a period of ten years. In this work, she draws on and combines a broad scope of theoretical perspectives. In general, her work is recognised for a high level of theoretical and methodological sophistication.
Global Transitions: Capitalism, Cities and Security. The global political economy is in a process of transition leaving states and people to struggle with tremendous social change and uncertainty, among it ‘new’ security threats, most prominently from terrorist groups. The proposed project is concerned with the empirical study of transformation of capitalism and how these transformations relate to security. The aim of the project is to develop a theoretical framework that enables to empirically study and compare how global economic transformations materialize themselves in a selected sample of cities from different world regions and how these transformations affect existing (national) security arrangements and give rise to new ones. As part of studying these security dynamics, a particular focus will be on non-state actors. During the fellowship we will prepare a joint review article on the state of research on urbanisation and security arrangements in the global North and global South. A research network will be established, a workshop will be organized and research plan and funding proposal will be developed.
Despite being predominantly based in Malaysia Subramaniam has an emerging international reputation in polymer electrolyte researcher.
High-rate performing polymer electrolytes materials for safer, more sustainable energy storage. High-performance energy storage solutions have been pursued by researchers worldwide ever since the commercial introduction of lithium-ion batteries by the Sony Corporation in the 1990s. In an ideal battery, the complete replacement of liquid carbonate electrolytes in favour of plastic electrolytes would allow for (i) easier device fabrication, (ii) greater device flexibility, and (iii) lightweightness/portability. This SRF will pursue the study of ion conducting plastic electrolytes derived from organic polymers for ambient temperature energy storage to improve the ion mobility, cycling stability, and rate performance of organic batteries. The inherent solid state of plastic electrolytes has the potential to increase conductive interfacial contacts and stabilise active materials within battery electrodes to yield longer lived, high-rate performance batteries. Plastic electrolytes can also mitigate safety risks caused by flammable liquid leaks and side reactions involving liquid-dissolved impurities. Electrolyte performance will be evaluated in coin cells comprising nanoporous organic diimide-based cathodes (e.g., NDI-Δ class) developed in the Avestro Group at Durham University, Department of Chemistry. Interfacial interactions will be tuned by systematically varying the polymer structure and through the incorporation of “green conducting additives”. Device evaluation will include ex situ materials imaging and spectroscopic analysis to understand the origins of enhanced rate performance.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College (April - June 2016)
Dr Thakur is a Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, MANIT-Bhopal.
Development of a Competition Model for Retail Supply of Electricity in India: Lessons from UK. India needs to increase its installed electricity capacity by at three times of present capacity of 250 GW to meet demand in 2031/32. This ambitious goal needs a commercially viable power sector. Presently financially viability of utilities has continued to worsen considerably on a year-to-year basis, reaching a point that has been termed “India’s subprime crisis.” Thus, urgent work is needed to make the distribution sector financially viable and competitive.
In India, despite impressing performance in generation (the third highest generating capacity worldwide) and transmission sector, distribution continues to be weakest link in the electricity value chain. Thus, third generation reform in the form of competition in retail supply is urgently needed to meet the challenges in the distribution sector in India. The proposed project for the development of competitive model for retail supply is the one of the most important steps in this direction. Internationally, the competitive retail electricity supply model has been implemented in UK, and the outcome is regarded positive. Since Indian Government is currently thinking to introduce retail competition in supply, it would be interesting to examine if the choice of an appropriate power market model for India can be an improvised and suitably adapted from an appropriately modified replica of the UK model.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Van Mildert College (January - March 2017)
After Magic: The Elusive Modernity of Charm. Tucker writes: “Because my subject resists direct confrontation, I mean to approach it via its entanglement with literary language. Charm is no sooner explained than it is gone; hence our recourse in English to the je-ne-sais-quoi and other half-naturalized terms that indicate, without denoting, what experience has taught us the wisdom of not understanding. In literature, likewise, charm’s elusiveness has for centuries fascinated authors who have met its cognitive challenge with obliquities that coax it into the text by keeping it just out of focus. When a literary work dismantles a given magical order, so as to pluck from its destruction the residual mystique of charm, this formal pattern recapitulates charm’s post-magical modernity. For charm is a ghostly ambience that abides within metropolitan modernity after magical practice has been banished to the margins. The “disenchantment of the world” bears down especially on the Romantic and Victorian literature I know best. That is where the Enlightenment legacy of instrumental reason calls forth, as its dialectical complement, Coleridge’s suspended disbelief; where charm as witching invocation and charm as personal appeal trade places most richly. Modern novels, plays, and above all poems are works that, performing the thing they mean, recover the magician’s lost prerogative to change the world with words.”
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College/Stephenson College, Durham University (January-March 2019/April-June 2019)
Dr Maria Tysyachnyuk is developing a portfolio of social science research activity centred on Arctic oil and gas development, which draws lessons from the comparative experience of the Russian Arctic and Alaska. Her work on oil production networks, coupled with her specific Arctic focus, offers several points of intersection with recently-funded research led by the Department of Geography, including the ICELAW project (PI, Prof. Steinberg, and for which Prof. Bridge is the Resources workpackage leader), the newly created Durham Arctic Research Centre for Training and Interdisciplinary Collaboration (DurhamARCTIC), and an emerging bid to the ESRC focussed on oil production networks and territory led by Prof. Bridge. Her proposed stay in Durham in the first half of 2019 will coincide with an international ICELAW conference and the first DurhamArctic Summer School.
Dr Tysyachnyuk’s recent work has been funded by the Arctic Program of the Netherlands Organisation for Research (NOW), the Finnish Academy and the Fulbright Arctic Initiative. She therefore enjoys good international network links for social science Arctic research related to oil and gas that complement those of the Department.
Oil Production Networks and Benefit Sharing Arrangements in Russia and Alaska
The proposed research examines the governance of oil production networks in the Arctic, focusing on the institutionalization of benefit-sharing standards around oil and gas development in Russia and Alaska.
The primary research question addressed by this research concerns the manner and rationale for transnational actors choosing how they deliver financial compensation or other socioeconomic benefits to indigenous communities within the Arctic.
Using the example of Exxon Mobil, the research examines how governance within the oil industry affects the local implementation of benefit-sharing standards in indigenous communities. To capture the range of interactions, Sakhalin Island in Russia and Kaktovick on the North Slope of Alaska are used as cases. The fellowship in 2019 will allow Dr Tysyachnyuk to analyse data collected during previously-funded fieldwork in Russia and Alaska (2017-2018), and to bring these data into conversation with conceptual perspectives and approaches developed by Durham-based researchers. Outputs will include papers submitted to high-impact refereed journals.
Relationality in Death - Narratives of encountering ageing and death at home (ReDeath). The proposed project in Durham will focus on theoretical approaches to grief connected with applicant’s Finnish project on Relationality in Death - Narratives of encountering ageing and death at home (ReDeath). The specific rationale for a period at Durham is based on some new thinking on theories of grief currently being pursued by Prof Davies at the Centre for Death and Life Studies (Davies, 2017 forthcoming). It is grounded in ideas derived from cultural anthropology originating in Indian and later in Melanesian studies of personhood that focus on ‘dividual’ and not ‘individual’ conceptions of identity. It is hoped that this perspective will enhance the recent ‘continuing bonds’ theories of grief that are, intrinsically, constricted by individualist conceptions of the self. It will also carry consequences for ‘memory studies’ that are a further concern of the applicant who approaches death in terms of time before death and life after death, emotional dynamics in relation to these (Kübler-Ross & Kessler 2005), and to ritualized behaviour fostering maintained bonds with the deceased. (Valentine 2008), not least funerals as such in relation to grieving processes (Ramshaw 2010). The candidate’s Finnish-based ReDeath project studies both the time before and time after death while interviewing family carers both when their loved one is still alive and also after the bereavement. In the analysis of the data Prof. Davies’s “dividual” approach is likely to be important given the intrinsically social nature of grief.
The potential impact of Vähäkangas’ research period in Durham is linked to Aim 3 of Durham University’s research strategy: to shape and respond to international, national and local research agenda. From the Finnish perspective the element of communality is crucial both from dividual theory of Prof. Davies and from the multidisciplinary visual narrative approach of Prof. King.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College (January - March 2016)
Prof Veder is an Associate Professor of Humanities and Art History/Visual Culture, Penn State University.
In the 1910s through the 1930s, the field of American landscape architecture was invested in a logic of environmental determinism. Prominent educators believed that landscapes physiologically discipline and even transform the bodies of people who live in them. A key source was the theory of kinesthetic empathy –acquired from German experimental (non-Freudian) physiological psychology – that posits the aesthetic experience occurs when a viewer’s neuromuscular system “empathizes” with the physical form of an image, object, building, or landscape. Thus, designers believed landscape could structure patterns of physical movement, whether visible or invisible, labour or recreation. In turn, this was a component in the making of styles of bodily carriage that served as a category of identity formation during this period. The Fellowship will support this project which will be the first book on American early twentieth-century landscape architecture to show that its social agenda was premised in physiological aesthetics; to demonstrate how aesthetic design coordinated with new body cultures of sport and dance; and furthermore to argue that these environments and practices defined social identity through styles of physical movement.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at University College (October – December 2016)
Prof Ventura is a professor at the CNRS – Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes.
Toward a History of Pharmacy in the Late Middle Ages: Texts and Intellectual Background. Prof Ventura’s research aims at re-writing the history of medieval pharmacy by considering both its textual tradition and intellectual context. Fellowship will allow her to analyse the impact of major (albeit still understudied) late-medieval authors and works, the interaction between various systems of classifications of natural substances based on appearance, dynamics, and effects, and the links between pharmaceutical and therapeutical writings. Durham University’s and Durham Cathedral’s library hold handwritten material pertinent to this research. From a collaborative perspective, Prof Ventura’s research chimes well with Dr Stefano Cracolici’s current research on colours, developed at the Getty Research Institute in LA (especially in relation to colours and poisons as well as on colours as identifiers for substances with therapeutic effects) as well as with the interdisciplinary project on book illuminations undertaken by members of the History of the Book Group at the Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies and Palace Green.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Hatfield College, Durham University (January - March 2015)
Dr Christophe Verlinde is an Associate Professor, Departments of Biochemistry and Biological Structure, University of Washington, Seattle. Dr Verlinde is an expert in structure-based drug design, author of more than 135 papers, and is widely cited. His focus is mainly on developing drugs for neglected diseases and his design work has led to bioavailable and selective nanomolar inhibitors of various enzymes of trypanosomatid organisms: glycolytic enzymes, kinases, protein farnesyl transferases and as of lately methionyl-tRNA synthetase.
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate, intracellular protozoan parasite which has emerged as an opportunistic pathogen and toxoplasmosis is an important disease in immunocompromised patients. The target for drug discovery in this area is the serine palmitoyl transferase (SPT) which catalyzes the first, rate-determining step in the vital process of sphingolipid biosynthesis. Durham, has identified, cloned, expressed and purified several constructs of SPT from Toxoplasma gondii. The protein samples were used to extensively characterize the enzymatic mechanism and overall protein structure by a range of biochemical and biophysical methods.
The overall aim of this project is to develop novel SPT inhibitors (SPT) from Toxoplasms gondii (TgSPT). In the first step novel inhibitors will be identified by high-throughput in-silico screening methods using a homology model of TgSPT based on the known crystal structure of a related bacterial enzyme. In the second step we will characterize binding and inhibition properties of our new inhibitors by biochemical and biophysical methods.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St. Aidens College (October - December 2012 & January - March 2013)
Luxia Wang is an Associate Professor in Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology Beijing, China. As a Senior Research Fellow at Durham University she will be hosted by Prof Andy Monkman and will work with the Department of Physics and the Organic Electroactive Materials (OEM) group. This research group is dedicated to experimental design and measurement and is a world leader in the study of triplet and charge transfer excitons in organic materials and organic light emitting diodes. Dr Wang’s Fellowship will bring dedicated theoretical and modelling expertise to this group and has the potential to establish mutually beneficial, meaningful collaborative links between the group inDurhamand Dr Wang’s group inBeijing.
Her proposed research will focus on the theory of charge transfer and femtosecond processess in luminescent materials and devices. Femtosecond spectroscopy represents the ultimate tool to elucidate molecular dynamics. Based on the previous work of linear spectra on perylene attached to nanostructures and exciton simulation in oligomer nano-junctions, photoindcued exciton dynamics and femtosecond nonlinear spectra will be calculated in OLED molecules, and the comparison to the related experimental data carried out. The project will focus on the particular molecules or polymers which act as OLED materials. The combination of density matrix theory and partial wave expansion approach will be used to study the formation and diffusion of exciton in OLED molecules upon femtosecond laser pulse. The work in this area will feed directly into Prof Monkman’s work on white OLEDs for ultra efficient solid state lighting and the reduction of energy use through the development of such ultra efficient lighting.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College, Durham University (April-June 2019)
Professor Min Wang is a leader in the science and technology of composite materials for medical devices. His research interests include: Biomedical materials (ceramic, metals, polymers, and composites, including nanobiomaterials; in various forms: dense or porous, bulk or coating, particulate or fibrous, etc.); In vitro and in vivo evaluation of biomaterials; Tissue engineering; Materials and systems for controlled release of drugs/biomolecules/genes; Theranostics; Surface engineering; Composite materials; Nanotechnology; 3D printing.
Many eye diseases related to tissue failure, which can lead to total blindness, are still incurable with current medical technologies and/or treatments. Ocular tissue engineering has emerged and holds great promise for solving difficult problems in ocular tissue repair. In the tissue engineering field, scaffold-, growth factor (GF)-, or cell-based tissue engineering strategies are employed for human tissue regeneration. Porous tissue engineering scaffolds provide a microenvironment for cells and a structural framework for new tissue formation. Recent research has demonstrated many advantages of providing advanced tissue engineering scaffolds that can deliver growth factor(s) (GF/GFs) and have the incorporation of live cells. GFs are polypeptides in the body that can stimulate cell proliferation and differentiation/maturation. This project will investigate the design, fabrication, characteristics and in vitro biological performance of a novel structure (a device) for corneal tissue regeneration. This is a GF-encapsulated and cell-laden structure consisting of two parts: an emulsion electrospun gelatin-chitosan scaffold encapsulated with epidermal growth factor (EGF), and a gelatin gel containing corneal epithelial cells. Through careful design and optimal fabrication, cells and EGF will be released from the device in a controlled manner, with the EGF providing biochemical cues for cell proliferation and new tissue formation.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College (January - March 2016)
Dr Watt is a Senior Lecturer in Musicology, Sir Zelman Cowen School of Music, Monash University
Music and Morality in the Nineteenth Century. This Fellowship is a major international, interdisciplinary initiative involving landmark publications, collaborative meetings and grant applications. Traversing music, socio-legal studies, philosophy, history and literature scholarship, the Fellowship addresses the role that music played in narratives of morality in the nineteenth century. It will lay the foundations for Watt’s third sole-authored book, Music and Morality in the Nineteenth Century, which is under discussion with Cambridge University Press. The Fellowship will include a conference on ‘Music, morality and the performing arts in the nineteenth century’, with selected papers published in a special issue of Nineteenth Century Music Review. As part of Durham’s Institute of Advanced Study’s theme of ‘Evidence’, Watt will convene a ‘Research Conversation’ on unreliable evidence in attempts to construct narratives about nineteenth-century morality and music with invited speakers Prof. Bennett Zon and Professor Derek Scott (Leeds). In 2015 Monash University will establish a centre for Nineteenth-Century Studies that will be a satellite of the Durham centre, providing scholars from the Asia-Pacific region with a locus for interdisciplinary research.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Mary's College (April - June 2017)
Weinberg has received national and international recognition for her work. Two of her most substantial research projects are exemplars of this epistemological synthesis. The 3 year SSHRC grant entitled Ethics in Social Work Practice analyzed the practice experiences of social work practitioners, linking individual and social-political aspects of ethics and ethical relationships. This linkage extended our knowledge related to ethics by integrating critical thinking with ethical analysis, especially analysis that challenges the decontextualized nature of ethical codes and linear ethical decision making processes. Similarly the project on which she is currently a co-investigator (Process of Processes of Inclusion and Exclusion: The experience of ‘minority’ professionals in law, social work and academia) will advance our understanding of the intersection of positionality (race, class, gender etc.) with the complexity of ethical problem definition and the resolution of ethical tensions.
Towards a Critical Contextualised Ethics for Social Work
Background: Professional ethics is a major area of interest, given concerns about liability in a risk-averse society, and the needs for ethics training for licensure. Although there are many textbooks on social work ethics, the dominant approach centres on principle-based codes of ethics and linear decision-making models. The collaborators believe an approach that is empirical and grounded in the contextual reality of practice is a preferred process for ethical deliberation and implementation.
Aim: The proposed project is a collaboration between Merlinda Weinberg and Sarah Banks, Durham. The aim is to develop a critical, contextualized theoretical approach to ethics for social work, resulting in a co-authored monograph. The book will critique the traditional method, emphasise the interrelationship in ethics between structural inequities and individual responsibility, and will develop strategies for practicing ethically in an era of fiscal constraints.
Objectives will include reviewing the literature on contextualised ethics, developing and conducting dialogue workshops with professionals regarding models for resolving ethical problems, writing one chapter of the monograph, and offering presentations of Dr. Weinberg’s research.
A zymoproteomic approach for the study of calpain activity in lens frozen sections. Over 18 million people in the world are affected by age-related cataract. Cataract is the main cause of adult blindness and is due to the aggregation and precipitation of proteins from the normally clear milieu. During cataract formation, calcium levels increase a thousand fold or more and this activates proteases in the lens, called calpains. The job of a protease is to break down proteins, but when this occurs in an uncontrolled manner, then pathology results, which for the lens, means cataract. This is because the calpains are indiscriminate in their activity. We will determine changes in the calpain compartmentalization of the lens and address the hypothesis that calpain activation resembles accelerated ageing for lens proteins.
We will standardize methods of visualization of calpain activity by zymography, to characterize relative activities and spatial localization of calpains and its inhibitors (calpastatin) in sections from whole lenses. The project will develop new imaging and assay technologies that will give Durham researchers a significant competitive advantage in future grant funding opportunities. Transfer to other systems (eg muscle, sponges) of strategic importance to other Durham Bioscientists is envisaged.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Ustinov College, Durham University (August 2014 - January 2015)
Dr Elowyn Yager is Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Center for Ecohydraulics Research at the University of Idaho, USA. Dr Yager has a national and international reputation in the field of fluvial geomorphology and sediment transport and has received recognition of this from a variety of sources. She is a recipient of an NSF CAREER Award (the highest funding award given by the National Science Foundation to promising early career Faculty) and has generated about $2million in personal grants in the past six and a half years.
Sediment transport in steep mountain streams: Accurate predictions of the rate at which sediment moves through steep mountain streams are critical for understanding both how these streams evolve and how humans interact with landscapes in mountainous regions. For example, without estimates of sediment transport, we cannot determine the impacts of human practices (logging, grazing, mining etc.) on aquatic habitat throughout channel networks. Thus, we cannot evaluate the potential success of the several billion dollars per year that are spent on river restoration. Existing sediment transport equations, however, typically over-predict the sediment flux in mountain streams by several orders of magnitude. In this project, Dr Yager will test the hypotheses that sediment transport equations do not perform well because they do not account for:
(1) the sediment supply from hillslopes and how this varies with local curvature and aspect, and
(2) detailed interactions between fluid turbulence and sediment movement.
Her research will provide improved understanding of both hillslope and fluvial sediment transport and the coupling between these processes, along with management tools for predicting sediment transport and hillslope erosion.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Josephine Butler College, Durham University (October-December 2018)
The publications of Professor Young are notable for their breadth. As well as books and articles in the philosophy of language and on anti-realism, he has written on ethics and cultural studies. He has written extensively about music (ontology, performance, expressiveness, jazz and rock versus classical, etc.), but also on the topics of fiction and literature, the definition of art, artistic value, movies, and the history of aesthetics.
My proposed Academic Host (Geoffrey Scarre) and I have written on tangible cultural property. In this new project I turn to an examination of intangible (or intellectual) property. I would benefit from the opportunity to work closely with Geoffrey. I hope to write at least one or two chapters of a projected book while in Durham. I am deeply troubled by the glaring and increasing inequality of wealth in the world and I believe that all academics have an obligation to address this inequality. As a metaphysician and aesthetician my opportunities to address inequality of wealth are limited, but intellectual property law (IPL) as it applies to the arts provides me with an ideal opportunity. I start from the observation that IPL restricts rather than encourages artistic creativity. It functions primarily to transfer wealth from people who do not have much to those who already have far too much. Drawing on my expertise in philosophy of art and metaphysics, I will demonstrate that current IPL, which appropriates to individuals and, more frequently, corporations long-term control over artworks and elements of artworks (e.g., fictional characters) are incompatible with facts about how artworks are created. IPL ought to be completely rethought.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Collingwood College, Durham University (April-June 2019)
Dr Tomas Zelinsky is an Associate Professor at the Technical University of Kosice
Parental Expectations for Children’s Educational Attainments: The Case of Poor Roma. Roma are the poorest ethnic minority in Europe, facing high unemployment rates and low educational attainment. They suffer from widespread discrimination and often are excluded from the labour market and ‘mainstream’ society. The goal of this project is to examine the attitudes of Roma adults towards their children's educational attainments. Parental expectations have long been studied as a factor in increasing adolescent educational aspirations, while policies addressing aspirations have been suggested to play an important role in breaking the poverty feedback loop. Within this project parental expectations will be investigated in relation to their values and norms. The internal heterogeneity of Roma communities (both between and within countries) offers a unique environment for examining to what extent cultural traits can explain variation in adults’ expectations of children’s educational attainments. The understanding of parental expectations is one of the pieces in the mosaic that forms children’s aspirations and will shed more light on why there is a relatively high rate of intergenerational poverty transmission in Roma communities and an inability to escape the poverty trap. The project also has direct impacts for the UK, as it is estimated there are around 200,000 Roma migrants living there.
This project will be a large scale study of children from Roma communities in the UK. Dr Zelinsky has successfully lead funded projects and has a wide experience of studying the patterns of disadvantaged Roma communities across Europe. The study will be based on 2011 data from the UNDP/WB/EC regional Roma survey (approximately 750 Roma and 350 non-Roma households living in or close to Roma communities were interviewed in twelve countries) which will be analysed to compare the parental preferences of Roma and non-Roma adults for their children’s achievement in schools. This project aligns with the aims of our ESRC funded project, ‘The kinds of poverty in schools and their impact on student progress (Project description available at: https://www.dur.ac.uk/research/directory/view/?mode=project&id=942). This study will allow us to expand our understanding of disadvantaged due to parental aspirations in the context of Europe and as well as in the UK.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College, Durham University (October - December 2014)
Dr Dan Zhang is Associate Professor, School of Earth Science, Nanjing University, China. He is also the Deputy Director of the Center for Engineering Monitoring with Opto-Electronic Sensing in Nanjing University. Dr Zhang was probably the first in the world to apply data measuring soil deformation and landslide movements using distributed fiber optics sensing techniques in geotechnical centrifuge modelling.
Based on Distributed Optical Fiber Sensing, multi - fields information, including strain, deformation, force, temperature and seepage can be obtained for unstable slope. The project is attempting to standardize these data, to characterize the intrinsic link of them and to find out the quantified model which can indicate the alteration and the dynamic process of the controlling information against the safety factor of slope. Consequently, we can determine the evolutionary stage of slope and predict the landslide using this information. Meanwhile, according to the multi – fields information, it is expected to propose the parameters to determine the slope behaviour, disaster mode and mechanism of the landslide.
Some methods of information technology, such as data mining, artificial intelligence and knowledge - based systems would be applied, as well as numerical analysis, which is a powerful tool to understand the relationship between fields under different conditions.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Trevelyan College, Durham University (July - September 2015)
Dr Zhang is known to researchers around the world, conducting difficult experiments and developing innovative and fundamental physical theory.
Superconductivity was one of greatest discoveries of 20th-century physics. It has very important applications in, for example, high-speed transport vehicles, efficient power generation and transmission systems, biomagnetism and supercomputers. Yet superconductivity can only be achieved at very low temperatures, which is a major limitation for its broader applications. Therefore, an important research direction is to increase the transition temperature with the ultimate goal to synthesize superconductivity at room temperature. It has been shown that manipulating a mysterious phase of matter in high-temperature superconductors, the pseudogap phase, can introduce a transient superconductivity well above the transition temperature. Yet we still lack a complete understanding of the pseudogap phase because not only we have limited control over its microscopic structure but it cannot be simulated efficiently with a classical computer. The Fellowship proposes to simulate the pseudogap phase with a specific type of quantum computers, the quantum simulator. The techniques developed at the host group on Rydberg quantum simulator are particularly suitable for this purpose. This collaborative project will bring the expertise of the applicant in quantum optics and quantum material together with those in the host group to tackle the long-standing question in the high-temperature superconductivity, the mystery of the pseudogap phase.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at St Aidan's College, Durham University (January-March 2019)
Professor Ying Zhang is an eminent historian of Late Imperial China at Ohio State. Her most recent book Confucian Image Politics: Masculine Morality in Seventeenth Century China, offers a highly original analysis of political discourse and factional struggle from the late Ming dynasty through the early Qing.
Ying Zhang describes her proposed project, “Prison Culture in Early Modern China” as “the first book-length study of imprisoned officials and prison culture in Ming China (1368-1644), a dynasty known for its extraordinary cultural and economic accomplishments in the increasingly globalized early modern world.” She states “By reconstructing the stories of hundreds of official-prisoners, this research investigates the causes of their imprisonment and the impact of such experience on elite self-understanding and social relations within a Confucian moral-political system. This topic offers us a unique opportunity to consider interconnecting questions in early modern Chinese politics, law, government, religion, and family. It will significantly advance our understandings of the history of Confucianism whose influence on the Chinese state and its interactions with citizens has resurged to prominence in recent years. Further, by reorienting the study of imprisonment toward family history and the history of spirituality, this research attempts to engage current debates and historiography on imprisonment, one of the most important issues facing policy makers and the public in many countries today.” At Durham, she would complete a chapter (Ch.3) of her monograph on the political significance of food and medicine in prison, and also revise the section of the book on cultural, religious, and intellectual activities of the official-prisoners.
The research environment here at Durham with colleagues in East Asian history, social and cultural history, history of emotions, history of medicine, theology, and IMEMS would be very conducive for her to complete these sections of her monograph. The interdisciplinary nature of her work, and her contacts within a wider international context would also serve to increase international connections at Durham.
COFUND Senior Research Fellow at Van Mildert College (April - June 2016)
Prof Zhmud is a highly distinguished scholar at the Institute for the History of Science and Technology, Russian Academy of the Sciences, St. Petersburg, specialising in the fields of ancient science and philosophy.
Social Analysis of Hellenistic Science. The history of Greek science is studied as a rule in its internal, cognitive aspects, focusing on the methods, techniques, discoveries, theories and results while paying very little attention to its social organization and environment. This is determined predominantly by two factors: first, by the fact that the social institutions of Greek science were poorly developed compared to modern and even to medieval science; and secondly, by the lack of empirical evidence on ancient Greek scientists, which hindered any valid quantitative analysis and generalization as practiced in social history and sociology of science. But even if Greek science did not possess its own developed social institutions, that does not mean that it was unaffected by social factors. The project deals first and foremost not with the content or techniques of Greek science, but with scientists and their relationships between themselves and their social environment during the Hellenistic period. It might be expected that the collected and quantified data on the Hellenistic scientists will help us to draw an averaged social portrait of a scientist of this period, to analyse various social cells and institutions existing in the scientific milieu and to give a more precise picture of the social climate scientists worked in.
DIFeREns (2010 - 2014) and DIFeREns2 (2014 - 2019) received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement numbers 267209 and 609412.