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Smith, K E, Bambra, Claire, Joyce, K E, Perkins, Neil, Hunter, David J & Blenkinsopp, E (2009). Partners in health? A systematic review of the impact of organizational partnerships on public health outcomes in England between 1997 and 2008. Journal of Public Health 31(2): 210-221.

Author(s) from Durham


Objective To systematically review the available evidence on the impact of organizational partnerships on public health outcomes (health
improvement and/or a reduction in health inequalities) in England between 1997 and 2008.
Design Systematic review of quantitative (longitudinal before and after) and qualitative studies (1997–2008) reporting on the health (and health
inequalities) effects of public health partnerships in England.
Data sources Eighteen electronic databases (medical, social science and economic), websites, bibliographies and expert contacts.
Results Only 15 studies, relating to six different interventions, met the review criteria and most of these studies were not designed specifically to
assess the impact of partnership working on public health outcomes. Of the studies reviewed, only four included a quantitative element and they
produced a mixed picture in terms of the impacts of partnership working. Qualitative studies suggested that some partnerships increased the
profile of health inequalities on local policy agendas. Both the design of partnership interventions and of the studies evaluating them meant it was
difficult to assess the extent to which identifiable successes and failures were attributable to partnership working.
Conclusion This systematic review suggests that there is not yet any clear evidence of the effects of public health partnerships on health
outcomes. More appropriately designed and timed studies are required to establish whether, and how, partnerships are effective.
Keywords health policy, partnership working, public health outcomes, systematic review