Prof Jim Ridgway
My first degree was from Sheffield, in psychology. I worked as a programmer then as a systems analyst in the City for three years, until I was way over my boredom threshold. So…onto a master’s degree in mathematical psychology at Stirling, from whence to be a research fellow at Lancaster doing work on a project analysing tests designed to select fast jet pilots. My Ph.D was based on this research (nice getting paid while doing it…). Then on to a lecturing job at Lancaster and promotion to Reader. The assessment theme has persisted through my work, and long standing interests in computers and changing human systems resurfaced. I found I was doing more and more research in education – obviously, teaching cognitive psychology was help here – notably on problem solving and on the uses of computers.
I’m really interested in doing research which has a positive impact on people’s lives – this means you have to work at lots of levels from the microstructure of (say) problem solving tasks or kids interacting with computers, through analyses of classroom processes to systems issues such as embedding sustainable curriculum change. You also have to work with a range of people with complementary skills. The introduction of the national curriculum was a massive retrograde step for anyone interested in problem solving, so I decided to do all my work in mathematics education in the USA, with groups at Harvard, Michigan State and Berkeley, all funded by the US National Science Foundation – so spent about 2 months a year in the USA for 10 years (January is not the best month in California, but Hey! Someone has to be there). My ‘computers in schools’ stuff continued in the UK.
I joined the School of Education in 1998, and direct the SMART Centre – for publications, including curriculum materials and interactive data visualisations see www.dur.ac.uk/smart.centre. We create novel interfaces to present multivariate data, and populate them with interesting data on topics such as educational attainment, sexually transmitted diseases, riots, drug and alcohol use by young people. We study spontaneous statistical thinking, and the development of reasoning with evidence in students aged 12-18 years, and beyond. The centre has created curriculum materials to develop thinking skills, applicable in geography, citizenship, and sociology, as well as in mathematics. Other materials to support thinking skills include work for the Bowland Trust on plausible estimation in mathematics in KS3, and for the National Institute for Science Education in the USA on mathematical thinking for undergraduates. We have worked with European colleagues on 4 funded projects which investigated the problems of gender imbalance in STEM subjects (including ICT). Work on assessment has been wide ranging, and includes the development of computer based World Class Tests for QCA, designed to identify pupils who are particularly good at problem solving in science and mathematics (used in 20+ countries), and reviews of e-assessment, as well as on job selection problems in industry. Work on educational change included developing approaches to whole school ICT, and work on Tools for Change, funded in the USA by the National Science Foundation. On a rather grander scale, I was co-designer and tutor on the first OECD workshop for their Global Project aimed at policy makers. My current research focuses on reasoning with evidence, data visualization, thinking and problem solving, equity issues, and educational change. I am particularly interested in public understanding of arguments that involve data. Following on from ESRC-funded research creating interactive displays of census data, we worked collaboratively with the House of Commons Library to develop an interactive data visualisation that presented a huge amount of information at constituency level ahead of the 2015 General Election. A current EU-funded project involves five countries in creating teaching materials at school and undergraduate levels that use data on inequality, migration, poverty and crime in a programme to develop statistically literate citizens - see http://community.dur.ac.uk/procivic.stat/ This is all about user engagement with Open Data – how recently available large data sets and dynamic visualisations can be used, how they will change political and personal decision making, and how new sorts of social science can be promoted on, about, and using the web.
Completed Supervisions (since 2008)
Indicators of Esteem
- 2016: Invited seminar:
Data Visualisation, presented at Statistics Portugal (Porto) F2F and via a webinar to Statistics Portugal (Lisbon)
- 2002: World Class Tests: Paper test and computer test at ages 9 and 13: March 02; April 02; July 02; November 02; March 03. Tests have been given to 10,000 students in 16 countries
- Editoral Board: Appointed to Editorial Board of the "Statistical Journal of the International Association for Official Statistics"
- Invited member of panel at Stockholm conference: Round table: Towards a more evidence-based participatory democracy: should statisticians do more to make it happen? Chair: Hervé Carré. Panel: Enrico Giovannini, Kjell Jansson, Jim Ridgway, Hans Rosling, Sara Wood .
- Invited Seminar: Invited seminar at OECD Paris (Videocast transmission around the organisation at the same time) "Understanding and Promoting Public Understanding of Evidence"
- Keynote Addresses in International Forums: Ridgway, J. (2005). Studies of the processes of task design. Keynote Address at the First Conference of the International Society for Design and Development in Education, Oxford. Ridgway, J. (2003). The evaluation of complex competencies. Keynote at the V Seminario de la Redu (focussed on the responses of Spanish Universities to the Bologna accord), Madrid. Ridgway, J. (2002). Web-based assessment. Keynote talk to 1000 teachers on Hong Kong, organized by the Hong Kong Assessment Authority.
- Member of QCA Advisory Working Group: Member of the QCA Advisory Working Group for the Key Stage 3 ICT tests, 2004-2005
- Membership of Research Council Committees: Member of the Economic and Social Research Council Research Priorities Board (1997-September 2001) Membership of the Steering Committee of the ESRC Teaching and Learning Initiative (1999-September 2001) Membership of the Steering Committee for the ESRC Learning Society Programme (1999-September 2001)
- Position paper: invited to write a position paper by DCSF on /Coping with Complexity /for their Beyond Current Horizons programme.
- Vice President: International Association for Statistics Education.
- Educational psychology
- Gifted and talented children
- Mathematics education
- Technology in education
- BECTA3: Innovative ICT - engagement, inclusion and interaction
- Data Rich Resources to Promote
- IAA - Parliamentary Constituency Kit
- INCENSE - Influencing Policy and Practice
- Plausible Estimation
- Promoting Civic Engagement Via Exploration Of Evidence Challenges for Statistics Education
- Promoting Equality in Digital Literacy
- Reasoning from Evidence
- Supporting Equality in Science Technology and Math
- Nicholson, J. & Ridgway, J. (2017). A response to White and Gorard: Against inferential statistics: How and why current statistics teaching gets it wrong. Statistics Education Research Journal 16(1): 66-73.
- Sutherland, S. & Ridgway, J. (2017). Interactive visualisations and statistical literacy. Statistics Education Research Journal 16(1): 26-30.
- Ridgway, Jim (2016). Implications of the data revolution for statistics education. International Statistical Review 84(3): 528-549.
- Ridgway, J. (2015). A Response to Mere Innovation is Too Late: Data Cowboys and Statistical Indians. The American Statistician
- Ridgway, R. & Ridgway, J. (2011). Crimes Against Statistical Inference: Forcing Teachers to be Accessories after the (Absence of) Fact. Online Educational Research Journal 11.
- Ridgway, J., Nicholson, J. & McCusker, S. (2007). Reasoning with Multivariate Evidence. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education 2(3): 245-269.
- Ridgway, J., Nicholson, J. & McCusker, S. (2007). Teaching Statistics - Despite its Applications. Teaching Statistics 29(2): 44-48.
- J. Ridgway, S. McCusker & J. Nicholson (2006). Reasoning with data- time for a rethink? Teaching Statistics 28(1): 2-9.
- J. Ridgway & S. McCusker (2003). Using Computers to Assess New Educational Goals. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice 10(3): 309-328.
- M. Richardson, J.-A. Baird, J. Ridgway, M. Ripley, D. Shorrocks-Taylor & M. Swan (2002). Challenging minds? Students' perceptions of computer-based World Class Tests of problem solving. Computers in Human Behavior 18(6): 633-649.
- J. Ridgway, J.S. Zawojewski & M.N. Hoover (2000). Problematising Evidence-based Policy and Practice. Evaluation and Research in Education 14(3/4): 181-192.
- Ridgway, J. (2008). Challenge: coping with complexity. Envisioning education in the context of social and technical change - what sorts of education systems, methods and institutions do we need to help people deal with complexity?.
- J. Ridgway, S. McCusker & D. Pead (2004). Literature Review of E-assessment. Bristol: Futurelab.
Chapter in book
- Ridgway, J., Nicholson, J. & McCusker, S. (2011). Developing Statistical Literacy in Students and Teachers. In Teaching Statistics in School Mathematics - Challenges for Teaching and Teacher Education: A Joint ICMI/IASE Study: The 18th ICMI Study. Batanera, C., Burrill, G. & Reading, C. Springer. 311-322.
- Ridgway, J. & McCusker, S. (2008). PREMA: Evidence from Six Countries. In Promoting Equity in Maths Achievement - the current discussion. Chionidou-Moskofglou, M., Blunk, A., Siemprinska, R., Solomon, Y & Tanzberger, R. Barcelona: University of Barcelona. 23-32.
- J. Ridgway, Z. Zawojewski, M. Hoover & D. Lambdin (2003). Student Attainment in the Connected Mathematics Curriculum. In Standards-based School Mathematics Curricula: What Are They? What Do Students Learn?. S. Senk & D. Thompson New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum. 193-224.
- J. Ridgway, M. Swan & H. Burkhardt (2001). Assessing Mathematical Thinking Via FLAG. In Teaching and Learning Mathematics at University Level- An ICMI Study. D. Holton & M. Niss Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 423-430.
- J. Ridgway (2001). Tools for Change- Building the Knowledge Base for Macro-Systemic Change. In Information and Communication Technologies in Education: The School of the Future. H. Taylor & P. Hogenbirk Dordrect: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
- J. Ridgway (2000). The Mathematical Needs of Engineering Apprentices. In Education for Mathematics in the Workplace published by Kluwer Academic Publishers (eds) Bessot, A and Ridgway, J. A. Bessot & J. Ridgway Dordrect: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 189-197.
- Ridgway, J. & Nicholson, J. (2019), Problematising high-stakes assessment in statistics, in Contreras,J.M., Gea, M. M., López-Martín, M.M. & Molina-Portillo, E. eds, III Congreso Internacional Virtual de Educación Estadística. Granada, CIVEEST, 1-15.
- Nicholson, J. & Ridgway, J. (2018), Real-world contexts in statistics components of UK mathematics examinations: aiming forward, walking backwards, in Sorto, M. A. White, A. & Guyot, L. eds, Tenth International Conference on Teaching Statistics (ICOTS10). Kyoto, International Statistical Institute, Voorburg, The Netherlands.
- Sutherland, S., Hedger, S., Ireland, M. & Ridgway, J. (2015), Designing Interactive Displays to Promote Effective use of Evidence, in Sorto, M.A. eds, IASE Satellite Conference. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, International Association for Statistical Education (IASE), Rio de Janeiro.
- Ridgway, J., Nicholson, J., Sutherland, S. & Hedgers, S. (2015), Strategies for Public Engagement with Official Statistics, in Sorto, M.A. eds, IASE Satellite Conference. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, International Association for Statistical Education (IASE), Rio de Janeiro.
- Nicholson, J., Ridgway, J., McCusker, S. & Sutherland, S. (2015), Visualising Complex Data and Working with Visual data Representations of Multivariate Data, 60th World Statistics Congress – ISI2015. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, International Statistical Institute (ISI), Rio de Janeiro.
- Ridgway, J. & McCusker, S. (2009). Challenges for Research in e-Assessment.
- Ripley, M., Harding, R., Redif, H., Ridgway, J. & Tafler, J. (2009). Review of Advanced e-Assessment Techniques (RAeAT) Final Report. Joint Information Systems Committee.
- J. Ridgway & the MARS Group (2005). Finding Patterns and Relationships; Using Representations; Making Sense of Evidence; Optimisation; Providing; Finding Relationships in Data. Manchester: Granada Learning, Granada Learning.