We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Durham University

School of Education

Research Projects

Prof Mike Byram

Emeritus Professor in the School of Education
Telephone: +44 (0) 191 33 48324

Contact Prof Mike Byram (email at


Michael Byram has been Professor Emeritus since October 2008.

His work in the School comprised initial teacher education and being Director of Research Degrees with supervision of research students. He began his career teaching French and German at secondary school level and in adult education in an English comprehensive community school. After being appointed to a post in teacher education at the University of Durham in 1980, he carried out research into the education of linguistic minorities, foreign language education and student residence abroad, and supervised doctoral students in intercultural studies, language teaching and comparative education. He has published many books and articles including, Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence; From Foireoign Language eEductaion to Education for Intercultural Citizenship, The Common European Framework of Reference. The globalisation of language education policy (edited with Lynne Parmenter). He is the editor with Adelheid HU of the Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning, which has been translated into Chinese and Arabic.

NEW BOOKS (Sept 2016)

"New approaches to English language and education in Taiwan: cultural and intercultural perspectives" Edited with Wen-Chuan Lin and published in Taiwan Sept 2016.

"New perspectives on intercultural language research and teaching; exploring learners' understandings of texts from other cultures." Melina Porto and Michael Byram. March 2016 Routledge.

"From Principles to Practice in Education for Intercultural Citizenship" Edited with Irina Golubeva, Han Hui and Manuela Wagner (Nov 2016)

Completed Supervisions (since 2008)

Managing The Evaluation of Difference in Foreign Language Education : A Complex Case Study in a Tertiary Level Context in Japan

Fostering criticality in a beginners’ Japanese language course: a case study in a UK higher education modern languages degree programme.

Minority education and curriculum in the multilingual and multicultural society of the UAE.


‘Approaching the real’: an historical and autobiographical account of foreign language teaching in a middle school.

Designing a reading literacy curriculum for secondary school students in Egypt.

Deaf Education in Early Childhood: Bilingual Approaches in Mainland China from 1996-2004

Chinese Postgraduate Students in a British University: Their Learning Experiences and Learning Beliefs

Reflective Outcomes in Asynchronous Computer Mediated Communication: A Case Study using a Comparative Method.

EFL learners developing critical intercultural awareness through process drama: Dialogue and discovery.


Identity, Language, and Education – A Case Study in Taiwan

Teaching Translation in Higher Education in Taiwan- A Needs Analysis and Action Research Approach.

Research Groups

Research Interests

  • Bilingual education
  • Comparative education
  • Foreign language teaching


Authored book

Book review

Chapter in book

  • Byram,M. (2020). Assessment of Intercultural Competence and Intercultural Communicative Competence. In Teaching and Learning English Interculturally. Dypedahl, M. & Lund, R. Oslo: Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk. 164-185.
  • Byram, M. (2018). Internationalism and Education in the 1920s and the Case of Foreign-Language Teaching Policy in Britain. In The History of Language Learning and Teaching III. Across Cultures. McLelland, N. & Smith, R. Cambridge: Legenda. 22-36.
  • Wagner, M., Cardetti, F. & Byram, M. (2018). The humble linguist: interdisciplinary perspectives on teaching and assessing intercultural citizenship. In The talking species: Perspectives on the evolutionary, neuronal and cultural foundations of language. Luef, E.M. & Marin, M.M. Graz: Unipress Graz Verlag. 419-443.
  • Wagner, Manuela & Byram, Michael (2017). Intercultural Citizenship. In The International Encyclopedia of Intercultural Communication. Wagner,M. & Byram,M. Wiley Online Library. 1.
  • Boye,S. & Byram,M. (2017). Language awareness and the acquisition of intercultural communicative competence. In Handbook of Language Awareness. Cots,J. & Garrett,P. London: Routledge. 435-449.
  • Hua, Z., Holmes, P., Young, T. & Angouri, J. (2016). How to identify research questions. In Research methods in intercultural communication: a practical guide. Hua, Z. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell. 73-87.
  • Byram, M. (2013). Citizenship Education. In Wiley Online encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Chapelle, C. Wiley Online Library.
  • Byram, M. (2013). Cultural awareness in multilingual education. In Wiley Online Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Chapelle, C.
  • Byram, M. (2013). De la formation en langues étrangères à l'éducation à la citoyenneté interculturelle. In Éthique et politique en didactigue des langues. Beacco, J-C. Paris: Didier. 1-26.
  • Byram, M. (2013). Identifications through languages. In Intersecting Identities and Interculturality: Discourse and Practice. Machart, R., Lim, C.B., Lim, S.N. & Yamato, E. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 45-56.
  • Byram, M. (2013). Intercultural Competence. In Wiley Online Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Chapelle, C. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Byram, M. & Masuhara, H. (2013). Intercultural competence. In Applied linguistics and materials development. Tomlinson, B. London: Bloomsbury. 143-160.
  • Byram, M. (2013). Sprachenpolitik zwischen Theorie und Praxis. In Mehrsprachigkeit grenzuberschreitend. Modelle, Konzepte, Erfahrungen. Gombos, G. Klagenfurt: Drava Verlag. 35-45.
  • Byram, M.S. (2012). Characteristics and competences of the plurilingual and intercultural citizen. In Mehrsprachigkeit. Bildung - Kommunikation - Standards. Facke, C., Martinez, H. & Meissner, F-J. Stuttgart: Ernst Klett Verlag. 15-25.
  • Byram, M. (2012). Reflecting on teaching 'culture' in foreign language education. In Insights into the European Portfolio for Student Teachers of Languages (EPOSTL). Newby, D. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Byram, M.S. (2011). A research agenda for 'intercultural competence'. In Intercultural competence. Concepts, challenges and evaluations. Witte, A. & Harden, T. Oxford: Peter Lang. 19-36.
  • Byram, M. (2011). Conceptualizing intercultural (communicative) competence and intercultural citizenship. In The Routledge Handbook of Language and Intercultural Communication. Jackson, J. Routledge: London. 85-97.
  • Byram, M.S. (2011). Intercultural citizenship - an education perspective. In Nationalism, Ethnicity, Citizenship. Barrett, M., Flood, C. & Eade, J. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 163-180.
  • Byram, M.S. (2011). La competence interculturelle. In guide pur la recherche en didactique des langues et des cultures. Blanchet, P. & Chardent, P. Paris: Editions des archives contemporaines. 253-260.
  • Byram, M. (2011). Language teaching (and learning) in a European perspective. In Foreign language teaching - history, theory, methods. Appel, J., Doff, S., Rymarczyk, J. & Thaler, E. Langenscheidt. 11-18.
  • Byram, M.S. (2011). Recherche et prise de position. In Guide pur la recherche en didactique des langues et des cultures. Blanchet, P. & chardent, P. Paris: Editions des archives contemporaines. 41-44.
  • Byram, M. & Parmenter, L. (2010). An overview of the international influences oon the CEFR. In Statements in language education in Japan and beyond - Applications of the CEFR. Schmidt, M.G., Naganuma, N., O'Dwyer, F., Imig, A. & Sakai, K. Tokyo: Asahi Press.
  • Byram, M., Lapkin, S., LoBianco, J., Met, M. & Scott, A. (2010). Fremds[prachen] didaktik in englischsprachigen Landern. In Handbuch Fremdsprachendidaktik. Hallet, W. & Konigs, F.G. Seelze-Velber, Germany: Klett/Kallmeyer.
  • Byram, M. (2010). Intercomprehension; intercultural competence and foreign language teaching. In Lernerautonouire durch Interkomprehension. Doye, P. & Meissner, F-J. Tubingen: Narr Verlag.
  • Byram, M. & Guilherme, M. (2010). Intercultural education and intercultural communication: tracing the relationship. In Becoming intercultural: inside and outside the classroom. Tsai, Y. & Houghton, S. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 2-22.
  • Byram, M.S. (2008). Education for intercultural citizenship: language teaching and education for citizenship - in Europe and beyond. In Visions of Language in Education. Visionen der Bildung durch Sprachen. Doff, S., Hullen, W. & Klippel, F. (eds) Berlin: Langenscheidt. 65-75.
  • Byram, M.S. (2008). Researching residence and study abroad. In Auslandsaufenthalte in Schule und Studium. Bestanbdsaufnahme aus Forschung und Praxis. Ehrenreich, S., Woodman, G. & Perrefort, M. Munster: Waxman. 19-28.

Conference Paper

Edited book

Edited Journal

  • Byram, M., Holmes, P. & Savvides, N. (2013). Teaching and Learning Intercultural communication in the Second/Foreign Language Classroom. The Language Learning Journal Special Issue I, 41 (3).

Edited Sources, Research Data Sets, and Databases

Journal Article

Media Contacts

Available for media contact about:

  • Subject specialists: modern languages
  • Subject specialists: bilingual education
  • Subject specialists: foreign language teaching
  • Subject specialists: ethnic minority education
  • Europe: Language, literature & culture: France/Germany
  • Europe: Language, literature & culture: language teaching
  • Foreign Literature & Language: French/German
  • Foreign Literature & Language: modern language teaching