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Durham University

School of Education

Research Projects

Publication details

Ferrari, D., Kokotsaki, D., Newton, D.P. & Newton, L.D. (2017). How can the understanding of analysis of sonata form movements be deepened by the use of graphic representation? The Journal of Music and Meaning 14: 1-20.

Author(s) from Durham


The aim of the study presented in this paper is to explore the nature of understanding when learning music through the use of ‘graphic representations’ trialled in a learning conversation with a ten-year old flautist. It is argued that the powerful visual component of presenting a musical score in graphic form can enhance students’ understanding and ability to process the score more effectively by providing a succinct way of accessing the data. Central to understanding the analysis of sonata form movements is the need to create a representation which is independent from the existing score. This study offers a practical way of doing this which has the potential for wider application.


Blog post associated with the article is available at

School of Education