Publication detailsGorard, S. & Gorard, J. (2016). Explaining the number of counterfactual cases needed to disturb a finding: a reply to Kuha and Sturgis. International Journal of Social Research Methodology 19(4): 497-499.
- Publication type: Journal Article
- ISSN/ISBN: 1364-5579, 1464-5300
- DOI: 10.1080/13645579.2015.1126494
- Further publication details on publisher web site
- Durham Research Online (DRO) - may include full text
Author(s) from Durham
This brief paper is an extension of our original paper What to do instead of significance testing? Calculating the ‘number of counterfactual cases needed to disturb a finding’, following a response by Jouni Kuha and Patrick Stugis. It shows how their response assists in the development of our idea of the ‘number needed to disturb’ (NNTD) a finding, and allows us to explain that idea further. NNTD allows researchers to summarise the scale, ‘effect’ size and attrition of a study in one figure.