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Durham University

Department of Earth Sciences

Research Staff

Publication details for Prof Jim McElwaine

Ardeshir Tanha, Mandana, Brennan, Paul V., Ash, Matthew, Kohler, Anselm & McElwaine, Jim (2017). Overlapped Phased Array Antenna for Avalanche Radar. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 65(8): 4017-4026.

Author(s) from Durham

Abstract

Snow avalanche is a natural phenomenon, which annually causes infrastructure damage and leads to human casualties in many countries all over the world. As a result, a detailed hazard mapping is required to be able to understand the avalanche risk levels. Also, the scarcity of the areas suitable for constructing infrastructures in the mountains places a high premium on providing high precision hazard mapping. This paper presents the design and development of an advanced phased array antenna for an FMCW radar to produce a high resolution image of snow avalanche in range and cross-range. The proposed antenna is a 16-element fully populated phased array with ±14° azimuth beamwidth and ±22.5° fixed elevation angle. The designed phased array antenna has 14.4 dBi gain and -20.3 dB sidelobe level. In this design, subarraying overlapping technique has been used to eliminate undesirable grating lobes by means of spatial antialias filtering. A phased array power divider is proposed to allow tapering of the amplitude of the elements to achieve low sidelobe level.