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Durham University

Department of Earth Sciences

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Publication details for Professor Yaoling Niu

Sun, P., Niu, Yaoling, Guo, P.Y., Duan, M., Wang, X.H., Gong, H.M. & Xiao, Y.Y. (2020). The lithospheric thickness control on the compositional variation of continental intraplate basalts: A demonstration using the Cenozoic basalts and clinopyroxene megacrysts from eastern China. Journal of Geophysical Research 125(3): e2019JB019315.

Author(s) from Durham

Abstract

Studies on intra‐plate ocean island basalts have demonstrated the control of lithosphere thickness on the extent of melting and pressure of melt extraction (i.e., the lid‐effect). However, whether lithosphere thickness also controls the composition of within‐continent basalts remains unclear. Here we test this hypothesis by studying the Cenozoic basalts containing clinopyroxene megacrysts from 10 localities throughout eastern continental China with a north‐south spatial coverage in excess of 2500 km. Indeed, the geochemical parameters (e.g., abundances and ratios of major and trace elements) correlate well with the depth of the lithosphere‐asthenosphere boundary (LAB) calculated using the clinopyroxene barometry, showing significant lithospheric thickness control on basalt compositions. These observations offer further evidence for melt pooling (a melt rich layer) close beneath the LAB as a “stable magma reservoir” for crystallizing compositionally uniform clinopyroxene megacrysts to be carried by subsequent pulses of melt transport and eruption.