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Durham University

Email and Telephone Directory

Staff Profile

Prof Ken McCaffrey, BSc Belfast (1986), PhD Dunelm (1990)

Telephone: +44 (0) 191 33 42322
Room number: Level 2 East Wing Annex Rm 251

Contact Prof Ken McCaffrey (email at


3/00- present






Earth Sciences, University of Durham,

Professor, Earth Sciences from October 2013

Reader, from October 2008, Senior Lecturer, from October 2004, Lecturer, from 2000.

Royal Society Industrial Fellow (50% FTE)

Director – Centre for Research in Earth Energy System (CeREES)

7/95 - 2/00


Dept of Geological Sciences Kingston University, Kingston upon Thames, UK

Lecturer, Senior Lecturer from 1997)

10/91 – 6/95

Geology Department, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland

Postdoctoral Fellow, Temporary Lecturer from 1993.



University of Durham - Ph.D. Awarded 1990.

Thesis: ‘The emplacement and deformation of granitic rocks in a transpressional shear zone: The Ox Mountains Igneous Complex'

Higher Education


Queen’s University Belfast

Geology B.Sc. (Honours)

Committee and Society Service

2013 – present — Member of Petroleum Group Committee, Geological Society of London

2000 – 2002 — Member of Science Committee, Geological Society of London

2000 – 2002 — Secretary, Tectonic Studies Group

Conferences and Workshops

2016 -- Fifty years of the Wilson Cycle Concept in Plate Tectonics Geological Society london Co-convenor

2011  — Tectonic Studies Group Annual Meeting

2011  — New constratints on active fault zones. AGU

2011  — Shale and Coal Basins of North East England: Opportunities for Research and Industry Collaboration - NPESMD, India School of Mines

2009  — Lead Convener, Virtual Fieldtrips session, 7th Petroleum Geology Conference

2009  — Tectonic reactivation and Fault Zone weakening. AGU

2006  — Unlocking 3D Earth Systems – Harnessing New Digital Technologies to Revolutionize Multi-Scale Geologic Models. GSA Penrose Meeting – University of Durham

2004  — Tectonic Studies Group Annual Meeting – University of Durham

2002  — Transport and Flow processes within Shear Zones - Geological Society, London

2001  — Hydrocarbons in Crystalline rocks - Geological Society, London

2001  — Deformation at Convergent Margins – European Union Geosciences XI Strasbourg

2001  — Vertical and horizontal coupling and decoupling processes in Orogenic Belts – American Geophysical Union, San Francisco

Editorial Roles

2006 – 2012 '— Specials' editor for the Geological Society of London

Editor Visual Geosciences

Invited Keynotes

Invited International Lectures

2012 — Natural Fractures in Shale gas basins of NE England, Geoshale Conference, Warsaw.

2011 — ‘Shale basins of NE England: Opportunities for research and Industry collaboration’, Industry/Academia collaboration session, Indian Geological Congress, Indian School of Mines Dhanbad.

2011 — ‘Virtual fieldwork using terrestrial laser scanning and Google Earth’– Google Earth: Visualizing the Possibilities for Geoscience Education and Research, GSA Penrose at Google HQ, San Francisco

2010 — From Depositional Systems to Sedimentary Successions on the Norwegian Continental Shelf, Norwegian Petroleum systems, Stavanger

2010Digital Geospatial methods in Earth Sciences’ Italian National Geophysical & Volcanology – Pisa, Italy

2007 — Capturing Detailed Outcrop Geology using Terrestrial Laser Scanning (Lidar) and other digital technologies: Current status and Future directions’(Jones R.R. & McCaffrey, K.J.W) AGU San Francisco

2006 Magma Chamber Processes and Geometries 'What is a magma chamber? The role of sheet in the assembly of intrusions' session GSA Salt Lake City.

2002 — ‘Dimensional Data and Growth Models for Tabular Intrusions’ Laccolith and sill intrusion meeting, Freiberg, Germany

1998 — ‘Magmatic versus tectonic influences on granite emplacement’ AGU Annual Spring meeting – Boston

1997 — ‘Tabular plutonic sheets: Geometry and emplacement’ GAC/MAC annual meeting – Ottawa

1996 — ‘Scale invariant geometry of tabular sheet intrusions?’ Syntectonic crystallisation of igneous rocks – Vaxenburg, Austria

Prizes & Awards

2005 — Murchsion Fund - Geological Society

2001 — Durham University Excellence in teaching Award

1993 — Ramsay medal

Research Groups

Department of Earth Sciences

Research Interests

  • Geoinformatics methods and applications
  • High resolution 3D/4D modelling of continental margins
  • Magmatic and mineralised systems
  • Reservoir models of fractured reservoir analogues including shale basins
  • Structural characterisation of fault and shear zones
  • Tectonic and magmatic interactions
  • Tectonic and mechanical processes of active normal faults and earthquake activity
  • The geometrical and kinematic evolution of deformation zones
  • Visualisation and analysis of geological architecture

Selected Publications

Chapter in book

  • Cruden, A.R., McCaffrey, K.J.W. & Bunger, A. (2018). Geometric scaling of tabular igneous intrusions: implications for emplacement and growth. In Physical Geology of Shallow Magmatic Systems: Dykes, Sills and Laccoliths. Breitkreuz, Christoph & Rocchi, Sergio Cham: Springer. 11-38.
  • Schiffer, C., Peace, A., Phethean, J., Gernigon, L., McCaffrey, K., Petersen, K.D. & Foulger, G. (2018). The Jan Mayen microplate complex and the Wilson cycle. In Fifty Years of the Wilson Cycle Concept in Plate Tectonics. Wilson, R.W., Houseman, G.A., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Dore, A.G. & Buiter, S.J.M. London: Geological Society of London. 470.
  • Pless, J.C., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Jones, R.R., Holdsworth, R.E., Conway, A. & Krabbendam, M. (2015). 3D characterization of fracture systems using Terrestrial Laser Scanning: an example from the Lewisian basement of NW Scotland. In Industrial Structural Geology: Principles, Techniques & Integration. Richards, F.J., Richardson, N.J., Rippington, S.J., Wilson, R.W. & Bond, C.E. London: Geological Society of London. 421: 125-141.
  • Winterleitner, G. Le Heron, D.P., Mapani, B., Vining, B. & McCaffrey, K.J.W. (2015). Styles, origins, and implications of syndepositional deformation structures in Ediacaran microbial carbonates (Nama Basin, Namibia). In Microbial Carbonates in Space and Time. Implications for Global Exploration and Production. Bosence, D.W.J., Gibbons, K.A., Le Heron, D.P., Morgan, W.A., Pritchard, T. & Vining, B.A. Geological Society of London. 418.
  • McCaffrey, K.J.W., Hodgetts, D., Howell, J., Hunt, D., Imber, J., Jones, R.R., Tomasso, M., Thurmond, J. & Viseur, S. (2010). Virtual fieldtrips for petroleum geoscientists. In Petroleum Geology: From Mature Basins to New Frontiers—Proceedings of the 7th Petroleum Geology Conference. Vining, B. & Pickering, S.C. Geological Society, London. 19-26.
  • Jones, R.R, McCaffrey, K.J.W, Wilson, R.W & Holdsworth, R.E (2005). Digital field data acquisition: towards increased quantification of uncertainty during geological mapping. In Geological Prior Information: Informing Science and Engineering. Curtis, A. & Wood, R. London: Geological Society. Geological Society Special Publication 239: 43-56.

Journal Article

  • Foulger, Gillian R., Doré, Tony, Emeleus, C. Henry, Franke, Dieter, Geoffroy, Laurent, Gernigon, Laurent, Hey, Richard, Holdsworth, Robert E., Hole, Malcolm, Höskuldsson, Ármann, Julian, Bruce, Kusznir, Nick, Martinez, Fernando, McCaffrey, Ken J.W., Natland, James H., Peace, Alex, Petersen, Kenni, Schiffer, Christian, Stephenson, Randell & Stoker, Martyn (2019). A continental Greenland-Iceland-Faroe Ridge. Earth-Science Reviews 102926.
  • Farangitakis, G.P., Sokoutis, D., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Willingshofer, E., Kalnins, L.M., Phethean, J.J.J., van Hunen, J. & van Steen, V. (2019). Analogue modeling of plate rotation effects in transform margins and rift-transform intersections. Tectonics 38(3): 823-841.
  • Wilson, P.I.R, McCaffrey, K.J.W. & Holdsworth, R.E.H. (2019). Magma-driven accommodation structures formed during sill emplacement at shallow crustal depths: The Maiden Creek sill, Henry Mountains, Utah. Geosphere 15(4): 1368-1392.
  • Holdsworth, R.E., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Dempsey, E., Roberts, N.M.W., Hardman, K. , Morton, A. Feely, M. Hunt, J. Conway, A. & Robertson, A. (2019). Natural fracture propping and earthquake-induced oil migration in fractured basement reservoirs. Geology 47(8): 700-704.
  • Wedmore, L.N.J., Gregory, L.C., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Goodall, H. & Walters, R.J. (2019). Partitioned off-fault deformation in the 2016 Norcia earthquake captured by differential terrestrial laser scanning. Geophysical Research Letters 46(6): 3199-3205.
  • Faure Walker, J.P., Visini, F., Roberts, G., Galasso, C., McCaffrey, K. & Mildon, Z. (2019). Variable fault geometry suggests detailed fault slip-rate profiles and geometries are needed for fault-based probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA). Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 109(1): 110-123.
  • Civico, R., Pucci, S., Villani, F., Pizzimenti, L., De Martini, P. M., Nappi, R., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Wilkinson, M. & the Open EMERGEO Working Group (2018). Surface ruptures following the 30 October 2016 Mw 6.5 Norcia earthquake, central Italy. Journal of Maps 14(2): 151-160.
  • Pastoriza, Loraine, Holdsworth, Robert E., McCaffrey, Ken & Dempsey, Edward (2018). Tectonic evolution of the Southern Negros Geothermal Field and implications for the development of fractured geothermal systems. Geofluids 2018: 6025038.
  • Peace, Alexander, McCaffrey, Ken, Imber, Jonathan, van Hunen, Jeroen, Hobbs, Richard & Wilson, Robert (2018). The role of pre-existing structures during rifting, continental breakup and transform system development, offshore West Greenland. Basin Research 30(3): 373-394.
  • Wedmore, L. N. J., Faure Walker, J. P., Roberts, G. P., Sammonds, P. R., McCaffrey, K. J. W. & Cowie, P. A. (2017). A 667-year record of co-seismic and interseismic Coulomb stress changes in central Italy reveals the role of fault interaction in controlling irregular earthquake recurrence intervals. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 122(7): 5691-5711.
  • Grocott, John & McCaffrey, Ken (2017). Basin evolution and destruction in an Early Proterozoic continental margin: the Rinkian fold–thrust belt of central West Greenland. Journal of the Geological Society 174(3): 453-467.
  • Corradetti, Amerigo, McCaffrey, Ken, De Paola, Nicola & Tavani, Stefano (2017). Evaluating roughness scaling properties of natural active fault surfaces by means of multi-view photogrammetry. Tectonophysics 717: 599-606.
  • Walker, R.J., Healy, T.M., Wright, K.A., England, R.W., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Bubeck, A.A., Stephens, T.L., Farrell, N.J.C. & Blenkinsop, T.G. (2017). Igneous sills as a record of horizontal shortening: The San Rafael subvolcanic field, Utah. Geological Society of America Bulletin 129(9-10): 1052-1070.
  • Stephens, T.L., Walker, R.J., Healy, D., Bubeck, A., England, R.W. & McCaffrey, K.J.W. (2017). Igneous sills record far-field and near-field stress interactions during volcano construction: Isle of Mull, Scotland. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 478: 159-174.
  • Wilkinson, M.W., McCaffrey, K., Jones, R.R., Roberts, G.P., Holdsworth, R.E., Gregory, L., Walters, R.J., Wedmore, L., Goodall, H. & Iezzi, F. (2017). Near-field fault slip of the 2016 Vettore Mw 6.6 earthquake (Central Italy) measured using low-cost GNSS. Scientific Reports 7: 4612.
  • Cowie, P. A., Phillips, R. J., Roberts, G. P., McCaffrey, K., Zijerveld, L. J. J., Gregory, L. C., Faure Walker, J., Wedmore, L., Dunai, T. J., Binnie, S. A., Freeman, S.P. H. T., Wilcken, K., Shanks, R P., Huismans, R. S., Papanikolaou, I., Michetti, A. M. & Wilkinson, M. (2017). Orogen-scale uplift in the central Italian Apennines drives episodic behaviour of earthquake faults. Scientific Reports 7: 44858.
  • Mildon, Z.K., Roberts, G.P., Faure Walker, J.P., Wedmore, L.N.J. & McCaffrey, K.J.W. (2016). Active normal faulting during the 1997 seismic sequence in Colfiorito, Umbria: Did slip propagate to the surface? Journal of Structural Geology 91: 102-113.
  • Peace, A., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Imber, J., Phethean, J., Nowell, G., Gerdes, K. & Dempsey, E. (2016). An evaluation of Mesozoic rift-related magmatism on the margins of the Labrador Sea: Implications for rifting and passive margin asymmetry. Geosphere 12(6): 1701-1724.
  • Wilson, P.I.R., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Wilson, R.W.W., Jarvis, I. & Holdsworth, R.E. (2016). Deformation structures associated with the Trachyte Mesa intrusion, Henry Mountains, Utah: Implications for sill and laccolith emplacement mechanisms. Journal of Structural Geology 87: 30-46.
  • Sagi, D.A., De Paola, N., McCaffrey, K.J.W. & Holdsworth, R.E. (2016). Fault and fracture patterns in low porosity chalk and their potential influence on sub-surface fluid flow—A case study from Flamborough Head, UK. Tectonophysics 690(A): 35-51.
  • Phethean, Jordan J.J., Kalnins, Lara M., van Hunen, Jeroen, Biffi, Paolo G., Davies, Richard J. & McCaffrey, Ken J.W. (2016). Madagascar’s escape from Africa: A high-resolution plate reconstruction for the Western Somali Basin and implications for supercontinent dispersal. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G3) 17(12): 5036-5055.
  • Dichiarante, A.M., Holdsworth, R.E., Dempsey, E.D., Selby, D., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Michie, U., Morgan, G. & Bonniface, J. (2016). New structural and Re–Os geochronological evidence constraining the age of faulting and associated mineralization in the Devonian Orcadian Basin, Scotland. Journal of the Geological Society 173(3): 457-473.
  • Livio, F., Michetti, A.M., Vittori, E., Gregory, L., Wedmore, L., Piccardi, L., Tondi, E., Roberts, G., Blumetti, A.M., Bonadeo, L., Brunamonte, F., Comerci, V., Di Manna, P., Ferrario, M.F., Faure Walker, J., Frigerio, C., Fumanti, F., Guerrieri, L., Iezzi, F., Leoni, G., McCaffrey, K., Mildon, Z., Phillips, R., Rhodes, E., Walters, R.J. & Wilkinson, M. (2016). Surface faulting during the August 24, 2016, Central Italy earthquake (Mw 6.0): preliminary results. Annals of Geophysics 59(Fast Track 5): 1-8.
  • Peace, A., McCaffrey, K., Imber, J., Hobbs, R., Van Hunen, J. & Gerdes, K. (2015). Quantifying the influence of sill intrusion on the thermal evolution of organic-rich sedimentary rocks in non-volcanic passive margins: an example from ODP 210-1276, offshore Newfoundland, Canada. Basin Research 29(3): 249-265.
  • Wilkinson, Max, Roberts, Gerald, McCaffrey, Ken, Cowie, Patience, Faure Walker, Joanna, Papanikolaou, Ioannis, Phillips, Richard, Michetti, Alessandro, Vittori, Eutizio, Gregory, Laura, Wedmore, Luke & Watson, Zoe (2015). Slip distributions on active normal faults measured from LiDAR and field mapping of geomorphic offsets: an example from L'Aquila, Italy, and implications for modelling seismic moment release. Geomorphology 237: 130-141.
  • Abdunaser, K.M. & McCaffrey, K.J.W. (2015). Tectonic history and structural development of the Zallah-Dur al Abd Sub-basin, western Sirt Basin, Libya. Journal of Structural Geology 73: 33.
  • Bubeck, Alodie, Wilkinson, Max, Roberts, Gerald, Cowie, Patience, McCaffrey, Ken, Phillips, Richard & Sammonds, Peter (2015). The tectonic geomorphology of bedrock scarps on active normal faults in the Italian Apennines mapped using combined ground penetrating radar and terrestrial laser scanning. Geomorphology 237: 38-51.
  • Imber, Jonathan, Armstrong, Howard, Clancy, Sarah, Daniels, Susan, Herringshaw, Liam, McCaffrey, Ken, Rodrigues, Joel, Trabucho-Alexandre, Joao & Warren, Cassandra (2014). Natural fractures in a United Kingdom shale reservoir analog, Cleveland Basin, northeast England. AAPG Bulletin 98(11): 2411-2437.
  • Abdunaser, K.M. & McCaffrey, K.J.W (2014). Rift architecture and evolution: the Sirt Basin, Libya. Journal of African Earth Sciences 100: 203-226.
  • Pacey, A, Macpherson, CG & McCaffrey, KJW (2013). Linear volcanic segments in the central Sunda Arc, Indonesia, identified using Hough Transform analysis: Implications for arc lithosphere control upon volcano distribution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 369-370: 24-33.
  • Wilkinson, M.W., McCaffrey, K.J.W. , Roberts, G.P. Cowie, P.A. Phillips, R.J., Degasperi, M. Vittori, E. & Michetti, A.M. (2012). Distribution and Magnitude of Post-seismic Deformation of the 2009 L’Aquila 1 Earthquake (M6.3) Surface Rupture Measured Using Repeat Terrestrial Laser Scanning. Geophysical Journal International 189(2): 911-922.
  • Peulvast,J-P, Bonow J.M., Japsen P, Wilson R.W. & McCaffrey, K.J.W. (2012). Morphostructural patterns and landform generations in a glaciated passive margin: the Kobberminebugt-Qaqortoq region of South Greenland. Geodinamica Acta 24(1): 1.
  • Faure Walker J.P., G.P. Roberts, P.A. Cowie, I. Papanikolaou, A.M. Michetti, P. Sammonds,, M. Wilkinson, K.J.W. McCaffrey, & R.J. Phillips (2012). Relationship between topography, rates of extension and mantle dynamics in the actively-extending Italian Apennines. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 325-326: 76-84.
  • Hansen, J., Jerram, D.A., McCaffrey, K. & Passey, S. (2011). Early Cenozoic saucer-shaped sills of the Faroe Islands: an example of intrusive styles in basaltic lava piles. Journal of the Geological Society 168(1): 159-178.
  • Wilkinson, M., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Roberts, G.P., Cowie, P.A., Phillips, R.J., Michetti, A., Vittori, E., Guerrieri, L., Blumetti, A.M., Bubeck, A., Yates, A. & Sileo, G. (2010). Partitioned postseismic deformation associated with the 2009 Mw 6.3 L'Aquila earthquake surface rupture measured using a terrestrial laser scanner. Geophysical Research Letters 37: L10309.
  • Jones, R.R., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Clegg, P., Wilson, R.W., Holliman, N.S., Holdsworth, R.E., Imber, J. & Waggott, S. (2009). Integration of regional to outcrop digital data: 3D visualisation of multi-scale geological models. Computers & Geosciences 35(1): 4-18
  • Jones, R.R., Kokkalas S & McCaffrey KJW (2009). Quantitative analysis and visualization of nonplanar fault surfaces using terrestrial laser scanning (LIDAR)-The Arkitsa fault, central Greece, as a case study. Geosphere 5: 465-482.
  • Guo J.L, McCaffrey K, Jones R & Holdsworth, R (2009). The spatial heterogeneity of structures in high porosity sandstones: Variations and granularity effects in orientation data. Journal of Structural Geology 31(7): 628-636.
  • Wilson, R.W, McCaffrey, K.J.W, Holdsworth, R.E, Imber, J, Jones, R.R, Welbon, A.I & Roberts, D (2006). Complex fault patterns, transtension and structural segmentation of the Lofoten Ridge, Norwegian Margin: using digital mapping to link onshore and offshore geology. Tectonics 25(4): TC4018.
  • Pearce, M.A., Jones R.R., Smith, S.A.F., McCaffrey, K.J.W. & Clegg, P. (2006). Numerical analysis of fold curvature using data acquired by high-precision GPS. Journal of Structural Geology 28(9): 1640-1646.
  • Imber, J, Holdsworth R.E, McCaffrey, K.J.W, Wilson, R.W, Jones, R.R, England, R.W & Gjeldvik, G (2005). Early Tertiary sinistral transpression and fault reactivation in the western Vøring Basin, Norwegian Sea: implications for hydrocarbon exploration and pre-break up deformation in ocean margin basins. AAPG Bulletin 89(8): 1043-1069.
  • Wilson, R.W, Klint, K.E.S, Jensen, F.S, van Gool, J.A.M, McCaffrey. K.J.W & Chalmers, J.A (2005). Faults and fractures in central West Greenland: onshore expression of continental break-up and sea-floor spreading in the Labrador-Baffin Bay Sea. Geological Survey of Greenland Bulletin
  • Trinks, I, Clegg, P, McCaffrey, K, Jones, R, Hobbs, R, Holdsworth, R, Holliman, N, Imber, J, Waggott, S & Wilson, R (2005). Mapping and analyzing virtual outcrops. Visual Geosciences
  • De Paola, N, Holdsworth, R.E, McCaffrey,K.J.W & Barchi, M.R. (2005). Partitioned transtension: an alternative to basin inversion models. Journal of Structural Geology 27(4): 607-625.
  • McCaffrey, K.J.W., Holdsworth, R.E., Imber, J., Clegg, P., De Paola, N., Jones, R.R., Hobbs, R., Holliman, N. & Trinks, I. (2005). Putting the geology back into Earth models. Eos 86(46): 461-466.
  • Imber, J, Holdsworth, R.E, McCaffrey, K.J.W, Wilson, R.W, Jones, R.R, England, R.W & Freeman, S (2005). Recognition of strike-slip faulting from three-dimensional seismic reflection data: a study of late Cretaceous to early Teriary faulting on the Nyk High, Vøring Basin, offshore mid-Norway. AAPG Bulletin 89: 1043-1069.
  • Jones, R.R, Holdsworth, R.E, McCaffrey, K.J.W, Clegg, P & Tavarnelli, E. (2005). Scale dependence, strain compatibility and heterogeneity of three-dimensional deformation during mountain building: a discussion. Journal of Structural Geology 27(7): 1190-1204.
  • De Paola, N, Holdworth, R.E & McCaffrey, K.J.W (2005). Strain partitioning, reactivation and lithological control during complex transtensional faulting: an example from the 90-Fathom Fault, NE England. Journal of the Geological Society 161: 471-480.
  • De Paola, N., Holdsworth, R.E. & McCaffrey, K.J.W. (2005). The influence of lithology and pre-existing structures on reservoir-scale faulting patterns in transtensional rift zones. Journal of the Geological Society 162(3): 471-480.
  • McCaffrey, K.J.W, Jones, R.R, Holdsworth, R.E, Wilson, R.W, Clegg, P, Imber, J, Holliman, N & Trinks, I (2005). Unlocking the spatial dimension: digital technologies and the future of geoscience fieldwork. Journal of the Geological Society 162(6): 927-938.
  • Jones, R.R, Holdsworth, R.E, Clegg, P, McCaffrey, K.J.W & Tavarnelli, E (2004). Inclined transpression. Journal of Structural Geology 26(8): 1531-1548.
  • Tavernelli, E, Holdsworth, R.E, Clegg, P, Jones, R.R & McCaffrey, K.J.W (2004). The anatomy and evolution of a transpressional imbricate zone, Southern Uplands, Scotland. Journal of Structural Geology 26: 1341-1360.
  • Holdsworth, R.E, Tavarnelli, E Clegg, P, Pinheiro, R.V.L, Jones, R.R & McCaffrey, K.J.W (2002). Domainal deformation patterns and strain partitioning during transpression: an example from the Southern Uplands terrane, Scotland. Journal of the Geological Society 159(4): 401-415.
  • Garde, A.A, Chadwick, B, Grocott, J, Hamilton, M.A, McCaffrey, K.J.W & Swager, C.P (2002). Mid-crustal partitioning and attachment during oblique convergence in an arc system, the Palaeoproterozoic Ketilidian orogen, southern Greenland. Journal of the Geological Society 159: 247-261.
  • Garde, A.A, Hamilton, M.A, Chadwick, B, Grocott, J & McCaffrey, K.J.W (2002). The Ketilidian Orogen of South Greenland: Geochronology and tectonics, magmatism and forearc accretion during Palaeoproterozoic oblique convergence. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 39: 765-793.
  • Cruden, A.R & McCaffrey, K.J.W (2001). Growth of plutons by floor subsidence: implications for rates of emplacement, intrusion spacing and melt-extraction mechanisms. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Part A: Solid Earth & Geodesy 26(4-5): 303-315.
  • McCaffrey K.J.W, Petford, N, Cruden, A.R & Vignerosse, J.L (2000). Granitic magma formation, transport and emplacement in the Earth's Crust. Nature 408: 669-673.

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  • Tectonics: Faults and Fracture systems, Earthquakes, Laser scanning, digital mapping, structural geology