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Durham University

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Staff Profile

Dr Nicky Garland, BA MA, PhD

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Post Doctoral Research Associate in the Department of Archaeology

(email at


I am a Post Doctoral Research Associate on the Leverhulme funded ‘Monumentality and Landscape: Linear Earthworks in Britain’ project. My research focuses on the landscapes of Iron Age and Roman north-western Europe, specifically understanding the origins, development of role of oppida. My research uses a multi-scale analysis of these complex settlements to better understand their function, social structure and transformation across the Iron Age-Roman transition. For a list of my current publications please see my ResearchGate profile.

I am an early career researcher, having completed my PhD in 2017 at the Institute of Archaeology UCL on Territorial Oppida in Iron Age and Roman Britain. Since then I have worked on numerous research projects including the National Lottery Heritage Funded project ‘Hadrian’s Wall Community Archaeology (WallCAP)’, at Newcastle University, the AHRC funded ‘Crisis or continuity: Hoarding in Iron Age and Roman Britain’ project at the University of Leicester and the AHRC/English Heritage funded 'Exeter: A Place in Time' project, with Cotswold Archaeology. Prior to this I spent twelve years working in developer-funded archaeology in numerous roles including leading fieldwork projects, consultancy and, most recently, as a publications and post-excavation officer.

Research Groups

Department of Archaeology

  • Heritage Partnerships

Research Interests

  • Iron and Roman Europe
  • Oppida in north-western Europe
  • Social theory including identity, structuration and sensory studies of landscapes
  • GIS and Spatial Analysis
  • Developer-led Archaeology

Selected Publications

Chapter in book

Journal Article

  • Garland, Nicky (2020). The Origins of British Oppida: Understanding Transformation in Iron Age practice and society. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 39(1): 107.
  • Garland, N. & Stansbie, D. (2019). A later prehistoric landscape at Sandy Lane, Northampton. Northamptonshire Archaeology 40: 77-86.
  • Garland, N. & Marsden, K. (2019). A Summary Report of Excavations at St Mary’s Primary School, Marlborough, Wiltshire. Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine 112: 27-36.
  • Garland, N. (2019). Aldermaston Road Triangle. Hampshire Studies: Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club Archaeological Society 74: 179-180.
  • Garland, N. & Stansbie, D. (2018). Excavation of Late Iron Age and Roman enclosures and a medieval to post-medieval agricultural landscape at Highfield Farm, Gloucestershire, 2015 and 2016. Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society 136(83-89).
  • Gillard, M., Jones, G.P. & Garland, N. (2018). Mesolithic and Bronze Age Activity south of the A379, Newcourt, Exeter. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society 76: 7-28.
  • Garland, N. & Orellana, J. (2018). Prehistoric and Roman Occupation along the River Exe: Archaeological excavations at the Aldi Site, Exeter Road, Topsham, Devon’. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society 76: 97-114.
  • Garland, N. (2018). Rethinking the dichotomy: ‘Romans’ and ‘barbarians’. Antiquity 92(362): 538.
  • Garland, N. (2018). Romano British occupation at the Catthorpe interchange, M1 Junction 19, Leicestershire. Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society 92: 239-246.
  • Leonard, C., Garland, N., McSloy, E.R. & Cobain, S. (2017). Summary results of an Excavation at former Headlands School, Swindon, 2014. Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine 110(233-237).
  • Garland, Nicky (2016). Agency, Structure, and Place: Finds in the Landscape in the Late Iron Age/ Early Roman Transition. Theoretical Roman Archaeology Journal (2015): 76-91.
  • Garland, N. & Anderson-Whymark, H. (2016). Mesolithic and late Neolithic/Bronze Age activity on the site of the American Express Community Stadium, Falmer, East Sussex. Sussex Archaeological Collections 154: 1-44.
  • Garland, N., Davenport, P. & Holt, R. (2015). Archaeological Investigations at Llanthony Secunda Priory, Gloucester, 2014. Glevensis 48: 35-41.
  • Doherty, A. & Garland, N. (2015). Archaeological investigations of the Devil’s Ditch at Windmill Park, Stane Street, Halnaker, West Sussex. Sussex Archaeological Collections 153: 41-46.
  • Garland, Nicky (2013). Ritual Landscapes of Pre-Roman Britain: The Margins of Practice on the Margins of the Empire. Theoretical Roman Archaeology Journal (2012): 183-198.
  • Garland, Nicky (2012). Boundaries and Change: The Examination of the Late Iron Age-Roman Transition. Theoretical Roman Archaeology Journal (2011): 91-104.

Book review

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Indicators of Esteem

  • 2018: Organizing commitee of LAC 2018: Conference supporting committee member for Landscape Archaeology Conference 2018, Newcastle and Durham, UK
  • Peer reviewer: Peer Reviewer for the following journals: The Archaeological Journal, Journal of Social Archaeology and Archaeologia Aeliana