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Durham University

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Staff Profile

Prof Kevin Tipton, PhD

Professor of Human Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism in the Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences

Contact Prof Kevin Tipton

Kevin Tipton is a Professor of Human Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. Before joining DSES and Durham University in 2019, he was a Senior Lecturer at the University of Birmingham and a Professor at the University of Stirling. He leads the DSES Natural Sciences research. Kevin has a long history of research on nutrition and exercise metabolism with emphasis on protein nutrition and metabolism in athletes, healthy volunteers and older adults. This research has contributed to furthering understanding of the regulation of muscle protein metabolism and to development of protein recommendations for various populations, including athletes, older adults and people seeking to lose weight. More recently, Kevin has become interested in nutrition support for brain injuries. Kevin’s research has been supported by many government, e.g. NIH (USA), NASA, charity, e.g. Insulin-dependent Diabetes Trust and Diabetes Research and Wellness Fund, and industrial, e.g. GSK Nutritional Healthcare, Arla Food Ingredients, sponsors.

Kevin is an author of over 100 papers, book chapters and review articles. He has served on the editorial boards of, and reviews papers for, more than 25 journals, including Journal of Physiology, International Journal of Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. He has been invited to deliver >150 invited keynote and international presentations in over 15 countries. He also has served as a reviewer of grant applications for many funding bodies, e.g. BBSRC, Dunhill Medical Trust, US Army.Kevin’s interest in exercise science and nutrition extends to the application of the science of nutrition to athletic populations, including the military. He served on nutrition consensus development committees, including the USA National Academy of Science’s, Institute of Medicine, Committee for Military Nutrition Research. He has helped develop sports nutrition consensus statements for the IOC, FIFA, FINA and IAAF and has served on the UK Sport Nutritional Supplements Advisory Board.

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Publications

Chapter in book

  • Witard, O.C. & Tipton, K.D. (2011). Postexercise nutrient timing with resistive activities. In 163-175.
  • Shaw, Christopher S. & Tipton, Kevin D. (2010). Nutrition for strength. In Strength and Conditioning: Biological Principles and Practical Applications. Cardinale, Marco, Newton, Robert & Nosaka, Kazunori Wiley-Blackwell. 377-388.
  • Tipton, Kevin D. (2010). Optimizing training adaptations by manipulating protein. In Sports Nutrition: From Lab to Kitchen. Jeukendrup, Asker Meyer & Meyer Sport (UK) Ltd. 71-79.
  • Burke, Louise B., Kiens, Bente & Tipton, Kevin D. (2008). Optimizing and enhancing human performance through nutrition. In Physiological Bases of Human Performance During Work and Exercise. Taylor, Nigel A.S. & Groeller, H. Churchill Livingstone. 545-562.
  • Tipton, Kevin D. (2006). Carbohydrates and proteins for muscle performance. In Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations. Institute of Medicine The National Academies Press. B28-B35.

Journal Article

  • Philpott, Jordan D., Bootsma, Niels J., Rodriguez-Sanchez, Nidia, Hamilton, David Lee, MacKinlay, Elizabeth, Dick, James, Mettler, Samuel, Galloway, Stuart D. R., Tipton, Kevin D. & Witard, Oliver C. (2019). Influence of Fish Oil-Derived n-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation on Changes in Body Composition and Muscle Strength During Short-Term Weight Loss in Resistance-Trained Men. Frontiers in Nutrition 6: 102.
  • Edinburgh, Robert M, Hengist, Aaron, Smith, Harry A, Travers, Rebecca L, Betts, James A, Thompson, Dylan, Walhin, Jean-Philippe, Wallis, Gareth A, Hamilton, D Lee, Stevenson, Emma J, Tipton, Kevin D & Gonzalez, Javier T (2019). Skipping Breakfast Before Exercise Creates a More Negative 24-hour Energy Balance: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Healthy Physically Active Young Men. The Journal of Nutrition 149(8): 1326-1334.
  • Lay, A.H.H., Crabtree, D.R., Campbell, T.G., Dreczkowski, G.M., Galloway, S.D.R., Tipton, K.D. & Witard, O.C. (2018). A bedtime milk snack does not impact RMR, substrate utilisation and appetite the following morning in mildly overweight males. British Journal of Nutrition 119(12): 1355-1365.
  • Philpott, J.D., Donnelly, C., Walshe, I.H., MacKinley, E.E., Dick, J., Galloway, S.D.R., Tipton, K.D. & Witard, O.C. (2018). Adding fish oil to whey protein, leucine, and carbohydrate over a six-week supplementation period attenuates muscle soreness following eccentric exercise in competitive soccer players. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 28(1): 26-36.
  • Tipton, K.D., Hamilton, D.L. & Gallagher, I.J. (2018). Assessing the Role of Muscle Protein Breakdown in Response to Nutrition and Exercise in Humans. Sports Medicine 48(S1): 53-64.
  • Newell, M.L., Wallis, G.A., Hunter, A.M., Tipton, K.D. & Galloway, S.D.R. (2018). Metabolic responses to carbohydrate ingestion during exercise: Associations between carbohydrate dose and endurance performance. Nutrients 10(1).
  • Edinburgh, R.M., Hengist, A., Smith, H.A., Travers, R.L., Koumanov, F., Betts, J.A., Thompson, D., Walhin, J.-P., Wallis, G.A., Hamilton, D.L., Stevenson, E.J., Tipton, K.D. & Gonzalez, J.T. (2018). Preexercise breakfast ingestion versus extended overnight fasting increases postprandial glucose flux after exercise in healthy men. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 315(5): E1062-E1074.
  • Jackman, S.R., Witard, O.C., Philp, A., Wallis, G.A., Baar, K. & Tipton, K.D. (2017). Branched-chain amino acid ingestion stimulates muscle myofibrillar protein synthesis following resistance exercise in humans. Frontiers in Physiology 8: 390.
  • Phillips, S.M., Aragon, A.A., Arciero, P.J., Arent, S.M., Close, G.L., Hamilton, D.L., Helms, E.R., Henselmans, M., Loenneke, J.P., Norton, L.E., Ormsbee, M.J., Sale, C., Schoenfeld, B.J., Smith-Ryan, A.E., Tipton, K.D., Vukovich, M.D., Wilborn, C. & Willoughby, D.S. (2017). Changes in body composition and performance with supplemental HMB-FA+ATP. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 31(5): e71-e72.
  • Francesca Piacentini, M., Witard, O.C., Tonoli, C., Jackman, S.R., Turner, J.E., Kies, A.K., Jeukendrup, A.E., Tipton, K.D. & Meeusen, R. (2016). Effect of intensive training on mood with no effect on brain-derived neurotrophic factor. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 11(6): 824-830.
  • Phillips, S.M., Tipton, K.D., Van Loon, L.J.C., Verdijk, L.B., Paddon-Jones, D. & Close, G.L. (2016). Exceptional body composition changes attributed to collagen peptide supplementation and resistance training in older sarcopenic men. British Journal of Nutrition 116(3): 569-570.
  • Mcglory, C., Wardle, S.L., Macnaughton, L.S., Witard, O.C., Scott, F., Dick, J., Bell, J.G., Phillips, S.M., Galloway, S.D.R., Hamilton, D.L. & Tipton, K.D. (2016). Fish oil supplementation suppresses resistance exercise and feeding-induced increases in anabolic signaling without affecting myofibrillar protein synthesis in young men. Physiological Reports 4(6): e12715.
  • Witard, O.C., Wardle, S.L., Macnaughton, L.S., Hodgson, A.B. & Tipton, K.D. (2016). Protein considerations for optimising skeletal muscle mass in healthy young and older adults. Nutrients 8(4).
  • Macnaughton, L.S., Wardle, S.L., Witard, O.C., McGlory, C., Hamilton, D.L., Jeromson, S., Lawrence, C.E., Wallis, G.A. & Tipton, K.D. (2016). The response of muscle protein synthesis following whole-body resistance exercise is greater following 40 g than 20 g of ingested whey protein. Physiological Reports 4(15): e12893.
  • Macnaughton, L.S., Wardle, S.L. & Tipton, K.D. (2015). Comment on viewpoint: What is the relationship between acute measures of muscle protein synthesis and changes in muscle mass? Journal of Applied Physiology 118(4): 499.
  • Tipton, K.D. (2015). Nutritional Support for Exercise-Induced Injuries. Sports Medicine 45(S1): 93-104.
  • Moore, D.R., Churchward-Venne, T.A., Witard, O., Breen, L., Burd, N.A., Tipton, K.D. & Phillips, S.M. (2015). Protein ingestion to stimulate myofibrillar protein synthesis requires greater relative protein intakes in healthy older versus younger men. Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 70(1): 57-62.
  • Newell, M.L., Hunter, A.M., Lawrence, C., Tipton, K.D. & Galloway, S.D.R. (2015). The ingestion of 39 or 64 g·hr-1 of carbohydrate is equally effective at improving endurance exercise performance in cyclists. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 25(3): 285-292.
  • Derave, W. & Tipton, K.D. (2014). Dietary supplements for aquatic sports. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 24(4): 437-449.
  • Cocks, M., Shaw, C.S., Shepherd, S.O., Fisher, J.P., Ranasinghe, A.M., Barker, T.A., Tipton, K.D. & Wagenmakers, A.J.M. (2014). Effect of Resistance Training on Microvascular Density and eNOS Content in Skeletal Muscle of Sedentary Men. Microcirculation 21(8): 738-746.
  • Witard, O.C., Turner, J.E., Jackman, S.R., Kies, A.K., Jeukendrup, A.E., Bosch, J.A. & Tipton, K.D. (2014). High dietary protein restores overreaching induced impairments in leukocyte trafficking and reduces the incidence of upper respiratory tract infection in elite cyclists. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 39: 211-219.
  • Witard, O.C., Cocke, T.L., Ferrando, A.A., Wolfe, R.R. & Tipton, K.D. (2014). Increased net muscle protein balance in response to simultaneous and separate ingestion of carbohydrate and essential amino acids following resistance exercise. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 39(3): 329-339.
  • Witard, O.C., Jackman, S.R., Breen, L., Smith, K., Selby, A. & Tipton, K.D. (2014). Myofibrillar muscle protein synthesis rates subsequent to a meal in response to increasing doses of whey protein at rest and after resistance exercise. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 99(1): 86-95.
  • Mujika, I., Stellingwerff, T. & Tipton, K. (2014). Nutrition and training adaptations in aquatic sports. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 24(4): 414-424.
  • Deutz, N.E.P., Bauer, J.M., Barazzoni, R., Biolo, G., Boirie, Y., Bosy-Westphal, A., Cederholm, T., Cruz-Jentoft, A., Krznariç, Z., Nair, K.S., Singer, P., Teta, D., Tipton, K. & Calder, P.C. (2014). Protein intake and exercise for optimal muscle function with aging: Recommendations from the ESPEN Expert Group. Clinical Nutrition 33(6): 929-936.
  • Shepherd, S.O., Cocks, M., Tipton, K.D., Witard, O.C., Ranasinghe, A.M., Barker, T.A., Wagenmakers, A.J.M. & Shaw, C.S. (2014). Resistance training increases skeletal muscle oxidative capacity and net intramuscular triglyceride breakdown in type I and II fibres of sedentary males. Experimental Physiology 99(6): 894-908.
  • McGlory, C., Galloway, S.D.R., Hamilton, D.L., McClintock, C., Breen, L., Dick, J.R., Bell, J.G. & Tipton, K.D. (2014). Temporal changes in human skeletal muscle and blood lipid composition with fish oil supplementation. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 90(6): 199-206.
  • Van Loon, L.J.C. & Tipton, K.D. (2013). Concluding remarks: Nutritional strategies to support the adaptive response to prolonged exercise training. Nestle Nutrition Institute Workshop Series 75: 135-141.
  • Tipton, K.D. & Phillips, S.M. (2013). Dietary protein for muscle hypertrophy. Nestle Nutrition Institute Workshop Series 76: 73-84.
  • Tipton, K.D. (2013). Dietary strategies to attenuate muscle loss during recovery from injury. Nestle Nutrition Institute Workshop Series 75: 51-61.
  • Tipton, K.D. & Van Loon, L.J.C. (2013). Preface. Nestle Nutrition Institute Workshop Series 75: vii-viii.
  • Cocks, M., Shaw, C.S., Shepherd, S.O., Fisher, J.P., Ranasinghe, A.M., Barker, T.A., Tipton, K.D. & Wagenmakers, A.J.M. (2013). Sprint interval and endurance training are equally effective in increasing muscle microvascular density and eNOS content in sedentary males. Journal of Physiology 591(3): 641-656.
  • Shepherd, S.O., Cocks, M., Tipton, K.D., Ranasinghe, A.M., Barker, T.A., Burniston, J.G., Wagenmakers, A.J.M. & Shaw, C.S. (2013). Sprint interval and traditional endurance training increase net intramuscular triglyceride breakdown and expression of perilipin 2 and 5. Journal of Physiology 591(3): 657-675.
  • Witard, O.C., Turner, J.E., Jackman, S.R., Tipton, K.D., Jeukendrup, A.E., Kies, A.K. & Bosch, J.A. (2012). High-intensity training reduces CD8 + T-cell redistribution in response to exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 44(9): 1689-1697.
  • Burke, L.M., Hawley, J.A., Ross, M.L., Moore, D.R., Phillips, S.M., Slater, G.R., Stellingwerff, T., Tipton, K.D., Garnham, A.P. & Coffey, V.G. (2012). Preexercise aminoacidemia and muscle protein synthesis after resistance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 44(10): 1968-1977.
  • Shepherd, S.O., Cocks, M., Tipton, K.D., Ranasinghe, A.M., Barker, T.A., Burniston, J.G., Wagenmakers, A.J.M. & Shaw, C.S. (2012). Preferential utilization of perilipin 2-associated intramuscular triglycerides during 1 h of moderate-intensity endurance-type exercise. Experimental Physiology 97(8): 970-980.
  • Breen, L., Philp, A., Shaw, C.S., Jeukendrup, A.E., Baar, K. & Tipton, K.D. (2011). Beneficial effects of resistance exercise on glycemic control are not further improved by protein ingestion. PLoS ONE 6(6).
  • Witard, O.C., Jackman, S.R., Kies, A.K., Jeukendrup, A.E. & Tipton, K.D. (2011). Effect of increased dietary protein on tolerance to intensified training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 43(4): 598-607.
  • Tipton, K.D. (2011). Efficacy and consequences of very-high-protein diets for athletes and exercisers. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 70(2): 205-214.
  • Tipton, K.D. (2011). Nutrition for acute exercise-induced injuries. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 57(SUPPL. 2): 43-53.
  • Breen, L., Philp, A., Witard, O.C., Jackman, S.R., Selby, A., Smith, K., Baar, K. & Tipton, K.D. (2011). The influence of carbohydrate-protein co-ingestion following endurance exercise on myofibrillar and mitochondrial protein synthesis. Journal of Physiology 589(16): 4011-4025.
  • Jackman, S.R., Witard, O.C., Jeukendrup, A.E. & Tipton, K.D. (2010). Branched-chain amino acid ingestion can ameliorate soreness from eccentric exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 42(5): 962-970.
  • Ferrando, A.A., Tipton, K.D. & Wolfe, R.R. (2010). Essential amino acids for muscle protein accretion. Strength and Conditioning Journal 32(1): 87-92.
  • Mettler, S., Mitchell, N. & Tipton, K.D. (2010). Increased protein intake reduces lean body mass loss during weight loss in athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 42(2): 326-337.
  • Breen, L., Tipton, K.D. & Jeukendrup, A.E. (2010). No effect of carbohydrate-protein on cycling performance and indices of recovery. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 42(6): 1140-1148.
  • Jeukendrup, A. & Tipton, K.D. (2009). Legal nutritional boosting for cycling. Current Sports Medicine Reports 8(4): 186-191.
  • Tipton, K. (2009). Measuring synthesis rates of different proteins - Clues to training adaptations. Journal of Physiology 587(4): 721.
  • Jeukendrup, A.E., Tipton, K.D. & Gibala, M.J. (2009). Protein plus carbohydrate does not enhance 60-km time-trial performance. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 19(4): 335-337.
  • Witard, O.C., Tieland, M., Beelen, M., Tipton, K.D., Van Loon, L.J.C. & Koopman, R. (2009). Resistance exercise increases postprandial muscle protein synthesis in humans. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 41(1): 144-154.
  • Tipton, K.D., Elliott, T.A., Ferrando, A.A., Aarsland, A.A. & Wolfe, R.R. (2009). Stimulation of muscle anabolism by resistance exercise and ingestion of leucine plus protein. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 34(2): 151-161.
  • Tipton, K.D. & Ferrando, A.A. (2008). Improving muscle mass: Response of muscle metabolism to exercise, nutrition and anabolic agents. Essays in Biochemistry 44: 85-98.
  • Wallis, G.A., Hulston, C.J., Mann, C.H., Roper, H.P., Tipton, K.D. & Jeukendrup, A.E. (2008). Postexercise muscle glycogen synthesis with combined glucose and fructose ingestion. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 40(10): 1789-1794.
  • Tipton, K.D. (2008). Protein for adaptations to exercise training. European Journal of Sport Science 8(2): 107-118.
  • Jeukendrup, A. & Tipton, K. (2008). Sport and exercise nutrition: From theory to practice. European Journal of Sport Science 8(2): 55.
  • Tipton, K.D., Jeukendrup, A.E. & Hespel, P. (2007). Nutrition for the sprinter. Journal of Sports Sciences 25(SUPPL. 1): 5-15.
  • Tipton, K.D. & Witard, O.C. (2007). Protein Requirements and Recommendations for Athletes: Relevance of Ivory Tower Arguments for Practical Recommendations. Clinics in Sports Medicine 26(1): 17-36.
  • Tipton, K.D. (2007). Role of protein and hydrolysates before exercise. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism 17 Suppl: S77-86.
  • Tipton, K.D., Elliott, T.A., Cree, M.G., Aarsland, A.A., Sanford, A.P. & Wolfe, R.R. (2007). Stimulation of net muscle protein synthesis by whey protein ingestion before and after exercise. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 292(1): E71-E76.
  • Elliot, T.A., Cree, M.G., Sanford, A.P., Wolfe, R.R. & Tipton, K.D. (2006). Milk ingestion stimulates net muscle protein synthesis following resistance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 38(4): 667-674.
  • Hawley, John A., Tipton, Kevin D. & Millard-Stafford, Mindy L. (2006). Promoting training adaptations through nutritional interventions. Journal of Sports Sciences 24(7): 709.
  • Bolster, D.R., Pikosky, M.A., Gaine, P.C., Martin, W., Wolfe, R.R., Tipton, K.D., Maclean, D., Maresh, C.M. & Rodriguez, N.R. (2005). Dietary protein intake impacts human skeletal muscle protein fractional synthetic rates after endurance exercise. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 289(4 52-4): E678-E683.
  • Highstead, R.G., Tipton, K.D., Creson, D.L., Wolfe, R.R. & Ferrando, A.A. (2005). Incidence of associated events during the performance of invasive procedures in healthy human volunteers. Journal of Applied Physiology 98(4): 1202-1206.
  • Tipton, K.D. & Sharp, C.P. (2005). The response of intracellular signaling and muscle-protein metabolism to nutrition and exercise. European Journal of Sport Science 5(3): 107-121.
  • Børsheim, E., Cree, M.G., Tipton, K.D., Elliott, T.A., Aarsland, A. & Wolfe, R.R. (2004). Effect of carbohydrate intake on net muscle protein synthesis during recovery from resistance exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 96(2): 674-678.
  • Tipton, K.D., Elliott, T.A., Cree, M.G., Wolf, S.E., Sanford, A.P. & Wolfe, R.R. (2004). Ingestion of casein and whey prosteins result in muscle anabolism after resistance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 36(12): 2073-2081.
  • Durham, W.J., Miller, S.L., Yeckel, C.W., Chinkes, D.L., Tipton, K.D., Rasmussen, B.B. & Wolfe, R.R. (2004). Leg glucose and protein metabolism during an acute bout of resistance exercise in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology 97(4): 1379-1386.
  • Tipton, K.D. & Wolfe, R.R. (2004). Protein and amino acids for athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences 22(1): 65-79.
  • Tipton, K.D., Borsheim, E., Wolf, S.E., Sanford, A.P. & Wolfe, R.R. (2003). Acute response of net muscle protein balance reflects 24-h balance after exercise and amino acid ingestion. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 284(1 47-1): E76-E89.
  • Miller, S.L., Tipton, K.D., Chinkes, D.L., Wolf, S.E. & Wolfe, R.R. (2003). Independent and combined effects of amino acids and glucose after resistance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 35(3): 449-455.
  • Børsheim, E., Tipton, K.D., Wolf, S.E. & Wolfe, R.R. (2002). Essential amino acids and muscle protein recovery from resistance exercise. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 283(4 46-4): E648-E657.
  • Phillips, S.M., Parise, G., Roy, B.D., Tipton, K.D., Wolfe, R.R. & Tarnopolsky, M.A. (2002). Resistance-training-induced adaptations in skeletal muscle protein turnover in the fed state. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 80(11): 1045-1053.
  • Ferrando, A.A., Sheffield-Moore, M., Yeckel, C.W., Gilkison, C., Jiang, J., Achacosa, A., Lieberman, S.A., Tipton, K., Wolfe, R.R. & Urban, R.J. (2002). Testosterone administration to older men improves muscle function: Molecular and physiological mechanisms. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 282(3 45-3): E601-E607.
  • Tipton, K.D. & Wolfe, R.R. (2001). Exercise, protein metabolism, and muscle growth. International Journal of Sport Nutrition 11(1): 109-132.
  • Tipton, K.D. (2001). Gender differences in protein metabolism. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 4(6): 493-498.
  • Tipton, K.D. (2001). Muscle protein metabolism in the elderly: Influence of exercise and nutrition. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology 26(6): 588-606.
  • Tipton, K.D., Rasmussen, B.B., Miller, S.L., Wolf, S.E., Owens-Stovall, S.K., Petrini, B.E. & Wolfe, R.R. (2001). Timing of amino acid-carbohydrate ingestion alters anabolic response of muscle to resistance exercise. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 281(2 44-2): E197-E206.
  • Rasmussen, B.B., Tipton, K.D., Miller, S.L., Wolf, S.E. & Wolfe, R.R. (2000). An oral essential amino acid-carbohydrate supplement enhances muscle protein anabolism after resistance exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 88(2): 386-392.
  • Rennie, M.J. & Tipton, K.D. (2000). Protein and amino acid metabolism during and after exercise and the effects of nutrition. Annual Review of Nutrition 20: 457-483.
  • Tipton, K.D., Gurkin, B.E., Matin, S. & Wolfe, R.R. (1999). Nonessential amino acids are not necessary to stimulate net muscle protein synthesis in healthy volunteers. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 10(2): 89-95.
  • Tipton, K.D., Ferrando, A.A., Phillips, S.M., Doyle Jr., D. & Wolfe, R.R. (1999). Postexercise net protein synthesis in human muscle from orally administered amino acids. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 276(4 39-4): E628-E634.
  • Phillips, S.M., Tipton, K.D., Ferrando, A.A. & Wolfe, R.R. (1999). Resistance training reduces the acute exercise-induced increase in muscle protein turnover. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 276(1 39-1): E118-E124.
  • Tipton, K.D. & Wolfe, R.R. (1998). Exercise-induced changes in protein metabolism. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 162(3): 377-387.
  • Volpi, E., Ferrando, A.A., Yeckel, C.W., Tipton, K.D. & Wolfe, R.R. (1998). Exogenous amino acids stimulate net muscle protein synthesis in the elderly. Journal of Clinical Investigation 101(9): 2000-2007.
  • Phillips, S.M., Ferrando, A.A., Tipton, K.D. & Wolfe, R.R. (1998). Resistance training reduces muscle protein turnover. FASEB Journal 12(5): A653.
  • Tipton, K.D., Gurkin, B., Matin, S. & Wolfe, R.R. (1998). Stimulation of net amino acid uptake in resting volunteers by oral ingestion of essential amino acids. FASEB Journal 12(5): A859.
  • Ferrando, A.A., Tipton, K.D., Doyle, D., Phillips, S.M., Cortiella, J. & Wolfe, R.R. (1998). Testosterone injection stimulates net protein synthesis but not tissue amino acid transport. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 275(5 38-5): E864-E871.
  • Biolo, G., Tipton, K.D., Klein, S. & Wolfe, R.R. (1997). An abundant supply of amino acids enhances the metabolic effect of exercise on muscle protein. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 273(1 36-1): E122-E129.
  • Phillips, S.M., Tipton, K.D., Aarsland, A., Wolf, S.E. & Wolfe, R.R. (1997). Mixed muscle protein synthesis and breakdown after resistance exercise in humans. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 273(1 36-1): E99-E107.
  • Ferrando, A.A., Tipton, K.D., Bamman, M.M. & Wolfe, R.R. (1997). Resistance exercise maintains skeletal muscle protein synthesis during bed rest. Journal of Applied Physiology 82(3): 807-810.
  • Ferrando, A., Tipton, K., Dovlc, D., Phillips, S., Cortiella, J. & Wolfe, R. (1996). Fractional synthetic rate of skeletal muscle protein during testosterone infusion. FASEB Journal 10(3): A474.
  • Tipton, K.D., Ferrando, A.A., Williams, B.D. & Wolfe, R.R. (1996). Muscle protein metabolism in female swimmers after a combination of resistance and endurance exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 81(5): 2034-2038.
  • Biolo, G., Maggi, S.P., Williams, B.D., Tipton, K.D. & Wolfe, R.R. (1995). Increased rates of muscle protein turnover and amino acid transport after resistance exercise in humans. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 268(3 31-3): E514-E520.