We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Email and Telephone Directory

Staff Profile

Professor Julian Reiss, lic. oec. HSG, PhD (University of London)

Personal web page

Professor/Director of CHESS Centre in the Department of Philosophy

(email at

Office Hours

Tuesday: 12pm - 3pm

Research Groups

Department of Philosophy

  • History and Philosophy of Science and Medicine

Research Projects

Department of Philosophy

Research Interests

  • Philosophy of Science
  • Philosophy of Economics
  • Philosophy of Medicine
  • Scientific methods, in particular modelling, experimentation, simulation, thought experiments, regression analysis
  • Causality and evidence
  • Organisation of scientific inquiry

Selected Publications

Authored book

  • Reiss, Julian (2015). Causation, Evidence, and Inference. Routledge.
  • Reiss, Julian (2013). Philosophy of Economics: A Contemporary Introduction. Routledge.
  • Reiss, Julian (2008). Error in Economics: Towards a More Evidence–Based Methodology. Routledge.

Chapter in book

  • Reiss, Julian & Ankeny, Rachel (2016). Philosophy of Medicine. In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Zalta, Edward N. Stanford: Metaphysics Research Lab, Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University.
  • Reiss, Julian & Sprenger, Jan (2014). Scientific Objectivity. In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Zalta, Ed Stanford: CSLI.
  • Reiss, Julian (2014). Struggling over the Soul of Economics: Objectivity versus Expertise. In Experts and Consensus in Social Science. Boumans, Marcel & Martini, Carlo New York: Springer. 50: 131-152.
  • Reiss, Julian & Teira, David (2013). Causality, Impartiality and Evidence-Based Policy. In Towards the Methodological Turn in the Philosophy of Science: Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics. Chao, Hsiang-Ke, Chen, Szu-Ting & Millstein, Roberta New York: Springer. 207-24.
  • Reiss, Julian (2013). Models, Representation, and Economic Practice. In Models, Simulations and the Reduction of Complexity. Wolf, Jörg-Henning & Gähde, Ulrich Hamburg: DeGruyter.
  • Reiss, Julian (2013). Philosophy of Economics, History of. In Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences. Kaldis, Byron Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. 2: 718-21.
  • Reiss, Julian (2012). Counterfactuals. In Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Science. Kincaid, Harold Oxford: Oxford University Press. 154-83.
  • Reiss, Julian (2012). Genealogical Thought Experiments in Economics. In Thought Experiments in Science, Philosophy, and the Arts. Brown, James Robert Frappier, Mélanie & Meynell, Letitia New York: Routledge. 177-90.
  • Reiss, Julian (2011). Empirical Evidence: Its Nature and Sources. In Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science. Jarvie, Ian & Bonilla, Jesús Zamora SAGE Publications. 551-76.
  • Reiss, Julian (2011). Third Time’s a Charm: Causation, Science and Wittgensteinian Pluralism. In Causality in the Sciences. Illari, Phyllis McKay, Russo, Federica & Williamson, Jon Oxford: Oxford University Press. 907-27.
  • Reiss, Julian (2010). Simulation. In Enzyklopädie Philosophie. Sandkühler, Hans Jörg Hamburg: Felix Meiner.
  • Reiss, Julian (2008). Explanation. In New Palgrave’s Dictionary of Economics. Blume, Larry & Durlauf, Steve Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Reiss, Julian (2008). Social Capacities. In Nancy Cartwright’s Philosophy of Science. Hartmann, Stephan & Bovens, Luc London: Routledge. 265-88.
  • Reiss, Julian (2007). Time Series, Nonsense Correlations and the Principle of the Common Cause. In Causality and Probability in the Sciences. Russo, Federica & Williamson, Jon London: College Publications. 179-96.
  • Reiss, Julian (2006). Reprint of Natural Economic Quantities and Their Measurement. In Recent Developments in Economic Methodology. Davis, John Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  • Reiss, Julian (2005). Causality and Economic Methodology. In Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology. Biddle, Jeff E., Emmett, Ross B. & Samuels, Warren J. JAI Press Inc. 23-A: 173-82.
  • Reiss, Julian (2005). The Contingency of Theories of Causality: Comments on Paul Humphreys (in Spanish). In Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofìa 37 (special issue Causalidad y Explicación: En Homenaje a Wesley Salmon. Hoefer, Carl & Diez, José Barcelona: The Autonomous University Press. 35-44.
  • Reiss, Julian & Cartwright, Nancy (2004). Uncertainty in Econometrics: Evaluating Policy Counterfactuals. In Economic Policy Making under Uncertainty: The Role of Truth and Accountability in Policy Advice. Mooslechner, Peter, Schubert, Helene & Schütz, Martin Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. 204-32.

Journal Article

  • Reiss, Julian (2016). Suppes’ probabilistic theory of causality and causal inference in economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 23(3): 289-304.
  • Reiss, Julian (2015). A Pragmatist Theory of Evidence. Philosophy of Science 82(3): 341-362.
  • Reiss, Julian (2015). Two Approaches to Reasoning From Evidence or What Econometrics Can Learn From Biomedical Research. Journal of Economic Methodology 22(3): 373-390.
  • Reiss, Julian (2014). What's Wrong With Our Theories of Evidence? THEORIA: An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 29(2): 283-306
  • Reiss, Julian (2013). Contextualising Causation: Part I. Philosophy Compass 8(11): 1066-1075.
  • Reiss, Julian (2013). Contextualising Causation: Part II. Philosophy Compass 8(11): 1076-1090.
  • Reiss, Julian (2013). The Explanation Paradox Redux. Journal of Economic Methodology 20(3): 280-292.
  • Reiss, Julian (2012). Causation in the sciences: an inferentialist account. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43(4): 769-777.
  • (2012). Causation: An Inferentialist Account. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43(4): 769-77.
  • Reiss, Julian (2012). Idealization and the Aims of Economics: Three Cheers for Instrumentalism. Economics and Philosophy 28(3): 363-383.
  • Reiss, Julian, Illari, Phyllis McKay & Russo, Federica (2012). Introduction: Causality in the Biomedical and Social Sciences. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43(4): 758-60.
  • Reiss, Julian (2012). The Explanation Paradox. Journal of Economic Methodology 19(1): 43-62.
  • Reiss, Julian (2011). A Plea for (Good) Simulations: Nudging Economics Toward an Experimental Science. Simulation & Gaming 42(2): 243-64.
  • Reiss, Julian, Solomon, Miriam & Teira, David (2011). Mechanisms, continental approaches, trials, and evolutionary medicine: New work in the philosophy of medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32(1): 1-4.
  • Reiss, Julian, McGoey, Linsey & Wahlberg, Ayo (2011). The global health complex. BioSocieties
  • Reiss, Julian (2011). Theory, generalisations from cases and methodological maxims in evidence-based economics: Responses to the reviews by DiNardo, Guala and Kincaid. Journal of Economic Methodology 18(1): 93-6.
  • Reiss, Julian (2010). In Favour of a Millian Proposal to Reform Biomedical Research. Synthese 177(3): 427-447.
  • Reiss, Julian & Kitcher, Philip (2009). Biomedical Research, Neglected Diseases, and Well-Ordered Science. Theoria 24(3): 263-82.
  • Reiss, Julian (2009). Causation in the Social Sciences: Evidence, Inference, Purpose. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39(1): 20-40.
  • Reiss, Julian (2009). Counterfactuals, Thought Experiments and Singular Causal Inference in History. Philosophy of Science 76(5): 712-23.
  • Reiss, Julian (2009). Do We Need Mechanisms in the Social Sciences? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37(2): 163.
  • Reiss, Julian (2009). Rejoinder. Economics and Philosophy 25(02): 210.
  • Reiss, Julian & Frigg, Roman (2009). The Philosophy of Simulation: How New Issues or Same Old Stew? Synthese 169(3): 593-613.
  • Reiss, Julian, Teira, David & Bonilla, Jesús Zamora (2008). What’s New in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences?: Guest Editors’ Introduction. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38(3): 311.
  • Reiss, Julian & Caldwell, Bruce (2006). Hayek, Logic and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Journal of the History of Economic Thought 28(03): 359-370.
  • Reiss, J. (2005). Causal Instrumental Variables and Interventions. Philosophy of Science 72: 964-976.
  • Reiss, Julian (2004). Evidence-Based Economics: Issues and Some Preliminary Answers. Analyse and Kritik 26: 346-63.
  • Reiss, Julian (2001). Natural Economic Quantities and Their Measurement. Journal of Economic Methodology 8(2): 287-311
  • Reiss, Julian (2000). Mathematics in Economics: Schmoller, Menger and Jevons. Journal of Economic Studies 27(4-5): 477-491.

Edited Journal

  • Reiss, Julian, Illari, Phyllis McKay & Russo, Federica (2012). Causality in the Biomedical and Social Sciences. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences; Special Issue, 43 (4).
  • Reiss, Julian, Solomon, Miriam & Teira, David (2011). New Work in the Philosophy of Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, Special Issue, 32 (1).
  • Reiss, Julian, McGoey, Linsey & Wahlberg, Ayo (2011). The Health Complex: Progress and Pathologies in Global Health Funding and Governance. BioSocieties, Special Issue, 6 (1).

Show all publications