Boothroyd, I. M., Almond, S., Worrall, F., Davies, R. K. & Davies, R. J. (2018). Assessing fugitive emissions of CH4 from high-pressure gas pipelines in the UK. Science of the Total Environment 631-632: 1638-1648.
Boothroyd, I. M., Almond, S., Worrall, F. & Davies, R. J. (2017). Assessing the fugitive emission of CH4 via migration along fault zones – Comparing potential shale gas basins to non-shale basins in the UK. Science of the Total Environment 580: 412-424.
Boothroyd, I. M., Almond, S., Qassim, S. M., Worrall, F. & Davies, R. J. (2016). Fugitive emissions of methane from abandoned, decommissioned oil and gas wells. Science of The Total Environment 547: 461-469.
Oughton, Rachel H. and Wooff, David A. and Hobbs, Richard W. and Swarbrick, Richard E. and O'Connor, Stephen A. A sequential dynamic Bayesian network for pore pressure estimation with uncertainty quantification.
Stricker, Stephan and Jones, Stuart J. and Meadows, Neil and Bowen, Leon Reservoir quality of fluvial sandstone reservoirs in salt-walled mini-basins : an example from the Seagull field, Central Graben, North Sea, UK.
Tian, Shansi and Erastova, Valentina and Lu, Shuangfang and Greenwell, Hugh Christopher and Underwood, Thomas and Xue, Haitao and Zeng, Fang and Chen, Guohui and Wu, Chunzheng and Zhao, Rixin Understanding model crude oil component interactions on kaolinite silicate and aluminol surfaces : towards improved understanding of shale oil recovery.
Kareem, R., Cubillas, P., Gluyas, J.,Bowen, L.,Hillier, S. & Greenwell, H.C. (2017) 'Multi-technique approach to the petrophysical characterization of Berea sandstone core plugs (Cleveland Quarries, USA).', Journal of petroleum science and engineering., 149 . pp. 436-455.
Obradors-Prats, J., Rouainia, M., Aplin, A. C. & Crook, A. J. L. (2017) 'Assessing the implications of tectonic compaction on pore pressure using a coupled geomechanical approach.', Marine and petroleum geology., 79 . pp. 31-43.
Jones, S. J. (2017) Goo, glue, and grain binding : importance of biofilms for diagenesis in sandstones. Geology 45,(10): 959-960
01 October 2017
Santha N, P Cubillas, A Saw, H Brooksbank, HC Greenwell, “Chemical Force Microscopy Study on the Interactions of COOH Functional Groups with Kaolinite Surfaces: Implications for Enhanced Oil Recovery”, Minerals, 7, 250 (2017).
Boothroyd, I. M. and Almond, S. and Worrall, F. and Davies, R. J. (2017) Assessing the fugitive emission of CH4 via migration along fault zones – Comparing potential shale gas basins to non-shale basins in the UK.
Cu, Y. and Wang, G. and Jones, S.J. and Zhou, Z. and Ran, Y. and Lai, J. and Li, R. and Deng, L. Prediction of diagenetic facies using well logs – a case study from the upper Triassic Yanchang Formation, Ordos Basin, China.
Tian S, V Erastova, S Lu, HC Greenwell, T Underwood, H Xue, F Zeng, et al, “Understanding model crude oil component interactions on kaolinite silicate and aluminol surfaces: towards improved understanding of shale oil recovery”, Energy & Fuels, (2017).
Wilson, M. P., Worrall, F., Davies, R. J., & Hart, A. (2017). Shallow Aquifer Vulnerability From Subsurface Fluid Injection at a Proposed Shale Gas Hydraulic Fracturing Site. Water Resources Research, 53(11), 9922-9940.
Hattori, G. and Trevelyan, J. and Augarde, C.E. and Coombs, W.M. and Aplin, A.C. Numerical simulation of fracking in shale rocks : current state and future approaches.
Clarke, A.L. and Imber, J. and Davies, R.J. and van Hunen, J. and Daniels, S.E. and Yielding, G. Application of material balance methods to CO2 storage capacity estimation within selected depleted gas reservoirs.
Tang, L. and Jones, S. J. and Gluyas, J. Facies architecture of the Fluvial-Aeolian Buchan formation (Upper Devonian) and its implications on field exploration : a case study from Ardmore Field, Central North Sea, UK.
28 July 2017,
Wilson, M. P. and Worrall, F. and Davies, R. J. and Hart, A. Shallow aquifer vulnerability from subsurface fluid injection at a proposed shale gas hydraulic fracturing site.
Liu, J. and Selby, D. and Obermajer, M. and Mort, A. Re-Os geochronology and oil-source correlation of the Duvernay petroleum system, Western Canada sedimentary basin : implications for the application of the Re-Os geochronometer to petroleum systems.
Day-Stirrat, Ruarri J. and Aplin, Andrew C. and Kurtev, Kuncho D. and Schleicher, Anja M. and Brown, Andrew P. and Środoń, Jan Late diagenesis of illite-smectite in the Podhale Basin, southern Poland : chemistry, morphology, and preferred orientation.
Wilson, M. P. and Foulger, G. R. and Gluyas, J. G. and Davies, R. J. and Julian, B. R. HiQuake : The Human-Induced Earthquake Database.
01 November 2017, Article
Obradors-Prats, J. and Rouainia, M. and Aplin, A. C. and Crook, A. J. L. Hydro-mechanical modelling of stress, pore pressure and porosity evolution in fold-and-thrust belt systems.
Erastova, Valentina, Degiacomi, Matteo T., O'Hare, Dermot & Greenwell, H. Chris (2016) 'Understanding surface interactions in aqueous miscible organic solvent treated layered double hydroxides.', RSC advances., 7 (9). pp. 5076-5083.
Boothroyd, I. M.,Almond, S., Worrall, F. & Davies, R. J. (2016) 'Assessing the fugitive emission of CH4 via migration along fault zones – Comparing potential shale gas basins to non-shale basins in the UK.', Science of the total environment. .
Peace, A., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Imber, J., Phethean, J., Nowell, G., Gerdes, K. & Dempsey, E. (2016) 'An evaluation of Mesozoic rift-related magmatism on the margins of the Labrador Sea : implications for rifting and passive margin asymmetry.', Geosphere., 12 (6). pp. 1701-1724.
Stricker, S., Jones, S.J. & Grant, N. (2016) 'Importance of vertical effective stress for reservoir quality in the Skagerrak Formation, Central Graben, North Sea.', Marine and petroleum geology., 78 . pp. 895-909. Shortlisted for the Harold Reading Medal from the British Sedimentological Research Group (BSRG) for best PhD research paper of 2016.
Underwood, T., Erastova, V. & Greenwell, H.C. (2016) 'Ion adsorption at clay mineral surfaces : the Hofmeister series for hydrated smectite minerals.', Clays and clay minerals. .
Phethean, Jordan J.J. and Kalnins, Lara M. and van Hunen, Jeroen and Biffi, Paolo G. and Davies, Richard J. and McCaffrey, Ken J.W. (2016) 'Madagascar’s escape from Africa: a high-resolution plate reconstruction for the Western Somali Basin and implications for supercontinent dispersal.', Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G3). .
Goulty, N.R. and Sargent, C. and Andras, P. and Aplin, A.C. (2016) 'Compaction of diagenetically altered mudstones - Part 1 : mechanical and chemical contributions.', Marine and petroleum geology., 77 . pp. 703-713.
Stricker, Stephan and Jones, Stuart J. and Sathar, Shanvas and Bowen, Leon and Oxtoby, Norman (2016) 'Exceptional reservoir quality in HPHT reservoir settings : examples from the Skagerrak Formation of the Heron Cluster, UK, North Sea.', Marine and petroleum geology., 77 . pp. 198-215.
Lăpădat, Alexandru and Imber, Jonathan and Yielding, Graham and Iacopini, David and McCaffrey, Kenneth J.W. and Long, Jonathan J. and Jones, Richard R. (2016) 'Occurrence and development of folding related to normal faulting within a mechanically heterogeneous sedimentary sequence : a case study from Inner Moray Firth, UK.', in The geometry and growth of normal faults. London: Geological Society of London. Special publications. (439).
Obradors-Prats, J. and Rouainia, M. and Aplin, A.C. and Crook, A.J.L. (2016) 'Stress and pore pressure histories in complex tectonic settings predicted with coupled geomechanical-fluid flow models.', Marine and petroleum geology., 76 . pp. 464-477.
Armstrong, Howard A. and Wagner, Thomas and Herringshaw, Liam G. and Farnsworth, Alexander J. and Lunt, Daniel J. and Harland, M. and Imber, Jonathan and Loptson, Claire and Atar, Elizabeth F.L. (2016) 'Hadley circulation and precipitation changes control black shale deposition in the Late Jurassic Boreal Seaway.', Paleoceanography., 31 (8). pp. 1041-1053.
Ge, X. and Shen, C. and Selby, D. and Deng, D. and Mei, L. (2016) 'Apatite fission-track and Re-Os geochronology of the Xuefeng uplift, China : temporal implications for dry gas associated hydrocarbon systems.', Geology., 4 (6). pp. 491-494.
Goodarzi, M. and Rouainia, M. and Aplin, A.C. (2016) 'Numerical evaluation of mean-field homogenisation methods for predicting shale elastic response.', Computational geosciences., 20 (5). pp. 1109-1122.
Underwood, T. and Erastova, V. and Greenwell, H. C. (2016) 'Wetting effects and molecular adsorption at hydrated kaolinite clay mineral surfaces.', Journal of physical chemistry C., 120 (21). pp. 11433-11449.
Kelley, K.D. and Selby, D. and Falck, H. and Slack, J.F. (2016) 'Re-Os systematics and age of pyrite associated with stratiform Zn-Pb mineralization in the Howards Pass district, Yukon and Northwest Territories, Canada.', Mineralium deposita. .
Valentine, A. P. and Kalnins, L. M. (2016) 'An introduction to learning algorithms and potential applications in geomorphometry and earth surface dynamics.', Earth surface dynamics., 4 . pp. 445-460.
Dichiarante, A.M. and Holdsworth, R.E. and Dempsey, E.D. and Selby, D. and Mccaffrey, K.J.W. and Michie, U. and Morgan, G. and Bonniface, J. (2016) 'New structural and Re–Os geochronological evidence constraining the age of faulting and associated mineralization in the Devonian Orcadian Basin, Scotland.', Journal of the Geological Society., 173 (3). pp. 457-473.
Mathia, E.J. and Bowen, L. and Thomas, K.M. and Aplin, A.C. (2016) 'Evolution of porosity and pore types in organic-rich, calcareous, Lower Toarcian Posidonia Shale.', Marine and petroleum geology., 75 . pp. 117-139.
Ma, L. and Taylor, K.G. and Lee, P. D. and Dobson, K.J. and Dowey, P.D. and Courtois, L. (2016) 'Novel 3D centimetre-to nano-scale quantification of an organic-rich mudstone : the Carboniferous Bowland Shale, Northern England.', Marine and petroleum geology., 72 . pp. 193-205.
Boothroyd, I. M. and Almond, S. and Qassim, S. M. and Worrall, F. and Davies, R. J. (2016) 'Fugitive emissions of methane from abandoned, decommissioned oil and gas wells.', Science of the total environment., 547 . pp. 461-469.
Goudarzi, S. and Mathias, S.A. and Gluyas, J.G. (2016) 'Simulation of three-component two-phase flow in porous media using method of lines.', Transport in porous media., 112 (1). pp. 1-19.
Hattori, G. and Trevelyan, J. and Augarde, C.E. and Coombs, W.M. and Aplin, A.C. (2016) 'Numerical simulation of fracking in shale rocks : current state and future approaches.', Archives of computational methods in engineering. .
Snell, T.A. and De Paola, N. and van Hunen, J. and Nielsen, S. (2016) 'The impact of fault zone architecture in modelling the fluid overpressure driven faulting and seismicity of the Colfiorito seismic sequence.', Tectonics Studies Group Annual Meeting London, UK, 6-8 January 2016.
Stricker, S. and Jones, S.J. (2016) 'Enhanced porosity preservation by pore fluid overpressure and chlorite grain coatings in the Triassic Skagerrak, Central Graben, North Sea, UK.', Geological Society special publications., 435 .
Aplin, A.C. and Moore, J.K.S. (2016) 'Observations of pore systems of natural siliciclastic mudstones.', in Filling the gaps - from microscopic pore structures to transport properties in shales. , pp. 33-44. Workshop lecture series., 21 (21).
Phethean, J.J.J.,Kalnins, L.M, van Hunen, J, Biffi, P.G., Davies, R.J & McCaffrey, K.J.W. (2016) Madagascar's escape from Africa: A high-resolution plate reconstruction for the Western Somali Basin and implications for supercontinent dispersal, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystystems 17, pp 5036–5055, doi:10.1002/2016GC006624
Stricker, S., Jones, S. J. & Sathar,S. (2016) Overpressure preventing quartz cementation? – A reply. Marine and Petroleum Geology, v.79, p.337-339.
Ge, X., Shen, C., Selby, D., Deng, D., Mei, L. (2016) Apatite fission track and Re-O6 geochronology of the Xuefeng Uplift, China: Temporal implications for dry gas associated hydrocarbon systems. Geology, v. 44, p. 491-494, doi: 10.1130/G37666.1.
Newport, Leo P., Aplin, Andrew C., Gluyas, Jon G., Greenwell, H. Christopher & Gröcke, Darren R. (2015) 'Geochemical and lithological controls on a potential shale reservoir : carboniferous Holywell Shale, Wales.', Marine and petroleum geology., 71 . pp. 198-210.
Adams, C. & Bell, S. (2015) 'Local energy generation projects : assessing equity and risks.', Local environment., 20 (12). pp. 1473-1488.
Haines, T.J., Neilson, J.E., Healy, D., Michiea, E.A.H. & Aplin, A.C. (2015) 'The impact of carbonate texture on the quantification of total porosity by image analysis.', Computers & geosciences., 85 . pp. 112-125.
Pless, J.C., McCaffrey, K.J.W., Jones, R.R., Holdsworth, R.E., Conway, A. & Krabbendam, M. (2015) '3D characterization of fracture systems using Terrestrial Laser Scanning : an example from the Lewisian basement of NW Scotland.', in Industrial structural geology : principles, techniques and integration. London: Geological Society of London, pp. 125-141. Geological Society special publication. (421).
Mathias, S.A.,Gluyas, J.G., Goldthorpe, W.H. & Mackay, E.J. (2015) 'Impact of maximum allowable cost on CO2 storage capacity in saline formations.', Environmental science and technology., 49 (22). pp. 13510-13518.
Adams, Charlotte, Auld, Alison, Gluyas, Jon & Hogg, Simon Ian (2015) 'Geothermal energy – the global opportunity.', Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A : journal of power and energy., 229 (7). pp. 747-754.
Raji, Munira, Gröcke, Darren R., Greenwell, H. Christopher, Gluyas, Jon G. & Cornford, Chris (2015) 'The effect of interbedding on shale reservoir properties.', Marine and petroleum geology., 67 . pp. 154-169.
Zeng, Z., Ma, Y., Yin, X., Selby, D., Kong, F. & Chen, S. (2015) 'Factors affecting the rare earth element compositions in massive sulfides from deep-sea hydrothermal systems.', Geochemistry, geophysics, geosystems., 16 (8). pp. 2679-2693.
Niu, Y.L., Liu, Y., Xue, Q.Q., Shao, F.L., Chen, S., Duan, M., Guo, P.Y., Gong, H., Hu, Y., Hu, Z.X., Kong, J.J., Li, J.Y., Liu, J.J., Sun, P., Sun, W., Ye, L., Xiao, Y.Y. & Zhang, Y. (2015) 'Exotic origin of the Chinese continental shelf : new insights into the tectonic evolution of the western Pacific and eastern China since the Mesozoic.', Science bulletin., 60 (18). pp. 1598-1616.
Oughton, R.H., Wooff, D.A., Hobbs, R.W., O'Connor, S.A. & Swarbrick, R.E. (2015) 'Quantifying uncertainty in pore pressure estimation using Bayesian networks, with application to use of an offset well.', Technical Report. European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers (EAGE), Biarritz, France.
Davies, R.J., Yang, J., Mathias, S. & Hobbs, R. (2015) 'An irregular feather-edge and potential outcrop of marine gas hydrate along the Mauritanian margin.', Earth and planetary science letters., 423 . pp. 202-209.
Baldini, Lisa M., McDermott, Frank, Baldini, James U. L., Arias, Pablo, Cueto, Marián, Fairchild, Ian J., Hoffmann, Dirk L., Mattey, David P., Müller, Wolfgang, Nita, Dan Constantin, Ontañón, Roberto, Garciá-Moncó, Cristina & Richards, David A. (2015) 'Regional temperature, atmospheric circulation, and sea-ice variability within the Younger Dryas Event constrained using a speleothem from northern Iberia.', Earth and planetary science letters., 419 . pp. 101-110.
Oughton, R.H., Wooff, D.A., Swarbrick, R.E. & Hobbs, R.W. (2015) 'Modelling uncertainty in pore pressure using dynamic Bayesian networks.', 77th EAGE Conference & Exhibition 2015 : Earth Science for Energy and Environment. Madrid, Spain, 1-4 June 2015.
Bubeck, Alodie, Wilkinson, Max, Roberts, Gerald, Cowie, Patience, McCaffrey, Ken, Phillips, Richard & Sammonds, Peter (2015) 'The tectonic geomorphology of bedrock scarps on active normal faults in the Italian Apennines mapped using combined ground penetrating radar and terrestrial laser scanning.', Geomorphology., 237 . pp. 38-51.
Mathias, S.A. & Wen, Z. (2015) 'Numerical simulation of Forchheimer flow to a partially penetrating well with a mixed-type boundary condition.', Journal of hydrology., 524 . pp. 53-61.
Peace, A., McCaffrey, K., Imber, J., Hobbs, R., van Hunen, J. & Gerdes, K. (2015) 'Quantifying the influence of sill intrusion on the thermal evolution of organic-rich sedimentary rocks in non-volcanic passive margins : an example from ODP 210-1276, offshore Newfoundland, Canada.', Basin research. .
Hirst, C.M., Gluyas, J.G. & Mathias, S.A. (2015) 'The late field life of the East Midlands Petroleum Province ; a new geothermal prospect?', Quarterly journal of engineering geology and hydrogeology., 48 (2). pp. 104-114.
Underwood, Thomas, Erastova, Valentina, Cubillas, Pablo & Greenwell, H.C. (2015) 'Molecular dynamic simulations of montmorillonite-organic interactions under varying salinity : an insight into enhanced oil recovery.', Journal of physical chemistry C., 119 (13). pp. 7282-7294.
van Hunen, J. (2015) 'Geodynamics, 3rd edn.', Geophysical journal international., 200 (2). p. 1234.
Trabucho-Alexandre, J. (2015) 'More gaps than shale : erosion of mud and its effect on preserved geochemical and palaeobiological signals.', Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 404 . pp. 251-270.
Cicchino, A.M.P., Sargent, C., Goulty N.R. & Ramdhan, A.M. (2015) Regional variation in Cretaceous mudstone compaction trends across Haltenbanken, offshore mid-Norway. Petroleum Geoscience, 21, 17-34. doi: 10.1144/petgeo2014-035.
Sargent, C., Goulty N.R., Cicchino, A.M.P. & Ramdhan, A.M. (2015) Budge-Fudge method of pore-pressure estimation from wireline logs with application to Cretaceous mudstones at Haltenbanken. Petroleum Geoscience, 21, 219-232. doi: 10.1144/petgeo2014-088.
Dicharante, A.M., Holdsworth, R.E., Dempsey, E.D., Selby, D., Miche, U., Morgan, G., (2015) New structural and Re-Os geochronological evidence constraining the age of faulting and associated mineralization in the Devonian Orcadian Basin, Scotland. JGSL. doi:10.1144/jgs2015-118
Bertoni, M.E., Rooney, A.D., Selby, D., Alkmim, F.F. & Le Heron, D.P. (2014) 'Neoproterozoic Re–Os systematics of organic-rich rocks in the São Francisco Basin, Brazil and implications for hydrocarbon exploration.', Precambrian research., 255 (1). pp. 355-366.
Davies, R.J., Yang, J., Hobbs, R. & Li, A. (2014) 'Probable patterns of gas flow and hydrate accretion at the base of the hydrate stability zone.', Geology., 42 (12). pp. 1055-1058.
Almond, S., Clancy, S.A., Davies, R.J. & Worrall, F. (2014) 'The flux of radionuclides in flowback fluid from shale gas exploitation.', Environmental science and pollution research., 21 (21). pp. 12316-12324.
Imber, Jonathan, Armstrong, Howard, Clancy, Sarah, Daniels, Susan, Herringshaw, Liam, McCaffrey, Ken, Rodrigues, Joel, Trabucho-Alexandre, Joao & Warren, Cassandra (2014) 'Natural fractures in a United Kingdom shale reservoir analog, Cleveland Basin, northeast England.', AAPG bulletin., 98 (11). pp. 2411-2437.
Oughton, Rachel H., Wooff, David A. & O'Connor, Stephen A. (2014) 'A Bayesian shifting method for uncertainty in the open-hole gamma-ray log around casing points.', Petroleum geoscience., 20 (4). pp. 375-391.
Mathias, S.A., McElwaine, J.N. & Gluyas, J.G. (2014) 'Heat transport and pressure buildup during carbon dioxide injection into depleted gas reservoirs.', Journal of fluid mechanics., 756 . pp. 89-109.
Armstrong, H. A. & Harper, D.A.T. (2014) 'An earth system approach to understanding the end-Ordovician (Hirnantian) mass extinction.', in Volcanism, impacts, and mass extinctions : causes and effects. Boulder, Colorado: The Geological Society of America, pp. 287-300. Special papers. (505).
Davies, R.J., Almond, S., Ward, R., Jackson, R.B., Adams, C., Worrall, F., Herringshaw, L.G., Gluyas, J.G. & Whitehead, M.A. (2014) 'Oil and gas wells and their integrity : implications for shale and unconventional resource exploitation.', Marine and petroleum geology., 56 . pp. 239-254.
Gasparik, M., Rexer, T.F.T., Aplin, A.C., Billemont, P., DeWeireld, G., Gensterblum, Y., Henry, M., Krooss, B.M., Liu, S., Ma, X., Sakurovs, R.,Song, Z., Staib, G., Thomas, K.M.,Wang, S. & Zhang, T. (2014) 'First international inter-laboratory comparison of high-pressure CH4, CO2 and C2H6 sorption isotherms on carbonaceous shales.', International journal of coal geology., 132 . pp. 131-146.
Adams, C., Douglas-Jones, R., Green, A., Lewis, Q. & Yarrow, T. (2014) 'Building with history : exploring the relationship between heritage and energy in institutionally managed buildings.', The historic environment : policy & practice., 5 (2). pp. 167-181.
Porter, S.J., Smith, P.L., Carruthers, A.H., Hou, P., Gröcke, D.R. & Selby, D. (2014) 'New high resolution geochemistry of Lower Jurassic marine sections in western North America : a global positive carbon isotope excursion in the Sinemurian?', Earth and planetary science letters., 397 . pp. 19-31.
Greathouse, J.A., Johnson, K.L. & Greenwell, H.C. (2014) 'Interaction of natural organic matter with layered minerals : recent developments in computational methods at the nanoscale.', Minerals., 4 (2). pp. 519-540.
Rexer, T.F.T., Mathia, E.J., Aplin, A.C. & Thomas, K.M. (2014) 'High-pressure methane adsorption and characterization of pores in Posidonia shales and isolated kerogens.', Energy & fuels., 28 (5). pp. 2886-2901.
Watson, F.E., Mathias, S.A., Daniels, S.E., Jones, R.R., Davies, R.J., Hedley, B.J. & van Hunen, J. (2014) 'Dynamic modelling of a UK North Sea saline formation for CO2 sequestration.', Petroleum geoscience., 20 (2). pp. 169-185.
Bullock, Rachael J.,De Paola, Nicola, Holdsworth, Robert E. & Trabucho-Alexandre, João (2014) 'Lithological controls on the deformation mechanisms operating within carbonate-hosted faults during the seismic cycle.', Journal of structural geology., 58 . pp. 22-42.
Hemmesch, N.T., Harris, N.B., Mnich, C.A. & Selby, D. (2014) 'A sequence-stratigraphic framework for the Upper Devonian Woodford Shale, Permian Basin, west Texas.', AAPG bulletin., 98 (1). pp. 23-47.
Ramdhan, A.M. & Goulty, N.R. (2014). Overpressure in the shelfal area of the Lower Kutai Basin. Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association, Thirty-Eighth Annual Convention & Exhibition, IPA14-G-357, 13 pp.